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Unit 10 Social Issues

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Title: Unit 10 Social Issues


1
Unit 10 Social Issues
  • By FENG Pengpeng

2
Outline
  • Text A conversation
  • An Encounter with the Homeless
  • Text B
  • Calling for More Care for Left-behind Children
  • Exercises

3
Text A conversation An Encounter with the
Homeless
Encounter n. a meeting, especially one that
happens by chance ??,???? e.g. This meeting will
be the first encounter between the party leaders
since the election. Homeless adj. without a
home ????? E.g. Accommodation needs to be found
for thousands of homeless families.
4
An Overview
  • Peter is a junior student helping his professor
    doing some research on the homeless in the United
    States. He has interviewed 50 people and now is
    talking to John, who lives under a bridge in the
    downtown area.

5
  • Peter Excuse me. Do you have a minute?
  • John Who wants to know?
  • Peter My name is Peter, and Im a college
    student doing a study of life on the streets.
    Would you mind if I ask you a few questions?
  • John Go ahead. I have all the time in the world.
    Would you like me
  • to do your portrait?
  • Peter Okay. Why not?

6
  • John Thanks. What do you want to know?
  • Peter I know its none of my business, but how
    did you end up on the streets?
  • John Well, I was working late one night. I used
    to work as a cartoonist. Freelancing, I mean. I
    fell asleep for a moment or two. Next thing I
    knew was the place was in flames.
  • Peter Your apartment was on fire?
  • John Yup. It was caused by the cigarette I was
    smoking.
  • Peter Were you injured?

7
  • John My right hand was burnt. I was told Id
    never be able to draw again.
  • Peter How do you survive now?
  • John Im on welfare, but its not enough to pay
    for a decent home. Ill tell you, Id rather live
    here under the clear blue sky than in one of
    those low-income housing projects.
  • Peter Are you looking for work now?
  • John Come on. No one would hire me now.

8
  • Peter What do you do during the winter? It must
    get cold out here.
  • John The police try to take us into shelters,
    but I always hide from them. Its really not so
    bad. You get used to the cold and the hunger.
    Its surprising to see how well we human beings
    can adapt. Here, your portrait is ready.

9
  • Peter Wow! Thats pretty good. Thanks. Its been
    nice talking to you, but Im afraid I must be
    leaving now. How much do I owe you?
  • John Dont worry about it. Ive enjoyed talking
    to you. I dont always get company, you know?

10
Detailed reading
  • Peter is a junior student helping his professor
    doing some research on the homeless in the United
    States. He has interviewed 50 people and now is
    talking to John, who lives under a bridge in the
    downtown area.

11
Peter is a junior student helping his professor
doing some research on the homeless in the United
States.
  • a junior student ??????? (freshman/ sophomore/
    junior/ senior/ postgraduate)
  • helping his professor doing some research on
  • Help sb doing sth ??????? e.g. Would you please
    help me filing these documents?
  • Do research on sth ???? e.g.
  • She is part of the group of scientists doing
    research on peoples diets.
  • They are carrying out research on dolphins
    language.

12
He has interviewed 50 people and now is talking
to John, who lives under a bridge in the downtown
area.
  • Interview v. to ask someone questions in an
    interview e.g.
  • We've had 200 applicants for the job, but we only
    plan to interview about 20 of them.
  • Who's the most famous person you've ever
    interviewed on TV?
  • John, who lives under a bridge in the downtown
    area. ????????

13
??
  • Peter is a junior student helping his professor
    doing some research on the homeless in the United
    States. He has interviewed 50 people and now is
    talking to John, who lives under a bridge in the
    downtown area.
  • ???????????,???????????????????????????????50??,??
    ???????????????????????

14
  • Peter Excuse me. Do you have a minute?
  • John Who wants to know?
  • Peter My name is Peter, and Im a college
    student doing a study of life on the streets.
    Would you mind if I ask you a few questions?
  • John Go ahead. I have all the time in the world.
    Would you like me
  • to do your portrait?
  • Peter Okay. Why not?

15
Conversation skill starting a conversation
  • --Excuse me. Do you have a minute?
  • --John Who wants to know?
  • --Peter My name is Peter
  • Excuse me???????????????
  • Do you have a minute? ??????
  • Who wants to know? ????????

16
Excuse me ??
  • ?????????????????(??????????) ??Excuse me, does
    this bus go to the railway station? ?????????????
  • ???????????? ?Excuse me, what you said was
    wrong. ???,?????
  • ????????????????Excuse me, could I get past?
    ??,???????
  • ???????????? ?Excuse me, Ill be back in a
    minute. ???,????????

17
Im a college student doing a study of life on
the streets.
  • Do a study of sth ?????? e.g.
  • They start to do a study of the relationship
    between watching TV and getting depression
  • doing a study of ????????????,??college student?

18
Conversation skills
  • --Would you mind if I ask you a few questions?
  • --Go ahead. Would you like me to do your
    portrait?
  • --Okay. Why not?
  • would you mind if ?would you like me to
    ??????????????????????,???go ahead? Okay, why not?

19
  • Would you mind if I ask you a few questions?
  • ?mind??????,???????
  • would you mind doing sth
  • would you mind sth
  • would you mind if ??
  • ?????? Would you mind my asking you a few
    questions?

20
  • Go ahead. ??????
  • Go ahead???
  • ???????,?
  • AMay I start? ????????
  • BYes, go ahead. ?,????OR
  • ADo you mind if I smoke? ????????
  • BNo, go ahead. ???,????
  • ???????,?
  • Go ahead, were all listening. ????,???????!
  • Go ahead, what are you waiting for? ????,??????
  • ????????????,?????????????
  • You go ahead. Ill join you shortly.
    ?????,??????(???????)?
  • ???????????
  • Work is going ahead. ?????

21
  • Would you like me to do your portrait?
  • portrait n. a painting, photograph, drawing,
    etc. of a person or, less commonly, of a group of
    people ??, ?? e.g.
  • The portrait flatters her. ??????????
  • The portrait looks real. ???????????
  • do ones portrait ?????

22
??
  • Peter Excuse me. Do you have a minute?
  • John Who wants to know?
  • Peter My name is Peter, and Im a college
    student doing a study of life on the streets.
    Would you mind if I ask you a few questions?
  • John Go ahead. I have all the time in the world.
    Would you like me to do your portrait?
  • Peter Okay. Why not?
  • ??????,????????
  • ??????
  • ??????,???????????????????????????
  • ??????????????????????????
  • ????,????

23
  • John Thanks. What do you want to know?
  • Peter I know its none of my business, but how
    did you end up on the streets?
  • John Well, I was working late one night. I used
    to work as a cartoonist. Freelancing, I mean. I
    fell asleep for a moment or two. Next thing I
    knew was the place was in flames.
  • Peter Your apartment was on fire?
  • John Yup. It was caused by the cigarette I was
    smoking.
  • Peter Were you injured?

24
  • I know its none of my business, but how did you
    end up on the streets?
  • Its none of my business. ?????
  • Its none of your/his/their business.
    ????/??/?????
  • end up to finally be in a particular place or
    situation e.g
  • She'll end up penniless if she carries on
    spending like that.

25
  • I was working late one night. I used to work as a
    cartoonist. Freelancing, I mean.
  • was working late... ?????
  • used to a particular thing always happened or
    was true in the past????? e.g.
  • She used to live in Guangzhou.
  • You don't come and see me like you used to.

26
  • cartoonist n. a person who specializes in drawing
    cartoons.???
  • Freelance n. somebody who is self-employed and
    isn't committed to an employer for too long?????
    (freelancer, or freelance worker)

27
  • I fell asleep for a moment or two. Next thing I
    knew was the place was in flames.
  • for a moment or two ???
  • next thing I knew ????
  • the place was in flames ????
  • in flames ??,????? (flame n. ??)
  • The building was soon enveloped in flames.
  • ????????????????

28
  • Your apartment was on fire?
  • on fire ?? e.g.
  • His house was on fire when he came back.

29
  • Yup. It was caused by the cigarette I was
    smoking.
  • yup yes ??,??
  • It was caused by the cigarette I was smoking.
    ????
  • caused by ?......??

30
  • John Thanks. What do you want to know?
  • Peter I know its none of my business, but how
    did you end up on the streets?
  • John Well, I was working late one night. I used
    to work as a cartoonist. Freelancing, I mean.
  • ???????????
  • ???????????,????????????
  • ???,???????????????????,?????????

31
  • I fell asleep for a moment or two. Next thing I
    knew was the place was in flames.
  • Peter Your apartment was on fire?
  • John Yup. It was caused by the cigarette I was
    smoking.
  • Peter Were you injured?
  • ????????,?????????????
  • ??????????
  • ????????????
  • ????????

32
  • John My right hand was burnt. I was told Id
    never be able to draw again.
  • Peter How do you survive now?
  • John Im on welfare, but its not enough to pay
    for a decent home. Ill tell you, Id rather live
    here under the clear blue sky than in one of
    those low-income housing projects.
  • Peter Are you looking for work now?
  • John Come on. No one would hire me now.

33
  • How do you survive now?
  • Survive v. to continue to live or exist,
    especially after coming close to dying or being
    destroyed or after being in a difficult or
    threatening situation ???? e.g.
  • The family are struggling to survive on very
    little money.
  • The front passengers were lucky to survive the
    accident.

34
Im on welfare, but its not enough to pay for a
decent home.
  • on welfare receiving financial help from the
    state because you are poor or have not been
    employed for a long time ??????
  • welfare n. help given, especially by the state
    or an organization, to people who need it,
    especially because they do not have enough money
    ?? e.g.
  • This national fund pays for welfare benefits such
    as unemployment and sickness pay.
  • decent adj. ???,???? e.g.
  • He dreamed of living in decent conditions.
    ???????????

35
  • Ill tell you, Id rather live here under the
    clear blue sky than in one of those low-income
    housing projects.
  • Would rather than?? e.g.
  • He'd rather die than ( He certainly does not
    want to) let me think he needed help.
  • low-income housing projects ???
  • low-income adj. paid low wages ????
  • e.g. They are among the low-income workers in
    the country.

36
conversation skills
  • Are you looking for work now?
  • Come on. No one would hire me now.
  • come on????????????????,??? ??? ????
  • hire v. ?? e.g.
  • We hired an advertising company for help to sell
    our product. ????????????????????

37
  • John My right hand was burnt. I was told Id
    never be able to draw again.
  • Peter How do you survive now?
  • John Im on welfare, but its not enough to pay
    for a decent home. Ill tell you, Id rather live
    here under the clear blue sky than in one of
    those low-income housing projects.
  • Peter Are you looking for work now?
  • John Come on. No one would hire me now.
  • ????????,?????????????
  • ???????????
  • ??????,???????????????????,???????????????,??????
    ?????????
  • ???????????
  • ?????,?????????

38
  • Peter What do you do during the winter? It must
    get cold out here.
  • John The police try to take us into shelters,
    but I always hide from them. Its really not so
    bad. You get used to the cold and the hunger.
    Its surprising to see how well we human beings
    can adapt. Here, your portrait is ready.

39
  • It must get cold out here.
  • must????
  • ??
  • Tom has several houses in london, so he
    _______ be very rich.
  • D. may B. must
  • C. can D. might

B
40
The police try to take us into shelters, but I
always hide from them.
  • shelter n. (a building designed to give)
    protection from bad weather, danger or attack ???
    e.g.
  • The trees gave/provided some shelter from the
    rain.
  • They opened a shelter to provide temporary
    housing for the city's homeless.
  • hide from sb. ????,??
  • The valley was hidden from view in the mist.
    ?????????,?????

41
You get used to the cold and the hunger.
  • get used to sth./ doing sth. ???????,???
  • ??????become/ be used to
  • e.g. The food in England is strange at first but
    you will soon get used to it. ???????????,????????
    ?
  • the cold/ the hunger the???????,??the homeless

42
  • Its surprising to see how well we human beings
    can adapt.
  • It's surprising to see... ?,it?????,????????to
    see????????
  • how well we human beings can adapt?????,?????????
  • adapt v. to change something to suit different
    conditions or uses ?? e.g.
  • We had to adapt our plans to fit Jack's
    timetable.
  • Mary is good at adapting to new environment.

43
  • Peter What do you do during the winter? It must
    get cold out here.
  • John The police try to take us into shelters,
    but I always hide from them. Its really not so
    bad. You get used to the cold and the hunger.
    Its surprising to see how well we human beings
    can adapt. Here, your portrait is ready.
  • ???????????????
  • ?????????????,????????????????????,??????????????
    ???,?????????????????,????????

44
  • Peter Wow! Thats pretty good. Thanks. Its been
    nice talking to you, but Im afraid I must be
    leaving now. How much do I owe you?
  • John Dont worry about it. Ive enjoyed talking
    to you. I dont always get company, you know?

45
  • Its been nice talking to you, but Im afraid I
    must be leaving now.
  • ??????????,????????????
  • I'm afraid ???,??????????????
  • I must be leaving now must???????????????

46
  • How much do I owe you?
  • Owe v. HAVE DEBTS ?(?) e.g.
  • I owe you a drink for helping me move.
  • I think you owe ( should give) me an
    explanation/apology .

47
  • Ive enjoyed talking to you. I dont always get
    company, you know?
  • enjoy doing sth. e.g.
  • ???????????enjoy, finish, mind, can't help(???),
    suggest(??), advise, consider(??), practise,
    admit, imagine ???????????insist on, stop...from,
    look forward to, pay attention to???????e.g. Do
    you mind my smoking here?

48
  • get company ??
  • company n. when you are with a person or people,
    or the person or people you are with ????
    e.g.
  • I just enjoy his company.
  • I travelled in the company of two friends.

49
  • Peter Wow! Thats pretty good. Thanks. Its been
    nice talking to you, but Im afraid I must be
    leaving now. How much do I owe you?
  • John Dont worry about it. Ive enjoyed talking
    to you. I dont always get company, you know?
  • ???,???????????????,???????????????????
  • ?????????????????,?????,????

50
Idiomatic Study taking leaves
  • The following phrases are useful when you want
    to say good-bye to someone or you want to
    indicate that you want to leave.
  • Well, its been nice talking to you.
  • Well, its been nice seeing you again.
  • Ive enjoyed talking to you.

51
  • Id love to continue the conversation, but Id
    rather get going.
  • Sorry I have to run off like this.
  • I think I should be/ get going now.
  • Ive (really) got to go now.
  • I need to go now.
  • I have to run.

52
The following phrases are common when you need to
say good-bye.
  • Lets get together again.
  • I hope well see each other again soon.
  • Give me a ring sometime soon.
  • Lets stay in touch.
  • Ill talk to you later.
  • Take care.
  • Good-bye.
  • See you soon.

53
End of Text A Thanks!
54
Text B Calling for More Care for Left-behind
Children
55
Getting Started
  • What is left-behind children?
  • Children whose parents both become migrant
    workers in the cities and who are left behind
    back at home in the countryside with the care of
    other relatives. In Chinese they are called

56
Main idea
  • Para 1 introducing the phenomenon of left-behind
    children.
  • Para 2 describing the status of left-behind
    children
  • Para 3-4 analyzing the problems raised by
    parents absences
  • Para 5 taking methods to help left-behind
    children

57
Detailed-reading Para. 1
  • There are about 58 million left-behind children
    in rural China and over 40 million of them are
    under 14 years old, according to a report
    concerning the status of the left-behind children
    released by the All-China Womens Federation
    early this February.

58
  • There are about 58 million left-behind children
    in rural China
  • Rural adj. in, of or like the countryside ???
  • The area is still very rural and undeveloped.
  • The rural scenery was so beautiful that he
    decided to stay one more week. 
    ???????,?????????????

59
  • according to a report concerning the status of
    the left-behind children released by the
    All-China Womens Federation early this February.
  • according to as stated by ?? e.g.
  • According to our records you owe us 130.

60
  • a report concerning released by?,concerning?rele
    ased???report
  • concerning prep. about ?? E.g. I've had a
    letter from the tax authorities concerning my tax
    payments.
  • Release v. to allow something to be shown in
    public ??,?? e.g.
  • The new film will be released next month. 
    ????????????
  • The latest developments have just been released
    to the media.  ??????????????????

61
  • All-China Womens Federation
  • an organization of women established in China in
    March 1949
  • The basic functions of the federation are to
    represent and safeguard the rights and interests
    of women and promote equality between men and
    women.
  • ???????

62
??
  • ???????2??????????????????,??????5800?????,??4000?
    ???????14??

63
Para. 2
  • The report found more than half of the children
    left behind dont live with either parent. The
    telephone is often the only way they can contact
    their mother or father. The report indicates that
    8.7 percent left-behind children have no contact
    with their parents at all. The survey also found
    49.7 percent of left-behind children prefer to
    live with their parents, and 44.1 percent of
    left-behind children do not want to live with
    their parents. 24.2 percent of left-behind
    children do not speak much with their caregiver.

64
  • The report found more than half of the children
    left behind dont live with either parent.
  • found???????
  • ????children?????left behind??,??????
  • Eitherused when referring to a choice between
    two possibilities ???????? e.g.
  • Either candidate would be ideal for the job.
  • "Would you like the metal or plastic one?"
    "Either will do."

65
??either?neither?????
  • ???????????,????????,?????????
  • You may use either book .????????????
  • Neither answer is right . ????????  
  • ???????????????,?????????????????? either ??
    ???? neither ?? ???? ,????? both ??
  • Either of the knives is useful . ???????
  • Neither of them was in good health, but both
    worked very hard .   ?????????,????????

66
  • ????? either ???????,?? ?(?) neither
    ?????????,?? ?? ,?????????? I dont speak
    French. She doesnt, either . ( Neither I nor
    she speaks French .)  ??????,????????
  • ????????? eitheror ? neithernor ,??????
    ?? ??? ?? ?????????????
  • Neither the teacher nor the students are going to
    Huashan. ??????????????
  • You can either ride a bike or take a bus to go
    there .???????????????

67
??
  • Can I park my car here?
  • Yes,you can park on ______ side of the street.
  • either
  • neither
  • both
  • all

A
68
  • We asked John and Henry some easy questions,but
    ______ of them could answer them.
  • A. none
  • B. both
  • C. all
  • D. neither

D
69
  • ___________ Lily ______________ Lucy may go with
    you because one of them must stay at home.
  • A. Not onlybut also
  • B. Neithernor
  • C. Bothand
  • D. Eitheror

D
70
  • The report indicates that 8.7 percent left-behind
    children have no contact with their parents at
    all.
  • indicate v. ??,?? He indicated his willingness
    with a nod of his head.  ???????
  • Contact n/ v. ???? e.g.
  • I tried to contact him at his office, but he
    wasn't in.

71
  • The survey also found 49.7 percent of left-behind
    children prefer to live with their parents
  • survey n. ??,?? This survey is the work of a
    real professional.  ????????????.
  • prefer to like, choose or want one thing rather
    than another ??? e.g.
  • Do you prefer hot or cold weather?
  • I prefer red wine to white.

72
  • 24.2 percent of left-behind children do not speak
    much with their caregiver.
  • Caregiver n. a person who is responsible for
    attending to the needs of a child ???
  • E.g. From caregiver to cared- for, from cared-
    for to caregiver, our relationship had come full
    circle. ????????????,??????????????,???????????

73
??
  • ????,?????????????????????????????????????????????
    ???????,8.7????????????????????,49.7????????????
    ???,?44.1????????????????,24.2??????????????????
    ??

74
Para. 3
  • Since most of these children are at a critical
    stage of development, experts fear that they may
    develop psychological problems stemming from
    their parents absences.

75
  • Since most of these children are at a critical
    stage of development
  • since????
  • at a criticla stage of development ?????????
  • critical adj. of the greatest importance to the
    way things might happen ??? e.g. a critical
    report
  • The report is highly critical of safety
    standards at the factory.

76
because/since/ for/ as????
  • Did you return Freds call? I didnt need
    to__________Ill see him tomorrow. A.
    though B. unless C. when D. because
  • Jenny was very sad over the loss of the photos
    she had shot at Canada,__________this was a
    memory she especially treasured. A. as B. if C.
    when D. where

D
A
77
  • He found it increasingly difficult to
    read,__________his eyesight was beginning to
    fail. A. though B. for C. but D. so
  • ______ you are leaving tomorrow, we can eat
    dinner together tonight. A. For B. Since C.
    Before D. While

B
B
78
  • experts fear that they may develop psychological
    problems stemming from their parents absences.
  • expert n. ??
  • stem from ??
  • absence n. ??,???

79
  • Psychological adj. relating to the human mind
    and feelings ???
  • E.g. psychological problems
  • psychological research
  • We are concerned with the physical and
    psychological well-being of our employees.

80
  • Stem from sth to start or develop as the result
    of something ??
  • E.g. Her problems stem from her difficult
    childhood.
  • Their disagreement stemmed from a
    misunderstanding.

81
  • absence n. failure to be present ??,?? (absent
    adj. ??? presence)
  • Please look after my house during my absence. 
    ????,???????
  • We must invent an excuse for our absence. 
    ??????????????
  • We are in the absence of experience.  ???????

82
??
  • ???????????????????,????,?????????,???????????????

83
Para. 4
  • Sun Yunxiao, a youth expert with the China Youth
    Research Centre said The younger the child is,
    the more family care the child requires. Intimate
    family care is indispensable to every child's
    growth. The biggest risk for left-behind children
    is that they lack family intimacy. They need good
    care and instructions in their everyday lives,
    including emotional support, study help and
    recreational time.

84
  • The younger the child is, the more family care
    the child requires.
  • The more, the more ?? e.g. The more you
    plan, the cheaper your trip will be.
  • _________, the more severe the winters are.A.
    The more north you go B. The farther you go the
    northC. The more you go north D. The farther
    north you go

D
85
  • Intimate family care is indispensable to every
    child's growth.
  • Intimate a. ???,???,???She is my intimate
    friend.  ???????He should listen to his intimate
    feelings.  ?????????????

86
  • Indispensable adj. so good or important that you
    could not manage without them ???
  • E.g. This book is an indispensable resource for
    researchers.
  • Water is indispensable to plants.
  • Dictionaries are indispensable in English
    study.

87
  • The biggest risk for left-behind children is that
    they lack family intimacy.
  • Risk n. the possibility of something bad
    happening ?? ??? E.g.
  • In this business, the risks and the rewards are
    high.
  • It's a low/high- risk strategy.
  • The risk (that) we might fail made us work twice
    as hard.

88
  • Intimacy n. when you have a close friendship or
    sexual relationship with someone ??,????
  • E.g. Intimacy between teachers and students is
    not recommended.

89
  • They need good care and instructions in their
    everyday lives, including emotional support,
    study help and recreational time.
  • Instruction n. something that someone tells you
    to do ?? e.g.
  • The police who broke into the house were only
    acting on/under instructions.
  • He gave me strict instructions to get there by
    eight o'clock.

90
  • everyday lives ????
  • everyday ????,????,?????
  • the everyday English shoulded be learnt by
    heart. ????????
  • every day ????? ???,?? ?? ??we speak English
    every day.???????

91
  • emotional a. ???,???
  • The boy got very emotional when I had to leave,
    and started to cry.  ????????,??????????,????????
  • Women are often said to be more emotional than
    men.  ???????????????
  • Recreational adj.???????? e.g.
  • They avoided all recreational activity.
  • Many modern recreational facilities have been
    built in Tibet.

92
??
  • ???????????????????????????,????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ??,????????????????????

93
Para. 5
  • Many provinces in China have now set up special
    schools to care for these children. Some
    provinces have also established charity funds for
    their future development. But experts add that
    with the numbers of left-behind children rising
    rapidly, more efforts will be needed by schools,
    society and rural families to care for children
    in China's rural areas.

94
  • Many provinces in China have now set up special
    schools to care for these children.
  • province n. ?
  • set up to formally establish a new company,
    organization, system, way of working, etc ??E.g.
    She plans to set up her own business.
  • They've set up a fund for victims of the
    earthquake.
  • care for ??,??

95
care for??
  • He likes pop he doesnt care for classic music. 
    ???????,????????
  • Would you care for a drink?  ??????????
  • He's entrusted his children to my care for a
    day.  ??????????

96
  • Some provinces have also established charity
    funds for their future development.
  • Establish v. to start a company or organization
    that will continue for a long time ?? e.g. The
    charity fund was established in 1822.
  • charity fund ????

97
  • But experts add that with the numbers of
    left-behind children rising rapidly, more efforts
    will be needed by schools, society and rural
    families to care for children in China's rural
    areas.
  • ???But experts add???,that??????,?????with?????,
    more efforts wil be needed byto care for
    children??????

98
  • with the numbers of left-behind children rising
    rapidlywith??(with n. v-ing)
  • with?????withn./pron.???,???????????????????????
    ???
  • ????,??????,?????????????

99
??
  • The students were sitting in the classroom with
    their eyes______on the teachers.
  • A.fixing B.fixed
  • C.were fixed D.being fixed
  • With him ________,we felt quite relieved.
  • A. take care of
  • B. taking care of
  • C. were taken care of
  • D. taken care of

B
B
100
  • A little boy with two of his front teeth _______
    ran into the house.
  • A. miss B. missed
  • C. being missed D. missing
  • With the boy ______ the way,we found the house
    easily.
  • A. lead B. led
  • C. being led D. leading

D
D
101
End of Text B
102
??
  • ???,??????????????????????????????????????????????
    ?,???????,?????????????,??????????????????????????
    ????

103
  • Unit 10
  • Text B Compehension Questions

104
  • 1. In this passage, left-behind children are
    _______________.
  • A. children whose parents go abroad
  • B. children who do not live with one or two of
    their parents
  • C. children who fail to perform well in school
  • D. children who live in rural areas under 14
    years old

B
P2 The report found more than half of the
children left behind dont live with either
parent.
105
  • 2. Which of the following describes the status of
    the left-behind children?
  • A. Left-behind children are born in cities.
  • B. Left-behind children are all teenagers.
  • C. Left-behind children stay in touch with their
    parents mostly by phone.
  • D. Left-behind children do not stay in touch with
    their parents at all.

C
The report indicates that 8.7 percent left-behind
children have no contact with their parents at
all.
106
  • 3. The experts concern for the left-behind
    children is that ______________
  • A. they may develop mental problems
  • B. they may commit crime
  • C. they may want to live with their parents
  • D. they may have no caregivers

A
P3 Since most of these children are at a
critical stage of development, experts fear that
they may develop psychological problems stemming
from their parents absences.
107
  • 4. According to Sun Yunxiao, the biggest
    challenge left-behind children are faced with is
    _________________.
  • A. the lack of financial support
  • B. the lack of recreational time
  • C. the lack of study help
  • D. the lack of family love

D
P4 The younger the child is, the more family
care the child requires. Intimate family care is
indispensable to every child's growth. The
biggest risk for left-behind children is that
they lack family intimacy.
108
  • 5. Which of the following hasnt been done to
    help the left-behind children?
  • A. Setting up special schools.
  • B. Offering charity funds.
  • C. Paying attention to their future development.
  • D. Bringing them to the cities to live with their
    parents.

D
P5 Many provinces in China have now set up
special schools to care for these children. Some
provinces have also established charity funds for
their future development. But experts add that
with the numbers of left-behind children rising
rapidly, more efforts will be needed by schools,
society and rural families to care for children
in China's rural areas.
109
Exercises
110
I. Conversation
  • 1. Mary, Im afraid I have to be leaving now.
  • ___________________.
  • A. That sounds wonderful.
  • B. Oh, so early?
  • C. Not at all.
  • D. Good luck!

B
111
  • 2. Goodbye Julia, and thanks for inviting me.
    I had a lovely time.
  • Goodbye. _______________________. It was
    a pleasure meeting you.
  • A. Go home with me.
  • B. Thank you for coming.
  • C. Do you have to get going?
  • D. Im a little tired.

B
112
  • 3. Nice talking to you. But its late. I
    really should be going.
  • Okay. _____________________.
  • A. See you soon.
  • B. Is it so late?
  • C. So fast?
  • D. Lets make it Friday.

A
113
  • 4. I'd like to say goodbye to everyone. My
    plane leaves at 725.
  • Well, ______________________.
  • A. sounds great
  • B. good for you
  • C. goodbye and have a good trip
  • D. its emergent

C
114
  • 5. I wonder if I could use your computer this
    afternoon?
  • _______________________.
  • A. Sure, go ahead.
  • B. I dont know.
  • C. It doesnt matter.
  • D. Who cares?

A
115
II. Reading Comprehension
116
  • America is growing older. Fifty years ago, only 4
    out of every 100 people in the United States were
    65 or older. Today, 10 out of every 100 Americans
    are over 65. The aging of the population will
    affect American society in many ways education,
    medicine, and business. Quietly the graying of
    America. has made us a very different society
    one in which people have a quite different idea
    of what kind of behavior is suitable at various
    ages.

117
  • A persons age no longer tells you anything about
    his/her social position, marriage or health.
    Theres no longer a particular year in which one
    goes to school or goes to work or gets married or
    starts a family. The social clock that kept us on
    time and told us when to go to school, get a job,
    or stop working isnt as strong as it used to be.

118
  • It doesn't surprise us to hear of a 29-year-old
    university president or a 35-year-old
    grandmother, or a 70-year-old man who has become
    a father for the first time. Public notions are
    changing.

119
  • Many people say, "I am much younger than my
    mother or my father was at my age." No one
    says "act your age" anymore. We've stopped
    looking with surprise at older people who act in
    youthful ways.

120
  • 1. It can be learnt from the text that the aging
    of the population in America _________.
  • A. has made people feel younger
  • B. has changed peoples social position
  • C. has changed peoples understanding of age
  • D. has slowed down the countrys social
    development

C
P1 Quietly the graying of America. has made us a
very different society one in which people have
a quite different idea of what kind of behavior
is suitable at various ages.  
121
  • 2. The underlined word one refers to_______ .
  • A. a society B. America
  • C. a place D. population

A
Quietly the graying of America. has made us a
very different society one in which people have
a quite different idea of what kind of behavior
is suitable at various ages.  
122
  • 3. We can infer from the text that if a
    25-year-old man becomes general manager of a big
    firm, the writer would most probably consider it
    _________.
  • A. normal B. wonderful
  • C. unbelievable D. unreasonable

A
P2 Theres no longer a particular year in which
one goes to school or goes to work or gets
married or starts a family. 
123
B
  • 4. Act your age means people should ____ .
  • A. be active when they are old
  • B. do the right thing at the right age
  • C. show respect for their parents young or old
  • D. take more physical exercise suitable to their
    age

124
  • 5. This passage is mainly about
    ____________________.
  • A. why American society is different
  • B. suitable behaviors at different age in
    Americans eyes
  • C. how older people act in youthful ways in
    America
  • D. how American peoples ideas about age have
    changed

D
125
III. Vocabulary and Structure
B
  • 1. This meeting will be the first _________
    between the party leaders since the election.
  • A. occasion B. encounter
  • C. experience D. time

126
  • 2. We've had 200 applicants for the job, but we
    only plan to _________ about 20 of them.
  • A. interfere B. interpret
  • C. interview D. interrupt

C
127
  • 3. They opened a _____________ to provide
    temporary housing for the city's homeless.
  • A. shadow B. shield
  • C. shuttle D. shelter

D
128
  • 4. Knowledge is power may be the truest saying
    and access to information may be the most
    ______________ requirement of all people today.
  • A. critical B. critique
  • C. critic D. criticize

A
129
D
  • 5. The firemen entered the building _____ fire
    through the roof.
  • A. at B. in C. with D. on

130
  • 6. Our house is about a mile from the railway
    station and there are not many houses _________.
  • A. in between
  • B. far apart
  • C. among them
  • D. from each other

A
131
  • 7. Had you come five minutes earlier, you
    _______ the bus to the airport. But now you
    missed it.
  • A. would catch B. would have caught
  • C. could catch D. should catch

B
??????,???had done sth ???????,???would/should/cou
ld have done sth If I had waken up earlier, I
would not have been late for school.
132
B
  • 8. Todays weather is _________ worse than
    yesterdays.
  • A. very B. much
  • C. very much D. much too

????????a bit, a little, rather, much, far, by
far, many, a lot, lots, a great deal, any, still,
even?????????????????????
133
D
  • 9. Neither John ________ his father was able to
    wake up early enough to catch the morning train.
  • A. or B. but C. and D. nor

134
A
  • 10. Charles regretted _______ the TV set last
    year. The price has now come down.
  • A. buying B. to buy
  • C. bought D. buy

?stop/ remember??,regret to do ????????,regret
doing ????????????? I regret to have to do
this, but I have no choice. ??????????,????????
I don't regret telling her what I thought.
??????????????
135
Unit 10IV. Cloze
136
  • Most people feel lonely __1__, but it usually
    only lasts __2__ a few minutes and a few hours.
    This kind of loneliness is not serious. __3__, it
    is quite normal. For some people, though,
    loneliness can last for years. Now researchers
    say there are three different types of
    loneliness.

137
  • The first kind of loneliness is temporary(???.
    This is the __4__ common type. It usually
    disappears quickly and does not require any __5__
    attention.
  • The second kind, situational loneliness, is a
    natural result of a particular situation----
    __6__ example, a family problem, the death of a
    __7__ one, or moving to a new place.

138
  • Although this kind of loneliness __8__ cause
    physical problems, such as headaches and
    sleeplessness, it usually does not last for more
    than a year. The third kind of loneliness is the
    most severe. __9__ the second type, chronic(???)
    loneliness usually last more than two yeas and
    has no specific cause.

139
  • People who experience habitual loneliness have
    problems becoming close to others. Unfortunately,
    many chronically lone people think there is
    __10__ or nothing they can do to improve their
    condition.

140
  • Most people feel lonely __1__, but it usually
    only lasts __2__ a few minutes and a few hours.
    This kind of loneliness is not serious. __3__, it
    is quite normal. For some people, though,
    loneliness can last for years. Now researchers
    say there are three different types of
    loneliness.
  • 1. A. some time B. sometime C. Sometimes D. some
    times
  • 2. A. for B. between C. during D. until
  • 3. A. In fact B. To be frank C. However D.
    Surprisingly

v
v
v
141
  • The first kind of loneliness is temporary(???.
    This is the __4__ common type. It usually
    disappears quickly and does not require any __5__
    attention.
  • 4. A. so B. much C. very D. most
  • 5. A. special B. especial C. unique D. only

v
v
142
  • The second kind, situational loneliness, is a
    natural result of a particular situation----
    __6__ example, a family problem, the death of a
    __7__ one, or moving to a new place.
  • 6. A. in B. for C. as D. to
  • 7. A. loved B. loving C. lovely D. love

v
v
143
  • Although this kind of loneliness __8__ cause
    physical problems, such as headaches and
    sleeplessness, it usually does not last for more
    than a year. The third kind of loneliness is the
    most severe. __9__ the second type, chronic(???)
    loneliness usually last more than two yeas and
    has no specific cause.
  • 8. A. must B. need C. can D. should
  • 9. A. like B. dislike C. likely D. unlike

v
v
144
  • People who experience habitual loneliness have
    problems becoming close to others. Unfortunately,
    many chronically lone people think there is
    __10__ or nothing they can do to improve their
    condition.
  • 10. A. a little B. little C. a few D. few

v
145
V. Translation Put the following sentences into
Chinese.
  • 1. There are about 58 million left-behind
    children in rural China and over 40 million of
    them are under 14 years old.

??????5800?????,??4000???????14??
146
  • 2. The report found more than half of the
    children left behind dont live with either
    parent.

????????????????????????????
147
  • 3. Since most of these children are at a critical
    stage of development, experts fear that they may
    develop psychological problems stemming from
    their parents absences.

????????????????????,?????????????????????????
148
  • 4. The younger the child is, the more family care
    the child requires.

????,??????????
149
  • 5. Many provinces in China have now set up
    special schools to care for these children.

????????????????,???????
150
VI. Writing
  • You are required to write a composition on the
    topic Population Control in China with no less
    than 80 words based on the outline given below.
  • ???????????????????
  • ???????????
  • ?????????

151
sample
  • ???????????????????
  • With a population accounting for about 1/5 of
    that of the world, overpopulation has become one
    of the most serious problems in China.

152
  • ??????????
  • Overpopulation has brought about a series of
    negative effects to economic development and
    social security. It imposes a heavy burden on
    environment, and becomes the source of social
    unrest as the supply of labor exceeds the demand
    of the society.

153
  • ?????????
  • Serious as the problem seems, we have to take
    measures to tackle it. Family planning policy
    must be further carried on, and education needs
    to be strengthened to increase the awareness of
    the harms of overpopulation.

154
Additional Information
  • Social Issues in USA

155
Social issues
  • Social issues are matters which directly or
    indirectly affect many or all members of a
    society and are considered to be problems,
    controversies related to moral values, or both.
  • Social issues include poverty, violence,
    pollution, injustice, suppression of human
    rights, discrimination, and crime, as well as
    abortion, gay marriage, gun control, and
    religion, to name a few.
  • Social issues are related to the fabric of the
    community, including conflicts among the
    interests of community members, and lie beyond
    the control of any one individual.

156
Social issues in the United States
  • Educational system
  • State governments since the 1970s have grappled
    with these issues of educational equity. Despite
    these attempts, in 1992, the U.S. General
    Accounting Office stated, "Although most states
    pursued strategies to supplement the local
    funding of poor school districts, wealthier
    districts in 37 states had more total (state and
    local combined) funding than poor districts in
    the 1991-92 school year. This disparity existed
    even after adjusting for differences in
    geographic and student need-related education
    costs

157
  • Access to health insurance
  • United States does not have universal health care
    or a system of socialized medicine, although
    programs such as Medicare and Medicaid provide
    basic health insurance to elderly, disabled, and
    poorer residents. For most Americans, health
    insurance is provided as an employee benefit,
    while unemployed, part-time, and self-employed
    workers must pay for their own insurance.
  • A recent Harvard University study found that
    medical bills are a leading cause of bankruptcy
    in the United States.

158
  • Illegal immigration
  • Illegal immigration in the United States has been
    a growing controversy in the United States in the
    last few years. An estimated 23 million illegal
    aliens, have passed through American borders
    predominantly from Latin America. The debate over
    illegal immigration has sparked protests and
    rallies on both sides of the debate.

159
  • Sexuality
  • Controversies regarding sexuality have become
    important in American politics and legislation,
    focusing especially on matters concerning
    abortion and LGBT issues.

160
  • Cost of living
  • Every time the government raises the minimum
    wage, prices must rise as well. Some states have
    a cost of living wage that requires a business to
    add an additional wage to the minimum wage. The
    workers make more money, then spend more money,
    and this gradual inflation is related to the rise
    in cost of living.

161
  • The End.
  • Thank you!
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