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Labour Welfare Reforms essay tips


Labour Welfare Reforms essay tips * * Assess the impact of the welfare reforms of the Labour Government on the lives of the British people. Have to assess the impact ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Labour Welfare Reforms essay tips

Labour Welfare Reforms essay tips
(No Transcript)
Assess the impact of the welfare reforms of the
Labour Government on the lives of the British
What is the question asking you to do?
  • Have to assess the impact of the welfare reforms
    on the British people. Did the reforms have a
    positive or negative impact of the lives of the
    British population?
  • The word assess means that you have to examine
    each key reform area and arrive at a conclusion
    regarding their impact. Examine both positive and
    negative arguments.
  • Timescale You need to examine the period
    1944-1951. Set the scene - why were the reforms
    introduced? Once this is done you can begin to
    examine each reform area.

Essay Plan
  • Line of Argument in essay How did the reforms
    help individual groups of people in Britain?
  • Focus on the five giants want, disease,
    ignorance, squalor and idleness. How successful
    were the Reform Acts in solving these problems?
  • Also examine/discuss individual groups - How did
    the Reforms help children, sick, those unable to
    work, people in poverty and those in poor
    housing? These are ideas that can be referred to
    in your essay.

Introduction - General Ideas
  • Your opening sentence should grab the attention
    of the marker straight away. Perhaps a key
    question or a quote. Something that highlights
    the aim of your essay and gives you the
    opportunity to refer back to.
  • Outline how you are going to answer the question
    - What are your key arguments? Also aim to ask
  • Ensure that there is always a link to each
    paragraph - a statement or sentence.

Introduction - Specific Ideas
Opening sentence some suggestions - Many
historians believe that the Labour Welfare
Reforms of 1945-51 enhanced the lives of the
British people. However, was this actually the
case? or This is the greatest advance in
our history. There can be no turning point. From
now on Beveridge is not the name of a man it is
the name of a way of life. (The Five Giants
by Nicholas Timmins)
Introduction - Specific Ideas
Comment of the importance of this quote - it is
referring to the positive impact of the Welfare
Reforms. Create a line of argument using this
quote - were the Labour Welfare Reforms
successful in improving the lives of the British
public? Line of argument - create questions in
your introduction that can be argued/answered
later. Did the reforms manage to provide an
efficient health service? Link paragraphs - It is
clear to see that there are many arguments about
the reforms but why were they introduced?
Main Body of Essay - General Ideas
Ensure that you always refer back to the question
- make sure you dont just tell the story of
the reforms - actually assess the impact they
had. Include detailed, specific evidence to
support the point/argument of the paragraph. Make
sure you include a topic sentence - what is the
key argument of this paragraph? Support your
points by referring to debates/references from
Historians. When planning your essay, note down
key quotes and debates. Again - make sure you
always provide a link to the next paragraph.
Main Body of Essay - Specific Ideas - Paragraph
  • Focus on why the reforms were introduced. Key
    argument idea - these are the problems the Labour
    Government had to deal with - were they
    successful in overcoming them?
  • Public wanted social change after the war. Wanted
    to create a land fit for heroes. Evacuation
    illustrated serious health problems.
  • These are the reasons why the reforms were
    introduced - refer to the question the scene was
    now set - would the government respond to these

Main Body of Essay - Key points/Arguments
  • Five Giants idea - want - this area was dealt
    with in the Beveridge Report of 1942 - British
    public had got what they wanted. Report sold
    636,000 copies - massive amount. This would be
    the foundations for the Labour Government
  • This paragraph should focus on the idea of want
    - outline the principles of the Beveridge Report.
    Need to also examine the creation of a state
    insurance fund - social security, family
    allowances. How successful was the government in
    meeting the needs of those ill or injured?

Main Body of Essay - Key Points/Arguments
Paragraph should focus on
  • Disease would be dealt with by the creation of a
    new Health Service.
  • How successful was this new service in meeting
    the needs of the British public?
  • Was a common standard of care throughout the
    country created?
  • Did all medics co-operate with the new system?
  • Were all the hospitals run and operated smoothly?
  • Did the government underestimate the demands to
    be placed on this new service?

Main Body of Essay - Key Points/Arguments
Paragraph should focus on
  • Idleness would be improved by the state aiming
    for full employment.
  • What policies did the Government introduce to
    improve employment?
  • Were they successful?
  • Remember, higher number of workers were needed to
    pay contributions to the new Social Security
  • Was this actually achieved?
  • Remember, to keep linking paragraphs.

Main Body of Essay - Key Points/Arguments
Paragraph should focus on
  • Ignorance would be dealt with by reforming the
    education system.
  • What about children with no support or family?
  • How successful was the 1944 Education Act?
  • Were the prospects of the Working Class improved?
  • Was there enough schools to implement this
  • Did these reforms satisfy the demands of the

Main Body of Essay - Key Points/Arguments
Paragraph should focus on
  • Were they successful in dealing with these
  • What acts were passed to deal with this shortage
    of housing?
  • Were new towns created and the issue of
    overcrowding solved?
  • Squalor was be tackled through a new
    house-building programme and a slum clearance
  • What problems (lack of housing) did the new
    government inherit after the war?

Main Body of Essay - Key Points/Arguments
Paragraph should focus on
  • You can provide answers to the questions/arguments
    you should be creating in your essay.
  • Have you linked paragraphs?
  • Have you created a line of argument and not just
    told a story?
  • Take two paragraphs to focus on summarising how
    the reforms helped (if they did) individual
  • Refer back to the plan to remind yourself of the
    individual groups.

Conclusion - General Points
  • Make sure the conclusion always refers back to
    the question (you should be always doing this in
    the main body of your essay anyway).
  • Make sure it does answer the question and wraps
    up all the key points.
  • Despite these charges, the achievement of the
    Labour government 1945-51 was considerable, The
    NHS was the envy of the world and Labour could
    justifiably claim that people were cared for
    from the cradle to the grave.

Conclusion - General Points
  • There you go - that is an ending for the
    conclusion - try to fill in the rest of the