The Anglo-Saxons: 449 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 23
About This Presentation
Title:

The Anglo-Saxons: 449

Description:

The Anglo-Saxons: 449 1066 Introduction to the Literary Period Feature Menu Interactive Time Line Milestone: The Celts in Britain Milestone: The Roman Occupation – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:272
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 24
Provided by: Nicole222
Category:
Tags: anglo | celts | saxons

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Anglo-Saxons: 449


1
The Anglo-Saxons 4491066Introduction to the
Literary Period
Feature Menu
Interactive Time Line Milestone The Celts in
Britain Milestone The Roman Occupation
Milestone The Anglo-Saxon Invasion Milestone
King Alfred against the Danes Milestone The
Spread of Christianity Milestone The Norman
Invasion What Have You Learned?
2
The Anglo-Saxons 4491066
Choose a link on the time line to go to a
milestone.
A.D. 1066 Norman Invasion
300s B.C. Celts in Britain
A.D. 449 Anglo-Saxon Invasion
55 B.CA.D.409 Roman Occupation
A.D.878 King Alfred against the Danes
A.D. 300
A.D. 1
A.D. 900
A.D. 1200
A.D. 600
300 B.C.
A.D. 400699 Spread of Christianity
3
The Celts in Britain
Before and during the 4th century B.C.
  • Britain home to several Celtic tribes
  • Britain named for one Celtic tribethe Brythons
  • Celtic religion a form of animism
  • Druids were Celtic priests

Stonehenge
4
Stonehenge
  • Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from
    3000 BC to 2000 BC

5
The Roman Occupation
55 B.C.
Hadrians Wall North England
Julius Caesar invades Britain
A.D. 43
Celts defeated by Claudius
  • Romans build walls, villas, baths, roads

A.D. 409
Romans evacuate their troops
  • Britain left vulnerable to attack
  • Central government breaks down

Roman ruins
6
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
A.D. 449 The Anglo-Saxons push the Celts into the
far west of the country.
7
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
  • Why did the Anglo-Saxons settle in England?
  • England was inviting to outsiders
  • Mild climate
  • Rich easily-tilled soil
  • Safe anchorage for invading ships

Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
8
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Anglo-Saxon Society
  • kinship groups led by strong warrior chief
  • people farmed, established local governments,
    produced fine craftwork
  • English emerged as a written language

9
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
  • Tribal society warrior kings-led their men into
    battle
  • Always rival warriors within the tribe
  • King gathered around him a retinue of fighting
    men called thanes
  • Endless feuds between individuals and between
    tribes

Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
10
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
  • Royal living quarters were a small cluster of
    wooden buildings surrounded by a stockade
  • Main structure was the Mead hall
  • Mead is a fermented drink made of water, honey,
    malt, and yeast

Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
11
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
  • Here the king, thanes, wives, and servants
    gathered.
  • Singer called a scop entertained with stories of
    heroism.
  • Warriors slept here after king retired to a
    different building.

Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
12
Anglo Saxon values
  • Gold/treasure
  • Comitatus king and thanes/warriors tied to one
    another
  • King shares spoils of war, warriors obligated to
    fight for him
  • Loyalty
  • Bravery
  • Fate Wyrd

13
Mead hall
14
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
Page from Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Old English
15
Exeter book
  • A tenth-century book or codex which is an
    anthology of Anglo-Saxon poetry.
  • Survived in Exeter Cathedral library
  • Among the other texts in the Exeter Book, there
    are over ninety riddles.

16
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
The Anglo-Saxon religion
  • offered no hope of an afterlife
  • valued earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty,
    generosity, and friendship
  • similar to what we call Norse mythology

Wednesday
Thursday
17
The Anglo-Saxon Invasion
The Anglo-Saxon bards
  • called scops
  • strummed harp as they sang
  • sang of heroic deeds
  • were often warriors

Why were the scops important?
  • Anglo-Saxons did not believe in afterlife
  • warriors gained immortality through songs

Anglo-Saxon harp
18
King Alfred against the Danes
8th9th centuries Vikings called Danes invade
Britain
871 Alfred of Wessex is king of England.
878 King Alfred unifies Anglo-Saxons against the
Danes.
King Sweyn and his Danish troops arrive in
England, from a manuscript (c. 14th century)
England becomes a nation.
19
Vikings8th centuryInvaded from across the
North sea from Denmark and Norway867-877 Vikings
invaded and took over most of northeast and
central England
Jutes
Angles
Saxons
Celts
20
The Spread of Christianity
Around A.D. 400
  • Christian monks settle in Britain
  • Christianity and Anglo-Saxon culture co-exist

597 St. Augustine sent from Rome by A.D. 699
  • British pagan religions replaced by Christianity

21
The Norman Invasion
1066
  • William of Normandy crosses the English Channel
  • William defeats Harold and Anglo-Saxon army
  • French replaces English as the language of the
    ruling class

The Norman Invasion, Bayeux Tapestry
22
What Have You Learned?
Indicate whether the following statements refer
to the time before, during, or after the
Anglo-Saxon era.
______ Viking invaders terrorized
England. ______ French became the language of
the ruling class. ______ England became
unified under Alfred the Great. ______ Animism
was the primary religious belief.
during
after
during
before
23
END
24
Viewing the Art
Invasion of the Danes
This image is in a manuscript produced by monks.
The artist has tried to create an illusion of
depth by stacking the objects one upon the other.
Activity Describe what is taking place in this
scene. What feeling is expressed on the faces of
the men?
25
Painted around 1130, this page relates the life
of Saint Edmund, an English king who became a
saint.
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com