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Feudal Japan

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Title: Feudal Japan Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: Christopher Trzepinska Created Date: 5/16/2003 12:21:15 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Feudal Japan


1
Japan and the United States
2
Japans Topography
3
  • AncestorWorship
  • Polytheism
  • Hyper-Nationalism
  • Shinto
  • GreatCreator
  • The Worldof the kami
  • Minimizesin guilt

4
Yamato Period 300-710
  • Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture
  • Confucianism.
  • Language (kanji characters).
  • Buddhist sects.
  • Chinese art architecture.
  • Government structure.

Great Kings era
5
Prince Shotoku 573-621
  • Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism.
  • Buddhist sects allowed to develop.
  • Created a new government structure
  • 17 Article Constitution in 604. ?

6
Heian Period 794-1156
  • Characteristics
  • Growth of large landed estates.
  • Arts literature of China flourished.
  • Elaborate court life highly refined
  • ETIQUETTE. ?
  • Personal diaries
  • The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon 10c
  • Great novel
  • The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu
    1000 pgs. ?
  • Moving away from Chinese models in religion,
    the arts, and government. ?

7
Heian PeriodCultural Borrowing
  1. Chinese writing.
  2. Chinese artistic styles.
  3. Buddhism in the form of ZEN.
  4. BUT, not the Chinese civil service system! ?

8
Heian Court Dress
9
The Pillow Bookby Sei Shonagon (diary)
10
Tale of Genji (first novel)
11
Tale of Genji Scroll(first novel)
12
Lady Murasaki Shikibu
She contributed much to the Japanese script known
as kana, while men wrote with Chinese characters,
kanji.
13
The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!
Feudal Society
14
Code of Bushido
  • Fidelity
  • Politeness
  • Virility
  • Simplicity

15
Full Samurai Attire
16
Samurai Sword
17
Underpinnings Basic Steps in Self Defense
A COTTON BREECH CLOUT that extended up over the
chest was the basic undergarment of a samurais
costume
A SHORT SLEEVED KIMONO, or armor robe, was
tied snugly at the waist with a special knot
(lower right)
18
BILLOWING PANTALOONS,worn over the armor robe,
fitted loosely in the legs to allow freedom of
movement
AN EXQUISITE BROCADE, richly worked with a design
of peonies, was one of the extravagant materials
used in an armor robe that may have been made for
a 14th Century imperial prince
STURDY SHINGUARDS of cloth or leather were
reinforced with strips of iron to give protection
from the front
19
Medieval Warriors
vs.
Knights Armor
Samurai Armor
20
Zen Buddhism
  • A Japanese variation of the Mahayana
    form of Buddhism, which came from India
    through China.
  • It reinforced the Bushido values of mental
    and self-discipline.

21
MongolInvasionsof Japan
4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds
stopped them.
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