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Title:

INSECTS

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... by veins Strong muscles to power flight FLYING INSECTS ptera =wing FLYING INSECTS ptera =wing COLEOPTERA=beetles First pair of wings=sheild FLYING ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INSECTS


1
INSECTS
  • HOLT CH. 29-3
  • PG. 712-715

2
INSECT CHARACTERISTICS
  • Share similar body plan

3
INSECT CHARACTERISTICS
  • Share similar body plan
  • Specilized mouthparts for feeding

4
INSECT CHARACTERISTICS
  • Share similar body plan
  • Specilized mouthparts for feeding
  • Unique life cycle

5
INSECT CHARACTERISTICS
  • Share similar body plan
  • Specilized mouthparts for feeding
  • Unique life cycle
  • Ability to fly

6
INSECT CHARACTERISTICS
  • Share similar body plan
  • Specilized mouthparts for feeding
  • Unique life cycle
  • Ability to fly
  • 3 pair walking legs

7
ADAPTATIONS FOR FEEDING
  • MANDIBLES-

8
ADAPTATIONS FOR FEEDING
  • MANDIBLES-
  • Suck up liquid nutrients

9
ADAPTATIONS FOR FEEDING
  • MANDIBLES-
  • Suck up liquid nutrients
  • Chew wood (termites/carpenter ants)

10
ADAPTATIONS FOR FEEDING
  • MANDIBLES-
  • Suck up liquid nutrients
  • Chew wood (termites/carpenter ants)
  • Eat hard seeds (harvester ants)

11
ADAPTATIONS FOR FEEDING
  • MANDIBLES-
  • Suck up liquid nutrients
  • Chew wood (termites/carpenter ants)
  • Eat hard seeds (harvester ants)
  • Suck nectar from deep inside flowers

12
ADAPTATIONS FOR FLIGHT
  • Lightweight body

13
ADAPTATIONS FOR FLIGHT
  • Lightweight body
  • Wings

14
ADAPTATIONS FOR FLIGHT
  • Lightweight body
  • Wings
  • Develop from sac-like outgrowths

15
ADAPTATIONS FOR FLIGHT
  • Lightweight body
  • Wings
  • Develop from sac-like outgrowths
  • Made of chitin

16
ADAPTATIONS FOR FLIGHT
  • Lightweight body
  • Wings
  • Develop from sac-like outgrowths
  • Made of chitin
  • Some have 2 pair

17
ADAPTATIONS FOR FLIGHT
  • Lightweight body
  • Wings
  • Develop from sac-like outgrowths
  • Made of chitin
  • Some have 2 pair
  • Strengthened by veins

18
ADAPTATIONS FOR FLIGHT
  • Lightweight body
  • Wings
  • Develop from sac-like outgrowths
  • Made of chitin
  • Some have 2 pair
  • Strengthened by veins
  • Strong muscles to power flight

19
FLYING INSECTS
  • pterawing

20
FLYING INSECTS
  • pterawing
  • COLEOPTERAbeetles
  • First pair of wingssheild

21
FLYING INSECTS
  • pterawing
  • COLEOPTERAbeetles
  • First pair of wingssheild
  • DIPTERAflies/mosquitoes
  • 2nd pair of wings used for stability

22
FLYING INSECTS
  • pterawing
  • COLEOPTERAbeetles
  • First pair of wingssheild
  • DIPTERAflies/mosquitoes
  • 2nd pair of wings used for stability
  • LEPIDOPTERAbutterflies/moths
  • Wings covered in tiny scales

23
FLYING INSECTS
  • pterawing
  • COLEOPTERAbeetles
  • First pair of wingssheild
  • DIPTERAflies/mosquitoes
  • 2nd pair of wings used for stability
  • LEPIDOPTERAbutterflies/moths
  • Wings covered in tiny scales
  • HYMENOPTERAbees/wasps/ants
  • Wings fold over abdomen when not used

24
INSECT LIFE CYCLE
  • METAMORPHOSIS-dramatic physical change

25
INSECT LIFE CYCLE
  • METAMORPHOSIS-dramatic physical change
  • COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS

26
INSECT LIFE CYCLE
  • METAMORPHOSIS-dramatic physical change
  • COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS
  • EGG
  • LARVA-worm-like stage/eats LOTS

27
INSECT LIFE CYCLE
  • METAMORPHOSIS-dramatic physical change
  • COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS
  • EGG
  • LARVA-worm-like stage/eats LOTS
  • PUPA-resists cold/dryno eating
  • CHRYSALIS-butterflies
  • COCOON-moths

28
INSECT LIFE CYCLE
  • METAMORPHOSIS-dramatic physical change
  • COMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS
  • EGG
  • LARVA-worm-like stage/eats LOTS
  • PUPA-resists cold/dryno eating
  • CHRYSALIS-butterflies
  • COCOON-moths
  • ADULT

29
INCOMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS
  • EGG

30
INCOMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS
  • EGG
  • NYMPH-small, wingless, non-reproductive form of
    adult

31
INCOMPLETE METAMORPHOSIS
  • EGG
  • NYMPH-small, wingless, non-reproductive form of
    adult
  • ADULT

32
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care

33
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals

34
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community

35
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication

36
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES

37
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs

38
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • WORKER-female, sterile, cleans/cares/gets
    food/repairs

39
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • WORKER-female, sterile, cleans/cares/gets
    food/repairs
  • DRONE-male

40
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • WORKER-female, sterile, cleans/cares/gets
    food/repairs
  • DRONE-male
  • TERMITES

41
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • WORKER-female, sterile, cleans/cares/gets
    food/repairs
  • DRONE-male
  • TERMITES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs

42
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • WORKER-female, sterile, cleans/cares/gets
    food/repairs
  • DRONE-male
  • TERMITES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • KINGS-males

43
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • WORKER-female, sterile, cleans/cares/gets
    food/repairs
  • DRONE-male
  • TERMITES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • KINGS-males
  • WORKERS-gather food, raise young, excavate tunnels

44
SOCIAL INSECTS
  • Divide labor, parental care
  • Communicate between individuals
  • CASTE-individuals role in social community
  • PHERMONES-hormone-like chemical used for
    communication
  • HONEYBEES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • WORKER-female, sterile, cleans/cares/gets
    food/repairs
  • DRONE-male
  • TERMITES
  • QUEEN-lays eggs
  • KINGS-males
  • WORKERS-gather food, raise young, excavate
    tunnels
  • SOLDIERS-defend colony

45
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs

46
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-

47
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-
  • One pair of legs/segment (silverfish)

48
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-
  • One pair of legs/segment (silverfish)

49
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-
  • One pair of legs/segment (silverfish)
  • Flat
  • Poisonous

50
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-
  • One pair of legs/segment (silverfish)
  • Flat
  • Poisonous

51
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-
  • One pair of legs/segment (silverfish)
  • Flat
  • Poisonous
  • MILLIPEDES
  • 2 pair of legs/segment

52
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-
  • One pair of legs/segment (silverfish)
  • Flat
  • Poisonous
  • MILLIPEDES
  • 2 pair of legs/segment
  • round

53
SUBPHYLUM MYRIAPODA
  • MYRIAPODAmany legs
  • CENTIPEDES-
  • One pair of legs/segment (silverfish)
  • Flat
  • Poisonous
  • MILLIPEDES
  • 2 pair of legs/segment
  • round
  • scavengers
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