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Illinois Facts

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Title: ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENT Author: ROOSEVELT 1998 Last modified by: mlopatka Created Date: 5/8/1998 11:11:20 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Illinois Facts


1
Illinois Facts
  • Illinois first became a state in 1818
  • Our first state capital was in Kaskaskia from
    1818-1820
  • After Kaskaskia thecapital moved to Vandalia from
    1820-1839
  • Then to Springfield from 1839 until present.

2
ILLINOISSTATE GOVERNMENT
  • RATIFIED BY VOTERS 1970
  • SIMILAR FORM AS FEDERAL GOVT (3 branches)
  • PROVIDES FOR AREAS NOT COVERED BY FEDERAL
    GOVT
  • Local government
  • Taxation
  • Public education
  • Elections
  • Voting

3
Articles I-II
  • Article I
  • BILL OF RIGHTS
  • makes same guarantees to IL citizens as U.S.
    Constitution does to U.S. citizens
  • guarantees that citizens will not be
    discriminated against because of sex or physical
    or mental handicaps
  • Article II
  • SEPARATION OF POWERS
  • Legislative
  • Executive
  • Judicial

4
ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENTArticle III VOTING
ELECTIONS
  • GENERAL ELECTION
  • voting for members of General Assembly (name of
    IL legislative body)
  • held every 2 years
  • U.S. President is elected in general election in
    the years divisible by 4
  • PRIMARY ELECTION
  • each political party chooses its candidates for
    the general election
  • VOTING ELIGIBILITY
  • U.S. citizen
  • 18 years old
  • reside at least 30 days in IL
  • people in prison cannot vote, but can vote when
    released

5
ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENTArticle IV STATE
LEGISLATURE (BICAMERAL)
  • Senate
  • 4 year term
  • 59 members
  • 1 senator elected from each of 59 Illinois
    legislative districts
  • Presiding officer is a senator chosen by the
    senate
  • President of the senate
  • House of Representatives
  • 118 members
  • 2 year term
  • 1 Rep. elected from each representative district
  • Presiding Officer is the Speaker, elected from
    among the 118 Reps
  • Each person in IL
  • lives in a legislative district a
    representative district
  • is represented by one state senator and one state
    rep. in the General Assembly

6
ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENTArticle IV STATE
LEGISLATURE (BICAMERAL)
  • Our State Senator in Skokie
  • 8th District Ira I. Silverstein
  • Our State Representative in Skokie
  • 15th District John DAmico

7
ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENTArticle IV STATE
LEGISLATURE (continued)
  • MAKING STATE LAWS
  • BILL, a proposed law, must pass both houses of
    the General Assembly by majority vote
  • BILL is then sent to Governor who will
  • Sign it into law or
  • Veto it
  • Item veto allows the Governor to veto 1 or more
    items in an appropriation bill without vetoing
    the entire bill
  • House of Rep. has power to impeach (accuse,
    indict, bring charges against) state officers in
    cases of wrongdoing
  • Senate has power to try impeachment cases
  • Each house in Gen. Assembly determines its
    rules and the qualifications of its members

8
ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENTArticle V STATE
EXECUTIVE6 ELECTED OFFICERS
Qualifications25 years old, a U.S.
citizen, and reside in IL for 3 years
  • GOVERNOR duties
  • carrying out state laws
  • signing or vetoing bills
  • calling special sessions of General
    Assembly
  • commanding the IL National Guard in peacetime
  • LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR
  • must be of same political party as the
    Governor
  • performs duties that are delegated by Gov.
    and prescribed by law
  • ATTORNEY GENERAL
  • legal officer of the state

9
ILLINOIS STATE GOVERNMENTArticle V State
Executive Department (continued)
  • Secretary of State
  • maintains official state records as well as
    issues drivers and auto licenses
  • Treasurer
  • responsible for safekeeping investment of
    money
  • disburses money upon order of the
    comptroller
  • Comptroller
  • maintains states central fiscal accounts
  • orders payments into and out of funds held
    by treasurer
  • fiscal refers to the recordkeeping of money
    and is a 365 day period that usually
    begins July 1 ends June 30

10
Illinois Important Elected Officials
  • Governor Pat Quinn
  • Lieutenant Governonr Sheila Simon
  • Attorney General Lisa Madigan
  • Secretary of the State Jesse White
  • Comptroller Judy Baar Topinka
  • Treasurer Dan Rutherford

11
ILLINOIS STATE GOVTArticle VI STATE
JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT
  • 3 TYPES OF COURTS
  • ILLINOIS SUPREME COURT
  • APPELLATE (APPEAL) COURTS
  • CIRCUIT COURTS (main trial courts)
  • IL has 5 JUDICIAL DISTRICTS
  • ILLINOIS JUDGES ARE ELECTED (EXCEPT
    associate judges who are appointed)

12
ILLINOIS STATE GOVT Articles VII-VIII
  • Article VII Local govt
  • counties, cities, villages, townships,
    special districts
  • Limited Powers of Local govt pass
    ordinances to protect people, license
    business occupations, tax borrow money
  • States powers are greater than local
    governments
  • Article VIII Finance
  • Govt money must be used for public
    purposes
  • Governor prepares budget
  • Legislature (General Assembly) decides how
    money will actually be spent

13
ILLINOIS STATE GOVT Articles IX-XII
  • IX REVENUE
  • NONGRADUATED INCOME TAX
  • NO PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX
  • PROPERTY NOT TAXED STATE OWNED OR GOVT
    OWNED
  • SCHOOL DISTRICTS CHURCH PROPERTY
    CEMETERIES
  • HOSPITALS NON-PROFITS
  • State may sell bonds to raise money
  • X EDUCATION
  • Goal of education is educational development
    of all persons
  • FREE EDUCATION through secondary level
  • STATE BD. OF EDUC. plans educational
    program
  • XI ENVIRONMENT
  • IX MILITIA
  • IL National Guard

14
ILLINOIS STATE GOVT Articles XIII-XIV
  • XIII GENERAL PROVISIONS
  • person convicted of serious crimes cannot hold
    office
  • candidates or holders of state offices must file
    their economic interests
  • state of IL can be sued
  • state money can be spent for public education
  • XIV CONSTITUTIONAL REVISION
  • voters in state must decide every 20 years if a
    convention is needed to change the IL
    Constitution. changes must be approved by voters
  • IL General Assembly cannot change Article IV
    which would affect the structure or procedures of
    itself
  • Voters cannot change Article IV which would take
    away powers of General Assembly

15
More Illinois Information
  • STATE OF ILLINOIS WEBSITE
  • STATE OF ILLINOIS PAGE
  • LEGISLATIVE LINKS
  • ILLINOIS GOVERNMENT INFORMATION
  • STATE OF ILLINOIS - PROJECT VOTE SMART
  • ILLINOIS GOVERNMENT WEBSITES
  • STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
  • VITAL RECORDS INFORMATION - ILLINOIS
  • CITY OF ROCKFORD
  • AREA GUIDE - ROCKFORD
  • ROCKFORD BOARD OF ELECTIONS
  • ROCKFORD PUBLIC LIBRARY

16
Comparison of U.S. Illinois
ConstitutionsLEGISLATIVE BRANCH (law-making)
U.S.
ILLINOIS
  • U.S. CONGRESS
  • House of Representatives (435)
  • Power to impeach
  • Begins revenue bills
  • Qualifications 25 yrs. old, U.S. Citizen
    for 7 yrs.,
  • resident of state.
  • Term 2 yrs.
  • Senate (100)
  • Tries impeachment
  • Qualifications 30 yrs. old, U.S. citizen
    for 7 yrs., resident of state.
  • Term 6 yrs.
  • ILLINOIS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
  • House of Representatives (118)
  • Power to impeach
  • Qualifications 21 yrs. old, U.S.
    citizen, reside in district 2 years
  • Term 2 yrs.
  • Senate (59)
  • Holds trial after impeachment
  • Qualifications 21 yrs. old, U.S. citizen,
    reside in district 2 years
  • Term 2 or 4 yrs. depending on group

17
Comparison of U.S. Illinois
Constitutions LEGISLATIVE BRANCH (law-making)
continued
ILLINOIS
U.S.
  • U.S. Congress can levy taxes, declare war,
    borrow money, coin money
  • U.S. Congress can override a veto with a
    vote of 2/3
  • U.S. Congress cannot suspend writ of habeas
    corpus, pass bill of attainder or ex post
    facto laws
  • IL General Assembly can override a veto with a
    vote of 3/5
  • Laws passed by IL General Assembly take affect
    July 1 of next calendar year unless there is a
    3/5 vote to change the date

18
Comparison of U.S. Illinois
ConstitutionsJUDICIAL BRANCH
U.S.
ILLINOIS
  • U.S. SUPREME COURT
  • Appointed
  • 9 Justices
  • Lifetime term
  • U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
  • U.S. District Courts
  • IL SUPREME COURT
  • Elected
  • Qualifications U.S. Citizen, Licensed Lawyer,
    Resident of Unit in which elected
  • 7 Judges
  • 10 yr. term
  • IL Appellate Courts
  • IL Trial Courts

19

Comparison of U.S. Illinois
Constitutions EXECUTIVE BRANCH
ILLINOIS
U.S.
  • UNITED STATES
  • PRESIDENT
  • 35 yrs. old
  • 14 yrs. resident of U.S.
  • natural born citizen
  • 4 YR. term
  • Appoints ambassadors, etc.
  • Commander-in-Chief of U.S. Military
  • Veto bills (10 days or becomes a law)
  • VICE-PRES.
  • ORDER OF SUCCESSION Vice-pres., Speaker of
    House, Pres. pro tempore
  • ILLINOIS
  • GOVERNOR
  • 25 yrs. old
  • U.S. citizen
  • Resident of state for 3 yrs.
  • 4 yr. term
  • Appoints Dept. Heads, etc.
  • Commander-in-.Chief of IL National Guard
  • Veto bills (60 days or becomes a law)
  • LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR
  • ORDER OF SUCCESSION Lieutenant-Gov., Attorney
    General, Secretary of State

20
Comparison of U.S. Illinois
ConstitutionsMAJOR DIFFERENCES
U.S.
ILLINOIS
  • UNITED STATES
  • PRESIDENT
  • JUDGES APPOINTED (9)
  • BILL OF RIGHTS Amendmets 1-10
  • 1789
  • AMENDING APPROVED BY STATES
  • AMENDMENTS 27 - ADDED ON
  • CONGRESS LEADER
  • SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE
  • SENATE LEADER VICE-PRES.
  • 435 REPRESENTATIVES to Congress
  • 1 PER DISTRICT
  • 100 SENATORS 2 PER STATE
  • ILLINOIS
  • GOVERNOR
  • JUDGES ELECTED (7)
  • BILL OF RIGHTS Article I
  • 1970
  • AMENDING APPROVED BY VOTERS
  • AMENDMENTS INSERTED IN
  • GENERAL ASSEMBLY LEADER
  • SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE
  • SENATE LEADER PRES. of SENATE
  • 118 REPRESENTATIVES to Gen. Assem
  • 1 PER DISTRICT
  • 59 SENATORS 1 PER DISTRICT

21
THE END
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