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Africa

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Africa s Government Republic of Kenya Republic of South Africa Republic of Sudan SS7CG1; SS7CG2 Warm-Up: Let s Review Before We Go Any Further!!! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Africa


1
Africas Government
  • Republic of Kenya
  • Republic of South Africa
  • Republic of Sudan
  • SS7CG1 SS7CG2

2
Warm-Up Lets Review Before We Go Any Further!!!
  • Directions Match the definitions with the form
    of government.
  • 1.) Unitary a.) loose
    alliance
  • 2.) Confederation b.) central govt has
    all the power
  • 3.) Federal System c.) central
    govt divides the power
  • Directions Match the type of government with the
    correct
  • descriptions.
  • 1.) autocracy a.) control rests with a
    small group
  • 2.) oligarchy b.) the
    people hold supreme power
  • 3.) democracy c.) one leader
    exercises total control

3
Lets Check Our Answers!!
  • Directions Match the definitions with the form
    of government.
  • 1.) Unitary a.)
    loose alliance
  • 2.) Confederation b.)
    central govt has all the power
  • 3.) Federal System c.)
    central govt divides the power
  • Directions Match the type of government with the
    correct
  • descriptions.
  • 1.) autocracy a.) control rests with a
    small group
  • 2.) oligarchy b.) the people
    hold supreme power
  • 3.) democracy c.) one leader
    exercises total control

4
Words To Know
  • Republic-Involves the government using and
    abiding by the constitution heavily. Personal
    rights are respected and cannot be taken away.
  • Constitutional republic-a state where the head of
    state and other officials are elected as
    representatives of the people, and must govern
    according to existing constitutional law. Also,
    powers are separated. (Ex. U.S.A.)
  • Head of state-the chief public representative of
    a country who may also be the head of government
    (President, Prime Minister, etc.)
  • President- chief executive officer of a
    government also the head of state.
  • Personal freedoms- freedom of expression, freedom
    of movement, freedom of press, etc.

5
The countries of Kenya, South Africa, and Sudan
have very different government systems today.
Though all 3 are described as republics, the
reality is very different in each country!
6
Create a Graphic Organizer Like the One You See
Below
Country Type of Government Head of State Who Can Vote Degree of Personal Freedom for Citizens Year of Independence from Colonial Rule
Republic of Kenya
Republic of South Africa
Republic of Sudan
7
Lets Discuss.the Republic of Kenya
  • Type of Government Republic, with one-house
    legislature called the National Assembly. Has 3
    branches of govt--executive, legislative, and
    judicial.
  • Head of the State Kenya had a presidential form
    of democracy until the election of 2007. The
    position of prime minister was established. The
    president is the chief of state and the prime
    minister is the head of government.
  • Who can vote All citizens 18 years of age or
    older.

8
Republic of Kenya Contd
  • Degree of Personal Freedom for Citizens Freedoms
    are written in the constitution. The new
    constitution guaranteed many freedoms freedom of
    expression, freedom of movement, and freedom from
    discrimination.
  • Year of Independence from Colonial Rule Kenya
    became independent from Great Britain in 1963.

9
Checking For UnderstandingStand Up/Sit Down
  • If the statement below is true, STAND UP! If the
    statement is false, SIT DOWN! Try not to peek at
    your notes
  • Kenya has a president and prime minister.

10
Now, Lets Discuss..the Republic of South Africa
  • Type of Government (Parliamentary democracy)
    Republic, with a two-house National Assembly .
    Has 3 branches of govt executive, legislative,
    and judicial.
  • Head of State and Chief of State President
    elected by the National Assembly. President
    answers to the National Assembly and may only
    serve two five-year terms.
  • Who can Vote All citizens 18 years or older

11
Republic of South Africa Contd
  • Degree of Personal Freedom for Citizens
    (numerous freedoms)
  • The constitution ensures equality before the law
    and prohibits discrimination.
  • It guarantees the right to life, privacy,
    property, freedom, and security of the person,
    and freedom of speech, religion, assembly and
    association.
  • It prohibits slavery and forced labor.

12
Checking For Understanding(Face-to-Face)Grab a
Partner Someone in your group
  • If you and your partner think the statement is
    true, face each other. If you and your partner
    think its false, turn your backs to each other!
  • South Africas president can serve three 5-year
    terms.

13
Finally, Lets Discuss..the Republic of Sudan
  • Type of Government coalition government run by
    an alliance of the National Congress Party (NCP)
    and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement
    (SPLM).
  • Head of State and Head of Govt President
  • (Current president, Omar al-Bashir is considered
    a dictator)
  • Who can vote Citizens 17 years or older

14
Republic of Sudan Contd
  • Degree of Personal Freedom Citizens have real
    few constitutional freedoms unless they are
    associated with the National Congress Party. Most
    government positions are appointed.
  • Year of Independence from Colonial Rule In 1956,
    Sudan became independent from Egypt and Great
    Britain.

15
A Little Background Info. On Sudan
  • Number 1 on the list of worst dictators is
    Sudans current president, al-Bashir.
  • Taking power in 1989, al-Bashir and his regime
    abolished the existing government, suspended the
    Constitution, restricted freedom of press, and
    arrested prominent politicians.
  • The citizens DID NOT vote for al-Bashir he used
    his military force to become dictator.

16
Checking For Understanding
  • Directions Fill in the chart below describing
    the governments of Kenya, South Africa, and
    Sudan.

Kenya South Africa Sudan
Form of Leadership president dictator
Is leader elected fairly? yes
Can citizens vote freely? yes
Personal Freedoms guaranteed yes
17
Closing3-2-1
  • 3- republican countries were currently studying
  • 2- facts about Sudans government system
  • 1- question you still have about one of the 3
    republican countries.
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