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Jacksonian Democracy

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Title: Jacksonian Democracy


1
Jacksonian Democracy
2
What have historians called the period in
American history from 1824 to 1850?
  • The Age of the Common Man
  • The Jacksonian Era

3
What change occurred in the political life of the
American nation during the Age of Jackson?
  • Popular participation in state and national
    politics increased.

4
What three factors contributed to increased
political participation after the War of 1812?
  • More people got the right to vote
  • Westward expansion
  • The rise of sectional interests

5
What are two other terms that mean the right to
vote?
  • The franchise
  • Suffrage

6
How did Andrew Jackson represent this new
democratic spirit?
  • Moved West
  • Worked hard and became rich
  • Fought Indians
  • Was a self-made man
  • Entered politics and became president

7
What four things characterized the changing
nature of American politics during the Age of
Jackson?
8
  • Political equality for adult white males
  • Increased voter participation
  • A different style of campaigning
  • Rise of interest group politics and sectional
    politics

9
Define suffrage.
  • The right to vote

10
What was universal white manhood suffrage?
  • All adult white males could vote.

11
What two voting requirements were eliminated
during the Age of Jackson?
  • Religious qualification
  • Property qualification

12
What kinds of campaign techniques did both
political parties begin to use during the
Jacksonian period?
13
  • Party newspapers
  • Campaign songs
  • Political clubs
  • Speeches
  • Campaign rallies
  • Parades
  • Picnics
  • Banquets

14
What political party disappeared in the 1820s?
  • Federalist Party

15
Into what two political parties did the
Democratic-Republican Party split during the
1820s?
  • The Democrats
  • The Whigs

16
Who led the Whig Party?
  • Henry Clay

17
What nativist third party was organized in the
early 1850s?
  • The Know-Nothings

18
Define nativism.
  • Hostility to immigrants

19
What pledge did the Know-Nothings take?
  • Would not support any Roman Catholics or
    immigrants who ran for office

20
In which states did the Know-Nothing Party win
the most elections?
  • States with large Irish Catholic and German
    immigrant populations

21
What did President Jackson use to reward his
political supporters?
  • The spoils system

22
What was the spoils system?
  • The practice of an elected official giving
    government jobs to his political supporters

23
What was the major criticism of the spoils
system?
  • It failed to give government jobs to the most
    qualified people.

24
Was President Andrew Jackson for or against the
Second Bank of the United States?
  • Against the BUS

25
What action did President Jackson take in 1832 on
the bill to recharter the BUS?
  • Vetoed the bank recharter bill

26
What is a presidential veto?
  • The power given to the President by the
    Constitution to reject a bill passed by Congress

27
How did Jacksons veto of the bank recharter bill
differ from all previous presidential vetoes?
28
  • It was the first presidential veto NOT based
    solely on constitutional grounds.
  • Previous presidents had only vetoed bills that
    they thought were unconstitutional.

29
A presidential veto is part of what
constitutional system?
  • Checks and Balances System

30
What precedent was set by Jacksons bank veto?
  • A president can veto any bill he does not like.

31
What institutions power did President Jackson
destroy during his second term?
  • The Second Bank of the United States

32
What was the most important sectional incident
during Jacksons administration?
  • The Nullification Crisis

33
What is a tariff?
  • A tax on imports

34
What did the Tariff of 1832 do?
  • Set high taxes on imported goods

35
What did it mean for a state to nullify a
federal law?
  • Void it
  • Wipe it out
  • The federal law would no longer exist In that
    state.

36
What actions did South Carolina take to oppose
the Tariff of 1832?
  • Nullified the Tariff of 1832
  • Threatened to secede from the Union

37
How did nullification threaten the power of the
federal government?
  • If state governments could nullify any federal
    law they disliked, the U.S. government would be
    unable to enforce its laws throughout the entire
    nation.

38
How did President Jackson view South Carolinas
nullification of the Tariff of 1832?
  • As a threat to the future of the federal
    government
  • Placed the future of the U.S. government in danger

39
What action did President Jackson threaten to
take in response to South Carolinas
nullification of the tariff?
  • Send federal troops to South Carolina to collect
    the tariff

40
During the Nullification Crisis, what position
did President Jackson take?
  • Stood firmly for federal authority over the states

41
During the Nullification Crisis, what position
did South Carolina take?
  • Stood firmly for states rights

42
How was the Nullification Crisis resolved (ended)?
  • Congress passed a compromise tariff bill

43
What group of Americans was hurt by the reforms
of Jacksonian democracy?
  • American Indians

44
What president proposed the Indian Removal Act?
  • Andrew Jackson

45
What did the Indian Removal Act do?
  • Moved Southeastern Indians to a new Indian
    Territory in Oklahoma

46
What Indian tribes did the Indian Removal Act
move west?
  • Cherokees
  • Creeks
  • Chickasaws
  • Seminoles

47
What does one call the forced journey of Cherokee
Indians from their homes in Georgia to a new
Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma?
  • The Trail of Tears

48
What happened to nearly one-fourth of the
Cherokees on the Trail of Tears?
  • They died.

49
During what historical period did the womens
rights movement start?
  • The Jacksonian Era

50
What was the main goal of the womens rights
movement?
  • Equal rights
  • Especially the right to vote

51
Where did the womens rights movement begin?
  • Seneca Falls, New York

52
What right for women did the Seneca Falls
Declaration support?
  • Womens suffrage (the right to vote)

53
Who were two of the most important leaders of the
womens suffrage movement?
  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
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