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Surrealism

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Surrealism The Art of Self Discovery The Birth of Surrealism Surrealism evolved from the Dada movement shortly after WWI. Andre Breton, a French Doctor who served in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Surrealism


1
Surrealism
  • The Art of Self Discovery

2
The Birth of Surrealism
  • Surrealism evolved from the Dada movement shortly
    after WWI.
  • Andre Breton, a French Doctor who served in WWI,
    led the movement (although he was a writer, not a
    painter).
  • Surrealist artists were interested in the
    writings of psychoanalysts like Sigmund Freud and
    Carl Jung.
  • Surrealists used the subconscious mind and dreams
    as the inspiration for a new type of art.

3
What is Surrealism?
  • The word surreal means bizarre or dreamlike.
  • Realism describes art that is depicted as true to
    natural life as possible realistic
  • Surrealism realistic objects in a bizarre or
    dreamlike setting

4
Giorgio de Chirico 1888-1978
  • Greek-Italian proto-surrealist painter
  • Studied art at the Academy of Fine Arts in
    Munich, Germany
  • Often painted the piazzas and archways of the
    city of Turin, Italy during his Metaphysical
    phase
  • Influenced the Surrealist artists Max Ernst,
    Salvador Dalí, and René Magritte

5
The Enigma of a Day - 1914
6
The Song of Love - 1914
7
The Evil Genius of a King - 1915
8
The Seer - 1915
9
Salvador Dali 1904-1989
  • Very famous and influential Spanish Surrealist
  • Admired Pablo Picasso and did his early paintings
    in a cubist style
  • Dali was very eccentric and was kicked out of
    school for his behavior.
  • He was often at odds with other Surrealists
    because of his political views.

10
The Persistence of Memory - 1931
11
Sleep - 1937
12
Car Clothing - 1941
13
Madonna with a Mystical Rose - 1963
14
Galas Castle at Pubol - 1973
15
René Magritte 1898-1967
  • Belgian Surrealist
  • Worked as a poster and advertisement designer
    until he was able to be a full time painter.
  • His first painting was ridiculed, so he moved to
    Paris where he met Andre Breton and became
    involved with the Surrealists.
  • Later returned to Brussels and remained there
    during WWII
  • Often painted ordinary objects in unusual
    juxtapositions

16
The Portrait - 1935
17
The Treachery of Images - 1928
18
The Human Condition - 1933
19
La Durée Poignardée - 1938
20
The Son of Man - 1964
21
Golconde - 1953
22
Other Surrealist Artists
  • Francis Picabia 1879-1953 French Painter 
  • Jean Arp 1886-1966 German/French Painter/Sculptor
  • Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968 French/American
    Conceptual Artist
  • Paul Nash 1889-1946 English Painter 
  • Man Ray 1890-1976 American Photographer/Painter
  • Max Ernst 1891-1976 German/French Painter
  • Alberto Savinio 1891-1952 Greek/Italian Painter 
  • Joan Miro 1893-1983 Spanish Painter/Sculptor
    Claude Cahun 1894-1954 French Photographer
  • Andre Breton 1896-1966 French Writer/Artist
  • Andre Masson 1896-1987 French Painter 
  • Paul Delvaux 1897-1994 Belgian Painter
  • Kay Sage 1898-1963 American Painter 
  • Pavel Tchelitchew 1898-1957 Russian Painter
  •  Eileen Agar 1899-1991 British Painter 
  • Yves Tanguy 1900-1955 French/American Painter 
  • Alberto Giacometti 1901-1966 Swiss
    Painter/Sculptor
  • Stanley William Hayter 1901-1988 British Painter 
  • Hans Bellmer 1902-1975 German/French 
  • Boris Margo 1902-1995 Ukrainian/American
    Painter/Printmaker 
  • Victor Brauner 1903-1966 Romanian Painter
  • Oscar Dominguez 1906-1957 Spanish Painter 
  • Remedios Varo 1908-1963 Spanish/Mexican Painter 
  • Enrico Donati Born 1909 American Painter 
  • Wilhelm Freddie 1909-1995 Danish 
  • Dorothea Tanning Born 1910 American
    Painter/Sculptor 
  • Roberto Matta 1912-2002 Chilean/French Painter 
  • Meret Oppenheim 1913-1985 German/Swiss 
  • Sven Dalsgaard 1914-1999 Danish Painter 
  • James Gleeson Born 1915 Australian Painter 
  • Leonora Carrington Born 1917 British/Mexican
    Painter/Writer
  •  Arnulf Rainer Born 1929 Austrian 
  • Rodolfo Opazo Bernales Born 1935 Chilean Painter
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