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Chapter 3: Architecture

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Chapter 3: Architecture Structure Post-and-Lintel Arch Cantilever Bearing-Wall Skeleton Frame Post and Lintel Stonehenge, Salisbury, England, 1800-1400 BCE Parthenon ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 3: Architecture


1
Chapter 3 Architecture
  • Structure
  • Post-and-Lintel
  • Arch
  • Cantilever
  • Bearing-Wall
  • Skeleton Frame

2
Post and Lintel Stonehenge, Salisbury, England,
1800-1400 BCE
3
Parthenon, Athens, Greece
4
There are many different types of posts. In
Egyptian, Greek and Roman architecture we call
these posts columns.
5
Greek Orders
6
Columns were most often made from cylindrical
drums. In some cases, however, they were made
from a single piece of stone. Usually the term
monolithic is used to describe these columns.
  • Temple of Apollo at Corinth, Greece, 550 BCE

7
2. Arch Pont du Gard, Nimes, France
8
Tunnel (or Barrel) Vault
9
Arcade
10
Groin (or Cross) Vault
11
Pointed Arch
12
(Gothic) Rib Vault
13
Buttress and Flying Buttress
14
The flying buttresses are the stone arms that
support the walls and keep them from collapsing
under the weight of the roof. Bordeaux
Cathedral, France
15
Dome
16
3. Cantilever
17
4. Bearing Wall Construction
18
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19
Frame Construction
  • Balloon Frame Construction
  • Steel Cage (or Metal) Frame Construction

20
Balloon Frame Construction
21
Steel Cage Frame Construction Eiffel Tower, Paris
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