Islamic Studies Courses in De Anza, Chabot, Ohlone, and Mission Colleges Designed and Taught by Hafiz M. K . Siddiqi, Ph.D. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Islamic Studies Courses in De Anza, Chabot, Ohlone, and Mission Colleges Designed and Taught by Hafiz M. K . Siddiqi, Ph.D.

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... modern, recent, message, Qur an, historical or ... and the angels spread their wings ... The Prophet as a Legislator Three Essentials The Methods of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Islamic Studies Courses in De Anza, Chabot, Ohlone, and Mission Colleges Designed and Taught by Hafiz M. K . Siddiqi, Ph.D.


1
Islamic Studies Courses in De Anza, Chabot,
Ohlone, and Mission CollegesDesigned and Taught
by Hafiz M. K . Siddiqi, Ph.D.
  • Second Major Source of Islam
  • Hadith or Sunnah
  • The Tradition of Prophet
  • Muhammad pbuh

2
Hadith
  • Hadith, literal meaning Communication, story,
    modern, recent, message, Quran, historical or
    worldly conversation, secret
  • Use of the word Hadith in the Quran Allah (God)
    has revealed the most beautiful message in the
    form of a book. 39/23
  • Then leave me alone with such as reject this
    Quran. 68/44

3
And whenever you see people engaged in vain
discourse about our signs, turn away from them
until they begin a different conversation. 6/68
  • Has the story of Moses reached you? 20/9
  • When the Prophet confined a secret to one of his
    wives. 66/3
  • The prophet pbuh has used the word Hadith in his
    sayings He said the best religious
    communication is the book of Allah (Bukhari)

4
Prophet Muhammad said May God forgive a person
who hears from us a Hadith, then he memorizes it,
and conveys it to someone, for some recipient are
more attentive than the one who heard it. (Ahmad)
  • Term meaning of Hadith Sayings, actions and
    approvals of Prophet Muhammad pbuh
  • Sunnah, literal meaning established course of
    rule, mode of life, and line of conduct.

5
Term meaning of Sunnah Model behavior of Prophet
Muhammad.
  • Sunnah also means non-compulsory religious
    practice which Prophet himself performed
    regularly, and instructed his followers to
    perform, like Sunnah prayers.
  • Prophets status 1. The expounder of the Holy
    Quran
  • We have revealed unto you the message (Quran)
    that you may explain clearly to the humankind
    what is sent for them and that they may give
    thought. 16/44,
  • He did explain in words and actions the verses of
    Quran.

6
2. The Prophet as a Legislator
  • He will make lawful for them all good things and
    prohibit for them all indecent things and will
    relieve them of their burden and fetters which
    they used to wear 7/157
  • 3. A role Model for Muslims Verily, in the
    Messenger of Allah you have a beautiful model for
    anyone whose hope is in God and the Final Day and
    remembers God more frequently 33/21

7
Three Essentials
  • These three essentials combined in the person of
    Prophet Muhammad pbuh, lead to the inevitable
    conclusion that Muslims must follow him in every
    walk of their life. It is the case with all the
    prophets and messengers pbut, let us refer
    to4/64, 3/32, 3/132, 4/80, 4/59,65, 59/7

8
The Methods of Teaching
  • 1. Verbal A. Prophet Muhammad pbuh, repeated
    himself 3 times to make the understanding and
    memorization easy,
  • B. He used to listen to what his companions
    had learned C. He provided for them training in
    the Quran and Sunnah
  • D. He used to ask questions to discover the
    extent of their learning.

9
Written Method
  • 2. Written Method 1. He sent letters to
  • A. Kings B. Rulers C. Leaders of tribes
  • D. Muslim Governors 2. He gave dictation to
    his companions on A. Daily important topics B.
    Answers to various questions
  • C. Fulfilling a particular request of written
    guidelines by a delegations head or member 3.
    His order to write his Friday sermon for Abu Shah
    Yamani or Malik son of Huwayrath.

10
Teaching by Demonstration
  • 1. He taught his companions A. How to perform
    Wudu (Ablution) Salah (Prayers) and other
    important devotional deeds by practical
    demonstration B. He taught them how to design a
    marriage, employment, and business cotract C. He
    taught them how to perform the pilgrimage. He
    used to say to them learn by observing him.

11
The diffusion of the Sunnah
  • Prophet Muhammad had taken measures to diffuse
    his Sunnah by 1. Establishing Islamic Centers,
    Schools, and training Centers for the teachers
    and preachers.
  • 2. He used to say whenever he taught any
    thing Take from me to convey to others even if
    it is one (Little) thing. 3. He said in his
    Farewell pilgrimage those who are present
    should convey the message to those who are
    absent. (Bukhari).

12
4. He reminded the delegations on their departure
to teach their people after returning home, as a
duty
  • 5. He created incentives for teachers and
    students. He stated that learning and the pursuit
    of knowledge is obligatory on every Muslim (Ibn
    Majah). He had said He who conceals the
    knowledge is liable to go to hell (Ahmad) this
    fact is mentioned in the Quran in 2/159, 174.

13
A. Rewards for the Students He said if anyone
pursues a path in search of knowledge, Allah will
thereby make easy for him a path to paradise, and
the angels spread their wings from the good
pleasure with one who seeks knowledge, and all
the inhabitants of the heaven and earth, even
fish in the depths of water ask forgiveness for
him (Ahmad)
  • B. Rewards for the teachers He said When a
    person dies, his acts come to an end except for
    three things 1. Sadaqah Jariyah 2. Beneficial
    knowledge 3. Pious offspring.

14
C. Threat of Punishment Those who refused to
educate themselves were told by the Quran Had
we but listened or used our intelligence, we
should not be among the companions of the blazing
fire. 67/10
  • Prophet Muhammad pbuh said the people
  • will only be rewarded for the actions they
    have performed with full use of intellectual
    understanding.

15
How did the companions received the Sunnah?
  • It was very warmly received by the companions of
    Prophet pbuh, it was practiced by them
    immediately. They had learned Hadith/Sunnah
    through all three following methods
    1.Memorization They used to listen to every word
    with utmost importance. They attended the
    teaching circles of Quran and Sunnah in shifts
    and turn by turn. They used to memorize in group.

16
2. Learning through writing
  • There were good number of companions who learned
    by writing the Hadith/Sunnah.
  • 3. Practicing the Sunnah they practiced what
    ever they learned through 2 methods mentioned
    above memorization and writing.
  • Islamic teachings are not merely for knowledge,
    but it has to be practiced. Ibn Umar learned
    Suratul Baqarah in 10 years.

17
Official Patronage
  • In the lifetime of Prophet pbuh, he founded
    training centers for Quran and Hadith in both
    Makkah and Madinah.
  • The Caliphs especially first four made sure that
    there are enough schools, institutions and
    training centers everywhere in the Muslim world.
    They also appointed inspectors to visit them and
    report back to Caliph.

18
Non-Official Patronage
  • The companions of Prophet may be divided into two
    groups 1. Joined these Institutions as teachers
    2. Became source individuals ready to travel
    anywhere as and when required to teach short term
    courses or give lectures and seminars. As a
    result, Islam reached within 25 years of the
    death of Prophet to as far as Russia and
    Afghanistan.

19
Famous Narrators of Hadith who used to spend
1/3rd of night in recording the Hadith
  • Abu Huraira 1236,Ibn Umar 2630, Ibn Malik 2286,
    Ayesh 2210, Ibn Abbas1660,
  • J. Ibn Abdullah 1540, A.S. Al-Khudary 1170, Ibn
    Masood 748, A.A. Ibn As 700, Umar Farooq 537,
    Ali Ibn Abi Talib 536,Ibn Azib 305

20
Six Most Authentic Books
  • 1. Bukhari
  • 2. Muslim
  • 3. Tirmidhi
  • 4. Abu Dawud
  • 5. Ibn Majah
  • 6.NasaI
  • Hadith Sanad/Isnad, Matn, Darajah

21
Classification of Hadith
  • Qudsi Gods message in Prophets words
  • Mutawatir Continuously narrated by a large
    number of people
  • Sahih Most authentic with perfect chain of
    Narrators reaching the Prophet
  • Muttasil Re ported by successive narrators
  • Daeef Weak due to defective Isnad

22
Examination of Hadith
  • There are basic rules, regulations and principles
    for scrutinizing the Hadith
  • The following were rejected 1. Illogical
  • 2. Contrary to Islamic principles
  • 3. Contrary to the realities 4. Contrary to
    Quran 5. Contrary to Mutawatir Hadith
  • 6. Contrary to consensus 7. like a fairy tale
  • and many more.

23
Sample Hadith and true stories
  • Story of Huququl-Ibad
  • Story of a youths question
  • Story of 3 travelers
  • Story of trial of three people and many more.

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