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Important Supreme Court Cases

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Important Supreme Court Cases Marbury v. Madison Marbury v. Madison (1803) - Marbury demands his judge position using the Judiciary Act of 1789 John Marshall (SCJ ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Important Supreme Court Cases


1
Important Supreme Court Cases
2
Marbury v. Madison
3
Marbury v. Madison(1803)
  • - Marbury demands his judge position using the
    Judiciary Act of 1789
  • John Marshall (SCJ) ruled that the Judiciary act
    conflicts with the constitution.
  • Marshall stated that the constitution is the
    supreme law of the land.
  • This leads to the supreme courts ability to use
    judicial review
  • Judicial Review- The supreme court has the right
    to rule a law unconstitutional. (Strengthens
    checks and balances)

4
Dred Scott
5
Dred Scott(1857)
  • Dred Scott was a slave that was taken to a free
    state
  • He goes to court stating that he should be free
    since he lived in a free state
  • The supreme court rules that slaves are not
    citizens so they cannot sue or use the court
    system

6
Plessy v. Ferguson
7
Plessy v. Ferguson(1896)
  • Plessy is kicked of an all white train for being
    black
  • Plessy uses the 14th amendment stating that he
    has equal protection under the law. The state
    uses the 10th amendment saying the states have
    rights that are not listed in the constitution.
  • The Supreme Court ruling states separate but
    equal is legal

8
Schneck v US
9
Schneck v US(1919)
  • During WWI Schneck circulated pamphlets telling
    men to avoid the draft
  • The pamphlets were seen as being harmful to the
    govt. Schneck said he was able to distribute
    pamphlets thanks to the 1st amendments
  • Schnecks freedom of speech was not protected
    during time of war b/c it could have been harmful
    to the US

10
Brown v. Board
11
Brown v. Board(1954)
  • Brown is a black girl that wants to go to an all
    white school
  • Go to court stating that separate is not equal
    since many black schools were not equal to the
    white schools in the community.
  • Court rules that separate but equal is illegal
    and this leads to integration

12
Brown v. Board
13
Korematsu v. US(1944)
  • Korematsu was a Japanese American during WWII.
  • He was forced to leave his house and was placed
    in an internment camp.
  • He sued the US saying that they took away his
    rights that are given in the Constitution
  • Court ruled that during war time constitutional
    rights may be restricted

14
UCAL v. Bakke(1978)
15
UCAL v. Bakke(1978)
  • Bakke is denied admission to UCAL b/c of
    affirmative action.
  • UCAL states that affirmitive action reduces
    discrimination in the school.
  • Bakke used the 14th amendment along with the
    Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Race cannot be used exclusively in admission

16
Mapp v. Ohio(1961)
  • Ruled under (CJS) Warren
  • Evidence was illegally confiscated during a
    search for a fugitive.
  • The evidence was used to illegally convict her
  • The court ruled that evidence taken illegally
    cannot be used in a court of law

17
Miranda v. Arizona(1966)
  • Ruled under (CJS) Warren
  • The question to the court is not notifying a
    accused person of their rights before
    interogation violate the 5th amendment?
  • The court cannot use statements from an accused
    person if they are not notified of their rights

18
Tinker v Des Moines(1969)
  • Teens wear black armbands to school in protest of
    the Vietnam War
  • The teens were suspended for wearing the armbands
    in fear it would start a rebellion
  • The first amendment was argued but the court
    sided with the students that they were able to
    wear the black armbands since it did not cause a
    disturbance to the school.

19
Roe v. Wade(1973)
  • Does the constitution embrace a womans right to
    have an abortion?
  • Yes women can have abortions up to the 3rd month.
    This fell under the right to privacy under the
    14th amendment.

20
N.J. v TLO(1985)
  • Teenager was caught smoking in the bathroom the
    principal catches her and searches her purse
    finding marijuana.
  • Was the search a violation of the 4th and 14th
    amendment?
  • In schools the authority does not need probable
    cause (hard evidence) but only needs reasonable
    cause (soft evidence)
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