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Introduction to Hebrews

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Introduction to Hebrews May 24, 2011 Audience They are receiving a sermon rather than a letter May 24, 2011 Audience We are surprised by how contemporary the problems ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Hebrews


1
Introduction to Hebrews
2
  • Hebrews is unique in style and content

3
  • As a piece of literature it is unlike any other
    Epistle

4
  • The word Hebrews is for the most part synonymous
    with Israelites

5
  • It represents an ethnicity, and suggests a
    religion

6
  • Hebrews is reflective of Exodus and Psalms where
    most New Testament writers are reflective of the
    prophets or Psalms

7
  • This book assumes we have a grasp of the Hebrew
    story

8
  • When jumping into Hebrews you must be patient

9
  • Because we arent sure to whom the Epistle was
    written, we will refer to them as the audience

10
Author
  • Some possibilities
  • Paul
  • Appolos
  • Timothy
  • Barnabas
  • Silas
  • Silvanus
  • Priscilla

11
Author
  • Authorship gives us background but isnt necessary

12
Author
  • Were not positive on who, but we know that he or
    she was a Christian who followed the Apostolic
    tradition

13
Author
  • Because we dont know who wrote this Epistle we
    will refer to the writer as the author

14
Author
  • The author is a friend and brother to Timothy

15
Author
  • The author is away but will be returning

16
Author
  • The audiences situation is known in great detail

17
Author
  • The author is well educated and has a scholars
    knowledge of Greek Judaism

18
Author
  • The Septuagent is the Greek translation of the
    Old Testament and used as the reference NOT the
    Hebrew text

19
Timeline
  • External evidence is proof of things that are
    found in history outside the Bible itself

20
Timeline
  • The primary external evidence is Clement of Rome

21
Timeline
  • He sends a letter to the church of Corinth and
    quotes Hebrews 1-3

22
Timeline
  • His letter was sent in 95-96 CE (AD)

23
Timeline
  • Internal Evidence is passages from a Biblical
    text which helps us gather information

24
Timeline
  • In Hebrews priestly activity is described in the
    present tense

25
Timeline
  • Priestly duties were carried out in the Temple
    and the Temple was destroyed in 70 CE

26
Timeline
  • The author says, It was declared first through
    the LORD and attested to us by those who heard
    him. Which places him a generation after Jesus.

27
Timeline
  • The author also speaks of Timothy placing it
    between 60-90 CE

28
Audience
  • We know they are Christian

29
Audience
  • It is written to a church in crisis a particular
    church

30
Audience
  • It is personal

31
Audience
  • The author is in greater authority than the
    audience and even the leaders of the congregation

32
Audience
  • The audience has been baptized and fully
    instructed

33
Audience
  • They have great capacity to turn things around

34
Audience
  • They are receiving a sermon rather than a letter

35
Audience
  • We are surprised by how contemporary the problems
    seen

36
Audience
  • They are tired of
  • Serving the world
  • Worship
  • Education
  • Being weird and whispered about
  • Trying to keep their prayer life going
  • Jesus

37
Questions?
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