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Indian PU Foam Sector Update

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Title: Get Ready To Change Author: asetpal Last modified by: Sharad Created Date: 3/5/2011 10:04:17 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indian PU Foam Sector Update


1
Indian PU Foam Sector Update
  • Presented By Mukesh Bhuta
  • Vice Chairman - IPUA

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
2
IPUAs Role
  • Ozone Cell, Ministry of Environment Forest,
    Government of India is preparing HCFC
  • Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP) which may be
    published in due course. The Indian
  • Polyurethane Association with an endeavor to best
    serve the interests of the member
  • community and the Indian Polyurethane Association
    has been assisting Ozone Cell in
  • this HPMP programme.
  • Which is to
  • Identify all the sectors of foams where HCFCs are
    being used
  • Survey the number of enterprises consuming HCFCs
    directly or indirectly.
  • Estimate the total consumption of HCFCs in India
    for the years 2007-2012 more importantly for
    2009-2012.
  • Create awareness amongst the industry
    representatives, about the phase out scenario.
  • Suggest strategy which can facilitate a
    successful implementation of HCFCs phase out.
  • Recommend regulatory policies which can be
    industry friendly rather than restrictive.

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
3
India PU Foam SectorPresent scenario
  • Main PU Foam sectors consuming HCFCs are
  • Domestic Refrigeration / Appliances
  • Commercial Refrigeration
  • Continuous Panel
  • Discontinuous Panel
  • General Insulation
  • Spray / In-Situ
  • Thermoware
  • Integral Skin
  • Thermo Plastic Foam

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
4
Alternatives Blowing AgentsCurrent
Futuristic
  • Most promising alternative technologies for
    Indian Foam Sector are

Compound MW Physical State Boiling Point (oC) Flash Point LFL/UFL Lambda 25oC (mW/mk) ODP GWP
HFC-134a 102 Gas -27 None None 0 1300
HFC-245fa 134 Liquid 15 None None 13 0 820
HFC-365mfc 148 Liquid 40 -24 3.4/13 12 0 840
n-Pentane 72 Liquid 36 -49 1.5 15 0 11
Iso-Pentane 72 Liquid 28 -51 1.4 14 0 11
Cyclo-Pentane 70 Liquid 49 -7 1.5 13 0 11
Methylal 76 Liquid 42.3 -18 2.2/19.9 0 Very Low
Methyl Formate 60 Liquid 31.5 -19 5/20 10.7 0 Very Low
FEA-1100-Dupont NA Liquid 33 10.7 None NA 0 Very Low
HBA-2-Honeywell NA Liquid NA NA None NA Negligible Very Low
AFA-L1-Arkema NA Liquid NA 10 None None Negligible Very Low
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
5
Application Domestic, Commercial Appliance
Themoware
  • Domestic Appliance
  • Key requirements
  • Foam insulation properties
    ( K-factor)
  • Fast productivity
  • Commercial Appliance
  • Application
  • supermarket counters
  • horizontal freezer
  • Visi-coolers
  • food service equipment
  • Thermoware
  • Key requirement
  • Fast productivity
  • Low cost

Blowing Agent Options Zero ODP HFC -134a low
level, HFC -245 fa HFC -134a/HFC- 365,
Ecomate
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
6
Application Discontinuous Continuous Building
Panels
  • Key requirements
  • Low k-value
  • Faster Productivity
  • FR
  • Application
  • Cold store
  • Building Panel
  • Telecom Shelter

Blowing Agent Options Zero ODP HFC -134, HFC
-134a/HFC -365, HFC- 245fa, Ecomate
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
7
Application General Insulation Spray
Applications include Walls, crawl spaces,
enclosed attics, roof decks
  • Key requirements
  • Good Foam mechanical properties
  • Good Foam insulation properties
  • Low Moisture vapor resistance
  • Low Flame spread
  • Low Smoke generation

Blowing Agent Options Zero ODP HFC -134a, HFC
134a HFC -134a/HFC- 365, HFC -245fa, Ecomate
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
8
Application Integral Skin
  • Applications
  • steering wheel
  • furniture (armrest, headrest, seat)
  • Key requirements
  • Skin formation
  • Aesthetics
  • Good Abrasion resistance

Blowing Agent Options Zero ODP HFC -134a,
HFC -245fa/365, Ecomate
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
9
Considerations for selection of alternative
technologies
VIEW POINT REQUIRMENTS
Environmentally Acceptable ODP 0
Environmentally Acceptable Lower GWP
Environmentally Acceptable Higher Energy Efficiency
   
Safety Non-Toxicity
Safety Non-Flammability
Safety High- Volume Resistivity
   
System Durability Thermal Chemical Stability
System Durability Material Compatibility
   
Easy Management Reasonable cost/Commercially viable
Easy Management Technically Proven
Easy Management Easy Handling
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
10
India PU Foam SectorPresent scenario
  • In India today HCFCs are being used by more than
    450 units in
  • processing of PU Foams and other foams. This foam
    sectors is dominated
  • by large number of small and medium sized
    enterprises.

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
11
The consumption split of HCFCs across various
foam sector
2009
2010
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
12
IPUA Final Analysis
  • Total estimated consumption of HCFC (mainly 141b)
    is as under

Note Above are survey figures, they can be more
and may be known when the stakeholders submit
their actual datas
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
13
IPUA Final Analysis
  • The consumption split across various industry
    sectors is estimated as under

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
14
Suggestions Recommendations
  • The industry sector groupings for phasing out of
    HCFC have been arrived
  • at , based on the following criteria

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
15
Suggestions Recommendations
  • Sector Consumption
  • Size of sector in terms of HCFC consumption e.g.
    (Phase out initiatives in sectors consuming
    larger quantities of HCFC would aid in delivering
    accelerated phase out of HCFCs)
  •  
  • Competitive Intensity
  • Number of Players in each of the sectors
    (Sectors having fewer players are likely to be
    more organized with large companies that have
    strong financial standing technical
    capabilities to execute phase out projects)
  • Substitutes/Alternatives
  • Sectors where mature, proven and cost effective
    alternatives for HCFC phase out are available
  •  
  • Growth rate of the sector

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
16
Suggestions Recommendations
  • Based on the selected criteria we have grouped
    the various sectors in order to formulate
  • different strategies timelines for each of the
    groupings. The table below summarizes
  • these groupings

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
17
Suggestions Recommendations
  • Recommended Strategy Policy Changes
  • The IPUA recommends the sector strategies in 2
    phases
  • Phase 1 Strategy
  • A Multi-pronged approach is being suggested as
    under. One for sectors
  • falling under Group 1 i.e. Domestic Refrigeration
    and another for sectors
  • falling under Group 2 i.e. Continuous Panel and
    Integral Skin Foam.

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
18
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
19
Suggestions Recommendations
  • Phase 2 Strategy
  • For the other sectors i.e. Discontinuous panels,
    General Insulation,
  • Commercial Refrigeration Thermoware we observe
    that an
  • overall strategic approach covering the entire
    sector is not feasible
  • at the moment due to
  •  
  • Lack of proven cost effective alternate
    technology
  • Large number of users making it difficult to
    manage the transition that is equitable to ensure
    a level playing field
  • Smaller consumption levels and slow growth rates

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
20
Suggestions Recommendations
  • Phase 2 recommendations

Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
21
Mentioned below are certain fundamental
recommendations across both phases
Stakeholder Workshop on HPMP 21st / 22nd
October 11
22
  • THANK
  • YOU
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