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Torah and Genesis 1 - 3

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Title: When God Speaks, It Happens Author: Hill Roberts Last modified by: Ron Created Date: 6/30/2000 9:33:38 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Torah and Genesis 1 - 3


1
Torah and Genesis 1 - 3
  • What Does It Mean?

2
What-Who-When-Where-Why
  • The What
  • Torah 1st five books of OT
  • The Law of Moses
  • Hebrew Title of Book One
  • bresheth in beginning
  • English Title of Book One
  • Genesis ? Gk-LXX Generations
  • ? Heb.
    toledah of 24

3
Who
  • Moses recognized as the authority since
    antiquity. (Deut. 11, 5)
  • Torahs authority is accepted as a whole by
    Jesus, e.g., Lk 2427, Mk 1226, Mt 194-5
  • and all the NT writers. e.g., Jn 117, Lk 222
  • Mosaic authorship does not mean Moses wrote every
    word without any aid of others, later editing, or
    compilation of oral accounts.
  • J-E-P-D theory attempts to undercut Mosaic
    inspired authority. Refuted by Green 1890.

4
When - Where
  • During Israelites exodus from Egypt to Canaan.
  • Centered on Mount Sinai Covenant.
  • Read the text from Mt. Sinai perspective, not as
    if in the garden of Eden with AE.
  • Exodus date
  • traditional 1450 B.C
  • archeological 1250 B.C.
  • based on Egyptian history, Rameses II

5
What - Why
  • Serves as the Introduction to the Sinai Covenant
    between God and His chosen people, Israel.
  • Format of ancient covenants was
  • first provide historical basis for the kings
    authority to rule,
  • then the covenant
  • then the laws
  • then examples of kings providence under covenant
  • followed by blessings and curses for those under
    rule
  • This is precisely the Torahs overall
    organization.
  • A book of its time.
  • not from a thousand years later
  • Israelites familiar with the format

6
How shall we read the text?
  • Figurative or Literal ?
  • Question demonstrates a wholly inadequate
    understanding of Hebrew in general,
  • and of Genesis 1-3 in particular.
  • Usually an attempt to prejudice a study.
  • I will take the text more literally than any
    literalist is willing to do.

7
The Tenfold Division of Genesis
  • tol edah (24)
  • this is the account of
  • these are the generations of
  • this is the beginning of
  • 10 Jacob 372 9 Esau 361 (w/369) 8 Isaac
    2519
  • 7 Ishmael 2512 6 Terah (Abram) 1127 5 Shem
    1110
  • 4 Sons of Noah 101 3 Noah 69 2 Adam 51
  • 1 Heavens and Earth 24
  • Prologue bresheth 11 - 23

The more an author works at his form, the more
plausible it is he is stepping away from the zero
point (of the text). H. Blocher In The
Beginning
8
Two Main Theological Parts
  • Part 1 Chapters 1-11
  • Covenants with Adam and Noah
  • Mans initiatives begat failure upon failure
  • Part 2 Chapters 12-50
  • Covenants with Abram
  • Gods initiatives to redeem man from his failures

9
Part I Mans Failure
  • 1 Six days of Creating
  • 2 Man in Paradise Covenant with God
  • 3 Distrust, Rebellion, Paradise Lost
  • 4-11 Consequences of Broken Covenant

10
Six Days of Forming and Filling
God beginning heavens and earth formless,
uninhabitable, watery, darkness, hovering Spirit
4 filled with lights 5 filled with fish
birds 6 filled with beasts, man
  • 1 light
  • 2 water/skies
  • 3 dry land w/plants

Thus, heavens and earth completed
and all their hosts. 21
Notice all these created things were also
Egyptian gods. First laws of covenant God alone,
no other gods, no idols. Compare Gen 1 order to
Deut 415-19 (Gen 1 in reverse)
11
Some Other Structural Elements
  • 10 and God said
  • 10 makings
  • 3 creates (with 3rd one three times!)
  • 3 let there be
  • 7 and it was so
  • 7 it was good
  • 3 blessings
  • 6 be dusk, be dawn Day!
  • one, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth
  • seventh day lacks the finish formula striking
    absence!

The more an author works at his form, the more
plausible it is he is stepping away from the zero
point of the text. H. Blocher In The
Beginning
12
When God Speaks, It Happens
It was very good
it was good
it was good
it was good
it was so
it was so
light was
it was so
God Is
God said make man in our image, over animals
This is the account of the heavens and earth when
they were created, in the day that the Lord God
made earth and heaven. Genesis 24
Hill Roberts, (C) 2000
13
created
created
created
14
Part I Mans Failure
  • 1 Six days of Creating
  • 2 Man in Paradise Covenant with God
    (thesis)
  • God rests, Man goes to work
  • Completed by Woman
  • 3 Distrust, Rebellion, Paradise Lost
    (antithesis)
  • Innocence ? Guilt Life ? Death Birth ?
    Multiplied Pain
  • Helpmeet ? Ruled Land ? Toil Two Trees ? Garden
    Closed
  • Where Are You? Theme for rest of the
    Bible
  • God seeking His peoples trust.
  • Job, Jesus, Us -- God, where are you?
  • 4-11 Consequences of Broken Covenant
  • Man, apart from God, goes from bad to terrible!
  • Cain, Flood, Babel
  • Enter Abram Part 2

15
Elohyim - Spirit - Word
  • v 1 Elohyim (divine nature)
  • v 2 Spirit hovering over the waters (divine
    power)
  • v 3 God speaks (divine will revealed)
  • Hints of Trinity embedded in first three
    sentences
  • Elohim the divine plural of majesty
  • Let us
  • John 11-3 The Word Logos The Creator

16
Creation by Separation separation dividing,
judgment, authority
  • Something separated from nothing
  • Filled form separated from formless void
  • Light separated from darkness
  • as righteousness separated from
    sin by The Light
  • Waters above separated from waters below
  • expanse? SMS are in the expanse, but so are the
    birds, and Gods home.

  • (Will literalists be this
    literal?)
  • raquia beaten out bowl, a spead out sheet, the
    heavens, Heaven
  • Dry land separated from seas
  • land produces plants
  • normal process, but comes by Gods decree
  • Will literalists be this literal with the text?

17
Naming
  • Naming things is the essence of human
    self-awareness, intelligence, observation,
    abstract thought, communication, language,
    learning, ability to separate and classify,
    logic, science.
  • Essence of Person-ness (image of God)
  • To name is to exercise authority over
  • God names day and night, dry land and seas, man
  • Adam names the animals, Eve

18
Fish, Birds created
  • Sentient life is created.
  • Next use of bara after 11.
  • Note bara was not used for the plants.
  • Multiply and fill the earth.
  • Have you ever thought this happened instantly?
  • Within 24 hours? Days 3-6 (21 - completed)?
    A longer time?
  • God commanded it, just like everything else He
    commanded to happen.
  • Why Not?
  • Because of something the text says different
    about this command?
  • Because you believe in evolution, instead of
    creation?
  • Because of what you know about life cycles and
    migrations.

19
Beasts from the Land
  • Let the land bring forth living creatures after
    their kind.
  • Will literalists be this literal?
  • Plants 111-12
  • Beasts 124
  • Man 124, 27
  • The Land!
  • In the manner a farmer speaks of The Land
  • The basic stuff of life (human humus, Adam,
    adamah)
  • Where we live, who and what we are. We are of the
    Land.
  • Gods providence for man (e.g., the garden)
  • Gods Promise

20
Man
  • dirt, shaped and inbreathed with life by God
  • Gods image bearer on earth
  • 2 Peter 14 partakers of the divine nature
  • Made, Created, Image
  • all emphasize mans dependence on God
  • Male and Female
  • wholeness found in relationship (God-ness
    let us)
  • together man woman can pro-create (more
    God-ness)
  • In Jesus Christ, who is both the Son of God and
    the Image of God, we are restored to our
    humanity, as true images of our Creator, and more
    than images, we become Gods sons in His Son, by
    the bond of the new covenant.
    Henri Blocher, In the Beginning, p 94.

21
The End
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