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Realist Film Movements


Realist Film Movements Neorealismo (2) Films of Vittoria De Sica Table of Contents 1) Neorealismo as personal film 2) Films of Vittorio De Sica 3) Ladri di biciclette ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Realist Film Movements

Realist Film Movements
  • Neorealismo (2)
  • Films of Vittoria De Sica

Table of Contents
  • 1) Neorealismo as personal film
  • 2) Films of Vittorio De Sica
  • 3) Ladri di biciclette
  • 4) Cesare Zavattini

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • Traditional films - studio bound genre bound
    star bound
  • Films made according to the studios concerns and
    intentions the requirements of a genre and the
    demand of stars.
  • Personal films reflect film makers personal
    concerns. Neorealists PERSONAL CONCERNS and
  • are

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • Ordinary lives in the post-war era
  • Social issues - unemployment, immigration,
    poverty, social and moral decay, political
  • Lives of ordinary people in ordinary situation

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • Influence of French lyrical (poetic) realism
  • Films in the 1930s by Julian Duvivier, Jean
    Renoir, Marcel Carné and others
  • They did in cinema what some realist painters and
    writers had already done.

  • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, The Valpinçon
    Bather (1808)
  • Academy Painting

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  • Jean-Louis David, Marat Assassinated (1793)
  • History Painting

  • Jean-Paul Marat, a Swiss-born radical journalist.
    He was murdered in a bathtub by Charlotte
    Corday, a Girondin sympathizer, in 1793.

  • Gustav Courbet, The Meeting, Bonjour Monsieur
    Courbet (1854) Le Réalisme

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • What is realism in literature?
  • ' more extensive and socially inferior human
    groups to the position of subject matter in
    literature.' (Erich Auerbach, Mimesis The
    Representation of Reality in Western Literature,

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • Jean Renoir, La Bete humaine (1938)
  • Based on Emile Zolas naturalist novel, it is a
    story about an engineer who murders his wifes

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • Jean Renoir, Toni (1935)
  • Based on a police dossier, it is about a crime of
    passion. An Italian immigrant worker in a
    Provencal quarry is entangled in complicated love
    affairs and jealousy.

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • Marcel Carne, Le Jour se leve (1939)
  • A foundry worker is forced to murder a man who
    betrays and trick him.

Neorealismo as Personal Film
  • Subject matters ordinary people who are in
    ordinary situation but fail to gain ordinary
  • Stories of ordinary people in authentic settings
  • No idealization, no flattery, not
    larger-than-life portraying

Films of Vittorio De Sica
  • Vittorio de Sica (1902-1974)
  • A matinee idol turned into a film director.
  • The collaboration with Cezare Zavattini lead to
    the three great neorealist films

Films of Vittorio De Sica
  • Sciusciá (Shoeshine, 1946) - two shoeshine boys
    save money by delivering black-market goods to
    buy a horse. They are caught and sent to
    overcrowded boys prison. One boy betrays the
    other and after their release the latter kills
    the former by mistake.

Films of Vittorio De Sica
  • Ladri di biciclette (Bicycle Thieves, 1948) - a
    man in Rome found a job after two years waiting
    on the condition that he has his own bike. It is
    stolen on the very first day in his job. He
    searches all over Rome with his son. In
    desperation he himself turns to a bicycle thief.

Films of Vittorio De Sica
  • Umberto D (1952) - a retired civil servant,
    pensioner, finds difficult to make end meet in
    ridiculous inflation. He is kicked out of his
    apartment and has to abandon his dog, his only
    possession and companion.

Films of Vittorio De Sica
  • Elements which made Ladri di biciclette a
    'realist' film in its day
  • ?    the subject matter
  • ?    the narrative strays
  • ?    the use of non-actors and location shooting
  • ?    no facile solution to the problem
  • ?    other aforementioned techniques

Films of Vittorio De Sica
  • Lamberto Maggiorani was a factory worker found by
    De Sica.
  • No solution to unemployment is presented - the
    ending is open-ended as our life is.

Ceare Zavattini
  • Screenwriter, director, painter, writer and
  • Collaborated with Vittorio De Sica in Sciuscia,
    Ladri di biciclette and Umberto D
  • Teacher at Centro Sperimentale di Cinema
  • Critic at Bianco e nero

Ceare Zavattini
  • A well-know American producer told me, This is
    how we would imagine a scene with an airplane.
    The plane passes by a machine gun fires the
    plane is crashed. And this is how you would
    imagine it. The plane passes by the plane
    passes by the plane passes by once more.
  • Cezare Zavattini, Some Ideas on Cinema

Cesare Zavattini
  • 'The dream of Zavattini is just to make a
    ninety-minute film of the life of a man to whom
    nothing ever happens.' (Andre Bazin on Cesare
  • The duration of actual time is equal to that of
    films narrative time.
  • Little-man' principle - 'a hole in the wall of
    a family house in order to peep inside.'