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Elements of a Short Story

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This presentation is in preparation of writing a short story for their portfolio. This presentation was designed for a resource Language Arts class; ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elements of a Short Story


1
Elements of a Short Story
2
Definition of a Short Story
  • Tells about a ____________ event or experience
  • Fictional (not true)
  • 500 to 15,000 words in length
  • It has a _______________
  • ________________, and __________________.
  • Creates an impression on the reader

3
Elements of a Short Story
  • _______________
  • Characterization
  • _______________
  • Conflict
  • _______________
  • Resolution
  • _______________
  • Point of view

4
Setting
  • The time and ________________ of the storys
    action

5
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Theme The storys main ideas. The
    ______________ the writer intends to
    communicate by telling the story.

6
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Characterization Creation of imaginary people
    who appear to be ____________ to the reader. The
    writer gives _______________ about the characters
    in the story.

7
Characterization
  • How the author ________________ the characters,
    especially the main character.
  • This is done through
  • what the character ____________ or says
  • what others say of and __________ the character
  • authors _____________ _____________ in
    descriptive passages

8
Characterization
  • Direct characterization
  • The author ________________ states what the
    characters personality is like. Example cruel,
    kind
  • Indirect characterization
  • Showing a characters personality through his/her
    ________________, thoughts, feelings,
    ________________, appearance or other characters
    observations or reactions

9
Protagonist
  • Main character of the story that changes
  • the most ___________________ character
  • changes and grows because of experiences in the
    story
  • ______________ Character

10
Antagonist
  • A major character who _______________ the
    protagonist
  • _________________ Character

11
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Plot A series of _______________ through which
    the writer reveals what is happening, to whom,
    and why.

12
What is the Plot?
  • Plot Series of related events that make up a
    story.

13
Exposition
  • Section that ______________________ characters,
    the setting, and conflicts.

14
Rising Action
  • Consists of a series of _______________.
  • These occur when the main characters take
    _____________ to resolve their problems and are
    met with further problems
  • Fear
  • Hostility
  • Threatening situation

15
Climax
  • The turning _____________ in the story the high
    point of interest and _______________.

Climax
Rising Action or Complications
Falling Action
16
Falling Action
  • All events following the climax or turning point
    in the story. These events are a _______________
    of the action taken at the climax.

17
Resolution
  • The _____________ of the central conflict it
    shows how the situation turns out and ties up
    loose ends

18
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Conflict Is a _______________ in the story that
    needs to be resolved.

19
Conflict
  • A struggle between two opposing forces
  • Types
  • Internal takes place in a characters own
    ________.
  • Man vs. Him(Her)self
  • External a character struggles against an
    _________________ force
  • Man vs. Man
  • Man vs. Nature
  • Man vs. Society

20
Man v/s Himself/Herself
  • The central character has to make personal
    decisions about what is the right thing to do
    (ex. a young person must decide whether or not
    to tell his parents he stole some money, a person
    sees a twenty dollar bill fall out of someones
    pocket and must decide whether to return it or
    not.)
  • Internal

21
The two types of conflict can be shown in the
following ways
  • Man v/s nature the central character battles
    the forces of nature (ex. caught in a rain
    storm w/ no umbrella, stalked by a wild animal)

22
Man v/s Society
  • The central character battles societal norms
    (ex. a new student dressing differently than
    the other students, a person who wont drink even
    though his friends are)

23
Man v/s Man
  • The central character battles another character
    in the story (ex. Luke Skywalker vs. Darth
    Vadar, Tweety vs. Sylvester)

24
Short Story Vocabulary
  • Point of view The _______________ of the
    ______________ of the story and what the writer
    sees from that vantage point.

25
Point of View
  • First person- One of the characters is actually
    telling the story using the pronoun __________
  • Third person- Centers on _____________
    characters thoughts and actions.
  • Omniscient- ___________ knowing narrator. Can
    center on the thoughts any actions of _________
    and _________ characters.

26
Flashback
  • The present scene in the story is interrupted to
    flash backward and tell what happened in an
    ________________ time.

27
Foreshadowing
  • _____________ the writer puts in the story to
    give the reader a hint of what is to come.

28
Irony
  • A _____________ between expectation and reality.

29
Irony
  • Verbal Irony _______________ one thing but
    meaning something completely different.
  • Calling a clumsy basketball player Michael
    Jordan
  • Situational Irony A contradiction between what
    we _______________ to happen and what really does
    happen
  • Dramatic Irony occurs when the ____________
    knows something important that the characters in
    the story do not know.
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