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Nationalist Revolutions Sweep the West

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Nationalist Revolutions Sweep the West Chapter 8 Review Ideas and effects of the Enlightenment, American Rev and French Rev Recall Latin American society peninsulars ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nationalist Revolutions Sweep the West


1
Nationalist Revolutions Sweep the West
  • Chapter 8

2
Review
  • Ideas and effects of the Enlightenment, American
    Rev and French Rev
  • Recall Latin American society
  • peninsulars, creoles, mestizos, mulattos, slaves

3
Overview/Intro
  • Most independence movements in LA will be led
    by CREOLES
  • Why??

4
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5
South America
  • Simon Bolivar - north
  • (Jose de San Martin) - south

6
Brazil
  • Recall Napoleon and Penisular War
  • Rio de Janiero capital for 14 years
  • Bloodless revolution

7
Mexico
  • Padre Miguel Hidalgo
  • 1810 Begins rebellion against Spain
  • Cry of Dolores
  • Actual independence - 1821

8
On to Europe!
  • Recall the goals of the Congress of Vienna
  • Successes vs. failures
  • Three political philosophies emerge
  • Conservative
  • Liberal
  • Radical
  • Nationalism emerges

9
Nationalism
  • Can break apart empires
  • Can unite
  • Can create new nation-states

10
1848
  • Wave of attempted revolutions
  • Results?
  • Failed to united people
  • Little structural change
  • So whats the big deal?

11
Italy
  • Camillo di Cavour
  • Prime Minister of Sardinia
  • 1859 with Napoleon III, defeated Austria
  • Unified northern Italian states
  • Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • S. Italian revolutionary
  • Agreed on unifying with Cavours unification

12
Germany
  • (Wilhelm I King of Prussia)
  • Otto von Bismarck PM
  • Unification
  • S. states hold out why?
  • Franco-Prussian War
  • Wilhelm crowned kaiser of the Second Reich

13
Artistic Movements of the late 1800s
  • Romanticism
  • Realism
  • Impressionism

14
Romanticism
  • Shift from reason to emotion
  • Main ideas/focal points
  • Emotions and thoughts of the individual
  • Mysterious, supernatural, exotic
  • Beauty of untamed nature
  • Valued common people
  • Encouraged democracy

15
Realism
  • Emphasis on tough conditions for the poor of
    Industrial Rev
  • Photography

16
Impressionism
  • Reaction to Realism in France
  • Monet, Degas, Renoir

17
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