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World War II By Joseph Enge

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World War II By Joseph Enge 1941-1945 - German treatment of Russian prisoners The Germans captured 5.8 million Russian soldiers. 473,000 Russian POW's die in German ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War II By Joseph Enge


1
World War II By Joseph Enge
2
A Fragile Peace
1922- Benito Mussolin becomes head of Italy's
government
3
November 1923- The "Beer Hall Putsch"
4
  • 1924- While serving 9 months, out of a 5-year
    sentence, Hitler dictates Mein Kampf

5
September 1931- Japan invades
Manchuria
6
"SA and SS, Heil! The great time has now begun.
Germany is now awakened. We have won power in
Germany. Now we must win over the German people.
I know, my comrades, it must have been difficult
at times, when you were desiring change which
didn't come, so time and time again the appeal
has to be made to continue the struggle - you
mustn't act yourself, you must obey, you must
give in, you must submit to this overwhelming
need to obey."
  • January 30, 1933- Adolf Hitler is appointed
    Chancellor of Germany

7
  • February 27, 1933- Reichstag Fire

8
1933- Japan withdraws from the League of
Nations 1935- Japan strengthens its fleet in
contradiction to the Washington Treaty
March 16, 1935- Hitler announces conscription and
plans a 36 division, 500,000 men army
9
October 1935- Italy invades Ethiopia
10
March 7, 1936- Hitler sends his troops into the
Rhineland July 1936 to March 1939- Spanish Civil
War
Fall 1936- The Rome-Berlin Axis is
formed December 1937- Japanese sink the U.S.S.
Panay, 2 Americans are killed
11
March 1938- Germany annexes Austria
"This land and this people does not come to the
Reich with hat in hand. I myself lead you home."
12
September 1938- Munich Agreement, German demands
for the Sudetenland are met Appeasement
13
March 1939- Hitler seizes the rest of
Czechoslovakia April 1939- Italy seizes Albania
14
August 1939- Nazi- Soviet Pact or Molotov-
Ribbentrop Pact Hitler and Stalin agree to split
Eastern Europe
15
The War Begins

September 1, 1939- Germany invades Poland. The
new concept of Blitzkrieg warfare is introduced.
Poland falls in 3 weeks.
16
September 17, 1939- Russia invades Eastern
Poland. 15,000 of the captured Polish officers
are slaughtered by Stalin's NKVD (KGB) in 1940,
Katyn Forest Massacre.
17
  • September October, 1939- Soviet troops occupy
    Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Finland resists
    Stalin's demands.
  • November 1939- The Soviet Union attacks Finland.
    Finland holds out at first, but
  • outnumbered 5 to 1 they surrender in March.
    Finland keeps its independence, but gives up
    territory to Stalin.

18
April 1940- Hitler conquers Denmark and Norway.
1/3 of the German surface fleet is sunk or
heavily damaged in invading Norway. May 10,
1940- Winston Churchill replaces Neville
Chamberlain as British Prime Minister
19
  • May 10, 1940 - The Sitzkrieg or Phony War ends.
    Germany invades Holland, Belgium, and Luxembourg.

20
  • June 4, 1940- The British evacuate the last of
    340,000 troops from Dunkirk
  • June 10, 1940 - The French government evacuates
    Paris. Italy declares war on France

21
  • June 14, 1940- German troops enter Paris

22
June 17, 1940- Stalin overthrows the governments
in the Baltic States and installs communist
puppet governments
June 22, 1940- France surrenders in the same rail
car and the same town as Germany had surrendered
in 1918
23
  • June 29, 1940- Stalin invades Eastern Rumania
  • July 1, 1940 - French Vichy government is set up

24
  • July-September, 1940 Battle of Britain

25
America Reacts
  • May 1940- The U.S. Congress votes for 17 billion
    for defense
  • June 1940- Congress passes the Alien Registration
    Act
  • September 1940- America's first peace time draft
  • The 50 destroyer deal between the U.S. and
    Britain

26
  • March 1940- Lend- Lease Act

27
  • July 1941- American troops join British troops in
    occupying Iceland, U.S. ships
  • escort freighters as far as Iceland
  • August 1941- Atlantic Charter, Roosevelt and
    Churchill pledge a statement of
  • postwar aims
  • September 1941- a U.S. destroyer engages a German
    submarine in combat

28
Japan on the Move
  • August 1940- Japan seizes French bases in
    northern Indochina
  • September 1940- Japan signs Tripartite Pact with
    Germany and Italy Roosevelt declares an embargo
    against Japan, increases aid to China, and
    fortifies the Philippines Guam
  • July 1941- Japan occupies all of French Indochina
  • The U.S. freezes all Japanese funds in U.S.
    banks
  • November 1941- U.S.- Japanese Peace Talks
  • The U.S. demands Japan pulls out of China Japan
    demands U.S. ends embargo and ends aid to China

29
Pearl Harbor
  • December 7, 1941- Japan launches a sneak attack
    against Pearl Harbor. They
  • also attack Midway, Wake, Guam, the Philippines,
    Malaya, and Singapore. 150 U.S. planes and 2400
    U.S. soldiers and civilians are killed in the
    Pearl Harbor attack. The bulk of the U.S.
    battleships are sunk or heavily damaged. Luckily,
    the U.S. carrier fleet was out at sea at the
    time, Japan's main target

30
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31
War in Europe
  • October 28, 1940- Greece rejects Italy's demands
    for the use of Greek bases, Italy invades Greece
  • December 1940- The Greeks break through the
    Italian defenses and overrun ¼ of Albania . The
    Greeks take 28,000 Italian prisoners. Hitler has
    to come to Mussolini's aid and send troops to
    Greece. Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria, and
    Yugoslavia agree to let German troops pass
    through their countries. A revolution in
    Yugoslavia forces Hitler to invade Yugoslavia in
    order to get to Greece
  • April 1941- German troops pour into Yugoslavia
    and Greece. Both fall quickly, but Hitler's
    planned invasion of Russia is delayed a critical
    six weeks

32
"Brothers and sisters the German invasion
continues. The German Army has taken Lithuania, a
large part of Latvia, part of Byelorussia and
part of the Ukraine. A great danger hangs over
the nation."
  • June 22, 1941- Hitler invades Russia with 3
    million troops and reaches the suburbs of Moscow.

33
  • December 1941- Russian winter offensive takes the
    pressure off of Moscow and
  • inflicts heavy German casualties. German lack of
    preparedness for a long winter campaign leads to
    over 1 million men being lost by late March 1942
  • June 1942 - German summer offensive opens up in
    southern Russia

34
  • August 22, 1942- The Germans start assault on
    Stalingrad the turning point of the war, see also
    Midway and El Alamein

35
  • November 19, 1942- Soviet counter-attack in
    pincer drives begins. The German Sixth Army under
    General von Paulus at Stalingrad is surrounded
  • January 1943- The German Sixth Army at Stalingrad
    surrenders in 3 months, the Germans lost 500,000
    troops in winter fighting

36
  • July 1943- Battle of Kursk, last major German
    offensive in the Eastern Front,
  • is stopped. The largest tank battle in history.

37
  • October to November 1942- Battle of El Alamein
    Rommel is defeated in Egypt by Montgomery's
    British Eighth Army
  • November 8, 1942- Operation Torch, the U.S.
    forces land in North Africa and put the squeeze
    on Rommel
  • May 1943- The last German position in Africa,
    Tunisia falls

38
  • July 1943- The American and British forces invade
    Sicily, Mussolini falls from power

39
Italy Surrenders
  • October 1943- Salerno Invasion, American and
    British forces invade southern Italy

40
  • January 1944- Anzio, American forces try to
    outflank the Cassino Line and take Rome
  • June 4, 1944- Rome falls

41
  • June 6, 1944- Operation Overlord, The Normandy
    Invasion. The biggest naval invasion in history
    American and British forces land in France

42
  • August 1944- Paris is taken by the Allies

43
  • December 1944 to January 1945- The Battle of the
    Bulge. Hitler's last gamble and offensive of the
    war

44
  • March 7, 1945- American forces cross the Rhine
    River at Remagen

45
  • April 12, 1945- President Roosevelt dies, Harry
    Truman is sworn in as the new president

46
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47
  • April 25 1945- American and Russian forces meet
    at Torgau

48
  • April 30, 1945- Adolf Hitler and his new bride
    Eva commit suicide

49
  • May 2, 1945- Russians take Berlin

50
  • May 7, 1945- V.E. Day Germany surrenders to the
    Allies

51
Campaign in the Pacific
  • December 8, 1941- The U.S. declares war on Japan
    after their sneak attack at
  • Pearl Harbor

52
  • April 18, 1942- Colonel James Doolittle with 16
    B-25 medium bombers raids
  • Tokyo
  • May 7, 1942- Battle of Coral Sea

53
  • June 4 to 7, 1942- Battle of Midway
  • The U.S. Navy heavily damages the superior
    numbered Japanese Imperial Fleet. The Japanese
    lose 4 aircraft carriers to our 1. The turning
    point of the war in the Pacific
  • August 1942- American forces invade Guadalcanal
  • July 1943- The start of the South Pacific
    offensive
  • February 1944- American forces invade the
    Marshall Islands

54
  • October 1944- The liberation of the Philippines
    and the last major naval action
  • for the Japanese

55
  • February to March 1945- Invasion of Iwo Jima

56
  • April to June 1945- Invasion of Okinawa
  • 110,000 Japanese soldiers killed
  • 12,600 American soldiers and sailors killed

57
  • March to August 1945- Greatest air offensive in
    history. One raid on Tokyo on March 10 killed
    100,000 and wounded 125,000 with 300 B-29
    Superfortress
  • heavy bombers

58
  • July 16, 1945- The first atomic bomb is detonated
    at Los Alamos New Mexico

59
  • August 6, 1945- The Superfortress Enola Gay drops
    an atomic bomb on Hiroshima 80,000 killed and as
    many wounded

60
  • August 9, 1945- A second atomic bomb is dropped
    on Nagasaki
  • 10,000 killed
  • 120,000 wounded

61
  • August 10, 1945- Japanese offer surrender

62
  • September 2, 1945-The formal Japanese surrender
    ceremony is held in Tokyo
  • harbor on the U.S.S. Missouri

63
  • From September 1939 to September 1945 55 million
    people killed

64
Atrocities
  • 1939-1945 Hitler's Final Solution, Holocaust 12
    million civilians from occupied European nations
    and from Germany itself are killed in Nazi
    concentration camps, 6 million are Jewish. 1/3 of
    the Jewish population of Europe is killed.

65
  • 1941-1945 Japanese treatment of prisoners of war
  • Of the 95,000 American, British, Canadian,
    Australian, and New Zealanders captured, 28
    percent die (27,000) from starvation diets,
    brutal hard work, and physical abuse. Bataan
    Death March- 650 Americans and between 5,000 to
    10,000 Filipinos died during the march- many of
    them clubbed, bayoneted, or shot by Japanese
    guards

66
  • 1941-1945 - German treatment of Russian prisoners
  • The Germans captured 5.8 million Russian
    soldiers. 473,000 Russian POW's die in German
    care during the war 20 of Russian soldiers who
    survive the German captivity are either executed
    or worked to death in the gulags by Stalin when
  • they return home after the war.

67
  • April 1940- 15,000 Polish prisoners are executed
    at Katyn Forest outside
  • Smolensk by Stalin.

68
  • 1941-1945- Russian treatment of German prisoners
  • Of the estimated 3.5 million German soldiers
    captured by the Russians,
  • 1.5 million did not survive. Of those who
    survive, many do not return to
  • Germany until the 1950's.

69
  • August to October 1944- Warsaw Uprising
  • 200,000 Poles and Jew are killed in an uprising
    against the Germans Stalin urged them to revolt
    against the Germans as his troops approached
  • the outskirts of Warsaw. Stalin then halted his
    army outside of Warsaw and let the Germans
    destroy the uprising in order to eliminate Polish
  • resistance for his planned communist takeover of
    Poland.

70
  • May 1945- Slaughter of Germans at Prague
  • 30,000 Germans killed by Czech civilians, mostly
    women and children. German women were publicly
    raped, Achilles tendons cut, bound together with
    barbed wire and drowned in the river. Children
    were taken out of school to be drowned in horse
    troughs or shot.

71
  • May 1945- Russian troops rape and pillage. An
    estimated 110,000 German
  • women raped in Berlin alone.
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