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The Telecommunications Revolution

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Title: The Telecommunications Revolution


1
New Horizon College English
Unit 4 Section A
The Telecommunications Revolution
???
2
Pre-reading Activities
Text Analysis
Main idea and Structure
Expressions Patterns
Summary
How to apply to our real life the typical
expressions and patterns taken from the text
Blank filling
Exercises
Writing
All the exercises for Section A
???????????
3
(No Transcript)
4
Back
  • telecommunications
  • dumb
  • utility
  • optical
  • diameter
  • millimeter
  • cable
  • copper
  • parade
  • spider
  • web
  • condense
  • intensive
  • desperate
  • rust
  • antique
  • lick
  • strategic
  • recession
  • scratch

???
5
Back
  • province
  • provincial
  • infrastructure
  • log
  • peak
  • invest
  • investor
  • stake
  • lease
  • ridge
  • reliable
  • tag
  • usage
  • width
  • nowhere
  • disposal
  • revenue
  • fax
  • electron
  • persist
  • Phrases and
  • Expressions
  • be stuck with
  • a matter of sth.
  • / doing sth.
  • choose between
  • date from
  • be stuck in
  • scratch the
  • surface

???
???
6
Back
  • log on to
  • at ones disposal
  • make use of
  • keep pace with
  • lag behind
  • Proper Names
  • Latin America
  • Eastern Europe
  • Budapest
  • Vietnam
  • Russia
  • Tibet
  • Manhattan
  • Hungary
  • Dutch
  • BellSouth
  • Corporation
  • Western European

???
???
7
The Telecommunications Revolution Para. 1a A
transformation is occurring that should greatly
boost living standards in the developing world.
Places that until recently were deaf and dumb are
rapidly acquiring up-to-date telecommunications
that will let them promote both internal and
foreign investment. It may take a decade for many
countries in Asia, Latin America, and Eastern
Europe to improve transportation, power supplies,
and other utilities.
???
8
Back
Para. 1b But a single optical fiber with a
diameter of less than half a millimeter can carry
more information than a large cable made of
copper wires. By installing optical fiber,
digital switches, and the latest wireless
transmission systems, a parade of urban centers
and industrial zones from Beijing to Budapest are
stepping directly into the Information Age. A
spiders web of digital and wireless
communication links is already reaching most of
Asia and parts of Eastern Europe.
???
???
9
Back
Para. 2 All these developing regions see
advanced communications as a way to leap over
whole stages of economic development. Widespread
access to information technologies, for example,
promises to condense the time required to change
from labor-intensive assembly work to industries
that involve engineering, marketing, and design.
Modern communications will give countries like
China and Vietnam a huge advantage over countries
stuck with old technology.
???
???
10
Back
Para. 3 How fast these nations should push
ahead is a matter of debate. Many experts think
Vietnam is going too far by requiring that all
mobile phones be expensive digital models, when
it is desperate for any phones, period. These
countries lack experience in weighing costs and
choosing between technologies, says one expert.
???
???
11
Back
Para. 4 Still, theres little dispute that
communications will be a key factor separating
the winners from the losers. Consider Russia.
Because of its strong educational system in
mathematics and science, it should thrive in the
Information Age. The problem is its national
phone system is a rusting antique that dates from
the l930s. To lick this problem, Russia is
starting to install optical fiber and has a
strategic plan to pump 40 billion into various
communications projects. But its economy is stuck
in recession and it barely has the money to even
scratch the surface of the problem.
???
???
12
Back
Para. 5 Compare that with the mainland of
China. Over the next decade, it plans to pour
some 100 billion into telecommunications
equipment. In a way, Chinas backwardness is an
advantage, because the expansion occurs just as
new technologies are becoming cheaper than copper
wire systems. By the end of 1995, each of Chinas
provincial capitals except for Tibet will have
digital switches and high-capacity optical fiber
links. This means that major cities are getting
the basic infrastructure to become major parts of
the information superhighway, allowing people to
log on to the most advanced services available.
???
???
13
Back
Para. 6  Telecommunications is also a key to
Shanghais dream of becoming a top financial
center. To offer peak performance in providing
the electronic data and paperless trading global
investors expect, Shanghai plans
telecommunications networks as powerful as those
in Manhattan.
???
???
14
Back
Para. 7a  Meanwhile, Hungary also hopes to
jump into the modern world. Currently, 700,000
Hungarians are waiting for phones. To partially
overcome the problem of funds and to speed the
import of Western technology, Hungary sold a 30
stake in its national phone company to two
Western companies. To further reduce the waiting
list for phones, Hungary has leased rights to a
Dutch-Scandinavian group of companies to build
and operate what it says will be one of the most
advanced digital mobile phone systems in the
world.
???
???
15
Back
Para. 7b In fact, wireless is one of the
most popular ways to get a phone system up fast
in developing countries. Its cheaper to build
radio towers than to string lines across mountain
ridges, and businesses eager for reliable service
are willing to accept a significantly higher
price tag for a wireless callthe fee is
typically two to four times as much as for calls
made over fixed lines.
???
???
16
Back
Para. 8 Wireless demand and usage have also
exploded across the entire width and breadth of
Latin America. For wireless phone service
providers, nowhere is business better than in
Latin America having an operation there is like
having an endless pile of money at your disposal.
BellSouth Corporation, with operations in four
wireless markets, estimates its annual revenue
per average customer at about 2,000 as compared
to 860 in the United States. Thats partly
because Latin American customers talk two to four
times as long on the phone as people in North
America.
???
???
17
Back
Para. 9 Thailand is also turning to wireless,
as a way to allow Thais to make better use of all
the time they spend stuck in traffic. And it
isnt that easy to call or fax from the office
the waiting list for phone lines has from one to
two million names on it. So mobile phones have
become the rage among businesspeople, who can
remain in contact despite the traffic jams.
???
???
18
Back
Para. 10 Vietnam is making one of the
boldest leaps. Despite a per person income of
just 220 a year, all of the 300,000 lines
Vietnam plans to add annually will be optical
fiber with digital switching, rather than cheaper
systems that send electrons over copper wires. By
going for next-generation technology now,
Vietnamese telecommunications officials say
theyll be able to keep pace with anyone in Asia
for decades.
???
???
19
Back
Para. 11  For countries that have lagged
behind for so long, the temptation to move ahead
in one jump is hard to resist. And despite the
mistakes theyll make, theyll persistso that
one day they can cruise alongside Americans and
Western Europeans on the information superhighway.
???
20
Back
Telecommunications is widely conceived as a key
to developing countries dream of jumping into
the modern world. Although there is some dispute
as to how fast they can push ahead with their
plans, different developing countries still are
seeking their own ways of leaping over their
backwardness with one jump in this direction.
Surely, they will catch up with developed
countries on the information superhighway as long
as they persist in their efforts.
21
Back
The passage is arranged into four parts The
advantages of telecommunications technologies
the questions that should be considered in
developing the new technologies for developing
countries different countries trying to solve
their problems with different solutions and the
conclusions. As a striking feature of its
organization, what is in suspense is sketched out
whereas what is in certainty is explicated
through comparison and exemplification.
???
22
Back
Part 1 (Paras. 1-2) A new technology and its
advantages.
Telecommunications boosting living standards and
promoting internal and foreign investment
Part 2 (Para. 3) Whats in suspense.
How fast to develop telecommunications
technologies in developing countries.
Communications will be a key factor separating
the winners from the losers. Six countries and
regions are working hard to realize
telecommunications transformation.
Part 3 (Paras. 4-10) Whats in certainty.
Part 4 (Para. 11) A brilliant
prospect.
Developing countries can catch up with Americans
and Western Europeans if they persist.
23
Back
Main idea?
Advanced telecommunications will boost living
standards in the developing world, speed its step
into Information Age, and accelerate the rate of
its economic development, etc.
Devices for developing it?
Contrast (???)
24
Back
It may take a decade for many countries in Asia,
Latin America, and Eastern Europe to improve
transportation, power supplies, and other
utilities. But a single optical fiber with a
diameter less than millimeter can carry more
information than a large cable made of copper
wires. By installing optical fiber, digital
switches, and the latest wireless transmission
systems, a parade of urban centers and industrial
zones from Beijing to Budapest are stepping
directly into the Information Age.
???????????????????10?????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????????????????????????????
????????,?????????????????????????????
Contrast is employed in the first paragraph to
highlight the advantage of optical fiber over
conventional materials.
??
25
Back
Main idea?
This part puts forward a question for
consideration How fast to develop
telecommunications technologies in developing
countries?
Devices for developing it?
Exemplification (???)
26
Back
The statement of the authors view How fast
these nations should push ahead is a matter of
debate. The example Many experts think Vietnam
is going too far by requiring that all mobile
phones be expensive digital models, when it is
desperate for any phones, period.
??
27
Back
Main idea?
This part deals with how 6 different countries or
regions carry out their telecommunications
transformation. Each of them tries to seek
different ways out of its own problems.
Devices for developing it?
Comparison and contrast (???)
28
Back
Russia enjoys a strong educational system in
mathematics and science. Russian development was
held up by its national phone system, a rusting
antique. Russia plans to pump 40 billion into
various communications projects.
China is backward. China takes advantage of its
backwardness because new technologies are even
cheaper than copper wire systems. China plans to
pour some 100 billion into telecommunications
equipment.
In this part, comparisons are made between Russia
and China.
??
29
Back
Main idea?
Developing countries can catch up with Americans
and Western Europeans in telecommunications
technologies if they persist in their efforts.
Devices for developing it?
The author concludes the article with favorable
remarks on the revolution of telecommunications.
30
B. Patterns for you to use as models
A. Expressions
  1. to boost living standards
  2. to leap over whole stages of economic development
  3. to promise to do sth.
  4. to give a huge advantage over
  5. to be stuck with
  6. to push ahead gtgtmore
  • Typical patterns for changes in sth./sb.
  • Typical patterns for probability of doing sth.
  • Typical patterns for certainty of sth.
  • Typical patterns for comparisons
  • gtgtmore

31
Back
  1. across the entire width and breadth of a place
  2. as compared to
  3. to become the rage among
  4. to make a bold leap
  5. to move ahead
  6. in/with one jump
  1. a matter of debate
  2. to be desperate for sth.
  3. to weigh costs
  4. to separate A from B
  5. to be stuck in
  6. to pump/pour sth. into
  7. to scratch the surface of sth.
  8. to log on to sth.
  9. to accept/pay a high price tag for sth.

32
????
Back
1. ??????
  • to boost living standards (L. 1)

????
??????????????????????
Nothing can boost the morale of players better
than their victory in games.
???
???
33
????
Back
2. ?????????
  • to leap over whole stages of economic
    development (L. 11)

????
???????????????,?????
The power of love enables two peoples to leap
over time and space and live in harmony with each
other.
???
???
34
????
Back
3. ?????
  • to promise to do sth. (L. 13)

????
??????
A seasonable snow promises to bless the crops in
the coming year.
???
???
35
????
Back
4. ???????????
  • to give a huge advantage over (L. 16)

????
??????,?????????????????????????
In the job market, some fixed notions about
gender give men a huge advantage over women.
???
???
36
????
Back
5. ????/??
  • to be stuck/overcome with (L. 16)

????
???????????????????,?????????????
The true meaning of light lies not in whether
there is any dark in your life but in whether or
not you are overcome with dark.
???
???
37
????
Back
6. ????(??)
  • to push ahead/forward (with) (L. 18)

????
?????????,?????????,???????
Once you have a goal set in mind, just push
forward with it, regardless of any hardships
involved.
???
???
38
????
Back
7. ????????/????/????
  • a matter of debate/opinion/time/(L. 19)

????
??,????????????????????????,?????????????
Sometimes, war or peace is not a matter of
choice. In some cases, a war is waged for the
sake of peace.
???
???
39
????
Back
8. ??
  • to be desperate for sth./to do sth. (L. 22)

????
?????!???,????????????
Please save water! More and more places have been
desperate for water in recent years.
???
???
40
????
Back
9. ????/????/????
  • to weigh costs/ideas/ones words (L. 23)

????
????????????,???????????
Those who are liable to weigh personal gains and
losses are far from likely to live in happiness.
???
???
41
????
Back
10. ??A?B
  • to separate A from B (L. 26)

????
????,??????????????????
In general, the litmus test for separating
honesty from corruption in official circles is
money.
???
???
42
????
Back
11. ??
  • to be stuck in (L. 31)

????
????????????,??????,??????????
Although the criminals have been stuck in our
trap, we must be on guard against their turning
to bay.
???
???
43
????
Back
12. ???/????
  • to pump/pour sth. into (L. 33 / 34)

????
??????????????,?????????????
Education is not a matter of pumping facts into
students heads, but a matter of tapping their
intellectual resources to the fullest.
???
???
44
????
Back
13. ????????
  • to scratch the surface of sth. (L. 32)

????
????????????,??????????
Post-graduates are supposed to be expert in their
areas of study, rather than to scratch the
surface of their fields.
???
???
45
????
Back
14. ??(???)????
  • to log on to sth. (L. 39)

????
???????????,????????????
In order to log on to our database for love
affairs, you have to type in a special password.
???
???
46
????
Back
15. ?????????
  • to accept/pay a high price tag for sth. (L. 52)

????
???????????,????????????????
A high price tag has to be paid for cell phones
of the latest fashion, but in a couple of months,
it will dive enormously.
???
???
47
????
Back
16. ??(??)??
  • across the entire width and breadth of a place
    (L. 54)

?????,??????????????????
????
During the National Day, there is an atmosphere
of peace and happiness across the entire width
and breadth of China.
???
???
48
????
Back
17. ?????
  • as compared to (L. 58)

????
???????7?30???,???5??,????,????????1?
Chinas two stock markets nose-dived on July 30,
each by over 5 , as compared to 1 rise at the
same time last year.
???
???
49
????
Back
18. ???????
  • to become the rage among (L. 64)

????
????????????????????????????????
Many insiders agree that logging on to the
Internet through broadband networks will be all
the rage in the next decade.
???
???
50
????
Back
19. ???????
  • to make a bold leap (L. 65)

????
???????????????????????????????
Modern society works miracles. It can enable a
person to make a leap from rags to riches
overnight.
???
???
51
????
Back
20. ????
  • to move ahead (L. 70)

????
?????????,?????????,??????????
To move ahead in your career, you need to draw
more upon your brains than upon your body.
???
???
52
????
Back
21. ???
  • in/with one jump/leap (L. 70)

????
??5????????,?????????????????????
The success of Shenzhou 5 in space-flight enabled
China to rank among the worlds most advanced in
space technology with one jump.
???
???
53
III. Expressions Patterns
????
Back
1. Typical patterns for changes in sth./sb.
?? Places that until recently were deaf and dumb
are rapidly acquiring up-to-date
telecommunications that will let them promote
both internal and foreign investment. (L. 2)
???????????????????????????,????????????????
???
???
54
III. Expressions Patterns
????
Back
????
Sth./Sb. that/who until recently/formerly/in
the past was/did is now(that will/, which
will ) ??/?????/???,????(,??)
(???????)
???
???
55
????
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
??a. ?????????????,???????,??????
Some youth who until recently were students in
college are now teaching other students on the
stage.
???
???
56
????
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
??b. ????????????,??????????,?????????????????
Industries that formerly were ignored are now
given more attention, which will accelerate the
development of economy.
???
???
57
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
????
2. Typical patterns for probability of doing sth.
?? Widespread access to information
technologies, for example, promises to condense
the time required to change from labor-intensive
assembly work to industries that involve
engineering, marketing, and design. (L. 12)
??,?????????????????????????????????????????????
???
???
58
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
????
????
Widespread/Systematic/Free/Easy /Convenient
access to sth. promises to do????/??/??/???
??(??)??/??
(???????)
???
???
59
????
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
??a. ?????????????????????
Our frequent access to different cultures
promises to optimize the structure of our
knowledge.
???
???
60
????
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
??b. ??????????????????????????
Childrens extensive access to various refined
works promises to enhance their taste for life.
???
???
61
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
????
3. Typical patterns for certainty of (doing) sth.
?? Still, theres little dispute that
communications will be a key factor separating
the winners from the losers. (L. 26)
??????,???????????????????
???
???
62
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
????
????
a matter of debate/discussion. Still, there is
little dispute/doubt that?????/???????????
???/??????,
(???????)
???
???
63
????
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
??a. ?????????????????????????,??????,
?????????????????
How children should obtain education is often a
matter of debate. Still, there is little dispute
that advanced knowledge can lend wings to their
rise in life.
???
???
64
????
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
??b. ???????????????????,??????,?????????????????
?????
Which is important, knowledge or ethics, is open
to question. Still, there is little doubt that a
good combination of both will make you into a
person who is of value to the people.
???
???
65
III. Expressions Patterns
????
Back
4. Typical patterns for comparisons
?? For wireless phone service providers, nowhere
is business better than in Latin America having
an operation there is like having an endless pile
of money at your disposal. (L. 55)
???????????,?????????????????????????????????????
???????
???
???
66
III. Expressions Patterns
????
Back
????
For sb., nowhere is business better than in
doing sth. there is like doing sth. else.
?????, ????????????????,????????????
(???????)
???
???
67
????
Back
III. Expressions Patterns
??a. ???????????,?????????????????
????????????????????
For students eager to be useful to society,
nowhere is education better than in college
---studying there is like bathing yourself in the
oceans of knowledge.
???
???
68
????
III. Expressions Patterns
??b. ????????,??????????????????????????????????
For people like eating, nowhere is food more
delicious than in China having delicious food
there is like enjoying a wonderful life.
???
69
A transformation is occurring that should
greatly _____ living standards in the developing
world. Places that ____ recently were deaf and
dumb are rapidly acquiring up-to-date
telecommunications. Many developing countries are
planning to invest vast sums of money __ their
telecommunications networks to allow them to
compete, ___________ the transfer of information,
with developed countries. They believe this will
_______ foreign and domestic investment. How fast
these nations should push ahead is a matter of
debate. China is making one of the boldest leaps
__ carefully weighing costs and choosing _______
boost
until
in
in respect of
promote
by
between
70
Back
technologies. Over the next decade, it plans to
pour some 100 billion into telecommunications
equipment. ________, Chinas backwardness is an
advantage, because the expansion occurs ______
new technologies are becoming cheaper than copper
wire systems. Telecommunications is also a key __
Shanghais ambition of becoming a top financial
center. To offer peak performance in providing
the electronic data and paperless trading,
Shanghai plans to be as electronically advanced
__ the City of New York. Some experts fear
_______ that some
In a way
just as
to
as
however
71
much
developing countries are trying to do _____ too
soon. Vietnam, __ particular, _____ being
extremely underdeveloped and lacking enough
telephones of any type, is determined to invest
in the most expensive, newest technology. For
countries that have lagged ______ for so long,
the temptation to move ahead in one jump is hard
to _____. And ______ the mistakes theyll make,
theyll persist______ one day they can cruise
alongside Americans and Western Europeans __ the
information superhighway.
in
while
behind
resist
despite
so that
on
72
V. Exercises
Comprehension
Vocabulary
Collocation
Word Building
Structure
Translation
73
Back
???? IV Ex. II, p. 95
II. Answer the following questions.
1. According to the writer, what would happen if
the transformation under discussion takes place?
The living standards in the developing world will
be greatly improved.
???
???
74
Back
2. What does the author mean by describing places
as deaf and dumb?
The author refers to those places without
telecommunications facilities such as telephones,
which hinders exchange of information.
???
???
75
Back
3. Why are advanced communications seen as a way
to leap over whole stages of economic
development?
Because advanced communications and subsequent
widespread access to information technologies
enable the developing regions to shorten the
process of changing from labor-intensive assembly
work to industries that involve engineering,
marketing and design.
???
???
76
Back
4. Why do some experts believe it is
inappropriate for Vietnam to require that its
mobile phones all be expensive digital models?
Because they believe it is in bad need of any
phones and it lacks experience in weighing costs
and choosing between technologies.
???
???
77
Back
5. What has Hungary done to quicken its steps
into the modern world?
First, it sold a 30 stake in its national phone
company to two Western companies to quicken the
import of Western technology. Second, it had
leased rights to a Dutch-Scandinavian group of
companies to build and operate an advanced
digital mobile phone system.
???
???
78
Back
6. What is one of the most popular ways mentioned
in the passage to boost a phone system in
developing countries? And why?
Wireless. For its cheaper to build radio towers
than to string lines across mountain ridges and
it is a reliable service.
???
???
79
Back
7. Why can wireless phone providers make more
profits in Latin America than any other places?
Because customers there talk two to four times as
long on the phone as people in North America.
8. Why are mobile phones popular among
businesspeople in Thailand?
Because mobile phones make it possible for them
to keep contact with each other even when they
are caught in the traffic jams.
???
???
80
Back
???? IV Ex. III, p. 95
III. Complete the following sentences with the
help of the first letter. Fill in each blank with
one word only.
  1. The r_______ has cut the number of Thamess
    wireless phone service customers and has
    virtually killed off profits from selling
    redundant (???) properties.
  2. During the coming days Americans will be throwing
    away some 35 million Christmas trees, creating an
    urban d______ nightmare.

recession
disposal
???
???
81
Back
3. The author has c________ a great deal of
material into just over 400 pages and presents it
in a reasonably readable style. 4. An absence of
s_______ vision and insufficient customer focus
were two other areas identified as key problems
facing this wireless phone service company. 5.
What proportion of your income is allotted for
the government r______ annually?
condensed
strategic
revenue
???
???
82
Back
6. If you p_____ in interrupting me, it is
unlikely in the extreme that I will have
sufficient time to give you the complete picture
which you say you are so anxious to get! 7. I
can announce today that were going to put an end
to the uncoordinated and inefficient activities
of public u______ digging up our roads almost
every day.
persist
utilities
???
???
83
Back
8. Developing modern telecommunications is a
d_______ necessity for Vietnam because it will
give the country a huge advantage over those
countries with old technologies.
desperate
???
???
84
Back
???? IV Ex. IV, p. 96
IV. Replace the underlined words or expressions
in the following sentences with words or
expressions from the text that best keep the
original meaning.
1. Our company still develops far more slowly
than many of our competitors in using modern
technology.
lags far behind
???
???
85
Back
2. For the time being, they have no choice about
using the old technology, but they soon turn to
new technologies.
are stuck with
3. By choosing the most advanced technology,
Shanghai aims to become one of the top financial
centers in the world.
going for
???
???
86
Back
4. They havent met again for all these years,
but they continue to send messages to each other.
remain in contact
5. We must make sure that we make changes in
reaction to new developments in computer
technology, otherwise we will lag behind soon.
keep pace with
???
???
87
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6. The professor promises that she will have
office space and a computer for you to use for
the whole year.
at your disposal
7. They discovered that the oldest part of the
building has existed since the early 16th
century.
dates from
???
???
88
Back
8. Theres far more to be donetheyve had money
to deal with only a very small part of the
problem.
only scratch the surface of
???
???
89
Back
???? IV Ex. V, p. 96
V. Look at the following sentence taken from your
reading passage. Just think about what else you
can promote and fill in the sentences with the
right words.
e.g. Places that until recently were deaf and
dumb are rapidly acquiring up-to-date
telecommunications that will let them promote
both internal and foreign investment.
???
???
90
Back
  1. Many advertisements use well-known people such as
    TV personalities, sports stars, etc. to promote
    the sa___ of products.

sales
2. They promote he____ and help prevent illness
in the first place.
health
3. We will use overseas aid to promote the good
w__ of the government, sensible economic policies
and the respect for human rights.
will
???
???
91
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4. We will promote greater and fairer tr___ for
poor countries, to enable their economies to grow
and diversify (?????).
trade
5. It shall be the duty of the Minister of
Education to promote the edu______ of the people
and the progressive development of institutions
devoted to that purpose, and to secure the
effective execution (??) of national policy for
providing a comprehensive educational service in
every area.
education
???
???
92
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6. A good diet should maintain health, provide
energy, promote gro___, and give protection
against disease. 7. Pupils should be encouraged
to respond to all forms of literature in ways
which they find pleasurable, and which are likely
to promote under________. 8. It is an important
part of their role to promote the id__ of
equality in the community for every aspect of the
work and activity carried out in the school.
growth
understanding
idea
???
???
93
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???? IV Ex. VI, p. 97
VI. The prefix super- is added to nouns,
adjectives to form new nouns and adjectives with
the meaning of a bigger, more powerful, or more
important version of a particular thing. For
example
super- highway superhighway
super- computer super-computer
super- simplification super-simplification
super- abundant superabundant
???
???
94
Back
Now study the meaning of the words given below
and then complete the following sentences with
some of these words.
super-computer super-intelligent super-sensitive
superpower superstar superabundant
super-speed super-hero superman
supermarket super-efficient super-simplification
1. The United States is now considered to be both
a military and economic __________ in the world.
superpower
???
???
95
Back
super-computer super-intelligent super-sensitive
superpower superstar superabundant
super-speed super-hero superman
supermarket super-efficient super-simplification
2. Weve had such a _____________ crop of apples
this year I dont know what to do with them
all. 3. A new ___________ has just opened, and
you can get almost anything you need there.
superabundant
supermarket
???
???
96
Back
super-computer super-intelligent super-sensitive
superpower superstar superabundant
super-speed super-hero superman
supermarket super-efficient super-simplification
4. It is reported that a __________ magnetic
monorail (????) will be built in Shanghai to take
passengers to and from the airport from Longyang
Station on Metro Line II in six or seven minutes.
super-speed
???
???
97
Back
super-computer super-intelligent super-sensitive
superpower superstar superabundant
super-speed super-hero superman
supermarket super-efficient super-simplification
5. Application has been made recently of the
power of the _______________ towards advancing
medical science. 6. It would take a _________ to
get the company out of its present financial
difficulties.
super-computers
superman
???
???
98
Back
super-computer super-intelligent super-sensitive
superpower superstar superabundant
super-speed super-hero superman
supermarket super-efficient super-simplification
7. Even though she is a Hollywood ________, she
remains modest and lives a simple life. 8.
Scientists at the labs have managed to make
soccer ball-shaped carbon molecules act as
superconductors at relatively warm temperatures,
raising hopes for faster and _____________
computers.
superstar
super-efficient
???
???
99
Back
???? IV Ex. VII, p. 97
VII. The prefix auto- can be added to nouns or
verbs to form new nouns or verbs with the meaning
of of oneself, by oneself or itself, or
independent. For example
auto- biography autobiography
auto- mobile automobile
auto- reverse auto-reverse
???
???
100
Back
The prefix auto- can be also added to nouns to
form new nouns which refer to something that is
connected with cars. For example
auto- industry auto-industry
auto- worker autoworker
Now study the meaning of the words given below
and then complete the following sentences with
some of them.
???
???
101
Back
autobiography auto-record autopilot auto-play
auto-rotate auto-reverse auto-industry auto-racing
auto-sport autograph auto-focus auto-timer
1. There has been a power cut and you have to
reset the _________ on the cooker. 2. Those who
have watched __________ know that much of the
thrill comes from its apparent danger. 3. The
camera is easy to use because it has an _________
function.
auto-timer
auto-racing
auto-focus
???
???
102
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autobiography auto-record autopilot auto-play
auto-rotate auto-reverse auto-industry auto-racing
auto-sport autograph auto-focus auto-timer
4. He mistook me for Madonna and asked for my
_________. 5. Last year Grundig promised to
launch an ___________ machine, to give 24
hours continuous recording on a radio program,
but it never appeared.
autograph
auto-reverse
???
???
103
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autobiography auto-record autopilot auto-play
auto-rotate auto-reverse auto-industry auto-racing
auto-sport autograph auto-focus auto-timer
6. The investigation revealed that the plane was
on ________ when it crashed. 7. The TV series was
based on the _____________ of the New Zealand
author Janet Frame.
autopilot
autobiography
???
???
104
Back
autobiography auto-record autopilot auto-play
auto-rotate auto-reverse auto-industry auto-racing
auto-sport autograph auto-focus auto-timer
8. According to the prediction from the
____________, the company will have to work even
harder than usual next year.
auto-industry
???
???
105
Back
???? IV Ex. VIII, p. 98
VIII. Rather than expresses preference. It is
usually used in parallel structures that is to
say, with two adjectives or two adverbial
expressions, or two nouns or pronouns, or two
infinitives, or two -ing forms. Look at the model
taken from Reading Passage A. Then combine the
following sentences using rather than.
???
???
106
Back
Example Despite a per person income of just 220
a year, all of the 300,000 lines Vietnam plans to
add annually will be optical fiber with digital
switching, rather than cheaper systems that send
electrons over copper wires.
1. Concentrate on indoor delights and youll be
much better appreciated. Dont concentrate on
outdoor fights.
Concentrate on indoor delights rather than
outdoor fights and youll be much better
appreciated.
???
???
107
Back
2. As a result of the development of the
information superhighway many people may
eventually be able to work at home. They dont
have to go to an office.
As a result of the development of the information
superhighway many people may eventually be able
to work at home rather than go to an office.
???
???
108
Back
3. Some people say that this term pupils
achievements will be measured by a formal test.
They are not to be measured by their teachers
assessment.
Some people say that this term pupils
achievements will be measured by a formal test
rather than by their teachers assessment.
???
???
109
Back
4. They argued that their products should be
developed on the basis of need. Products should
not be developed on the basis of profit.
They argued that their products should be
developed on the basis of need rather than
profit.
???
???
110
Back
5. During weekends the businessmen may spend some
time establishing friendship and mutual trust.
They would not discuss any particular item of
business.
During weekends the businessmen may spend some
time establishing friendship and mutual trust
rather than discussing any particular item of
business.
???
???
111
Back
???? IV Ex. IX, p. 99
IX. Look at the following model taken from
Reading Passage A. Translate part of the
sentences with twice as...as, three times
as...as, etc.
Model Its cheaper to build radio towers than to
string lines across mountain ridges, and
businesses eager for reliable service are willing
to accept a significantly higher price tag for a
wireless callthe fee is typically two to four
times as much as for calls made over fixed lines.
???
???
112
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  • Prices are going up so rapidly. ___________
  • _____________________________________.
  • (??????????????)


Petrol now is twice as expensive as it was a
few years ago
2. Have you visited their house? _____________
______________________. (???????????????)

Theirs is about three times as big as ours
???
???
113
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3. The company estimates its annual revenue per
average customer at about 2,000 as compared to
860 in the United States. Thats partly due to
the fact that _____ ______________________________
______ __________________________________
________. (???????????????????????)

Latin American customers talk two to four
times as long on the phone as people in North
America
???
???
114
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4. In spite of the fact that ___________________
_____________________________________
_____________ (?????????????????????),they are
still very popular, especially among the young
people.
the fee
for cell phones is typically twice as much as for
calls made over fixed lines
5. Fiber-optic cable is a tremendously efficient
carrier of information. Lasers shooting light
through glass fiber __________________
_____________________________________ ____.
(????(transmit)???????25?????)
can transmit
250,000 times as much data as a standard
telephone wire
???
???
115
Back
???? IV Ex. X, p. 99
X. Translate the following into English.
1. ?????????????,?????????????????????????????
a parade of
to step directly into
by installing the latest
By installing the latest wireless transmission
systems, a parade of urban centers and industrial
zones from Beijing to Budapest are stepping
directly into the Information Age.
???
???
116
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2. ?????????????? ?????????? ?????????????????????

labor-intensive assembly work
widespread access to
Widespread access to information technology
promises to condense the time required to change
from labor-intensive assembly work to industries
that involve engineering, marketing and design.
???
???
117
Back
3. ?????????????????????????????????????
to be stuck with old technologies
Modern communications will give countries like
China and Vietnam a huge advantage over countries
stuck with old technologies.
???
???
118
Back
4. ????,??????????????????????
There is little/no dispute that
to separate the winners from the losers
a key factor
There is little dispute that communications will
be a key factor separating the winners from the
losers.
???
???
119
Back
5. ??????????,?????????????????
to scratch the surface of the problem
to be stuck in recession
The economy of the country is stuck in recession
and it barely has the money to scratch the
surface of the problem.
???
???
120
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6. ?????????????? ???????????????
to be willing to do sth.
to be eager for
to pay a significantly high price tag for
Businesses eager for reliable service are willing
to pay a significantly high price tag for a
wireless call.
???
???
121
Back
7. ???????????????????????????
to have an operation there
at your disposal
Having an operation there is like having an
endless pile of money at your disposal.
???
???
122
Back
8. ???????????,???????????????
to lag behind
to move ahead in one jump
The temptation is hard to resist.
For countries that have lagged behind for so
long, the temptation to move ahead in one jump is
hard to resist.
???
???
123
Back
???? IV Ex. XI, p. 100
XI. Translate the following into Chinese.
1. A transformation is occurring that should
greatly boost living standards in the developing
world.
??????????????????????????
???
???
124
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2. All these developing regions see advanced
communications as a way to leap over whole stages
of economic development.
????????????????????????????????????
???
???
125
Back
3. Problem is, its national phone system is a
rusting antique that dates from the 1930s.
???,???????????????20??30???????
???
???
126
Back
4. Telecommunications is also a key to Shanghais
dream of becoming a top financial center.
???????????????????????????
???
???
127
Back
5. Wireless demand and usage have exploded across
the width and breadth of Latin America.
????????????????????????
???
???
128
Back
6. Thailand is also turning to wireless, as a way
to allow Thais to make better use of all the time
they spent stuck in traffic.
??????????????,???????????????????????
???
???
129
Back
7. Mobile phones have become the rage among
businesspeople, who can remain in contact despite
the traffic jams.
???????????,???????????????????
???
???
130
8. One day they can cruise alongside Americans
and Western Europeans on the Information
Superhighway.
????,???????????????????????
???
131
Peoples Interpretations of Sth.
1. ????
2. ?????????????
3. ??????,????
(?????)
132
????(?????)
Back
1) Sth. in its largest/broadest/real sense
refers to that (????) 2) It features and has
as (?????) 3) When applied to different walks of
life/adopted to, however, it takes on different
shades of meaning/comes in a variety of
connotations. (???) 4) (???????????) Sth.
in the world of is often interpreted as 5) Sth.
in the context of is another name for 6) To
sb., sth. is symbolic of 7) With sb., sth. is
characteristic of 8) For sb., sth. means
(???????)
???
???
133
Back
9) As far as sb. is concerned, sth. always
signifies 10) Anyone who will stand little
/much chance to 11) And furthermore, sth. is
relative and changeable, because 12) In this
light, the ideal way of is to
(???????)
???
???
134
Back
Peoples Interpretations of Hi-tech
1) ?????? ? 2)????????????????
3)??????,????
???
???
135
Back
Peoples Interpretations of Hi-tech
1) Hi-tech in its largest sense refers to a
set of investment-intensive technologies that
lead in the modern science and technology as
guides for tapping productivity, promoting social
civilization and modernizing national defense. 2)
It features improvement, integration, and
creativity in technology and has IT, new
materials and new energies as its major pillars.
3) When applied to different walks of life,
however, it takes on different shades of meaning.
???
???
136
Back
4) Hi-tech in the world of enterprisers is
often interpreted as an ideal way to open up new
businesses and bring in huge profits. 5) Hi-tech
in the context of IT is a general term for such
landmarks as network, fiber optics, digitization
and information superhighway. 6) To politicians,
hi-tech is symbolic of the winning edge a country
needs to compete for its rise in the world. 7)
With scientists, hi-tech is the representative of
sophistication, infiltration, independence, and
diffusion. 8) For the military circles, hi-tech
means a key factor separating the winners from
the losers in the battlefield.
???
???
137
9) As far as college students like us are
concerned, hi-tech always signifies a summit that
challenges our endurance as well as our knowledge
learned in class. 10) Anyone who tries to attain
it with one leap or fails to endure the pains
during the long course of striving toward it will
stand little chance to experience the thrill
derived from conquering it. 11) And moreover,
hi-tech is something relative and changeable,
because todays hi-tech results from yesterdays
technology and will grow out-of-date as compared
to tomorrows. 12) In this light, the ideal way
of keeping pace with hi-tech is to build up a
sound foundation in basic knowledge.
Back
THE END
???
138
??
139
??
Para. 1b ?????????????????????????????????????
???????????????????????????,??????????????????????
????????????????????????????????????????????
140
??
Para. 2    ??????????????????????????????????????
,?????????????????????????????????????????????????
????????????????????????????????????
141
??
Para. 3 ????????????????????????????????,??
???????????,?????????????????????????????????????,
???????????????????
142
??
Para. 4  ??????,??????????????????????????????
???????????????,??????????????????,???????????????
20??30???????????????,????????????,??????400??????
??????????????????????,??????????????????
143
??
Para. 5 ?????,???10??,?????????????1,000??
?? ???????,?????????????,?????????????????????????
????1995??,???????????????????????????????????????
????????,?????????????,?????????,?????????
144
??
Para. 6 ???????????????????????????
???????????????????????????????,??????????????????
???????
145
??
Para. 7a ????,?????????????????70??????????
????????????, ????????,??????????30??????????????
???????????,??????????????-??????????,????????????
???????????????
146
??
Para. 7b ???,????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????,???????????????????????????
?--?????????????????
147
??
Para. 8 ??????????????????????????????????
,?????????????????--??????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????????????2,000??,????,???
??????860?????????????????????????????????????
148
??
Para. 9 ?????????????,?????????????????????
????????,????????????????????????????????????????
??????????,???????????????????
149
??
Para. 10 ??????????????????????????220??,???
?????30??????????????????,????????????????????????
??????????,??????????????????????????????????
150
??
Para. 11 ?????????????,???????????????
??,????????,????????--????,???????????????????????
      
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