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Persuasive Speech

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Persuasive Speech Definition Persuade: [Verb] To successfully convince someone to agree to, accept, or do something, usually through reasoning and verbal influence. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Persuasive Speech


1
Persuasive Speech
2
Definition
  • Persuade Verb To successfully convince
    someone to agree to, accept, or do something,
    usually through reasoning and verbal influence.
    To sway.
  • That salesman was able to persuade me into
    buying this bottle of lotion.
  • http//en.wiktionary.org/wiki/persuade

3
Aristotle
  • The goal of argumentative writing and speaking
    is to persuade your audience that your ideas are
    valid, or more valid than someone else's. The
    Greek philosopher Aristotle divided the means of
    persuasion, appeals, into three
    categories--Ethos, Pathos, Logos.

4
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
  • Ethos (Credibility), or ethical appeal, means
    convincing by the character of the author. We
    tend to believe people whom we respect. One of
    the central problems of argumentation is to
    project an impression to the reader that you are
    someone worth listening to, in other words making
    yourself as author into an authority on the
    subject of the paper, as well as someone who is
    likable and worthy of respect. Use experts when
    you quote.
  • Pathos (Emotional) means persuading by appealing
    to the reader's emotions. We can look at texts
    ranging from classic essays to contemporary
    advertisements to see how pathos, emotional
    appeals, are used to persuade. Language choice
    affects the audience's emotional response, and
    emotional appeal can effectively be used to
    enhance an argument.
  • Logos (Logical) means persuading by the use of
    reasoning. This will be the most important
    technique we will study, and Aristotle's
    favorite. We'll look at and discuss what makes an
    effective, persuasive reason to back up your
    claims. Giving reasons is the heart of
    argumentation, and cannot be emphasized enough.

5
Assignment
  • Write a persuasive speech.
  • It is important that your persuasive speech
    contain the following elements.
  • Choose a topic and take a position on an issue.
  • Do research on the subject.
  • Write and speak to the audience.
  • Present a strong argument.
  • Provide strong supporting information.
  • Tie it all together with a strong appeal to the
    audience asking them to accept your
  • argument.
  • Time 3-5 minutes
  • Use note cards with an outline

6
Possible Topics
  • Universal Health Care -- Term Limits --
    Value-Added Tax/National Sales Tax Same-Sex
    Marriages -- Affirmative Action -- Death Penalty
    --School Vouchers -- Minimum Wage -- Legalization
    of Marijuana -- U.S. Role as World's Policeman --
    Required Testing in Schools Abortion --
    Malpractice Lawsuit Caps -- U.S. as Sole
    Superpower -- U.S.-U.N. Involvement -- ANWR Oil
    Drilling -- CIA-Led Coups -- Mexico Border Fence
    -- Taxing the Rich -- Terrorist Prisoner Torture
    -- Fat Tax -- Oil Windfall Profits Tax -- Civil
    Liberties in Wartime -- War with Iran -- Social
    Security Privatization -- Legal Immigration --
    Physician-Assisted Suicide -- Gun Control --
    Unions -- DREAM Act/Path to Citizenship for
    Illegals -- Balanced Budget Amendment Herman
    Cain's 999 Tax Plan 

7
Step One
  • Choice of Topic
  • _______________________________________
  • Why did you choose that topic?
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________
  • Teacher Approval ________________________

8
Step Two Sub Topics
  • Teacher Approval _______

Politicians
Religion
Womens rights organizations
Abortion- make it illegal
Political parties
The law and abortion
Leaders
9
Step Three Research your topic well
  • List three sources
  • 1. Author _______________________________________
    ________________
  • Publication Title ________________________________
    __________________
  • Date Published ________________Web
    address________________________
  • What did you learn from this source that you may
    use in your speech?
  • 2. Author _______________________________________
    ________________
  • Publication Title ________________________________
    __________________
  • Date Published ________________Web
    address________________________
  • What did you learn from this source that you may
    use in your speech?
  • 3. Author _______________________________________
    ________________
  • Publication Title ________________________________
    __________________
  • Date Published ________________Web
    address________________________
  • What did you learn from this source that you may
    use in your speech?

10
Step Four Use the information from your research
to write your speech using the three parts of a
speech-introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • I. Introduction
  • A. Attention Getter.
  • B. Thesis statement, what the speech will
    be about.
  • II. Body
  • A. Make your argument using your sub
    topics.
  • B. Support your opinion with facts and
    expert opinions.
  • III. Conclusion
  • A. Review your argument and try to refer
    back to the attention getter.
  • B. Final thought or quote with a strong
    appeal to have the audience agree with you.

11
Step Four continued write your speech on index
cards
  • Use note cards to write your speech. As you
    write add details-NEVER use the words things,
    stuff, and you know! Use specific language
    instead, in other words tell us exactly what you
    mean.

12
Delivery
  • Have good posture
  • Use hand gestures
  • Only move up to three times (left, right, and
    center)
  • Eye Contact, try to look at everyone in the class
    at least once.
  • Use facial expressions to emphasize what you are
    saying.
  • Personal appearance should not have distracting
    clothes or jewelry etc.
  • Articulate well (word choice)
  • Pronounce the words correctly
  • Speak loud enough to be clearly heard in the room
  • Dont speak too fast
  • Breath from your diaphragm
  • Use an appropriate pitch

13
Extra Credit Practice!
  • If you practice your speech out loud for a
    parent, guardian, or other adult, I will give you
    5 points extra credit. Have them sign this form.
  • Student ___________________________________
  • Adult Listener ______________________________
  • How long did the speech last? __________________
  • Please list one suggestion for improvement here
    __________________________________________________
    ____________________________________

14
Grading Rubric
  • I will use the following Rubric to grade you
    speeches.
  • Introduction
  • Attention Getter?
  • Thesis?
  • Overview of main idea?
  • Body
  • Organized?
  • Descriptive Details?
  • Conclusion
  • Reviewed main idea?
  • Final thought?
  • Vocal Delivery
  • Volume
  • Quality
  • Speed
  • pitch
  • Articulation
  • pronunciation
  • Physical Delivery
  • posture
  • gestures
  • movements
  • eye contact
  • facial expression
  • personal appearance
  • TOTAL POINTS _______________
  • (OUT OF 65)

15
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