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Higher Expectations, Higher Achievement

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Higher Expectations, Higher Achievement Mississippi s Road to Rigorous College- and Career-Ready Standards November 4, 2013 Dr. Lynn J. House – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Higher Expectations, Higher Achievement


1

Higher Expectations, Higher Achievement
Mississippis Road to Rigorous College- and
Career-Ready Standards November 4, 2013
Dr. Lynn J. House Interim State Superintendent
2
  • Why focus on preparing students
  • for college and careers?
  • Some reasons include
  • To be successful in college
  • To be ready for employment
  • To compete for 21st century jobs with students
    from other states and countries
  • To help improve job opportunities in Mississippi
    and the economy of the state and nation

3
What does the global education landscape look
like?
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
  • International Assessments

PISA
  • PIRLS

TIMSS
  • Progress in International Reading Literacy Study
    (PIRLS)
  • 4th-grade reading assessment
  • Trends in International Mathematics and Science
    Study (TIMSS)
  • 4th- and 8th- grade mathematics and science
    assessment
  • Program for International Student Assessment
    (PISA)
  • Assessment of 15 year-old students in three
    subject areas Reading Literacy Mathematics
    Literacy and Science Literacy

8
  • U.S. Ranks in Reading, Math and Science

Assessment Rank Grade/Subject
PIRLS (49 Countries) 7th 4th Grade Reading

TIMSS (63 Countries) 9th 4th Grade Math
6th 4th Grade Science
12th 8th Grade Math
11th 8th Grade Science

PISA (65 Countries) 10th Reading Literacy
24th Mathematics Literacy
19th Science Literacy
2011 PIRL and TIMSS Results 2009 PISA Results
9
What does Mississippis education landscape look
like?
10
  • 2013 ACT Profile Report Percent of Students
    College Ready

Percentage
Subject
11
  • 2012 ACT Profile Report Percent Of Students
    College Ready

Percentage
Subject
(18)
(23)
(22)
(22)
12
  • Mississippis NAEP Performance
  • 2011 NAEP Report - Reading
  • 22 of MS 4th Gr. students proficient
  • 32 proficient nationally
  • 21 of MS 8th Gr. students proficient
  • 32 proficient nationally
  • 2011 NAEP Report - Math
  • 25 of MS 4th Gr. students proficient
    40 proficient nationally
  • 19 of MS 8th Gr. students proficient
  • 34 proficient nationally
  • Remedial Education as of 2012
    Appx. 25.5 million
    spent annually in MS CJCs
    Appx. 10 million at MS four-year institutions

13
  • Mississippis Performance On State Tests

SATP2 Percentage Proficient and Above SATP2 Percentage Proficient and Above SATP2 Percentage Proficient and Above SATP2 Percentage Proficient and Above
2012-2013 2011-2012 2010-2011
Algebra I 78.2 74.6 76.4
Biology I 63.3 58.7 55.5
English II 59.4 56.4 55.9
US History 62.3 53.3 N/A
N/A New standards and new assessment
introduced for 2011-2012 school year.
14
  • Mississippis Performance On State Tests

Percent Proficient and Above
Grade  MCT2 Language Arts MCT2 Language Arts MCT2 Language Arts MCT2 Mathematics MCT2 Mathematics MCT2 Mathematics
2013 2012 2011 2013 2012 2011
Grade 3 58 54 53 67 67 64
Grade 4 59 58 54 69 63 58
Grade 5 59 55 51 64 62 58
Grade 6 57 57 54 63 58 55
Grade 7 63 60 54 66 63 62
Grade 8 55 55 51 73 68 66
.
15
  • State Progress on NAEP

Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced
Grade/Subject 2011 2009 2007 2005
Fourth-Grade Math 25 22 21 19
Eighth-Grade Math 19 15 14 14
Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced Mississippi NAEP Percent Proficient or Advanced
Grade/Subject 2011 2009 2007 2005
Fourth-Grade Reading 22 22 19 18
Eighth-Grade Reading 21 19 17 19
16
  • How were the Common Core
  • State Standards developed?
  • 2007 State education chiefs discussed
    development of common standards (CCSSO).
  • 2008 Governors voted to approve a policy
    statement putting state leaders in charge of
    national effort to establish common core of
    standards (NGA).
  • 2009 ED chiefs and governors launch the Common
    Core State Standards Initiative.
  • 2009-2010 Standards developed by teachers and
    content experts, the National Education
    Association (NEA), American Federation of
    Teachers (AFT), National Council of Teachers of
    Mathematics (NCTM), and National Council of
    Teachers of English (NCTE), among other
    organizations .
  • March 2010 Draft K-12 standards released for
    public comment (10,000 comments received).
  • June 2010 ED chiefs and governors release final
    Common Core State Standards.

17
44 States DC Initially Adopted the Common Core
State Standards
MT and ND subsequently adopted CCSS
  • Minnesota adopted the CCSS in ELA only

18
  • MDE Timeline for Review
  • and Adoption 2010
  • March Conducted preliminary alignment study
    of draft Common Core State Standards and MS
    Frameworks
  • June Received SBE approval to begin APA
    Process
  • August Received SBE approval (completed APA
    Process)
  • June-October Conducted in-depth alignment
    study of final Common Core State Standards
    and MS Frameworks
  • The same process was followed as has been
    utilized for each revision of standards in
    Mississippi

19
  • Sample Public Comments from 2010
  • Students could transfer among local schools and
    states and still have the basic math skills
    necessary for success. The standards are
    explained well.
  • There appears to be more real world problem
    solving in the area of mathematics.
  • They are rigorous and include application
    through higher order thinking skills. They will
    provide consistency across states. They will
    provide the ability to compare student
    achievement across states.
  • The obvious strength is to better prepare
    students for successful careers both
  • nationally and globally. It also appears that the
    core standards are closely aligned to the
    Mississippi benchmarks.

20
  • Concerns about Adoption of
    Common Core State Standards
  • Time for training and instruction
  • Some English language arts descriptions are vague
  • Implementation timeline
  • Interventions for struggling learners

21
  • Why are we raising academic standards?
  • Mississippi Board of Educations vision a
    world-class educational system that gives
    students the knowledge and skills to be
    successful in college and the workforce and to be
    globally competitive.
  • Our standards are good but not where we need to
    be based on national performance measures.
  • It is critical to the success of our students and
    our communities because we need to attract
    high-paying jobs to Mississippi and to boost the
    states economy.
  • Consistent, clear expectations of students allow
    teachers and parents to better help them reach
    goals.

22
  • What is the difference in
  • Standards and Curriculum?
  • The state sets academic standards the goals for
    what students should learn - but local school
    districts may build on these standards.
  • Local school districts choose the curriculum
    what is taught and how it is taught in each
    classroom as well as resources needed for
    teaching and learning.
  • Each teacher determines his/her own instructional
    strategies to help students meet the standards.

23
  • Common Core Endorsements
  • The College Board
  • National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
  • Business Roundtable
  • National Education Association
  • ACT
  • American Federation of Teachers
  • Military Child Education Coalition
  • International Reading Association
  • Foundation for Excellence in Education
  • Former U.S. Secretary Condoleezza Rice
  • Former MS Governor Haley Barbour
  • Other elected officials, including Tennessee
    Governor Bill Haslam, former Arkansas Governor
    Mike Huckabee, and former Florida Governor Jeb
    Bush

24
Whats changing in English language arts and math
under more rigorous college and career academic
standards?
25
The Common Core State Standards Initiative
  • Preparation The standards are college- and
    career-ready. They will help prepare students
    with the knowledge and skills they need to
    succeed in education and training after high
    school.
  • Competition The standards are internationally
    benchmarked. Common standards will help ensure
    our students are globally competitive.
  • Equity Expectations are consistent for all and
    not dependent on a students zip code.
  • Clarity of purpose The standards are focused,
    coherent, and clear. Clearer standards help
    students (and parents and teachers) understand
    what is expected of them.
  • Collaboration opportunity The standards create a
    foundation to work collaboratively across states
    and districts, pooling resources and expertise,
    to create curricular tools, professional
    development, common assessments and other
    materials.

26
Shift from Whats Taught to What Students
Need to Be Able to Do
  • To succeed in 21st century college and careers,
    students
  • need to be able to

5. Reflect on performance 6. Communicate 7.
Work in teams 8. Create/innovate/critique
1. Solve problems 2. Manage oneself 3. Adapt to
change 4. Analyze/conceptualize
9. Engage in learning throughout life
26
27
MS Mathematics Frameworks vs. Common Core State
Standards
MS Mathematics Frameworks, Revised Grade
3 Identify and model representations of fractions
(halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, sixths, and
eighths.)
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Grade 3
  • Understand a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed
    by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b
    equal parts
  •  
  • Understand a fraction as a number on the number
    line represent fractions on a number line
    diagram.
  •  
  • Explain equivalence of fractions in special
    cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about
    their size.

28
  • Examples Common Core
  • Mathematics Standards
  • Grade 7 Standard
  • Solving word problems that have a combination of
    whole numbers, fractions, and decimals (e.g., a
    lady making 25 per hour receives a 10 raise
    she will make an additional 1/10 of her salary an
    hour, or 2.50, for a new salary of 27.50)
  • Grade 11 Standard
  • Analyzing real-world situations using mathematics
    to understand the situation better and optimize,
    troubleshoot, or make an informed decision (e.g.,
    estimating water and food needs in a disaster
    area, or using volume formulas and graphs to find
    an optimal size for a shipping container)

29
  • Mississippi Grade 3 Math Problem MCT2

30
  • Common Core Grade 3 Math Problem

31
7th Grade MS ELA Framework vs.Common Core State
Standards for ELA
  • Mississippi Language Arts Framework
  • Synthesize information stated in one or more
    texts with prior knowledge and experience to draw
    valid conclusions with supporting evidence
    including text-based evidence.
  • Common Core State Standards
  • Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of
    information presented in different media or
    formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well
    as in words in order to address a question or
    solve a problem.
  • Common Core relies on different media, like video
    and technology.
  • Common Core allows for students to solve a
    problem, not just answer a question.
  • Common Core asks for students to use skills and
    problem solving to master the standard.

32
  • Examples Common Core
  • English Standards
  • Grade 1 Standard
  • Retell stories, including key details, and
    demonstrate understanding of their central
    message or lesson.
  • Grade 6 Standard
  • Explain how an author develops the point of view
    of the narrator or speaker in a text.
  • Grade 10 Standard
  • Analyze foundational U.S. documents of historical
    and literary significance (including The
    Declaration of Independence, the Preamble to the
    Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and Lincolns
    Second Inaugural Address) for their themes,
    purposes, and rhetorical features.

33
Example Texts (Exemplars)
  • MS has developed it own list of examples of texts
    for CCSS English Language Arts using teacher
    input.
  • These examples serve as a guide for teachers as
    they determine the difficulty (complexity) of the
    text their students read.
  • Guidance for the use of the exemplars does not
    indicate that students must read this text, but
    rather student should read texts as difficult as
    the texts listed for each grade level.

34
Example Texts (Exemplars)
  • The example texts are NOT
  • required texts,
  • a complete reading list, or
  • suggested reading.
  • They are examples only.
  • Text selection remains a local decision to be
    made by districts, schools, and teachers.

35
  • Mississippi Grade 7 Question MCT2
  • Read the sentence below.
  • Because District residents did not live in a
    state, their right to vote and elect delegates to
    the House of Representatives was looked at
    differently than were the voting rights of
    residents of the states.
  • Which statement below is a correct evaluation of
    the cause of the situation described in the
    sentence above?
  • Because many lawmakers wanted the nations
    capital to be located in their state, a
    compromise was made to create a capital city that
    belonged to none of the states.
  • Because one hundred square miles of land was
    needed for the capital city, Maryland and
    Virginia offered George Washington a section of
    land along the Potomac River.
  • Because the country had not established a capital
    city, Congress met in several different cities
    such as Philadelphia, Baltimore, and New York.
  • Because the District residents were not allowed
    to vote for President, Congress passed an
    amendment to the Constitution.

36
  • Common Core Sample Grade 7 Question
  • You have read three texts describing Amelia
    Earhart. All three include the claim that
    Earhart was a brave, courageous person. The three
    texts are
  • Biography of Amelia Earhart
  • Earhart's Final Resting Place Believed Found
  • Amelia Earharts Life and Disappearance
  • Consider the argument each author uses to
    demonstrate Earharts bravery. Write an essay
    that analyzes the strength of the arguments about
    Earharts bravery in at least two of the texts.
    Remember to use textual evidence to support your
    ideas.

37
  • The Process of Measuring
  • Student Performance
  • In Spring 2015, Mississippi will measure students
    against these standards for the first time.
  • MDE anticipates testing in English Language Arts
    and Mathematics in grades 3-8, and Algebra
    I/English II in high school.
  • Randomly selected schools will tryout sections of
    the new assessments in 2014.
  • These are higher standards and when standards are
    raised, test results tend to be lower at first
    and then will improve.

38
  • What do MS educators say about the Common Core
    State Standards?
  • I have found that the rigor of Common Core
    State Standards has positively impacted student
    learning in my first grade classroom. Sabrina
    Morgan, teacher, Pearl Lower Elementary, 2012
    Milken Educator
  • With the implementation of Common Core,
    Mississippi schools and students will be able to
    truly be compared to schools and students across
    our nation. LaVonda Germany, Principal, Poplar
    Springs Elementary
  • I am elated that for the first time our
    students can be compared on similar content
    nationally. Our students will be better prepared
    to compete in a global market because of this
    opportunity. Chad Shealy, Principal, Gary Road
    Elementary, 2013 Administrator of the Year

39
  • What do MS educators say about the Common Core
    State Standards?
  • As educators, were finally tapping into the
    understanding that this maximizes learning and
    problem-solving abilities of children. Deia
    Sanders, master teacher and instructional coach,
    Simpson County
  • (Colleges) see kids coming in with high
    school diplomas that have to take remedial
    classes to be successful in college. They should
    be prepared when they get there. George Loper,
    Principal, Center Hill High School

40
  • Greatest Concerns
  • Around Implementation
  • Technology availability
  • Broadband
  • Wiring
  • Hardware/Software
  • Funding for technology and training/materials
  • Support and training for teachers and principals
  • Help for students who struggle

41
  • Preparing Teachers and Principals for
    Implementing Higher Standards
  • Ongoing training and support for educators since
    Fall 2010
  • 65 Common Core grade-specific training sessions
    and webinars offered across the state 5000
    educators trained
  • A K-5 intensive Boot Camp offered regionally in
    June 2013, reaching almost 500 educators
  • Webinars archived in iTunes U. Webinars accessed
    more than 15,000 times since September 2012
  • Other sessions offered over the last 3 years for
    superintendents, additional district
    administrators, and post-secondary faculty.
  • Numerous sessions have also been offered for
    parents, civic groups, and educational
    organizations

42
  • How can I help my child succeed?
  • Partner with your childs teacher, school and
    district, and ask for advice on how you can help
    at home.
  • Visit the local school district website for
    information on resources and implementation of
    the new standards and assessments.
  • Go to meetings offered in your area by PTA, the
    school, and district and visit the National PTA
    website.
  • Discuss assignments with your child and help
    him/her understand what is being asked.
  • Recognize that our children are going to say that
    some assignments are too hard we must
    challenge our children to work hard at the
    difficult.
  • Ensure your child READS and read with your child
    ask questions about what is being read.
  • Be active in your childs education. You are the
    most important teacher.

43
  • Summary
  • Mississippi is moving to higher academic
    standards-Common Core State Standards- in
    mathematics and English language arts for grades
    K-12.
  • These higher standards will benefit every
    Mississippi student because they will better
    prepare students for college and the workforce.
  • All schools will teach to these higher standards
    in Fall 2014. Students will be measured against
    these standards in Spring 2015.
  • Of course, high standards are not the only thing
    needed for our childrens success, but standards
    provide an important first step a clear roadmap
    for learning.

44
Resources
  • Visit the Mississippi College- and Career-ready
    Standards
  • web pages
  • http//www.mde.k12.ms.us/ms-college-career-standar
    ds
  • Visit the National PTA site
  • www.pta.org
  • PARCC www.parcconline.org
  • Common Core State Standards www.corestandards.org
  • Conservatives for Higher Standards
  • http//www.highercorestandards.org.

45
Questions / Comments
  • Dedicated Common Core Email commoncore_at_mde.k12.ms
    .us
  • Follow us on Twitter
  • _at_MissDeptEd
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