Wales- Cymru - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Wales- Cymru PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5a3807-NWY1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Wales- Cymru

Description:

Wales- Cymru Identity and nationalism The National Assembly for Wales The establishment of the national Assembly for Wales in May 1999 changed the nature of politics ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:74
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 46
Provided by: Pawl8
Learn more at: http://www.courseweb.uottawa.ca
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Wales- Cymru


1
Wales- Cymru
  • Identity and nationalism

2
Wales (2)-Modern Period
  • Growth in Welsh nationalism and national
    consciousness.
  • 1936-the burning of the bombing school in
    Penyberth. (Saunders Lewis, D.J.Williams, Lewis
    Valentine).

3
Wales- Cymru
  • After survival- growth

4
Wales-Cymru
  • 1536 Act of Union
  • 1546 First printed book in Welsh.
  • 1567 Translation of Prayer Book and New Testament
    into Welsh.
  • 1588 Translation of the whole Bible into Welsh-
    its influence.

5
William Morgan and translation of Bible into Welsh
6
Wales -Modern Period
  • 1707 Edward Lhuyds Archaeologia Britannica.
    Beginnings of Celtic Studies.
  • Mid 18th century- the beginnings of Welsh
    non-conformity. Howel Harris. Rejection of
    Anglicanism.
  • 1737-61 the circulating schools of Griffith
    Jones
  • 1743 The Methodist Association in Wales

7
Welsh Chapels
8
Wales
  • Beginnings of industrialisation in Wales 1757.
  • Iron works,
  • coal-mining,
  • tin works.
  • Dowlais,
  • Merthyr Tudful,

9
Collier and pit-pony
10
(No Transcript)
11
(No Transcript)
12
Wales -Modern Period
  • Beginnings of industrialization in Wales
  • The first iron-works in 1757 in Hirwaun, south
    Wales.
  • The centre of Welsh culture and history shifts to
    the south-east, the iron works and then the coal
    industry.

13
Wales (2)-Modern Period
  • Wales had by then (late 18th century and 19th
    century) become a non-conformist Protestant
    nation, largely Welsh-speaking (only) and for
    most of the population living in an
    industrialized environment (after 1860).

14
The Methodist Revival
  • Key names Howell Harris, Daniel Rowlands and the
    most prominent William Williams Pantycelyn.
    (often just called Pantycelyn).
  • Methodism in Wales was a break with Anglicanism
    (not officially until the early 19th century). It
    was an evangelical form of Protestantism inspired
    by the works of Calvin.

15
The Methodist Revival
  • Pantycelyn was a great writer of religious poems
    (we would call them hymns) still popular today.
  • Another great eighteenth century Welsh religious
    writer was Ann Griffiths (1776-1805), who died
    shortly after childbirth at the early age of 29.
  • Following her death her hymns were written down
    by her maids husband. They are love-songs, full
    of vividimages and meatphors, reflecting a deep
    knowledge of the Bible and the beliefs of the
    Non-conformists (all the non-Anglican versions of
    Protestantism).

16
The Methodist Revival
  • By the nineteenth century, Welsh Nonconformity
    was no longer a radical force in religious terms,
    but rathera social force and institution that
    dominated Welsh all aspects of Welsh culture.
  • Religious leaders were now the leaders of society
    in Wales and they disapproved of the older folk
    culture of Wales.

17
Rediscovering roots Iolo Morgannwg
  • Iolo Morgannwg (1747-1826) was a prolific poet
    and keen promoter of ancient Welsh history.
  • He claimed to have discovered many poems by the
    14th century poet Dafydd ap Gwilym in local
    manuscripts but they were many invented.
  • He felt that Glamorganshire, his placeplace,
    deserved a rich literary history, and so he
    partly invented it!

18
Wales -Modern Period
  • First census in Wales 1801- population of Wales
    587,000.
  • Separation of Welsh Methodists from the Church of
    England (Anglicans).
  • Merthyr Riots 1831. Beginnings of unionisation.
  • Rebecca Riots 1839-44.

19
Wales (2)-Modern Period
  • 1865- a contingent of Welsh people leave for
    Patagonia in Argentina, founding the still
    existing and thriving Welsh settlements in South
    America.
  • 1872 The University of Wales opens (in
    Aberystwyth).

20
University of Wales, Aberystwyth
21
  • CYMRU/WALES (4)

22
Wales -Modern Period
  • 1886- the Cymru Fydd movement is founded.
  • 1898-the foundation of the South Wales Miners
    Federation. The FED.
  • 1916-Lloyd George becomes first Welsh
    prime-minister of the UK.
  • 1925 Plaid Cymru is founded. The National Party
    of Wales.

23
Wales -Modern Period
  • Growth in Welsh nationalism and national
    consciousness.
  • 1936-the burning of the bombing school in
    Penyberth. (Saunders Lewis, D.J.Williams, Lewis
    Valentine).

24
Wales -Modern Period
  • Saunders Lewiss Fate of the Language radio
    lecture in 1962.
  • 1962- the formation of the Welsh Language Society
    (non-violent pressure group, civil disobedience).

25
The Trefechan Bridge Protest1963
26
Wales -Modern Period
  • Period of civil disobedience by members of the
    Welsh Language Society. Two major campaigns
  • Road signs in Welsh.
  • The creation of a Welsh-language television
    channel.
  • http//cymdeithas.org/english/

27
Tryweryn- 1963-5
28
Gwynfor Evans
29
Wales -Modern Period
  • 1964-Creation of the Welsh Office, and James
    Griffiths appointed first Secretary of State for
    Wales.
  • 1967-first Welsh Language Act.(equal statusin
    law-courts)
  • 1973-Kilbrandon Commission recommends creation of
    regional parliament for Wales.

30
Wales -Modern Period
  • Period of civil disobedience by members of the
    Welsh Language Society. Two major campaigns
  • Road signs in Welsh.
  • The creation of a Welsh-language television
    channel.

31
Wales -Modern Period
  • 1979- first referendum on Welsh parliament
    (assembly).
  • 1982-Welsh-language television channel (S4C) set
    up.
  • 1988- creation of the Welsh language board as a
    consultative body.

32
Wales -Modern Period
  • 1991- census reveals increase in numbers of those
    able to speak Wales.
  • 1993-Second Welsh Language Act passed.
  • 1999 Welsh National Assembly opens in Cardiff.
  • 2011- Appointment of first Language Commissioner

33
Second referendum
  • In July 1997, the British Government published a
    White Paper, A Voice for Wales, which outlined
    proposals for devolution in Wales.
  • A referendum was held on 18 September 1997. It
    was very close 559,419 for and 552,698 against.
    Just over half the electorate voted.

34
The National Assembly for Wales
  • The establishment of the national Assembly for
    Wales in May 1999 changed the nature of politics
    in Wales by creating a new style of government in
    which decisions and policies were focused on
    Wales.
  • Wales remains part of the UK.
  • New powers.

35
Welsh Assembly (in Cardiff)
36
Y Senedd
37
National Assembly for Wales
38
The National Assembly for Wales
  • The establishment of the National Assembly for
    Wales in May 1999 changed the nature of politics
    in Wales by creating a new style of government in
    which decisions and policies were focused on
    Wales.
  • Wales remains part of the UK.
  • New powers.
  • http//www.assemblywales.org/sen-home.htm

39
Wales -Modern Period
  • 1991- census reveals increase in numbers of those
    able to speak Wales. How?
  • 1993-Second Welsh Language Act passed.
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_Language_Act_19
    93

40
The 1993 Language Act
  • 'in the course of public business and the
    administration of justice, so far as is
    reasonably practicable, the Welsh and English
    languages are to be treated on the basis of
    equality.'
  • Basically the Act did three things
  • set up the Welsh Language Board, answerable to
    the Secretary of State for Wales, with the duty
    of promoting the use of Welsh and ensuring
    compliance with the other provisions.
  • gave Welsh speakers the right to speak Welsh in
    court proceedings
  • obliged all organisations in the public sector
    providing services to the public in Wales to
    treat Welsh and English on an equal basis

41
New Language Act 2011
  • LCO (Legislative Competence Order)
  • Proposed new measure on the Welsh Language had
    been expected by summer 2010.
  • http//www.assemblywales.org/lco-ld7372-e.pdf

42
Second referendum
  • In July 1997, the British Government published a
    White Paper, A Voice for Wales, which outlined
    proposals for devolution in Wales.
  • A referendum was held on 18 September 1997. It
    was very close 559,419 for and 552,698 against.
    Just over half the electorate voted.

43
Y Senedd
44
National Assembly for Wales
45
The National Assembly for Wales
  • The establishment of the National Assembly for
    Wales in May 1999 changed the nature of politics
    in Wales by creating a new style of government in
    which decisions and policies were focused on
    Wales.
  • Wales remains part of the UK.
  • New powers.
  • http//www.assemblywales.org/sen-home.htm
About PowerShow.com