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Improving Quality in Construction Thru Safety

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Improving Quality in Construction Thru Safety Facts Construction has the third highest rate of death by injury 15.2 deaths per 100,000 workers Only mining and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Improving Quality in Construction Thru Safety


1
Improving Quality in Construction Thru Safety
2
Facts
  • Construction has the third highest rate of death
    by injury
  • 15.2 deaths per 100,000 workers
  • Only mining and agriculture experience higher
    rates

3
Leading Causes of Death
  • Falls from elevations
  • Motor vehicle crashes
  • Electrocution
  • Machines
  • Struck by falling objects

4
Industrial Construction Hazards
  • Machinery
  • Elevated work surfaces
  • Electrical Hazards
  • Temperature Extremes
  • Pressure Hazards
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
  • Fire Hazards
  • Radiation
  • Noise
  • Falling/Impact/ Lifting

5
Mitigation Methods
  • Safety Training
  • Site Specific Orientations
  • Safety Meetings
  • JSA/JHA
  • Job Site Audits
  • Safety Committees
  • Accident Investigation

6
Safety Training
  • Allows the employee to learn the general company
    rules.
  • Sets the minimum expectations required by the
    company.
  • Instills the company core values on new
    employees.
  • Existing employees are refreshed periodically.

7
Site Specific Orientation
  • Gives the employee a more thorough look at their
    specific work area.
  • Specific and unique hazards to specific areas are
    identified.
  • Allows interaction between instructor and
    employee.
  • Specific questions can be answered.

8
Safety Meetings
  • The daily job scope can be reviewed in a general
    manner between workers and supervisors.
  • Specific safety issues can be looked at more in
    depth.
  • Daily issues can be addressed.
  • Allows time for feedback between supervision and
    workers.

9
JSA/JHA
  • Allows the crew involved in a job to stop and
    plan a job before beginning.
  • Bigger jobs are broken down into smaller more
    specific tasks.
  • The hazards associated with each task are then
    identified.
  • Mitigation for each hazard is then planned.

10
Job Site Audits
  • Usually conducted by a safety representative or a
    supervisor.
  • Checklists are used to help identify potential
    hazards.
  • Employees knowledge in emergency situations is
    tested.
  • Records are kept to track progress.

11
Safety Committees
  • Gives the ground level employee a chance to be
    heard by management.
  • A member of each crew represents the group and
    brings up any issues or ideas to the meeting.
  • The informality of the meeting gives its members
    a relaxed feeling and allows for better feedback.

12
Accident Investigations
  • Accidents are caused, they dont just happen.
  • Incidents are backtracked and contributing
    factors are determined.
  • A good investigation isolates the root cause of
    an accident.
  • Corrective actions are then recommended to avoid
    reoccurrence of a similar accident.

13
Conclusion
  • Collectively, all of these items contribute to a
    good safety program.
  • Safer and healthier employees produce more
    efficient work and are generally happier.
  • The end product is a healthy work force and a
    quality final product.
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