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I. Greek Roots of Democracy

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I. Greek Roots of Democracy Unit 2 10.1.1 Ms. Ramos state should regulate all aspect of lives Ideal society divided into 3 classes: workers, soldiers, philosophers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: I. Greek Roots of Democracy


1
I. Greek Roots of Democracy
  • Unit 2
  • 10.1.1

Ms. Ramos
2
Rise of Greek City-States
Ms. Ramos
http//mbscientific.com/mediawiki/mediawiki-1.11.1
/images/Greece500BC.gif
3
Governing City-states
http//www.theodora.com/wfb/photos/greece/acropoli
s_athens_greece_ert.jpg
http//www1.curriculum.edu.au/ddunits/units/ls1fq2
acts.htm
Ms. Ramos
4
  • Polis
  • Acropolis- temples to gods
  • Walled city

http//photography.nationalgeographic.com/staticfi
les/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Photography/Images/POD/
a/acropolis-athens-greece-711916-sw.jpg
Ms. Ramos
5
  • 750-500 B.C.
  • Power shift monarchy to noble landowners

http//greece.mrdonn.org/argos.html
http//www.europabarbarorum.com/i/units/koinon-hel
lenon/kh_hippeis_xystophoroi.gif
Ms. Ramos
6
Changes in Warfare
  • Increase middle class power
  • Iron weapons

http//www.amren.com/ar/2007/07/11a--GreekSoldiers
.jpg
Ms. Ramos
7
Phalanx
  • Formation
  • Requires practice--- sense of unity
  • Reduce class differences
  • Sparta (discipline) v. Athens (individual
    political rights)

http//images.absoluteastronomy.com/images/encyclo
pediaimages/g/gr/greek_phalanx.jpg
Ms. Ramos
8
http//ccsdweb.com/jjaconet/wp-content/uploads/200
8/09/this-is-sparta-map.JPG
http//www.utexas.edu/courses/introtogreece/lect10
/emapSparta9907210001.jpg
Ms. Ramos
9
Sparta Nation of Soldiers
  • Military state
  • 2 Kings Council of Elders
  • Assembly approve major decisions
  • Citizen male, native, over 30

http//cd7.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cd7/webs
ite/images/greek-spartan-warriors-1.jpg
Ms. Ramos
10
http//z.about.com/d/atheism/1/0/w/L/AthensMap-l.j
pg
Ms. Ramos
11
Athens A Limited Democracy
  • Democracy
  • Monarcharistocracy---democracy
  • Discontent w/ aristocracy spreads----move to
    democracy

Ms. Ramos
12
Solon, 594 B.C.
  • Outlaw slavery
  • Open offices to citizens
  • Gave assembly more say
  • Discontent led to tyranny

http//z.about.com/d/ancienthistory/1/0/2/S/2/Solo
n_th.jpg
Ms. Ramos
13
Pisistratus, 546 B.C.
  • Took pwr
  • Gave farmers poor more pwr
  • Weakened aristocracy

Ms. Ramos
http//www.mainlesson.com/books/tappan/greek/zpage
070.gif
14
Cleisthenes, 507 B.C.
  • Greater citizen role
  • Council of 500 chosen by lot
  • Made the assembly a real legislature (lawmaking
    body)

Ms. Ramos
http//www.eurekastreet.com.au/Uploads/Image/0706/
11massola1.jpg
15
http//darkwing.uoregon.edu/klio/maps/gr/constitu
tions/Periclean20System.jpg
Ms. Ramos
16
B. The Persian Wars
http//media.moddb.com/images/downloads/1/11/10632
/modlogo.jpg
Ms. Ramos
17
Persia Asia Minor-India
http//www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00map
links/early/darius/dariusmap490.jpg
Ms. Ramos
18
Persia threatens Greece
http//www.worldhistory.timemaps.com/images/500BC/
PersianEmpire.jpg
Ms. Ramos
19
490 B.C. Persians land _at_ Marathon
http//members.ozemail.com.au/ancientpersia/image
s/perwars.gif
  • Persia forced to retreat

Ms. Ramos
20
490 B.C. Persians land _at_ Marathon
Persia forced to retreat
Ms. Ramos
http//www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/Images2/Maps/Greek_d
omain_during_the_Perian_Wars.png
21
500 B.C.
  • Larger Persian army lands
  • Sparta Athens join to defend defeat Persia

http//www.tqnyc.org/2005/NYC051950//miritgreece_w
ars_files/persian20war.jpg
Ms. Ramos
22
501 B.C.
  • Greeks defeat Persians on Asia Minor
  • End of Persian threat

http//media.photobucket.com/image/persian20wars/
IanTheCool/170492_2.png
Ms. Ramos
23
Athens in Age of Pericles460-429 B.C.
Ms. Ramos
http//img.villagephotos.com/p/2005-8/1057949/p783
.jpg
24
http//www.ecusd7.org/ehs/ehsstaff/jparkin/Academi
cs/Ancient_World_History/Flowering_of_Civilization
s/4-Rise_of_Ancient_Greece/4-War_Glory__Decline/i
mg029.gif
Ms. Ramos
25
Political Life
  • Direct democracy
  • Believed all males should be involved in govt
  • Pays public office
  • Serve on juries

http//static.squidoo.com/resize/squidoo_images/25
0/draft_lens1295586module1779875photo_pericles2.jp
g
Ms. Ramos
26
Funeral Oration
  • Athenian pwr rests not of a minority but of the
    whole people
  • Rights duties of individual
  • Expression of democratic ideals

http//www.life.com/image/50704068
Ms. Ramos
27
3. Economic Cultural Life
  • Rebuilt Acropolis
  • Creates jobs
  • Reminds that gods favored Athenians

http//z.about.com/d/atheism/1/0/_/L/AthAcropResto
red-l.jpg
Ms. Ramos
28
4. Peloponnesian War
  • Athens v. Sparta
  • 27 yr fight
  • 404 B.C. Sparta captures Athens
  • End of democracy

https//clengwell.wikispaces.com/file/view/spartan
bottle.jpg
Ms. Ramos
29
Greek Philosophers
Ms. Ramos
http//cd7.e2bn.net/e2bn/leas/c99/schools/cd7/webs
ite/images/greek-philosophers-1.jpg
30
Moral Ethical Principles
  • Idea of goodness
  • Est standards of human behavior
  • Athens
  • ?? Accepted ideas
  • Success imp

http//www.idivamemphis.com/wp-content/uploads/200
8/04/tanorexic2.jpg
Ms. Ramos
31
Socrates Citizenship
  • What is the greatest good?
  • Socratic method
  • ?? challenge, examine ans threatened
    Athenian tradition

http//www.petemandik.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/
socrates.jpg
Ms. Ramos
32
  • _at_ 70 put on trial
  • Corrupt youth
  • Fail to respect gods
  • Condemned to death

http//www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/his/CoreArt/art/r
esourcesb/dav_soc.jpg
Ms. Ramos
33
Plato Reason
  • Reason, not the experience of the senses, leads
    to genuine knowledge
  • By rational thought, people can discover
    unchanging ethical principles, recognize their
    perfect beauty learn how to org society

http//madnessofart.com/wp-content/uploads/plato.j
pg
Distrust democ b/c killed Socrates
Ms. Ramos
34
  • state should regulate all aspect of lives
  • Ideal society divided into 3 classes workers,
    soldiers, philosophers
  • Ideal society divided based on a process of
    examination

Ms. Ramos
35
Plato, The Republic
  • At first, in the early days of his power, the
    tyrant is full of smiles . . . but later he is
    always stirring up some war or other, in order
    that the people may require a leader.

36
Aristotle Rule of Law
  • Govt by many
  • Suspicious of Democracy
  • Pro- constitutional govt by middle class- polity

http//masteroftheuniverse.files.wordpress.com/200
8/12/aristotle3.jpg
Ms. Ramos
37
  • City-state best natural form
  • Rulers must be subject to the law
  • golden mean moderate course btwn extremes
  • Reason is guiding force
  • Est Lyceum (study of all knowledge)

Ms. Ramos
38
Aristotle, Politics
  • Regarding a tyrant
  • . . . is just that arbitrary power of an
    individual which is responsible to no one, and
    governs all . . . with a view to its own
    advantage, not to that of its subjects, and
    therefore against their will.

39
Alexander Hellenistic Age
http//dor.huji.ac.il/Images/Alexander.jpg
Ms. Ramos
40
Conquest of Persia
  • Alexander 20yrs w/ throne, sets to conquer Persia
  • 334-327 B.C. Mediterranean Sea- Middle
    East-Central Asia- India

http//teacherportfolio.indstate.edu/jnorris/alexa
nder_the_great_webquest.htm
Alexander the Great
Ms. Ramos
41
http//www.forumancientcoins.com/Articles/Maps/ima
ges/Empires20Persia20and20Alexander.jpg
Ms. Ramos
42
Legacy of Alexander
  • Alexander dies, empire crumbles
  • Blends eastern western cultures
  • Citizens rule cities, governors manage, king
    ultimate control

Ms. Ramos
43
Stoicism
  • Avoid desires disappointment by accept what
    life brought
  • Preach moral standards (dignity equality) while
    unequal in society, morally equal b/c pwr of
    reason

Ms. Ramos
44
  • Rome emerges
  • 133 B.C. conquests in Asia Minor replaces
    Greece in Mediterranean
  • Greek Impact
  • Law, freedom, justice, govt

Ms. Ramos
45
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