Rebuilding Alabama - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Rebuilding Alabama PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 59cf14-MjQzZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Rebuilding Alabama

Description:

Title: Civil War & the Reconstruction Author: woods Last modified by: tara.green Created Date: 11/19/2004 1:17:04 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:110
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 55
Provided by: woo23
Learn more at: http://images.pcmac.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Rebuilding Alabama


1
Rebuilding Alabama
Presentation by Tara Green, 4th grade teacher
  • Chapter 6

2
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1
  • Think about a time when you and another person
    got into an argument. How did you resolve it? Did
    you ever regain your friendship?
  • TURN and TALK

3
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1
  • Think about a time when you and another person
    got into an argument. How did you resolve it? Did
    you ever regain your friendship?
  • Much like an argument you may have gotten in,
    the northern and southern states disagreed,
    physically fought, then eventually reunited. Even
    though the actual fight was overmany
    consequences followed. Though we may make up with
    our friends, there are always apologies that need
    to be made and trust must be earned back. This
    was the also the situation with Alabama becoming
    a part of the U.S. after the Civil War.

4
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1
  • The end of the Civil War brought many changes to
    Alabama, but the most dramatic was the end of
    slavery.
  • Before the war, almost half of the people in
    Alabama were in slavery. But after the war,
    everyone was free.
  • White Alabamians who had supported the Union were
    excited about a new and different state.

5
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Picking Up
the Pieces
  • No one knows for sure how many Alabamians died in
    the war, but 20,000 of the 90,000 that served
    never returned home. Another 20,000 came back
    wounded.
  • Alabamas economy was in terrible condition
    confederate money was worthless, large cities had
    been destroyed, many goods had not been available
    before the war, crops had not been planted,
    animals were lost, stolen, or eaten, and there
    were no slaves to work large farms and
    plantations.
  • There also wasnt much government. Local
    officials, judges, and sheriffs werent sure how
    much authority they had.

6
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Picking Up
the Pieces
  • President Lincoln announced his plan for
    Reconstruction (remaking the governments of the
    Confederate states so that they could be
    readmitted to the Union.
  • Lincolns plan nullify the Ordinance of
    Secession (cancel the succession), ratify the
    13th Amendment (to follow the law that ended
    slavery), swear an oath of loyalty to the United
    States though they could not vote, and promise to
    pay back any debts from the war.
  • April 14, 1865- John Wilkes Booth, who supported
    the southern cause, assassinated President
    Lincoln. He was shot while attending a play at
    Fords Theater in Washington D.C.
  • After Lincolns death, no one was sure if his
    plan for Reconstruction would ever go into
    effect, but Vice President Andrew Johnson
    announced that Lincolns plan would still be
    followed.

7
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Black
Alabamians and Reconstruction
  • During the Reconstruction, slaves began to find
    out what freedom meant, but needed help. Congress
    created Freedmens Bureau, which distributed food
    and clothing to former slaves as well as poor
    whites. It also opened school and found former
    slaves jobs.
  • Some northerners came to the south to make money.
    They came with their belongings in a suitcase
    made of carpet, so they were called
    carpetbaggers.
  • Many carpetbaggers came to invest money in the
    state and became good citizens, but others were
    dishonest.
  • Freedmen became allies with the white Alabamians
    that had opposed the war. They hoped that blacks
    would help them keep the wealthy planters form
    controlling the state government. These white
    Alabamians were known as scalawags.

8
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Politics
After the War
  • President Johnson appointed Lewis Parsons as
    governor. He took office in June 1865 and met to
    draw up a constitution that would allow Alabama
    to be readmitted into the Union.
  • 6 months later, Robert Patton was sworn into
    office as governor. Most Alabamians thought the
    state was reconstructed, but a group called the
    Radical Republicans believed that the southern
    states were still under the control of the
    Confederates that were not doing much to protect
    the freedmen.
  • To fix the problem, March 1867 the Radical
    Republicans passed the 1st Reconstruction Act
    that removed elected officials from office and
    placed the state under military rule.

9
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Politics
After the War
  • The act stated that black and white men who had
    not been leaders in the Confederate military
    would create a new constitution for the state. It
    had to be approved by US Congress.
  • Finally, the voters had to obey the 14th
    Amendment. This amendment made former slaves
    citizens if the United States.
  • October 1867-citizens (even freed men) voted on
    having a constitutional convention. The vote
    favored a convention and 18 blacks were a part of
    the 100 delegates elected.
  • This convention wrote the constitution of 1868.
    In this constitution, many northern ideas were
    express, women gained some rights, and it
    required that one fifth of all the states
    revenue() support public education.
  • ALABAMA RETURNED TO THE UNION!!!

10
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Freedom
and Politics
  • Congressmen could now be elected and sent to
    Washington D.C. to serve in the U.S. Congress.
    Some blacks were even voted into these positions.
  • James Thomas Rapier
  • -born November 13, 1837
  • -son of a free black barber
  • -educated in Canada lawyer
  • -came back to Al. to write for a northern
    newspaper
  • -became a successful cotton planter and got
    involved in politics
  • -served in the 1st Republican convention
  • -representative to the U.S. Congress

11
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Freedom
and Politics
  • Congressmen could now be elected and sent to
    Washington D.C. to serve in the U.S. Congress.
    Some blacks were even voted into these positions.
  • Jeremiah Haralson
  • -born April 1, 1846
  • -born into slavery
  • -educated himself minister
  • -moved to Al. and elected to state house of
    representatives and state senate and later
    worked for the federal government
  • -he must have felt the tug of adventure
    because he moved all around the southern
    states, then to Oklahoma, and then to Colorado
    where he was killed by wild beasts.

12
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Freedom
and Politics
  • Congressmen could now be elected and sent to
    Washington D.C. to serve in the U.S. Congress.
    Some blacks were even voted into these positions.
  • Benjamin Turner
  • -born 1825
  • -born into slavery in North Carolina
  • -he managed a hotel in Selma for his owner
  • -by the end of the Civil War, he had over
    10,000 in savings
  • -1870 he became the 1st black man from Alabama
    to be elected to Congress

13
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Review
Questions
  • About how many Alabamians died during the Civil
    War?
  • Who were the freedmen?
  • Name 2 requirements that Alabama had to meet to
    reenter the Union.
  • Why is the 13th Amendment important?
  • How did carpetbaggers get their name?

14
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1- Review
Answers
  • About 20,000 Alabamians died during the Civil
    War.
  • The freedmen were former slaves that now had
    their freedom.
  • Some requirements that Alabama had to meet to
    reenter the Union were ratify the 13th Amendment,
    swear an oath of loyalty, and pay back debts
  • The 13th Amendment is important because it
    outlawed slavery in the United States.
  • Carpetbaggers got their name because they came
    from the north to the south carrying all their
    belongings in a suitcase made of carpet.

15
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 1 Activity
  • In order for Alabama to be readmitted to the
    Union, they had to do many things. Discuss with
    your group the requirements the southern states
    had to meet in order to be readmitted to the
    Union. Think about all the consequences of the
    Civil War and the damage caused by the secession
    of the southern states.
  • 1. Fold a sheet of paper two times so that when
    unfolded, 3 columns are shown. Trace the columns
    with a pencil.
  • 2. Head your columns with the following headings
    Requirements I Agree With, Requirements I
    Disagree With, and Additional Requirements
  • 3. Requirements I Agree With - List the
    requirements that you agree should be met by the
    southern states before being readmitted to the
    Union.
  • 4.Requirements I Disagree With - List the
    requirements that you do not think should be met
    by the southern states before being readmitted to
    the Union.
  • 5.Additional Requirements List at least 2 other
    requirements that you feel should have been met
    before being readmitted to the Union.
  • Illustrate each column

16
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2A
  • 3-2-1
  • In your notebook complete the following
  • List 3 requirements Alabama had to meet to
    reenter the Union
  • List 2 problems that freedmen were now
    experiencing
  • List 1 word to describe the south during this
    time period

17
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 A- Land
Grant Colleges
  • Morrill Land-Grant Act was passed in 1862 to help
    support colleges that would prepare young people
    for practical careers like engineering,
    agriculture, and veterinary medicine.
  • The college at Auburn (AUBURN UNIVERSITY ?)-named
    Alabamas land grant college in 1872.
  • 1890- Agricultural and Mechanical College at
    Huntsville was given land grant funds
  • 1899-Tuskegee Institute (Tuskegee University)
    received land grant status

18
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 A- William
Savery Man of Vision
  • William Savery taught himself to read and write
    will doing his work as a slave carpenter
  • After the war, he continued his interest in
    education and began educating other former slaves
  • Attended a Freedmens Bureau convention in Mobile
    in 1865. He then decided to start a school in the
    home of David White.
  • They hired a young teacher and asked the
    Freedmens Bureau to get more teachers but he
    still wanted more
  • With the help of General Wager Swayne and the
    American Missionary Association, Savery bought an
    old white Baptist college (Oct. 1867)
  • A month later-140 students enrolled in the new
    Talladega College
  • He continued to work closely with the college
    until his death

19
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 A- The End
of Reconstruction
  • Many white Alabamians, former confederates and
    members of the Democratic Party, didnt agree
    with reconstruction
  • They didnt believe that slaves should have
    rights that were now taken away from their former
    masters, didnt like carpetbaggers holding high
    political offices, and they wanted things to
    return to the ways they were before the Civil
    War.
  • Some disagreed peacefully but others turned to
    violence.
  • Ku Klux Klan (KKK)-secret club that terrorized
    blacks and white Republicans to keep them from
    voting. They wore white robes, pointed hoods,
    masks, and rode around frightening, beating, and
    even killing these people.

20
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 A- William
Savery The End of Reconstruction
  • Many Alabamians did not agree with the ways of
    the KKK, it took an act of Congress in 1870 and
    federal troops to stop the violence they caused.
  • Klan activity decreased when Congress gave former
    Confederates the right to vote again.
  • 1874-Democrats elected George Houston as
    governor.
  • Over the next 3 years Union troops left the
    state, most carpetbaggers left, and scalawags had
    very little power.
  • Conservative white Democrats were now in control
    and Reconstruction was over.

21
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 A- William
Savery After Reconstruction
  • You may think things would have been different
    now that freedmen were allowed to vote, but white
    Democrats regained power because they could
    control the black vote.
  • The wealthy Democrats controlled the jobs of the
    freed slaves and white farmers because the freed
    slaves had no money to buy land and many of the
    white farmers had lost their property. Those who
    owned large plantations needed help working the
    land. Sharecropping then developed.

22
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 A- William
Savery After Reconstruction
  • Sharecropping-large landowners would give a
    sharecropper a place to live, seed, equipment,
    and anything else needed to make a crop.
  • The share cropper would then plant, harvest, and
    sell his crop giving a portion of the profit to
    the landowner
  • Tenant Farming was the same as sharecropping
    except they usually owned their own livestock and
    equipment
  • Children of a sharecropper helped with the crops,
    tended the farm animals, worked in the garden,
    and looked after siblings. They didnt have time
    to go to school because their family needed them
    to work on the farm.
  • Because the large land owners controlled the
    lives of the sharecroppers and tenant farmers,
    they had a lot of political power because they
    could influence how they voted.

23
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2A- Review
Questions
  • What was the Ku Klux Klan?
  • How did the Democrats gain control of the Alabama
    government?
  • What was life like for the child of a
    sharecropper?

24
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2A- Answers
  • The Ku Klux Klan was a secret club that
    terrorized blacks and white Republicans to keep
    them from voting.
  • The Democrats gained control of the Alabama
    government when the Confederates were given the
    right to vote, elected their candidate as
    governor, and sent out Union troops.
  • Children of a sharecropper helped with the crops,
    tended the farm animals, worked in the garden,
    and looked after siblings. They didnt have time
    to go to school because their family needed them
    to work on the farm.

25
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2A
  • If you were a freed slave or a poor white farmer
    in Alabama, what would you do or where would you
    go for help. Rememberyou and your family need
    things like food, shelter, education, and a way
    to earn money. Explain your thinking.
  • Turn and Talk
  • Be ready to discuss your thoughts with the rest
    of the class.

26
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2A
  • If you were a freed slave or a poor white farmer
    in Alabama, what would you do or where would you
    go for help. Rememberyou and your family need
    things like food, shelter, education, and a way
    to earn money. Explain your thinking.
  • Possible responses Freedmans Bureau, family
    members, sharecropping, tenant farming

27
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 B-
Villages, Towns, and Cities
  • Urban areas (city)-Men worked as store keepers,
    doctors, lawyers, and teachers.
  • They had public and private schools. There were
    school and they were in session longer because
    children didnt have to work. If families living
    in the country had money, then they sent their
    children to boarding schools.
  • Schools in town were better than those in rural
    areas (country).
  • Schools were segregated-separate schools for
    white and black. Schools attended by black
    children didnt receive as much money.

28
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 B-
Birmingham
  • Birmingham was known as a New South city of
    industry.
  • It was called the Magic City because it sprang
    suddenly from an old cornfield.
  • The closest town was Elyton and they didnt want
    a railroad to come through their town, so
    Birmingham began as a railroad crossroads.

29
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 B- Industry
and Transportation
  • Many Alabamians left the farms for towns and
    cities. Foreigners settled in the larger cities.
    Mobile and Birmingham had many immigrants living
    there.
  • Before the Civil War, Birmingham had not existed.
    During Reconstruction, people became interested
    in all its natural resources that were able to
    produce iron and steel (iron ore, limestone, and
    coal).
  • Work in Birmingham was plentiful and people came
    from all over the South as well as other
    countries to live there. Birmingham was on its
    way to becoming the largest and most diverse city
    in the state.

30
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 B- Railroads
  • Railroads were the main reason towns and cities
    grew during the years after the Reconstruction.
  • Railroads connected towns and offered access to
    places outside the state.
  • Dothan, Monroeville, Anniston, and Birmingham
    became major market centers because of the
    railroad.
  • They also allowed Alabama cotton and iron to be
    shipped overland to markets outside the state.
  • Alabama goods could now compete on the world
    market, which offered more jobs and opportunities
    to Alabamians.

31
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2 B- Cotton
Mill Towns
  • Cotton mills helped improve Alabamas economy.
    They were built close to where the cotton was
    grown.
  • Alabamas thread and cloth could be more cheaply
    produced in the state than in New England or
    Europe because mills were built close to where
    cotton was grown and wages were low.
  • These industries were usually located along a
    fall line, where waterpower was available.
  • Life for cotton mill families were a lot like the
    lives of sharecroppers. Everyone workedeven
    children. The owner of the mill provided housing
    and credit so workers could buy food, clothing,
    and other goods. Many owners built schools,
    churches, company stores, recreational halls, and
    medical clinics.
  • Many Alabamians wanted to live in cotton mill
    towns

32
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2B- Review
Questions
  • Name 3 kinds of schools common in Alabama after
    Reconstruction.
  • What was the main reason for the growth of many
    Alabama cities after the Civil War?
  • Where were most cotton mills located?

33
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 2B- Review
Questions
  • 3 kinds of schools common in Alabama after
    Reconstruction were public, private, and boarding
    schools.
  • Railroads were the main reason for the growth of
    many Alabama cities after the Civil War.
  • Most cotton mills were located along a fall line
    where cotton was grown.

34
Lesson 2 Activity
  • 1 Pager
  • Step 1 Your teacher will assign your group one
    of the following topics Freedmens Bureau, Ku
    Klux Klan, Sharecropping, Industry,
    Transportation, Schools, and Cotton Mill Towns.
    Your group will be an EXPERT group on this topic.
    Your job is to teach the class about your topic.
  • Step 2 In the middle of a sheet chart paper,
    you should illustrate a scene that involves your
    groups topic. Use your textbook pictures to
    guide you. Illustration must be true to the time
    period.
  • Step 2 Any where on the paper, write 5 words
    that you think are important in learning the
    information in this lesson. These words can be
    words used in the textbook.
  • Step 3 At the top of the page-write 3 facts
    about your topic you learned in the lesson. Be
    sure these facts are meaningful to this lesson on
    life in Alabama during the late 1800s.
  • Step 4 Answer the following question at the
    bottom of your paper by using the question as
    part of your answer
  • How is your life different/like a child living
    in Alabama during the late 1800s? Use details
    from the text to support your comparison.

35
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- Apaches in
Alabama
  • September 1886- Geronimo, an Apache war chief and
    500 other Apache Indians surrendered to General
    Miles in Arizona and were sent to Fort Pickens
    near Pensacola, Florida and others to old army
    barracks in Mount Vernon, Alabama.
  • They were not used to the rainy weather and the
    shortage of food and medicine.
  • Many died of Tuberculosis (TB)
  • After a while, things improved. Some of the men
    worked with local farmers and were able to row
    and buy better food.
  • 1894, the Apaches were moved to Oklahoma but
    conditions there were not much better.

36
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- The
Spanish American War
  • 1898-U.S. went to war with Spain. Cuba (a Spanish
    colony) was fighting for its independence.
    Americans wanted to help Cuba gain freedom so the
    U.S. sent a battleship, the Maine, to Cuba
  • While the Maine was in Havana Harbor it was
    blown up. April 1898, the U.S. declared war on
    Spain.
  • Many Alabamians wanted to fight in this war to
    prove their loyalty to the Unites States after
    all that had happened during the Civil War.

37
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- The
Spanish American War
  • Though not everyone who enlisted actually fought,
    many Alabamians did and became heroes.
  • Joseph Fighting Joe Wheeler
  • -a confederate general at 28
  • -an excellent officer in the Spanish-American
    War
  • -a symbol of southern loyalty to the U.S.

38
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- The
Spanish American War
  • Richmond Pearson Hobson
  • -a graduate of the U.S naval academy
  • -was captured during the war while bravely
    attempting to sink a boat and trap a Spanish
    fleet
  • -later served as a U.S. Congressman
  • -was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1933

39
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- The
Spanish American War
  • Dr. William Crawford Gorgas
  • -an army physician (doctor)
  • -was sent to Cuba where hundreds of soldiers
    were dying of yellow fever
  • -he concluded that yellow fever was carried by
    mosquitoes
  • -he was able to lower the cases of yellow fever
    by having oil sprayed on water where mosquitoes
    laid there eggs
  • -became the surgeon general of the United States

40
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- Annie
Wheeler The Angel of Santiago
  • Fighting Joe Wheelers daughter Annie made her
    own mark in the world.
  • She wanted to go to Cuba with her father to help
    the wounded soldiers but could not.
  • She eventually found her way to Cuba and worked
    with Clara Barton (founder of the Red Cross)
  • Because of her work with the soldiers, she was
    called the Angel of Santiago
  • She moved back home to Alabama when her father
    died in 1906.
  • She left home again during World War to serve in
    the Red Cross in England and France
  • She returned home and continued to care for the
    sick and needy until her death in 1955. Her home
    (Pond Springs) is open to visitors.

41
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- Alabama at
the End of the Century
  • 1888-1892 Farm prices were low and farmers were
    having a hard time paying their bills and taking
    care of their families.
  • Small farmers supported Reuben Kolb for governor
    because he was an agricultural reformer.
  • They founded a political party called the
    Populist Party because it stood for helping poor
    black and white farmers.
  • They were never able to elect Kolb

42
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- Alabama at
the End of the Century
  • Late 1890s- many Alabamians felt the future was
    bright cotton mills, steel mills, and mines were
    offering jobs, towns were growing, stores were
    opening, people talked of progress, and railroads
    were the link to other places.
  • Sadly, not everyone shared in this prosperity.
    Sharecroppers and mill workers were in debt and
    barely taking care of their families.
  • Alabamians remained in good spirits by fishing,
    hunting, playing baseball, going to church,
    attending company dinners, and celebrating the
    4th of July by having picnics, contests, and
    parades. Many children passed the time by playing
    hopscotch, marbles, and hide and seek. They also
    invented new games.
  • As the new century began, they looked forward
    with hope for a period of increased prosperity
    and progress.

43
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- Review
Questions
  • What happened to the Maine?
  • Name 2 heroes of the Spanish American War from
    Alabama.
  • What disease did William Crawford Gorgas help
    fight against?
  • At the end of the 1800s, what 3 industries
    offered new job opportunities to Alabamians?
  • Name 3 favorite activities of Alabama children
    during this time.

44
Chapter 6Rebuilding Alabama Lesson 3- Review
Questions
  • The Maine was blown up in the Havana Harbor.
  • 2 heroes of the Spanish American War from Alabama
    were Fighting Joe Wheeler and Richard Pearson
    Hobson.
  • William Crawford Gorgas helped fight against
    yellow fever.
  • At the end of the 1800s, the 3 industries that
    offered new job opportunities to Alabamians were
    cotton mills, steel mills, and mines.
  • 3 favorite activities of Alabama children during
    this time were marbles, hopscotch, and hide and
    seek.

45
Chapter 6 Activity
  • Venn Diagram
  • Step 1 On a sheet of chart paper, your group
    should compare and contrast Alabama before the
    Civil War (A), After the Civil War (B), and
    Alabama today (C) . Use as many details from the
    textbook as possible
  • Step 2 Answer the following question on your
    chart paper by using the question as part of your
    answer
  • Would you rather be an Alabamian before the
    Civil War, After the Civil War, or TODAY? Explain
    why you feel this way. Give many reasons to
    validate your opinion.
  • Extension On your chart paper, illustrate a day
    in Alabama during the late 1800s (during the
    Reconstruction).

46
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • mercantile

Relating to merchants and the goods they sell
47
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • carpetbagger

Northerners who came south after the war for
political or economic gain
48
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • scalawag

Southerners who supported Reconstruction in order
to take advantage of other Southerners
49
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • Freedmens Bureau

Distributed food and clothing to former slaves
50
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • Radical Republicans

A group that passed the 1st Reconstruction Act
51
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • sharecropper

A person who gave part of the proceeds of crop
sales to landowner in exchange for rent and seeds
52
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • Populist Party

Stood for helping poor white and black farmers
53
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • Market center

Locations in which goods are produced and/or
traded
54
Chapter 6 Vocabulary Review
  • speculator

People who engage in risky business ventures that
offer the chance of large profits
About PowerShow.com