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Folk and Popular Culture

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Title: Folk Versus Popular Culture Author: Michael Reed Last modified by: Ken and Lisa Keller Created Date: 11/21/2000 5:14:30 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Folk and Popular Culture


1
Folk and Popular Culture
Monster Energy Drink
Woman with Oxcart, Myanmar
2
Seoul, SK Nov 2009
3
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4
Beijing, China
5
Important Terms
  • Custom frequent repetition of an act until it
    becomes characteristic of a group of people..
  • Habit repetitive act performed by an
    individual.
  • Folk Culture traditionally practiced by a
    small, homogeneous, rural group living in
    relative isolation.
  • Popular Culture found in a large, heterogeneous
    society that shares certain habits despite
    differences in personal characteristics.
  • Material Culture the physical objects produced
    by a culture in order to meet its material needs
    food, clothing, shelter, arts, and recreation.
    Carl Sauer (Berkeley, 1930s 1970s).

6
  • Folk Culture rapidly changing and/or
    disappearing throughout much of the world.

Guatemalan Market
Portuguese Fishing Boat
Turkish Camel Market
7
Folk Culture
  • Stable and close knit
  • Usually a rural community
  • Tradition controls
  • Resistance to change
  • Buildings erected without architect or blueprint
    using locally available building materials
  • anonymous origins, diffuses slowly through
    migration. Develops over time.
  • Clustered distributions isolation/lack of
    interaction breed uniqueness and ties to physical
    environment.

8
FOLK ARCHITECTURE
  • Effects on Landscape usually of limited scale
    and scope.
  • Agricultural fields, terraces, grain storage
  • Dwellings historically created from local
    materials wood, brick, stone, skins often
    uniquely and traditionally arranged always
    functionally tied to physical environment.

9
FOLK ARCHITECTURE
10
FOLK FOOD
How did such differences develop?
11
U.S. House Types by Region
Fig. 4-1-1 Small towns in different regions of
the eastern U.S. have different combinations of
five main house types.
12
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13
North American Folk Culture Regions
14
Folk Culture and the Land
Terraced Rice Fields, Thailand
Hogan, Monument Valley, AZ
Cohokia Mounds, Illinois
15
Hog Production and Food Cultures
Fig. 4-6 Annual hog production is influenced by
religious taboos against pork consumption in
Islam and other religions. The highest production
is in China, which is largely Buddhist.
16
Taboo a restriction on behavior imposed by
social custom.Food Taboos Jews cant eat
animals that dont chew cud and have cloven feet
cant mix meat and milk, or eat fish lacking fins
or scales Muslims no pork Hindus no cows
(used for oxen during monsoon)
Washing Cow in Ganges
17
Popular Culture
  • Wide Distribution differences from place to
    place uncommon, more likely differences at one
    place over time.
  • Housing only small regional variations, more
    generally there are trends over time
  • Food franchises, cargo planes, superhighways and
    freezer trucks have eliminated much local
    variation. Limited variations in choice
    regionally, esp. with alcohol and snacks.
    Substantial variations by ethnicity.

18
Popular Culture
  • Clothing Jeans and other clothing have become
    valuable status symbols in many regions including
    Asia and Russia despite longstanding folk
    traditions.

19
Diffusion of TV, 19542005
Fig. 4-14 Television has diffused widely since
the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers
of TVs per population.
20
A Mental Map of Hip Hop
Fig. 4-3 This mental map places major hip hop
performers near other similar performers and in
the portion of the country where they performed.
21
Popular Culture
  • Effects on Landscape breeds homogenous,
    placeless (Relph, 1976), landscape
  • Complex network of roads and highways
  • Commercial Structures tend towards boxes
  • Dwellings may be aesthetically suggestive of
    older folk traditions
  • Planned and Gated Communities more and more
    common
  • Disconnect with landscape indoor swimming pools,
    desert surfing, indoor ski resort in Dubai.

22
Surfing in Tempe, Arizona Are places still tied
to local landscapes?
23
Ski Dubai?
24
McDonalds, Tokyo, Japan
Swimming Pool, West Edmonton Mall, Canada
McDonalds, Jerusalem
25
Problems with the Globalization of Culture
  • Often Destroys Folk Culture or preserves
    traditions as museum pieces or tourism gimmicks.
  • Mexican Mariachis Polynesian Navigators Cruise
    Line Simulations
  • Change in Traditional Roles and Values
    Polynesian weight problems

Satellite Television, Baja California
26
Problems with the Globalization of Popular Culture
  • Western Media Imperialism?
  • U.S., Britain, and Japan dominate worldwide
    media.
  • Glorified consumerism, violence, sexuality, and
    militarism?
  • U.S. (Networks and CNN) and British (BBC) news
    media provide/control the dissemination of
    information worldwide.
  • These networks are unlikely to focus or provide
    third world perspective on issues important in
    the LDCs.

27
Environmental Problems with Cultural Globalization
  • Accelerated Resource Use through Accelerated
    Consumption
  • Furs minx, lynx, jaguar, kangaroo, whale, sea
    otters (18th Century Russians) fed early fashion
    trends
  • Inefficient over-consumption of Meats, Poultry,
    even Fish by meat-eating pop cultures
  • Mineral Extraction for Machines, Plastics and
    Fuel
  • New Housing and associated energy and water use.
  • Golf courses use valuable water and destroy
    habitat worldwide.
  • Pollution waste from fuel generation and
    discarded products, plastics, marketing and
    packaging materials

28
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29
Urban Sprawl Progress?
http//www.geographyalltheway.com/igcse_geography/
imagesetc/urban_sprawl.gif
30
Theyre growing houses in the fields between the
towns.- John Gorka, Folk Singer
31
Beijing, China
Palm Springs, CA
32
Fiji
33
Marboloro Man in Egypt
34
Cultural IdentityRace and Ethnicity
  • Culture groups
  • Few or many characteristics (language, religion,
    race, food, etc.)
  • Subculture
  • Races
  • Single species
  • Secondary biological characteristics
  • Ethnic groups
  • Ethnocentrism

35
What race are these guys?
36
Race
  • Does not exist on a scientific level,despite
    influence of the idea.
  • Biological variation is real the order we
    impose on this variation by using the concept of
    race is not. Race is a product of the human mind,
    not of nature.
  • Based on a three category system developed in
    Europe in the 18th century caucasians,
    mongoloids, and blacks.
  • The truth is that there is very little
    fundamental genetic variety between humans and no
    way to tell where one category stops and another
    begins. Race is literally skin deep. There has
    not been enough time for much genetic variation.
    We do not have distinct races or subspecies.

37
Race in the U.S.
  • Genetic mixing is so common and complete that
    most geographers dismiss race as a category since
    it can not be clearly tied to place.

Rosa Parks
Japan Town, San Francisco, 1910
Dogs Used to Control Protestors, 1957
38
What is ethnicity? How is it different than race?
  • 1. identity with a group of people who share the
    cultural traditions of a particular homeland or
    hearth. Thus customs, cultural characteristics,
    language, common history, homeland, etc...
  • 2. a socially created system of rules about who
    belongs and who does not belong to a particular
    group based on actual or perceived commonality of
    origin, race, culture. This notion is clearly
    tied to place.

Armenian
Turkish
Puerto Rican
Kazakh
Thai
Chinese
Japanese
Mongolian
39
Nationalities and States
  • Nationality - legally it is a term encompassing
    all the citizens of a state, but most definitions
    refer now to an identity with a group of people
    who generally occupy a specific territory and
    bound together by a sense of unity arising from
    shared ethnicity, customs, belief, or legal
    status. Such unity rarely exists today within a
    state.
  • State - a politically organized territory that is
    administered by a sovereign government

40
Nationalism
  • Helps create national unity
  • Can be very dangerous
  • Can breed intolerance of difference and others
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