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Science Fair Projects

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Science Fair Projects Young Scientists Search the Unknown Oh No! What do I Do? What is a Science Project? What do I do First? How do I choose a topic? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Science Fair Projects


1
Science Fair Projects
  • Young Scientists Search the Unknown

2
Oh No! What do I Do?
  • What is a Science Project?
  • What do I do First?
  • How do I choose a topic?
  • Whats a experiment?
  • What do I do with all the information?

3
Importance of Science Projects?
  • Allows for a variety of learning styles
  • Real world application
  • Hand-on approach to learning
  • Encourages higher order thinking
  • Allows students to investigate what they are
    interested in
  • Students are responsible for their own learning
  • Cross- curricular

4
Scientific Method
  • The scientific method is a series of steps that
    are followed in order to accurately conduct a
    science experiment.
  • The steps are
  • Title
  • Question
  • Purpose
  • Hypothesis
  • Procedure
  • Materials, Step-by-Step Directions, Variables
  • Data
  • Results
  • Conclusion

5
Data Log
  • Before we begin talking about the scientific
    method, lets first discuss the most important
    piecethe data log. This is similar to a diary.
    Each day that you work on your experiment, you
    must record what you did and date it. You should
    also include any sketches, computations, scratch
    work, data, etc. within your data log. This
    should be in your own handwriting and must be
    turned in with your project.

6
Data Log Example
7
Breakdown of the Scientific Method
Question Before you can conduct an experiment,
you must be wondering about something. The
question is what you are trying to figure out and
what you will base your science project on. Many
times this will become the title of the project
as well. Example Will the incline of an
inclined plane affect the distance a matchbox car
will travel when let go from the top?
8

Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • Purpose
  • Tells why the investigation is being done.
  • It is written as a statement from the topic
    question.
  • Example The purpose of this experiment is to
    find out if increasing the incline of an inclined
    plane will cause a matchbox car to travel a
    greater distance when I let it go from the top.

9
Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • Hypothesis
  • This is an I think statement of what you think
    the outcome of the experiment will be based on
    research you have done.
  • Example I think that increasing the incline of
    an inclined plane will cause a matchbox car to
    travel a greater distance when I let it go from
    the top. I believe this because I have read
    that the higher/steeper an inclined plane is, the
    more gravitational pull/force will act on the
    object, which will increase speed.

10
Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • Procedure
  • Materials
  • This is a list of all the materials the
    students will need in order to complete their
    project. Materials should be multiplied by 5 for
    the 5 trials when necessary, and all amounts
    should be given using metric measurements

11
Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • Procedure
  • - Variables
  • Manipulated (Independent )
  • What is being changed in the experiment on
  • purpose. (What you are testing)
  • Responding (Dependent)
  • The measurable result of what is being
    changed in the experiment. (What you are
    measuring)
  • Held Constant
  • All the things that are kept the same or
  • controlled during the experiment.

12
Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • Procedure
  • - Step-by-step Directions
  • Write them clearly so someone else can follow
    them.
  • Be specific and not too lengthy.
  • Remember to indicate how many trials are
    necessary Example
  • Repeat steps 3-6 four more times
  • with each item being tested for a
  • total of five trials.

13
Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • The Data is kept in a chart or a table.
  • All the trials of the experiment must be
    indicated. (5 or more trials)
  • The data must be measured in Metric units for
    grades 3-5 (K in non-standard, 1st-2nd in
    Standard units)
  • All data must be collected according to the math
    skills of each grade level

Trials Inclined Plane Using 1 Block Inclined Plane Using 2 Blocks
Trial 1 25 cm 42 cm
Trial 2 26 cm 39 cm
Trial 3 23 cm 40 cm
Trial 4 25 cm 42 cm
Trial 5 24 cm 41 cm
Averages 24.6 cm 40.8 cm
14
Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • Results
  • Results should be displayed on a graph.
  • It is an organized way to display the data
    collected during the investigation.
  • There are two main types of graphs

15
  • 1. Bar Graphs- (most common type of graph)
  • Displays data that does not occur in a
    continuous manner
  • Ex. (Distance car traveled down
    an inclined plane)

16
  • 2. Line Graphs- Displays data that occurs in a
  • continuous manner
  • Ex. (Growth of a plant over a controlled
    period of time)

Plant Growth
Plant Height (cm)
Growth Period
17
Breakdown of the Scientific Method Continued
  • Conclusion
  • This should be a well written paragraph that sums
    up the findings of your experiment. You should
    restate the hypothesis within the conclusion and
    tell whether you were correct or incorrect. The
    conclusion should summarize your findings,
    explain any problems you encountered, and state
    if you would do anything differently if you were
    to do it again. It is to also include what you
    have learned and how you can apply what you
    learned in the real world.

18
Important Things To Remember
  • All measurements must be recorded in metric.
  • Five trials of the experiment must be conducted.
  • Pictures should be taken throughout the
    experiment and included in the completed project.
    Be sure not to photograph your face or anything
    that says your name or the school that you
    attend.

19
Different Ways To Display
  • Show board
  • PowerPoint
  • Typed in a project folder
  • Neatly handwritten in a project folder
  • Video

20
Showboard Examples
21
Extra! Extra! Research All
About It!
  • A Research Paper may be included and placed in a
    separate Research Folder.
  • Extra data, photos, and information may be
    included in the Research Folder.

22
Science is Everywhere!
http//www.pickinsplinters.com/2009/10/08/open-thr
ead-thursday-october-8th-2009/comment-7264
23
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