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TOOLKIT FOR Hazardous Materials Transportation Education


TOOLKIT FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION EDUCATION * * * * Module 8: Hazmat Transportation Workforce Development Issues * This work is sponsored by the U. S ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TOOLKIT FOR Hazardous Materials Transportation Education

TOOLKIT FOR Hazardous Materials Transportation
Module 8 Hazmat Transportation Workforce
Development Issues
This work is sponsored by the U. S. Department of
Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials
Safety Administration (PHMSA).  It was conducted
through the Hazardous Materials Cooperative
Research Program (HMCRP), which is administered
by the Transportation Research Board of the
National Academies.   Prepared by 3 Sigma
Consultants, LLC 909 Edenbridge Way, Nashville,
TN 37215
Learning Outcomes
  • At the end of this module students will be able
  • Recognize the challenges facing the development
    of the future workforce to address hazardous
    materials transportation issues.
  • Describe the career paths taken by those engaged
    in hazardous materials transportation.
  • 3. Identify potential actions to increase the
    supply of professionals in the hazardous
    materials transportation field.

  • Issues facing the future transportation workforce
  • Insights into the subset of workforce needs for
    hazardous materials transportation
  • Career pathways

Transportation Work Force Challenges
  • Demographic changes in the work force
  • Competitive labor market
  • New technologies
  • Demand on the transportation industry

Source NCHRP Report 685, Strategies to Attract
and Retain a Capable Transportation Workforce,
Demographic Changes
  • Aging workforce
  • Wave of baby boomer retirements
  • 30 of railroad workforce eligible for retirement
    in 5 years
  • More women pursuing careers in traditionally
    male-dominated fields
  • More ethnically diverse workforce
  • Changing perceptions of career paths and employee

Competitive Labor Market
  • Image of the industry
  • Perceived as dangerous
  • Low tech image
  • Working conditions
  • May require relocation
  • Unpredictable hours
  • Must be drug free
  • May require specialized certifications
  • Retention
  • Many workers seeking other opportunities

New Technologies
  • Field is not viewed as high tech
  • Yet, technology applications requires an advanced
    skill set

Demand on the Transportation Industry
  • Overall demand on the transportation system has
    increased by 20 in recent years
  • Employment projections indicate additional growth
    in the sector
  • BLS projects over 573,000 new freight
    transportation jobs over the decade 2010 to 2020,
    a growth of 22.1.

Source U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor
Statistics, 2012, Table 48-490, Transportation
and Warehousing.
Hazmat Transportation Employment Demand Indicators
  • The movement of hazardous materials through the
    U.S. transportation system represents almost 18
    percent of total tonnage for all freight
    shipments as measured by the Commodity Flow
    Survey (CFS).
  • Hazardous materials ton-mileage represents about
    10 percent of the CFS national total.
  • The value of hazmat shipments between 2002 and
    2007 more than doubled, from 660 billion to
    1,448 billion.
  • Implication At least 10 to 20 percent of freight
    jobs involve transport of hazmat.
  • Even occasional shipments of hazmat require
    trained personnel.

Source 2007 Commodity Flow Survey, Bureau of
Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of
Transportation, 2011.
Hazmat Transportation Employment Demand Indicators
  • Tank Car Demand
  • The lack of a pipeline from the Bakken Shale
    formation has prompted greater demand for tank
    cars to transport the oil.
  • Tank car demand has also been bolstered by
    continued strength in ethanol production.
  • Tank Barge Demand
  • A marine carrier sees rising interest in moving
    domestic crude by waterborne vessels as domestic
    shale oil production increases.

Sources Railway Age, Feb. 1, 2012 and Reuters,
October 25, 2012.
Focused Challenges in Hazardous Materials
Transportation Career Development
  • No one single career preparation path
  • The individual with hazmat transportation
    responsibility may also have other duties within
    the company.
  • Promotion to the position is most often from

Career Preparation Paths
  • Railroad VP of Safety and Emergency Response
  • Degree in Education - Fire service Hazmat
    responsibility- many courses in emergency
    response training leader
  • Railroad Director of Hazardous Materials
  • BS in Engineering additional emergency response
    training certified locomotive engineer, active
    at a high level in professional organizations
  • Consultant
  • BS in Business background in logistics and
    supply chain involved in chemical industry
    Responsible Care program
  • Hazmat Instructor, Consultant and Author
  • Electronics and instrumentation training,
    military service, logistics manager, hazmat
    certification training, emergency management
  • Chemical Industry Hazmat Distribution Safety
  • BS in civil Engineering supply chain, warehouse
    management, and hazmat distribution safety

Multiple Responsibilities ofHAZMAT
Transportation Manager
  • Training
  • Logistics
  • Package design
  • Regulatory enforcement
  • Safety
  • Risk analysis
  • Emergency response
  • Represent company/industry on national committees

Typical Responsibilities of Hazmat Transportation
  • Assuring that all employees handling hazmat
    shipments are trained and properly certified
  • Implementing processes and procedures to insure
    that all federal and other regulations are
  • Be the primary point of contact for any issues or
    questions relating to hazmat transportation
  • Developing and implementing plans for incident

Alternative Career Paths in Hazardous Materials
  • Engineering
  • Environmental
  • Chemical
  • Civil and Environmental
  • Mechanical
  • Systems
  • Industrial
  • Environmental and Health Science
  • Chemistry
  • Business
  • Supply Chain and Logistics
  • Management/Business Administration
  • Information Science
  • Other (e.g., agriculture, construction, military)

How Do You Fill the Pipeline?
  • K-12
  • Community college
  • Undergraduate programs
  • Graduate programs
  • Professional development and continuing education
  • Retention and promotion

  • Encourage mathematics and science preparation by
    focusing on STEM (Science, Technology,
    Engineering and Mathematics) career
  • Develop materials aimed at K-12 level to provide
    students and parents basic information on
    hazardous materials transportation
  • Develop materials relating to chemistry,
    environmental, health science and transportation

Community College
  • Provide career guidance to highlight employment
    opportunities in engineering, chemistry,
    environmental science and transportation
  • Provide scholarships and internships

Undergraduate Programs
  • Include some coverage of hazardous materials
    transportation challenges in undergraduate
  • Host speakers or programs to inform students of
    career opportunities.
  • Provide scholarships and internships.

Graduate Programs
  • Offer courses or programs in hazardous materials
  • Develop a research program focused on hazardous
    materials transportation.
  • Provide scholarships and research funding

Retention and Promotion
  • This is key as most positions are filled from
    within organizations.
  • Offer education and training opportunities,
    specifically in areas such as transportation
    basics, environmental science, and chemistry.
  • Provide opportunities for professional growth and
  • Advanced degrees
  • Professional certification
  • Executive management training
  • Membership and involvement in professional

Key Takeaways
  • The volume of hazardous materials carried by the
    U.S. transportation network will continue to
  • The demand for qualified individuals to manage
    the flow of hazardous goods will continue to
  • Steps must be taken beginning at the K-12 level
    to expose individuals to responsibilities
    associated with hazmat material safety and
  • Educational programs should be available for post
    secondary students through graduate school to
    develop awareness, knowledge and skills related
    to hazmat transportation.
  • As most hazardous materials transportation
    positions are filled from within an organization,
    it is vital that organizations provide education
    and training opportunities to maintain knowledge
    levels and to support promotion and retention of
  • Given these diverse needs, a hazmat
    transportation curriculum tool kit that is
    comprehensive yet adaptable should be maintained
    and broadly disseminated.

Student Exercises
  • Prepare a job description along with required
    education and desired skills for the position of
    hazardous materials transportation manager for a
    major trucking company.
  • Develop an outline for a 15 minute talk to high
    school students on why it is important to have a
    knowledge of environmental science and chemistry
    if you are responsible for hazardous materials

Resources for Career Development Information
  • The Council on Safe Transportation of Hazardous
    Articles, Inc.,
  • Dangerous Goods Advisory Council,
  • Institute of Hazardous Materials Management,
  • American Chemical Society,
  • Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety
  • Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program
    (HMCRP), http//
  • Alliance of Hazardous Materials Professionals,

Resources for Support and Additional Learning
  • NCHRP Report 685, Strategies to Attract and
    Retain a Capable Transportation Workforce, 2011.
  • The Workforce Challenge, Transportation Research
    Board Special Report 175, 2003.
  • Employment Projections, U.S. Department of Labor,
    Bureau of Labor Statistics.
  • Blueprint for Success Enhancing the Image of
    the Hazardous Materials/Dangerous Good
    Professional, COSTHA, http//
  • Trends, Issues Careers in Hazardous Materials
    Transportation, Webinar sponsored by the American
    Public University, http//
  • Workforce Summit, Council of University
    Transportation Centers, April 24-26, 2012,
    Washington, D.C., http//