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Introduction to Green, High Performance Buildings

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Title: Introduction to Green, High Performance Buildings


1
Introduction to Green, High Performance Buildings
  • Lecture 3

2
Industry Response Green, High Performance
Buildings
  • What is Green Building? The creation and
    maintenance of a healthy built environment based
    on resource efficient and ecological principles.
  • Also referred to as High Performance buildings
  • And sometimes referred to as Sustainable
    Construction
  • Architects refer to the process as Ecological
    Design or Ecologically Sustainable Design.

3
Principles of Green Construction
  • 1. Minimize resource consumption (Conserve)
  • 2. Maximize resource reuse (Reuse)
  • 3. Use renewable or recyclable resources
    (Renew/Recycle)
  • 4. Protect the natural environment (Protect
    nature)
  • 5. Create a healthy, non-toxic human environment
    (Non-Toxics)
  • 6. Apply Life Cycle Cost Analysis (Economics)
  • 7. Pursue Quality in creating the built
    environment (Quality)

4
The Process
Principles
Phases
Deconstruction
Conserve Reuse Renew/Recycle Protect
Nature Non-Toxics Economics Quality
Maintenance
Operation
Use

Design
Development
Planning
Resources
Energy Water Materials
Land Biota
5
Green Buildings (1)
  • Energy
  • Passive Design energy, lighting, envelope (skin,
    windows, door)
  • Renewable energy solar HW, PV
  • High efficiency lighting, HVAC, transformers,
    appliances
  • Water
  • Low flow fixtures, greywater, rainwater
    harvesting, reclaimed water
  • Indoor Environmental Quality
  • Zero emission finishes, properly sized HVAC,
    attention to details (moisture control)

6
Green Buildings (2)
  • Materials
  • Zero emissions
  • Deconstructable, DFE
  • Renewable, Recyclable, Recycled Content, Reused
  • Landscaping
  • Native and adapted species, low water use
  • Construction Process
  • Low waste, protection of natural environment
  • Contracting Process
  • Based on performance

7
Greening Movement in Construction
  • The U.S. Green Building Council is the major US
    force in greening the built environment
  • LEED U.S. Green Building Rating System
  • NAHB chapters engaged in green building
  • New Urbanism and Sustainable Architecture are
    rapidly increasing in influence
  • Green Materials are becoming more prevalent
  • Energy efficiency is increasing
  • Healthy interior environments are critical

8
The U.S. Green Building Council
www.usgbc.org
9
US Green Home Builder Programs
Greater Atlanta HBA
10
Sustainable Forestry
11
Thomas Fisher, Architectural Design,
Charlottesville, VA
12
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13
City Programs
  • Austin, Texas A voluntary program that
    certifies green homes on a scale of one to four
    stars, with more stars being awarded to homes
    with more green features. The program also
    provides assistance to building professionals,
    such as architects, engineers, and builders, in
    exchange for offering and promoting green
    building practices.
  • Portland, Oregon An integrated,
    conservation-based effort to promote
    resource-efficient building and sustainable site
    design practices throughout the City.
    Coordinating the expertise and resources of six
    City bureaus, this intiative sets aggressive
    goals and recommends a carefully selected set of
    strategies to leverage local expertise and
    develop cost-effective solutions for builders,
    developers, and building owners and users.

14
State Programs
15
Federal Government
16
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17
National Park Service
18
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19
Rocky Mountain Institute Building
20
Darmstadt Passivhaus
21
De Montefort University
22
ING Bank, Amsterdam
23
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24
Raw Materials for an Earthship
25
Earthship under Construction
26
Shopping Center
27
Strip Mall
28
Green Building Materials
Hebel Block ACC
Truss Joist McMillan Engineered Lumber
29
Concluding Thoughts
  • Green building is a recent phenomenon and
    movement (1993 in the U.S.)
  • The main proponent in the U.S. is the USGBC which
    created the LEED standard
  • There is a rapidly emerging demand and market for
    green buildings and products and services that
    support this new direction for construction
  • Federal, state, and local governments are
    creating a good percentage of the demand.
  • The private sector is rapidly coming on board,
    especially software, telecommunications, and
    aircraft industries.
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