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Unit 9 The Diary of the Unknown Soldier

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Title: Unit 9 The Diary of the Unknown Soldier


1
Unit 9 The Diary of the Unknown Soldier
  • Lesson One

2
Overview
  • Pre-reading questions
  • New words expressions
  • Background information

3
Pre-reading Questions
  • What is war?
  • Why do people wage war?
  • What have wars brought us?
  • Is there such a thing as just war?
  • Have you ever seen any war films or read any war
    stories? What are they?
  • What is your attitude towards war?

4
What is war?
  • The root of the English word 'war', werra, is
    Frankish-German, meaning confusion, discord, or
    strife, and the verb werran meaning to confuse or
    perplex.
  • The Greek root of war is polemos, implying an
    aggressive controversy.

5
Why War?
  • Wars and revolutions and battles are due simply
    and solely to the body and its desires.
  • Plato
  • In every man, of course, a beast lies hidden-the
    beast of rage, the beast of lustful heat at the
    screams of the tortured victim, the beast of
    lawlessness let off the chain, the beast of
    diseases that follow on vice, gout, kidney
    disease, and so on.
  • Dostoyevsky

6
Quotations on War
  • We make war that we may live in peace.
    Aristotle
  • There never was a good war or a bad peace.
    Benjamin Franklin
  • They wrote in the old days that it is sweet and
    fitting to die for one's country. But in modern
    war, there is nothing sweet nor fitting in your
    dying. You will die like a dog for no good
    reason. Ernest Hemingway

7
50th World Press Photo 1st Prize Winner
  • A badly wounded soldier his bride

8
Words and Expressions
  • Turn to Page 120 and 121
  • Getting to know the meaning
  • Derivation
  • Expansion
  • Differentiation

9
Meaning Use
  • Princess Divine is a book ___________ the
    wonderful soul of Princess Diana.
  • He dedicated his first book to his mother.
  • (addressed to)

dedicated to
10
Meaning Use
  • __________ dirt are seen in the field.
  • Ive got s of work to do. (a lot of)

Piles of
11
Meaning Use
  • A lot of buildings were reduced to ________ by
    bombing.
  • Cf
  • Ruins
  • Wreckage

rubble
12
Meaning Use
  • He raked up the fallen leaves into a _______.
  • These s of rubble are grim reminders of war.

heap
13
Which word may best describe the background
picture?
  • bombard
  • The city was ed by federal forces.
  • Reporters ed the President with questions about
    his economic policy.

14
Meaning Use
  • What is an aftermath?
  • Millions died as an of war.
  • Food prices soared in the of the drought.
  • ltSyn.gt
  • consequences
  • after-effects
  • by-product

15
Meaning Use
  • Who would suffer the most in wars?
  • Civilians.
  • We demand an
  • end to the killing
  • of innocent s.
  • Thousands of
  • s are killed
  • during the war.

16
Meaning Use
Ammunition.
  • What is this?
  • How much did they shoot in training.
  • Whats this?
  • A rifle.

17
Meaning Use
  • There is a _________ basketball ring.
  • I saw them arranging
    a row of chairs to form
    a bed for the guest.
  • They gathered
    branches and grasses
    for a camp.

makeshift
18
Meaning Use
  • Where are the children having classes?
  • In a make-
  • shift class-
  • room.

19
Meaning Use
  • What is this? Its a _________ shovel.

scoop
  • This is an ice cream .

20
Meaning Use
  • The girl is walking under the grape trellis
    ______ with autumn breezes.
  • The sky was all with the setting sun.

aglow
21
Meaning Use
  • This is a swinging _______
  • silhouette.
  • The police found his at
    the bottom of the stairs.
  • The of the committee
    had a last meeting.
  • ??????????

corpse
22
Meaning Use
  • Which word may best describe this young man?
  • He is an __________.
  • What is a cavalryman?
  • A soldier who fights on horses or armored
    vehicles.

infantryman
23
Meaning Use
  • They wanted to bring down the government, but
    without s_________ ________.
  • The street was s______ with broken glass.
  • The house was e_______ in flames.
  • We saw the d_______ aircraft just before it
    crashed.

shedding
blood
strewn
engulfed
doomed
24
Meaning Use
  • Some students waked out of the examination room
    w____________ confidence and victory.
  • The lizard's tongue shot out and s__________ the
    fly.
  • Her visit came o_______________.
  • A tiny fishing boat was d______ slowly along.
  • The o___ are five to one on that horse.

with an air of
scooped up
out of the blue
drifting
odds
25
Meaning Use
  • The soldiers were well equipped with weapons and
    a__________.
  • His expression was g_____ when he told them they
    had lost their job.
  • I'm i_______ of his plan.
  • He was asleep before I t_____ him in.
  • He was hit by a falling tree and killed on the
    s____.

ammunition
grim
ignorant
tucked
spot
26
Word Derivation
N. hatred civilian spot
V.
A.
N. initial
V. err dedicate
A.
civilized
hate
spot
spotty spotted
hateful
civil
error
dedication
initial
initial
erroneous
dedicated
27
Word Derivation
N.
V. doom
A. ignorant valid
N. regiment pile
V. bombard
N. heap
V. vow drift
ignorance
validity
doom
validate
ignore
doomed
bombardment
regiment
pile
vow
drift
heap
28
Word Derivation
N.
V. strew tuck assume
A. grim adventurous tattered
N.
A. sensible
N. precaution suicide
strew
tuck
assumption
grimness
adventure
tatters
precautionary
suicidal
sensibility
29
Word Expansion
  • Corps ?
  • Division ?
  • Brigade ?
  • Regiment ?
  • Battalion ?
  • Company ?
  • Platoon ?
  • Aftermath ??
  • Aftereffect ??
  • Aftertaste ??
  • Afterglow ??
  • Afterthought ?????
  • Afterlife ??

30
Word Expansion
??
  • Civilian
  • Civil service
  • ????
  • Civil servant
  • ???
  • Civil law
  • Civil right
  • Civil war
  • Civil engineering
  • ????(?)
  • Ragtag ???
  • Zigzag ???
  • Wigwag ??????
  • Titbit/Tidbit ??

??
????
??
31
Major Military Ranks
Navy ?? Air Force ?? Army ?? Marines ?????
Fleet Admiral??/???? General ?? General ?? General ??
Commodore ?? Air Marshal?? Colonel ?? Colonel ??
Captain ?? Colonel ?? Major ?? Major ??
Lieutenant ?? Major ?? Captain?? Captain??
Officer ?? Captain ?? Lieutenant ?? Lieutenant ??
Seaman ?? Sergeant ?? Sergeant ?? Sergeant ??
32
Synonymic Pairs
  • Were leaving the house. Everything has been
    packed in boxes except a few odds and ends.
  • The closing down of unprofitable railway branches
    is part and parcel of the governments plan to
    save money.

33
Synonymic Pairs
  • Dont you think you can keep any secrets from us?
    We have ways and means of getting the information
    we need.
  • Despite the fact that the ship had passed through
    a virtual hurricane, all the passengers arrived
    at the port safe and sound.

34
Synonymic Pairs
  • About the time of twilight Mr. Dombey, grievously
    afflicted with aches and pains, was helped into
    his carriage.
  • Apart from fair wear and tear, the bicycle is in
    excellent condition.

35
Synonymic Pairs
  • Mary became high and mighty after she won the
    prize, and Joan would not go around with her any
    more.
  • He pushed and pulled with all his might and main
    but the door remained firmly closed.

36
Synonymic Pairs
  • The team was determined to win that last game by
    hook or by crook, and three players were put out
    of the game for fouling.
  • They arrive at our house bag and baggage at one
    oclock in the morning.

37
Differentiation
  • The book is dedicated to the authors husband.
  • Kate was still clinging to the wreckage of her
    failed marriage.
  • A heap of old clothes was lying in the corner.
  • They newspaper devotes two pages to comics.
    (????)

38
Differentiation
Debris the remains of sth, usu. large ????
Rubble broken stones or bricks ????
Wreckage the broken part of a destroyed thing ??
Ruins the remains of a building, usu an old
one ????
39
Differentiation
Pile usu. tidy collection usu. of the same
kind
Heap disorderly pile, not necessarily of the
same kind
Stack carefully arranged pile of the same size
and shape
40
Differentiation
  • Ignorant vs. Innocent
  • Many teenagers are surprisingly ignorant about
    current politics.
  • He was startled by their angry response to his
    _________ remark.
  • He is _________ of Sir Thomass death.
  • He was kept ________ of the facts.

innocent
innocent
ignorant
41
Differentiation
  • Assume vs. Presume
  • The hiker is presumed to be dead after missing
    for a week in the desert.
  • He ________ full responsibility for all
    organizational work.
  • Two of the miners went missing and are __________
    dead.
  • She ________ an injured air.

assumed
presumed
assumed
42
Differentiation
  • Sensible sensitive sentimental sensational
  • He was very sensitive about his scar and thought
    that everyone was staring at him.
  • These letter were kept for _________ reasons.
  • What do you think of the __________ headlines of
    todays newspaper?

sentimental
sensational
43
Lead-In
  • What do you know about the first and the second
    World War?
  • World War I
  • June 1914, the crown prince of Austria was
    assassinated in Sarajevo, which touched off the
    war.
  • The two belligerent parties were the Central
    Powers and the Entente.
  • ??? ???

44
Background
  • The First World War was in essence an _________
    war, which was unjust to both parties involved.
  • The First World War lasted for over __ years,
    which led to the weakening of the power of the
    imperialist countries and the success of the
    Socialist Revolution of October.

imperialist
4
45
Background
  • The Second World War was taking place between
    _____ and ______.
  • It is a war of unprecedented size throughout the
    whole world between Fascist powers, the Axis
    countries, and the __________ powers, the Allies.
  • There were as many as ____ countries involved in
    WWII, with the flames of war burning in Asia,
    Europe and Africa.

1939
1945
anti-Fascist
61
46
There is an angel to stimulate human civilization
as well as a devil to destroy it.
  • Thank you!

47
Lesson 2 Overview
  • Word review
  • Text analysis
  • Comprehension
  • Language points
  • Sentence highlights

48
Word Review
dubbed
  • He was d______ Shorty because of his size.
  • The hunter steadied his r___ and fired.
  • Her face was a______ as she met him.
  • The flames quickly spread and e_____ their home.
  • The refugees had been living in m_______ tent for
    a year.

rifle
aglow
engulf
makeshift
49
Word Review
tucked
  • The hen t______ her head under her wing.
  • Shells of all shapes and sizes s_____ the long
    narrow beach.
  • To e___ is human, to forgive divine.
  • She regarded her critics as i_______ and
    prejudiced.
  • The horse was running at o____ of ten to one.

strew
err
ignorant
odds
50
Word Review
  • All tyranny is _______ (hatred) to us.
  • __________ (ignorant) about AIDS is rampant.
  • The report was based on an ________ (err)
    _____________ (assume).
  • Fuel was spilling out of the damaged wing and the
    aircraft was ________ (doom).

hateful
Ignorance
erroneous
assumption
doomed
51
Lead-In
  • What is a diary?
  • a book in which
    you write down
    the things that

    happen to you
    each day
  • What are the
  • features of a
  • diary?

52
Lead-In
kept
  • Inge ______ a diary during the war years.
  • A diary is divided into different ______.
  • A _______ is a
    person who
    writes a diary,
    especially one
    that is later

    published.

(wrote in a diary)
entries
diarist
53
Comprehension
  • When and where was the diary written?
  • What was the author supposed to do there?
  • What can you infer about
  • the author?
  • What does the first entry
  • mainly tell us?

54
A Global Picture
  • This story is dedicated to all of the unknown
    soldiers who died while trying to protect the
    lives of the innocent.
  • It shows us what happened in three different days
    according to the soldiers diary.
  • This passage is divided into three parts
    (entries).

55
Comprehension
  • When was the first entry written?
  • November 24, 1943.
  • What does the first paragraph mainly tell us?
  • A contrast between what the author saw in the
    battlefield and what he and his fellow soldiers
    had expected before they joined in the war.

56
Comprehension
  • What is the second paragraph about?
  • A description of the enemys air raid before he
    wrote this entry. (A flashback)
  • What is the main idea of paragraph 3 and 4?
  • The aftermath of the bombing and his longing for
    his family.

57
Language Points
  • with an air of (para. 1)
  • He leaned towards Jessica with an of great
    confidentiality.
  • He came into the room with an of importance.
  • He listened to my story with an of growing
    disbelief.
  • He explained the procedure with the weary of a
    man who had explained it many times before.

58
Language Points
  • ache (para.1) feel a not violent but continuous
    suffering
  • My legs d from the previous days exercise.
  • stare into (para.1)
  • She was just sitting there, staring into space.
  • Chuck sat quietly for hours staring into the
    distance, thinking of what might have been.

59
Language Points
  • a one-way ticket (para.1)
  • Human beings pursuit of nuclear arsenal will
    prove to be a ticket to self-destruction.
  • How much is a ticket to New York?
  • A round-trip ticket to New York will cost you
    1500.
  • assign (para.1)
  • You have been ed the task of keeping the records
    up to date.

60
Sentence Highlight
  • If it would have been some strangers corpses
    that I had seen I might have taken it lighter.
    (para.1)
  • I might have felt less sad.
  • Couldnt those men see that what they received
    was a one-way ticket to death.(para.1)
  • they were doomed to die.

61
Note D-Day (para.1)
  • The day (6th June,
    1944) in WWII on
    which
    Allied forces
    invaded northern
    France by means of
    beach landings in
    Normandy, under
    the command of

    General Eisenhower.
  • ???????

62
D-Day Illustrations
  • Allies Britain, USSR, the US

63
Other Definitions of D-Day
  • (2) a day which an important operation or planned
    action is to begin ???????
  • e.g. So, today is D-Day then?
  • (3) Decimal Day 1972 marked the year when
    decimal (based on the number 10) system was
    introduced in Britain ????????
  • (4) day of demobilization the day when
    soldiers are allowed to leave military service,
    usu at the end of a war ?????

64
Language Points
  • Out of the blue (para.2) all of a sudden
  • The job had been offered to her out of the blue.
  • I was pleasantly surprised to see an old friend
    who appeared at the party out of the blue.
  • makeshift (para.2)
  • Thousands of refugees are living in campus.
  • A few cushions formed a bed.

65
Language Points
  • Trench
  • Fighter plane

66
Sentence Highlight
  • I was suddenly knocked into a trench and able to
    be undetected by (para.2)
  • I was suddenly thrown into a trench by a great
    force and thus avoided being discovered by

67
Language Points
  • come to (para.3)
  • Your mother hasnt yet to/round/around from the
    anaesthetic.
  • She fainted, and it was half an hour before she
    came to again.
  • scoop up (para.3) to take up or out
  • When the policeman arrived the traders ed up
    their watches and jewellery and ran off.
  • He ed up the little boy and ran from the fire.

68
Language Points
  • a sea of blood (para.3)
  • The actor looked out from the stage onto a of
    faces.
  • Suddenly the whole room broke into a of
    shouting, as they saw me rise.
  • Note a metaphor is used to describe the scene
    more vividly
  • a torrent of anger
  • a mountain of books.

69
Language Points
  • ? a drift of thought
  • spot (para.4)
  • If you any mistakes in the article, just mark
    them with a pencil.
  • The police ted him driving a stolen car.

70
Sentence Highlight
  • I hope the garden that they planted is growing.
    (para.3)
  • I hope those things they planted in the garden
    are growing.
  • Note when the name of one thing is substituted
    for that of another with which it is closely
    associated, it is called metonymy.
  • When the war was over, he laid down the sword and
    took up the pen.

71
Sentence Highlight
  • Oh, how I wish I could see my darling daughters!
    (para.3)
  • All I ask is that I be alive when this ends.
    (para.4)
  • Why does the author use subjunctive mood in these
    two sentences?
  • He has doubt about whether he could survive or
    not. In fact the narrow escape made him aware of
    the real possibility that he would be killed any
    moment.

72
Comprehension
  • What are the points illustrated in the first
    paragraph of the second entry?
  • There are three points
  • The authors remarks on the validity of war
    (Sentence1-4)
  • his grim situation at that time (S5-9)
  • those dead soldiers and their families

73
Comprehension
  • What is the second paragraph mainly about?
  • The authors strong passions
  • his affection for his family (daughters)
  • his rage for selfish and ignorant killing and
    destruction
  • his attitude to war not caring about each other
    is more cruel than killing on the battle field
    (last sentence)

74
The Second Entry
  • His reflections on war, interwoven with
    description of his grim situation in a small
    European town
  • Facts they are staying at the town, without food
    and ammunition when the Nazi troops are coming
  • Reflection war creates more problems, and Even
    one war is too many

75
Note Ration
  • Ration is a share of food, petrol etc. allowed to
    one person for a period, esp during a war or at a
    time of short supply. ???????
  • The soldiers
  • were given
  • their s (of
  • food).

76
Note K-rations (para.1)
  • In WW2, the US
  • armed forces had
  • K-ration as an
  • emergency military
  • ration for use under
  • combat condition,
  • consisting of three separate package meals each
    day. Another ration is called C-ration which is
    canned ration (food or water) used in the field.

77
Note Axis powers (para.1)
  • The alliance of Germany
  • and Italy formed before
  • and during the WW2,
  • later extended to include
  • Japan and other
  • countries.???
  • ? Adolf Hitler (1889-1945)

78
Language Points
  • run (para.1) pass into a condition
  • Our supply of coal is ning low.
  • The reservoir ran dry.
  • Were beginning to short of money.
  • Money is beginning to short.
  • Differences between the two sides deep.
  • Since their parents divorced those children have
    been ning wild.

79
Language Points
  • have it that (para.1)
  • Word has it that shes married several years ago.
    (it is said that)
  • Legend has it that all the world is a stage.
  • Rumor has it that he was killed in a raid in the
    local area. ?????????????????
  • Report has it that the beetles have now virtually
    disappeared.

80
Language Points
  • odds (para.1) the probability that something
    will or will not happen
  • The are that she will get the nomination on the
    first ballot.
  • The are against us in the match because our
    best player is ill.
  • shed blood (para.1) to cause wounding or, esp.
    killing
  • They wanted to bring down the government, but
    without ding blood.

81
Sentence Highlight
  • My situation is grim and the odds of winning, or
    even surviving, seem unlikely. (para.1)
  • My situation is worrying and the chance of
    winning, or even surviving, is very slim.
  • More blood has been shed and my body simply
    cannot take it. (para.1)
  • I am unable to make myself believe and accept
    that so many people have been killed.

82
Sentence Highlight
  • Turmoil (para.1) a state of great disturbance,
    confusion or uncertainty
  • The country was in .
  • it will make the children feel like their
    fathers made a difference. (pa.1)
  • it will make the children understand that their
    fathers contributed greatly to the world by
    laying down their lives.

83
Language Points
  • Ragtag group of soldiers (para.2)
  • a group of soldiers who are untidy, disorganized
    or incongruously varied in character
  • Ragtag and
  • bobtail ??
  • ??

84
Language Points
  • Warfare (para.2) ltUgt engagement in or the
    activities involved in war or conflict
  • Take precaution (para.2) to do everything that
    is necessary to avoid danger or risk
  • The accident would never have occurred if they
    had n precaution.
  • We have n all the precautions we can against the
    painting being stolen.

85
Language Points
  • fall apart (para.2)
  • You look like youre going to apart.
  • When she learned of her mothers death, she fell
    apart immediately.
  • strike a note (para.2)
  • His new book strikes a warning against
    government overspending.
  • His speech struck just the right .

86
Language Points
  • strike anote to express the stated feeling or
    message to express a particular feeling or
    attitude
  • strike a happy/cheerful/cautious note
  • strike a balance (between something)
  • strike it rich to suddenly make a lot of money
  • strike home if something that you say strikes
    home, it has exactly the effect on someone that
    you intended

87
Language Points
  • Enrage (para.2)
  • He was d by the murder of his brother that he
    decided to find the killer himself.
  • All the Chinese are d by Sharon Stones ignorant
    remark on Wenchuan earthquake.
  • Adams refusal to work overtime d his boss.
  • no excuse for (para.2)
  • There is no for that sort of behavior.
  • He had no for being so late.

88
Language Points
  • Strew (para.2) to scatter things around a large
    area
  • The table was strewn with books and papers.
  • The year was strewn with numerous pitfalls.
  • ?????????
  • Tattered (para.2) badly torn
  • He produced a tattered envelope from his pocket.
  • There was an old woman in clothes.
  • Her clothes were in tatters.

?????????
89
Sentence Highlights
  • I fell apart inside and broke into tears.
    (para.2)
  • I was emotionally disturbed (I missed my family
    so much) and broke out crying.
  • A saying I once heard strikes a painful note in
    my head, Even one war is too many. (para. 2)
  • I suddenly recalled a saying I once heard that
    made me very painful, We cant afford even one
    war.

90
Sentence Highlights
  • The person who said it had a valid point.
    (para.2)
  • The person who said it spoke the truth.
  • Never have I been so enraged at my fellowman.
    (para.2)
  • I have never been so enraged at any person as I
    am now at this man.

91
Comprehension
  • When and under what circumstance do you think the
    last entry was written?
  • Possibly written before the author was killed by
    the Nazi soldier who was inspecting the trench.
  • What is this entry about?
  • It is like picture-taking with the focus shifting
    from the approaching death on the battlefield to
    the authors envisioned peace at home.

92
Comprehension
  • Look at these snapshots
  • Nazi troops invasion into their location
  • the authors vision of lying in his own bed at
    home, waiting for Christmas
  • his feeling of being close to death
  • his vision of his daughters at home
  • a Nazi soldiers footsteps coming in his
    direction
  • his last wish to get his diary back home

93
(No Transcript)
94
Comprehension
  • What is the authors last question? What does
    that last word mean?
  • Why?
  • Why do human beings start this mad war?
  • Why should I join the war?
  • Why must I be killed before I return to my home?
  • The author is questioning the sensibility of war.
    This entry ends abruptly possibly with the end of
    his life.

95
Language Points
  • surface (entry 3) ltv.gt
  • Doubts are beginning to about whether the right
    decision has been made.
  • A rumor has d that the company is about to get
    out of business.
  • like mad (entry 3)
  • Shes been saving like because she wants to buy
    a car.
  • I had to run like to catch the bus.

96
Language Points
  • Fiery (entry 3)
  • The leaves have turned red in autumn. (very
    red or orange, and looking like fire)
  • He has a temper. (becoming angry or excited
    very quickly)
  • His speech ignited the audience. (showing or
    encouraging anger or excitement)
  • This dish has a taste. (very strong, making
    part of your body feel hot ??)

97
Language Points
  • Engulf (entry 3)
  • The flames rapidly ed the house.
  • Northern areas of the country were ed by/in a
    snowstorm last night.
  • The war is threatening to the entire region.
  • Panicking (entry 3) ltv.gt
  • The crowd panicked and stampeded for the exit.
  • He ran to the library in a blind panic. ltn.gt
  • Cf Movie traffic flows towards that street. ltn.gt
  • Rumor has it that he trafficked in cocaine. ltv.gt

98
Language Points
  • aglow (entry 3) having a soft light, or a
    strong, warm colour
  • The evening sky was still .
  • Linda's face was with happiness.
  • Inspect (entry 3) to examine
  • They ed the paintwork for cracks and flaws.
  • Customs officers came aboard to our documents.

99
Language Points
  • shells (entry 3)?
  • clear away
  • (closing remarks)
  • I want you to all
  • these toys away
  • before bedtime.
  • He ed away and made coffee.

100
Language Points
  • Doom (closing remarks) to make someone or
    something certain to fail, die, be destroyed etc
  • Many species are ed to extinction.
  • The plan was ed from the start.
  • We are all ed to die in the end.
  • doom and gloom when there seems to be no hope
    for the future

101
Language Points
  • The doomed battle site (closing remarks)
  • A site is an area of ground on which a building
    or monument is constructed.
  • We visited the site of the Battle of the Waterloo
    yesterday. ???????
  • My hiding spot (entry 3)a particular place or
    area
  • A spot is a particular place or point.
  • This is the spot where the accident happened.

102
The pioneers of a warless world are the youth
that refuse military service. Albert Einstein
  • Thank you!

103
Lesson 3 Overview
  • Duty report
  • Paraphrase word review
  • Translation exercises
  • Passage dictation
  • Oral activities

104
Duty Report
  • Survey on Diary
  • Metonymy
  • Adolf Hitler

105
Metonymy a change of name
  • He was not the man who let his heart rule his
    head.
  • He reads Shakespeare.
  • Would you care for a cup of Longjing?
  • I saw him out with a skirt.
  • Our Sony worked well.

heart for feelings head for sanity
the works of Shakespeare
Longjing tea
a woman
a Sony product
106
Synecdoche
  • Great minds think alike.
  • My TV is out of order.
  • All the wit and learning of the world were
    assembled there.
  • (the wise and learned scholars)
  • There is a mixture of the tiger and the ape in
    the character of a Frenchman.
  • (the tigerferocity the apeshrewdness)

minds people
TV part of TV
107
Allusion ??
  • These audiences have been joined by the Pepsi
    Generation, which sees but does not believe.
  • ???????????????????,?????????????
  • If I am late again, the boss will raise Cain.
  • ??????,??????????

108
Antonomasia ??
  • He is the Soloman of his age.
  • ?????????
  • His Waterloo is a woman.
  • ????????????
  • Our village Hercules has come.
  • ??????????
  • He is Sherlock Holmes the second.
  • ?????????

109
Paraphrase the underlined part.
  • If it would have been some strangers corpses
    that I had seen I might have taken it lighter.
    (Entry 1)
  • I might have felt less sad.
  • Couldnt those men see that what they received
    was a one-way ticket to death.(Entry 1)
  • they were doomed to die.

110
Paraphrase the underlined part.
  • I was suddenly knocked into a trench and able to
    be undetected by (Entry 1)
  • I was suddenly thrown into a trench by a great
    force and thus avoided being discovered by
  • I hope the garden that they planted is growing.
    (Entry 1)
  • I hope those things they planted in the garden
    are growing.

111
Paraphrase the underlined part.
  • My situation is grim and the odds of winning, or
    even surviving, seem unlikely. (Entry 2)
  • My situation is worrying and the chance of
    winning, or even surviving, is very slim.
  • More blood has been shed and my body simply
    cannot take it. (Entry 2)
  • I am unable to make myself believe and accept
    that so many people have been killed.

112
Paraphrase the underlined part.
  • it will make the children feel like their
    fathers made a difference. (Entry 2)
  • it will make the children understand that their
    fathers contributed greatly to the world by
    laying down their lives.
  • I fell apart inside and broke into tears.
    (para.2)
  • I was emotionally disturbed (I missed my family
    so much) and broke out crying.

113
Paraphrase the underlined part.
  • A saying I once heard strikes a painful note in
    my head, Even one war is too many. (Entry 2)
  • I suddenly recalled a saying I once heard that
    made me very painful, We cant afford even one
    war.
  • The person who said it had a valid point. (Entry
    2)
  • The person who said it spoke the truth.

114
Paraphrase the underlined part.
  • Never have I been so enraged at my fellowman.
    (Entry 2)
  • I have never been so enraged at any person as I
    am now at this man.
  • I think we have a spy in our regiment because the
    nightmare has surfaced again. (Entry 3)
  • has appeared again.

115
Word Idiom Review
  • The o____ against being killed in a plane crash
    are very high.
  • The fake painting was s______ by a New York art
    dealer.
  • Our supply of coal is r______ low.
  • Completely o__ __ _____, she got a letter from
    her long-lost cousin in New York.

odds
spotted
running
out of blue
116
Word Review
  • If you refuse to provide any information of the
    user, then your computer program is d______ to
    failure.
  • An almost unbearable loneliness e_______ her.
  • C______ are strictly forbidden from entering that
    area.
  • Food prices soared in the a_______ of the drought.

doomed
engulfed
Civilians
aftermath
117
Replace the underlined word with a synonym
learned in Unit 9.
  • The flowers were sent by an anonymous admirer.
  • What are the probability of finding a parking
    space right outside the door?
  • The court found him guiltless and he was
    released.
  • The front room was scattered with books and
    clothes

unknown
odds
innocent
strewn
118
Replace the underlined word with a synonym
learned in Unit 9.
  • Famine was the immediate result of the drought.
  • The refugees slept in temporary tents at the side
    of the road.
  • The dead body was found by children playing in
    the woods.
  • He was unaware of the hidden dangers.
  • Her expression was serious and unpleasant.

aftermath
makeshift
corpse
ignorant
grim
119
Word Derivation
  • It was all the fault of that ______ (hate) man!
  • It was difficult to return to _______(civil) life
    after ten years in the military.
  • The flat is ________(gulf) in flames.
  • Dr Subroto questioned the scientific __________
    (assume) on which the global warming theory is
    based.
  • The night skies will be _____ (glow) with
    fireworks.

hateful
civilian
engulfed
assumption
aglow
120
Word Derivation
  • I've been __________ (bomb) by the press and
    television since I came back from Norway.
  • It is better to ___ (error) on the side of mercy.
  • I admire his ________ (dedicate) to the job.
  • Such things should not be allowed to happen in a
    _______ (civilian) society.

bombarded
err
?????????
dedication
civilized
121
Complete the sentence with an idiom learned in
Unit 9.
  • He regarded her ___ __ __ __ amusement.
  • Vets ___ _________ to prevent the spread of the
    disease.
  • A long-unseen friend appeared __ __ ___ _____ at
    her wedding ceremony.
  • She bent down and ______ __ the little dog.
  • Exercise has ____ _ ________in her health.
  • R____ __ __ that Jean's getting married again.

with an air of
took precautions
out of the
blue
scooped up
made a difference
Rumor has it
122
Complete the sentence with an idiom learned in
Unit 9.
  • Smoking is _ ______ _____ to doom and is probably
    the most important single preventable cause of
    heart disease.
  • Before his first round of discussions, Mr. Baker
    s___________ __ optimistic ____.
  • Too much ______ has already been _____ in this
    conflict.
  • She was e_____ __ his stupidity.

a one-way ticket
struck/sounded an
note
blood
shed
enraged at
123
Sentence Translation
  • He was assigned to a succession of low-profile
    army jobs.
  • Hudson had assigned a detective to case the
    pawn-brokers(????).
  • The company commander(??) assigned me to stand
    guard.
  • ???????????????????
  • ???????????????????
  • ????????

124
Sentence Translation
  • Before each debate, he is expected to engage in
    mock debate.
  • He has engaged a lawyer to argue his case in
    court.
  • ???????,??????
  • ??????????
  • ????????,??????????
  • ?????????????????
  • Engaged in conversation, they did not see me.
  • He engaged me to manage his money.

125
Sentence Translation
  • She scooped up the money John had left the desk.
  • ???????????
  • The boy picked up the pebbles with a scoop of his
    hand.
  • ????????????
  • ??????????????
  • He scooped his books up off the floor.
  • ??????????????
  • The woman scooped the baby out of its cot/crib.

126
Sentence Translation
  • He took the precaution of swallowing two sea
    sickness tablets.
  • It makes a world of difference whether
    precautions are taken or not.
  • ??????,???????????????
  • ??????????????
  • ???????????????
  • Staff are expected to take reasonable precautions
    for their own safety.

127
Sentence Translation
  • In their efforts to reduce crime the government
    expanded the police force.
  • ????,?????150????
  • The UN General Secretary flew to Iran in an
    effort to save the peace talk.
  • ????,???????????
  • ????????????
  • The company has laid off 150 workers in an effort
    to save money.
  • ????????????????
  • She's jogging round the park every morning in an
    to lose weight.

128
Sentence Translation
  • When you are learning to drive, having a good
    teacher makes a big difference.
  • Putting up some new wallpaper has made all the
    difference to the room
  • ????????,????????,????????
  • ????????,????????????
  • ????????????????
  • I hate the house but the new furniture made all
    the difference.

129
Sentence Translation
  • Rumor has it that Jean's getting married again.
  • Rumor has it (that) youre going to be the next
    managing director(????). Is it true?
  • ????????????
  • ??????????
  • ??????????
  • ?????????????????,?????
  • Rumor has it that she is having an affair with
    the general manager.
  • Rumor has it that he was sacked from his last job.

130
Sentence Translation
  • His resignation came right out of the .
  • Her mother's death came as a bolt out of the .
  • One day, out of the , the actress announced that
    she was going to marry the director.
  • ?????????
  • ???????????
  • ?????????????????
  • ??,????????????????
  • She phoned me out of the blue.

131
Translation (Page 125)
  • ??????,??????(scoop up)
  • He ed up the little boy and ran from the fire.
  • ?????????????????(assign)
  • The boss ed me to check the quality of all the
    goods leaving the factory.

132
Translation (Page 125)
  • ????????????????????(take precautions)
  • We have taken all the s we can against the
    painting being stolen.
  • ????????????????????(in an effort to)
  • The company is selling off some of its buildings
    in an to accumulate capital.

133
Translation (Page 125)
  • ????,?????????,???????(make a difference)
  • When you are learning to drive, having a good
    teacher makes a difference.
  • ?????????????????(rumour has it that)
  • Rumour has it that he was killed in a raid in the
    local area.

134
Translation (Page 125)
  • ??????,???????????(enrage)
  • Adams refusal to work overtime d his boss.
  • ???????????????,???????(out of the blue)
  • I was pleasantly surprised to see an old friend
    who appeared at the party out of the .

135
Passage Dictation
  • My Berlin diary for December 2 / was limited to
    four words. / "Only three more days!" / The
    Foreign Office / was still holding up / my
    passport and exit visa, / which worried me. / I
    had to get my passport / and official permission
    to leave / on December 5. /
  • There was one other thing to do. / For weeks /
    I had thought over / how to get my diaries safely
    / out of Berlin. / At some moments / I had
    thought / I ought to destroy them before leaving.
    / There was enough in them / to get me hanged. /
  • The morning I got my passport and exit visa / I
    realized I had less than twenty-four hours / to
    figure out a way / of getting my Berlin diaries
    out. / I again thought of destroying them, / but
    I wanted very much to keep them, / if I could. /
    Suddenly, / later that morning, / the solution
    became clear. / It was risky, / but it was worth
    a try.

136
Thank you!
  • The purpose of all war is peace.
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