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The Eastern Roman Empire

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Title: The Eastern Roman Empire Author: Default Last modified by: GCPS Created Date: 6/29/2003 11:02:58 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Eastern Roman Empire


1
The Eastern Roman Empire
2
After the Roman empire collapsed in the West, the
Eastern Roman Empire became the center of
civilization.
  • The capital of the Eastern Roman Empire was
    Byzantium or Constantinople as it came to be
    known.

3
Due to its location, it controlled trade between
Asia and Europe.
4
Politics in Constantinople
  • Senate still met as in Rome but the emperor had
    absolute power.
  • Emperors were the head of both the church and the
    state.
  • Justinian was a strong and important emperor.

5
Justinians most important contribution was his
Code.
  • The code summarized the laws of many of the
    provinces of the Roman Empire.
  • Using these summaries, Justinian created new
    laws.
  • Law students were taught how to use the code.

6
Religion was important to the Byzantine Empire.
  • People debated issues such as the nature of God
    and Jesus.
  • The church was connected to the government.
  • Icons were pictures of Mary, Jesus, and holy
    figures that were sold in markets.
  • Those that objected to these figures were called
    iconoclasts.

7
Icons
8
Iconoclasts were one of the reasons the Christian
church split in 1054 A.D.
  • Roman priests could not marry, Eastern priests
    married.
  • The pope led the church in Rome, the patriarch
    led the Eastern Church.
  • The churches became known as the Roman Catholic
    and the Eastern Orthodox.

9
The architecture of Constantinople combines
elements of Greece as well as the East.
  • Hagia Sophia

10
The Spread of Islam
  • In the 600s Arab victories claimed the lands in
    Syria, Palestine, Egypt, northern Africa and
    Spain.
  • Bedouins were the Arabs from the desert who were
    nomads and worshipped many gods and spirits.

11
Mohammeds Life
  • Orphaned at six
  • Was not literate
  • Was a successful merchant
  • Came to believe in one god, Allah (the same god
    worshipped by the Jews and Christians)
  • left Mecca for Medina (This time was known as
    hegira meaning flight.)

12
Mohammed created Islam
  • Islam means surrender to God.
  • The Koran contains the teachings of Mohammed.

13
The Five Pillars of Islam
  • Faith
  • Prayer
  • Alms
  • Fasting
  • Pilgrimage

14
Islam spread through jihads or holy wars.
  • Muslims conquered Spain, Portugal, North Africa,
    Palestine, and the Fertile Crescent.
  • The Koran written in Arabic was considered the
    only true word so it spread easily through Arab
    lands.

15
Muslim Empire
16
Arabs were tolerant rulers who treated the Jews
and Christians with respect.
17
Islam split into two sects.
  • Shiites are the minority group who believe that
    Mohammeds grandson, Husayn, was the rightful
    caliph.
  • The Sunni are the orthodox Muslims and are in the
    majority in the Muslim world.

18
Accomplishments of Islam
  • Translated Greek books into Arabic
  • First chemical laboratories
  • Treatment of disease (diagnosed smallpox and
    wrote an encyclopedia of medicine)
  • Created algebra
  • Arabic numerals
  • Wrote the Arabian Nights
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