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Introduction to Taiwan Studies

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Title: Introduction to Taiwan Studies


1
Introduction to Taiwan Studies
  • Lin Gang
  • School of International and Public Affairs, SJTU

2
Week One Teaching Outline
  • About the Course
  • Background
  • Geography
  • Population
  • Contrast between the Blue and Green
  • Administration
  • How to Approach the Taiwan Issue
  • Research Approaches
  • Research Methodology

3
About Myself
  • Distinguished Professor, Shanghai Jiao Tong
    University (SJTU)
  • Chair Professor, School of International and
    Public Affairs,SJTU
  • Executive Director of Center for Taiwan
    Studies,SJTU
  • Visiting Professor, Sun Yat-Sen University
    Chengchi University, Taiwan

4
About Myself
  • Program Associate, Asia Program, Woodrow Wilson
    International Center for Scholars, Washington,
    D.C.(1999-2005)
  • Adjunct professor, Johns Hopkins University,
    School of Arts and Sciences
  • President, Association of Chinese Political
    Studies (ACPS)

5
Mas Reelection in 2012
6
Tsai Ing-wen After Her Defeat in January 14th
Elections
7
Teaching Outline
  • Introduction (Week 1)
  • Read April Lin Jerome Keating, Island in the
    Stream, ch. 1 (pp.1-15)
  • Shelley Rigger, Why Taiwan Matters,
  • Ch. 1 8 (pp.1-10, 165-178)
  • The Historical Roots of the Taiwan Issue (Week 2)
  • Read Island in the Stream, pp. 17-34
  • Why Taiwan Matters, Ch. 2 (pp.11-38)

8
Teaching Outline
  • Conditions and Process of Taiwans
    Democratization (Week 3)
  • Read Why Taiwan Matters, Ch. 3 4
  • (pp.41-93)
  • Party Politics in Taiwan (Week 4)
  • Read John Copper, Taiwan's Democracy on
    Trial, pp. 1-15 pp. 89-99

9
Teaching Outline
  • Taiwans Party System (Week 5)
  • Read Shelley Rigger, Taiwan's Rising
    Rationalism, pp. 1-33
  • Politics of Identity in Taiwan (Week 6)
  • Read Taiwan's Rising Rationalism, pp.34-59
  • Why Taiwan Matters, Ch.7 (pp.133-163)

10
Teaching Outline
  • Political Interaction across the Taiwan Strait
    (Week 7)
  • Why Taiwan Matters, Ch. 6 (pp.117-131)
  • Civic Exchanges across the Taiwan Strait (Week 8)
  • Read Why Taiwan Matters, Ch.8 9 (pp. 178-197)

11
Teaching Outline
  • The U.S. Factor in Cross-Strait Relations (Week
    9-10)
  • Read Lin Gang, "U.S Strategies in Maintaining
    Peace across the Taiwan Strait, Issues
    Studies, June 2007, pp. 217-236 "Key Factors
    Shaping U.S.-Taiwan Relations"(Manuscript)
  • Searching for Cross-Strait Peace(Manuscript)
  • Prospects for Cross-Strait Relations (Week 11)

12
Final Scores
  • Class attendance and participation (20)
  • Missing one class losing 5 two 10 three
    15 four all
  • Coming late or leaving early losing 2 sleeping
    during class missing 2-5
  • No lab top, unless showing us the notes taken
    with computer
  • Quiz (30) four times (10 for each), accounting
    in only three scores (higher) if missing three,
    can still get 10 at the maximum

13
Final Scores in the Past Three Class
  • 20 class participation 30 class works or quiz
    50 term paper

??60 60-69 70-79 80-89 90??
1 4 14 64 19
4 6 18 43 13
1 5 14 45 7
14
Term Paper
  • For the term paper, please write an essay with
    about 3000 words in Chinese. Any subjects related
    to the course, such as Taiwan's politics,
    economy, culture, cross-strait relations, Taiwan's
    external relations, would be fine.
  • The deadline for submitting the paper is last
    class, December 23, Monday.

15
?????????
  • ????????http//taiwan.sjtu.edu.cn
  • ??? http//electsys.sjtu.edu.cn
  • ????
  • http//cc.sjtu.edu.cn/taiwanS0906.html
  • ????lingangsjtu_at_163.com sjtu2012

16
1. Background
17
A. Geography
  • Hen vs. egg (9,600,000 VS. 36,000 square
    kilometers)
  • Who comes first?
  • Competition around value system or sovereignty
  • Can the tail wag the dog?
  • The size does matter

18
(No Transcript)
19
A. Geography
  • Geographically separated by the Taiwan Strait
    (90 miles) compared with Britain and Japan
  • The implications for the Taiwanese Identity
  • Attached or detached ?
  • Fragile vs. dynamic
  • Isolation vs. openness
  • Relying on the mainland or the U.S. Japan
  • Making peace with the mainland, being close to
    the U.S., and friendly with Japan
  • TPP vs. RECP

20
Geopolitics
  • In his new book, The Revenge of Geography What
    the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts, Robert
    Kaplan (Stratfor Global Intelligence) contends
    that current global conflicts, including wars,
    political instability, and clashes over religion,
    can be better understood and even forecasted
    through close examination of the maps that chart
    our world.

21
A. Geography
  • Daan(??,great peace)Creek --- Zhuoshui (??, muddy
    water)Creek --- Central mountains
  • Northern Taiwan, Central Taiwan, Southern Taiwan,
    Eastern Taiwan
  • Taiwans map in the sky (Tailu Pavilion)

22
B. Population
  • Population 23 million
  • 8milliongtgt17milliongtgt20milliongtgt23milliongtgt?
  • Two elements in the population
  • Taro (outsiders as the head)vs. sweet potato
    (native Taiwanese as the tail)
  • Percentage of the two elements
  • From 80 vs. 20 to 85 vs. 15

23
C. Contrast between Blue Green
  • A real Taiwan is outside of the Taipei Basin
  • Blue (Kuomintang) counties vs. green (The
    Democratic Progressive Party) counties
  • Blue in the north, green in the south
  • Blue sky vs. green land (grassroots)
  • Going to the south, down to the earth

24
(No Transcript)
25
D. Administration
  • Two provinces, two municipalities
  • Taiwan, Fukien, Taipei, Kaohsiung
  • Five Municipalities plus 17 counties/cities
  • Taipei City, New Taipei City, Taichung City,
    Tainan City, Kaohsiung City

26
From 3 Municipalities/15 counties/cities
To 5 Plus 17
27
Changes of Political Maps in Taiwan (2008-2010)
28
2. How to Approach the Taiwan Issue
  • Taiwan Studies as an area study (but not a
    country study)
  • Moving from the margin to the center
  • From historical and intelligent studies to
    multi-discipline studies

29
2. How to Approach the Taiwan Issue
  • Comprehensive issue areas
  • Historical, cultural, economic, social,
    political, military,external relations issue
  • Taiwan expertmission impossible
  • Su Chis comments
  • Politics as the core issue

30
Research Approaches
  • Different approaches to the Studies of Taiwanese
    politics
  • Historical approach
  • e.g., the incident of 2.28
  • Taiwanese sadness (Treaty of Shimonoseki)

31
Research Approaches
  • Cultural approach
  • Political culture
  • Keep low profile during elections
  • e.g. mass assembly on Jan. 13, 2012 ( a
    comparison)
  • National identity
  • public opinion

32
Research Approaches
  • Economic and Social Approaches
  • Modernization theory, developmental approach
  • Social conflict theory
  • Regional gaps (North vs. South)
  • Class struggle
  • Ethnic conflict

33
Research Approaches
  • Elite analysis approach
  • Lee Teng-huis manipulation of Taiwanese
    sentiments
  • Institutional approach
  • Electoral system, party system, governance system

34
Research Approaches
  • International approach
  • International law (idealism/liberalism)
  • Cairo Declaration vs. San Francisco Treaty
  • Great power diplomacy (realism)
  • The U.S. Factor, the Japan Factor

35
Research Methodology
  • Case study
  • Comparative study
  • Statistics analysis
  • Content analysis
  • Field work
  • Not until mid-1990s
  • Survey on pubic opinion
  • Intensive Interview
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