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TOBACCO, ALCOHOL,

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... Chewing Tobacco _____ _____-inhaled with less smoke Specialty Cigarettes- made with tobacco and other ingredients (clove ... Newport News Public Schools – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TOBACCO, ALCOHOL,


1
TOBACCO, ALCOHOL, OTHER DRUGS
2
Why Do Teens Smoke?
  • ________________
  • Makes them feel older or more sophisticated
  • _______________
  • Think the bad effects of smoking take many years
    to occur
  • __________________________________
  • _______________________

3
Cigarettes
  • ___ chemicals known to cause cancer
    (_______________) are in each cigarette
  • Cyanide and Arsenic- kills people/animals
  • ___________- addictive _________ speeds up the
    central nervous system and heart rate
  • _______ - sticky, thick fluid produced in
    burning tobacco collects in lungs
  • _________________- colorless, odorless, poisonous
    gas passed from lungs to blood

4
Other Forms of Tobacco
  • Smokeless Tobacco- can be sniffed through the
    nose or chewed- Snuff, Dip, Chewing Tobacco
  • _____________
  • ______-inhaled with less smoke
  • Specialty Cigarettes- made with tobacco and other
    ingredients (clove-sweet taste)

5
  • _________________makes more saliva and will
    swallow more tar.
  • ______________- thick, white, leathery patches
    inside the mouth that can develop into cancer of
    mouth, tongue or throat.

6
Effects of Smoking on a Smoker
  • Respiratory Systems-
  • 1- _________________ - chronic coughing and
    excessive mucous
  • 2. ______________- tiny air sacs in lungs are
    destroyed requires 80 effort to breath
  • 3. ___________ - leading cause of cancer in
    males

7
  • Circulatory Systems
  • 1. ___________________________
  • 2. nicotine builds up in the arteries and
    causes __________________
  • 3.increases risk of heart attack
  • 4. leads to _________________________
  • 5. heart disease is __________for smokers than
    non-smokers

8
Effects of Smoking on a Non-Smoker
  • ________________- smoke inhaled by the non-smoker
  • ________________- smoke that the smoker blows off
  • ________________- smoke that comes off the
    burning tobacco

9
Smoking During Pregnancy- nicotine passes from
mother to fetus constricting blood vessels and
carbon monoxide reduces the oxygen levels in the
fetuss blood
  • ___________________
  • ___________________
  • Small fetal growth/still births/ premature births
  • Growth and development problems in early years
  • Effects ______________ development

10
Quitting Smoking
  • _____________________ occurs when there is an
    absence of nicotine in the blood. Nervous, jumpy,
    shaky, trouble sleeping
  • Decide you want to quit
  • Select a start date
  • Set short term goals
  • Get support team in place

11
Within 20 minutes of quitting
  • 20 minutes- heart rate drops
  • 12 hours-carbon monoxide level in your blood
    drops to normal
  • 2 weeks to 3 months- your heart attack risk
    begins to drop and lung function begins to
    improve
  • 1-9 months- your coughing and shortness of breath
    decreases
  • 1 year- Risk of coronary heart disease is ½ that
    of a smoker
  • 5 years- your stroke risk is reduced to a
    nonsmoker
  • 10 years- lung cancer death rate ½ that of a
    smokers. Risk of mouth, esophagus, bladder,
    kidney and pancreas decreases.
  • 15 years- your risk of coronary heart disease is
    back to that of a non-smoker

12
ALCOHOL
13
_________- the type of alcohol found in alcoholic
beverages
  • ______ - brewed from a mixture of grains 3-9
    alcohol
  • ______ - made by fermenting (chemical reaction of
    yeast on sugars) the juices of grapes and other
    fruits 10-20 alcohol
  • ___________- made by distilling fermented grains
    40-50 alcohol

14
Alcohol is a Drug
  • ____________ slows down the central nervous
    system
  • ____________ physical/mental impairment resulting
    from the use of alcohol
  • - _________________
  • - _________________
  • - _________________
  • - may result in__________

15
Why Do Teens Drink?
  • __________________________
  • To deal with stress/relax
  • _________________________
  • For excitement
  • To deal with boredom
  • To get away with something they are not supposed
    to
  • __________

16
______________________
  • _______- depressed activity
  • _______- must change the alcohol to water, CO2
    and energy (oxidation) can only change 1/3 to ½
    ounce an hour. No way to speed this process up.
  • _________ - dilate more blood to the skin fake
    warmth
  • ________- increases heart rate and blood pressure
  • _________- increase urine productiondehydration

17
_________________________
  • Brain Damage
  • Liver Problems___________________
  • ___________________________________
  • ___________________________________
  • ___________ -need more to get the same effect
  • Withdrawal- DTs( tremors, sweating,
    sleeplessness, hallucinations)
  • ________________ - drugs alcohol multiply the
    effect of the drugs

18
__________________________
  • __________________- fetus is adversely affected
    mentally and physically by mothers alcohol use
    during pregnancy
  • _______________
  • mental retardation
  • facial abnormalities
  • _______________
  • ________________

19
Alcohol and Society
  • ______________- periodic excessive drinking
  • ______________- dangerous toxic condition after
    drinking large amounts of alcohol in a short
    period of time
  • Traffic Accidents
  • _____________
  • Suicides
  • _____________
  • _____________

20
_____________- physical and mental dependence on
the drug ethanol- It is a _____________-can not
be cured only treated
21
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
22
_____________________
  • Any ______________________use of chemical
    substances for non-medical purposes. (OTCs,
    alcohol, any other drug)

23
_____________________
  • Against the law to manufacture, possess, buy, or
    sell. No medical purpose.
  • ________________ drugs that lead to other serious
    drug use (cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana)

24
Dangers of Substance Abuse
  • _____________- need more to get same effect
  • Physiological dependence- body develops a
    _____________________________
  • ______________- nervousness, insomnia, nausea,
    headaches, vomiting, chills, cramps, death
  • _______________ dependence- believes a drug is
    needed to feel good
  • Addiction- ________________________
  • ___________________________________
  • ___________- strong or fatal reaction to a large
    amount of a drug

25
PSYCHOACTIVE DRUGS
  • 4 Main Groups of Drugs
  • Stimulants_______________________________________
    ____________________________
  • Despressants_____________________________________
    ____________________________
  • Narcotics________________________________________
    ____________________________
  • Hallucinogens____________________________________
    ___________________________

26
Stimulants
  • __________________ - temporary high followed by a
    crash. Used to stay awake and alert, loose
    weight, offset a depressant
  • ___________________ - irrational, paranoid,
    suspiciousness or distrust of others, turn
    violent. Used to treat Parkinsons Disease and
    obesity. Crank, Speed, Ice
  • ________ - feel confident followed by a let
    down- want to use it again. Causes tissue damage
    and holes in nasal septum. Causes heart attack
    and death
  • __________ - form of cocaine that can be smoked-
    Rocks- Extremely addictive, can feel effects
    immediately. Causes sore throat, hoarseness, lung
    damage, heart attacks, death by cardiac or
    respiratory failure.

27
Depressants
  • ______________ - used to counteract the effects
    of stimulants. Combined with alcohol is fatal.
    Will cause sleep (similar to intoxication)
  • ______________ - reduces muscle activity and
    coordination. Used medically to relieve anxiety,
    muscle spasms, sleeplessness, and nervousness
  • ______________ - medically prescribed to reduce
    anxiety and insomnia. Temporary euphoria that
    does not last. Rapid dependence, withdrawal
    unpleasant. Deadly when combined with alcohol.

28
Narcotics
  • ____________ -reduces severe pain. Cancer
    patients are given morphine
  • ___________ - stops coughing and pain
  • ___________ -no medical use in the USA. Slows
    down CNS, breathing and heart rate. Tolerance
    develops quickly. Withdrawal is very painful.

29
Hallucinogens
  • ______(_________) one of the most dangerous of
    all drugs. Users feel distant and detached form
    their surroundings. Makes user feel strong and
    powerful. Time passes slowly, touch and pain are
    dulled. Results in tragic deaths and serious
    accidents and acts of violence.
  • _____(_____) colorless, tasteless, and odorless.
    One of the most potent of all mood altering
    chemicals. Causes a false sense of security or
    power. Death! (they believe they can fly or can
    stop a train)
  • ______________ -can lead to bad trips- vicious
    stomach cramps and vomiting. Frightening imagined
    phenomena.

30
OTHER DRUGS
  • ________________ -synthetic derivative of the
    male hormone testosterone. Used as a medicine to
    help build muscle in patients with chronic
    diseases. Illegal- some people use it to increase
    muscle strength.
  • _________________________________
  • ________________________________

31
  • _____________ -made from hemp plant. Classified
    as a hallucinogen but has effects of a depressant
    and stimulant. Alters senses, coordination and
    reaction time. Increases heart rate, blood
    pressure, and appetite.
  • _____________- smoked, eaten, or drunk for
    intoxicating effects.
  • _______- dark brown resin collected from top of
    cannabis plant- brown chunks smoked in pipe or
    boiled to make oil and combined with tobacco and
    smoked in pipe for stronger effect

32
  • _____________ -breathable fumes that are inhaled
    to give hallucinogenic or mind altering high.
    Depresses CNS. Immediate effects nausea,
    sneezing, coughing, nosebleeds, lack of
    coordination. Heavy use liver and kidney damage
    as well as brain damage. A single use can cause
    someone to go into coma and be vegetable for
    rest of life.
  • ______________________________
  • __________________

33
  • _________________ (_________ ______) combination
    stimulant and hallucinogen- gives short term
    euphoria, then convulsion, depression, increased
    heart rate and blood pressure. These drugs are
    made in a lab and can be several hundred times
    stronger than the drug it was meant to imitate.
  • Look alike drugs- never know what you are
    getting- speed- high doses of caffeine and cold
    medicines- cause dangerously fast heart rate,
    changes in blood pressure, breathing problems,
    and death.

34
Signs of ________________
  • ________________________
  • Sudden change in mood
  • Forgetfulness, withdrawn attitude
  • ____________________
  • ____________________
  • __________________
  • Irresponsible decision making
  • Attention-getting behavior
  • Aggressiveness
  • Denial of any problems
  • _________________________________________
  • Lying, cheating
  • ________________________________
  • ________________________________

35
________________
  • Family and friends
  • Support Groups
  • Drug Treatment Centers
  • School Personnel
  • Hospitals
  • Hotlines
  • Others- physicians, clergy, use the phone book
    drug abuse alcohol
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