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Indian Empires and Religions

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1500 BC-400 AD What impact did the Aryans have on India? Why was the caste system central to Indian culture? What were the accomplishments of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Indian Empires and Religions


1
Indian Empires and Religions
  • 1500 BC-400 AD

2
Essential Questions
  • What impact did the Aryans have on India?
  • Why was the caste system central to Indian
    culture?
  • What were the accomplishments of the Mauryan and
    Gupta Empires?
  • What are the beliefs of Hinduism?
  • Buddhism?
  • How did they spread?

3
Indo-Aryans
  • Originated in Europe and migrated to and invaded
    India.

4
Aryans take power
  • Slowly, the Aryans took over India and held the
    most powerful positions.
  • They introduced the caste system.

5
Caste system
  • A very rigid social class structure.
  • A person is born into a caste and stays in that
    caste the rest of his/her life.
  • Your caste decides what jobs you can hold, who
    you can marry, who your friends are, and more.

6
Caste system cont
7
Hinduism
  • Developed thousands of years before it was even
    written down!
  • Hindus all believe all things are interconnected.
  • They believe that god lives everywhere in
    everyone.

8
Bramhan
  • Henotheism
  • Hindus believe that god (called Brahman) exists
    in many (possibly thousands) of forms
  • They choose which god to worship.
  • Hindu worship is usually done in the home at
    small shrines

9
Vedas and Upanishads
  • The Vedas are a collection of hymns, prayers, and
    instructions for religious rituals. They were
    passed down orally by the Aryans.
  • Around 750 BC, a group of Hindu teachers wrote
    the Upanishads, written interpretations of the
    Vedas.

10
Reincarnation
  • Reincarnation- a soul does not die, nor is there
    an afterlife. Once a person dies, they are born
    again as the same soul, but different person.

11
Karma
  • Karma- good or bad deeds. Follows from one
    incarnation to the next
  • It was thought that if you had bad karma you
    would be reincarnated in a lower caste or would
    otherwise pay for it in your next life.
  • In this way, it reinforced the caste system.

12
Moksha
  • Moksha a state of perfect understanding
  • Once a person achieves moksha, they are liberated
    from the cycle of reincarnation
  • It usually takes several lifetimes to get there.

13
Brahman- the Creator of the World
14
Vishnu the Preserver of the World
15
Shiva- the Destroyer of the World
16
Buddhism
  • Prince Siddhartha Gautama. Born in Nepal, 563 BC.
  • He was groomed to be king. But, at age 29,
    chose to seek religious truth.
  • He travelled India for six years seeking truth.

17
Buddha cont
  • After 49 days of meditation, he achieved
    enlightenment, or nirvana.
  • He began to teach that enlightenment is possible
    for all people.
  • Changed his name to Buddha, which means
    Enlightened One.

18
Four Noble Truths
  • First Everything in life is suffering and sorrow
  • Second The reason for suffering is peoples
    selfish desire for temporary pleasure
  • Third The way to end suffering is to end desire
  • Fourth The way to overcome desire is to attain
    enlightenment

19
The Eightfold Path
  • The way to attain enlightenment is the Eightfold
    Path

20
Buddhism Video
21
Buddhism spreads
  • Missionaries spread the teachings of Buddha
  • Early converts were low caste people

22
Similarities and Differences
23
Mauryan Empire
305 BC 232 BC
24
Mauryan Empire
  • Chandragupta Maurya unified North India in 321
    BC.
  • During the Mauryan Empire, roads were built. The
    emperor even ordered wells and rest houses built
    every nine miles to ease travelling.
  • Buddhism also spread during this time

25
Asoka- Mauryan Emperor
  • After a war with neighboring Kalinga, which left
    100,000 people dead, Asoka started to rethink the
    violence used to expand the empire.
  • He converted to Buddhism and started to advocate
    non-violence and tolerance.

26
Asoka video
27
Gupta Empire
320 AD- 500 AD
28
Golden Age of Classical Indian Culture
  • The Gupta made incredible advances in
    mathematics, inventing the concept of zero,
    modern numerals, and the decimal system.
  • Astronomy- Discovered the Earth is round by
    observing lunar eclipses
  • Literature and the arts flourished

29
Trade and the Silk Road
  • The Silk Road ran from China all the way to Asia
    Minor (Turkey). It was a major trade route for
    thousands of years!
  • Not only used for trade, but spread technology,
    ideas, language, and culture.
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