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AKINS HIGH SCHOOL

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AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr. Loessin; Room 167 Tutorials: T ~ F; 8:20 ~ 8:50 HINDUSIM is considered the world s oldest religion. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: AKINS HIGH SCHOOL


1
AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 167 Tutorials T F 820 850
HINDUSIM is considered the worlds oldest
religion.
BUDDHISM traces its roots to Hinduism.
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Describe the spread of Indo-Europeans and their
    language.
  • Identify the Hittite empire and the effects of
    its technology on other societies.
  • Summarize the Aryan invasion of India and the
    culture that arose as a result.
  • Describe the origins, beliefs, and practices of
    Hinduism and Buddhism.
  • AGENDA Please begin your warm-up immediately!
  • ASSIGNMENT for NEXT TIME
  • Read Chapter 3, Section 3 in textbook !
  • Study for QUIZ over Sections 1 - 2
  • REMINDER ABSENT YESTERDAY? You need to be in
    TUTORIALS to take the TEST

2
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3
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4
AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 167 Tutorials T F 820 850
A Minoan mosaic
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Describe the Minoan civilization.
  • Identify the contributions of the Phoenicians
  • Summarize the extent and impact of ancient world
    trade.
  • AGENDA Please begin your warm-up immediately!
  • Pop Quiz!
  • ASSIGNMENT for NEXT TIME
  • Read Chapter 3, Section 4 in textbook !
  • Complete the reading guide questions in
    packet p. 6 7

5
  • WHEN FINISHED WITH QUIZ, Put it in the top tray
    on desk,
  • Return to seat and COMPLETE p. 4 5 in your
    packet!
  • ASSIGNMENT for NEXT TIME
  • Read Chapter 3, Section 4 in textbook !
  • Complete the reading guide questions in
    packet p. 6 7
  • CURRENT EVENTS ANALYSIS I is due Tuesday
  • REMINDER ABSENT WEDNESDAY? You need to make-up
    the TEST ASAP!!!!!!!

6
GREECE
Crete
The Island of Crete in the time of the ancient
Minoans (ancestors of the Greeks?)
7
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8
The Palace of Knossos was first excavated in 1878
A.D. Covering 20,000 sq. meters, this was the
palatial center of the Minoan civilization and
dates back to 1700 B.C.
9
The most recognizable symbol of Crete's power
the bull. In Knossos' palace there are many
depictions of bulls, including in the sport of
bull jumping. The most famous example of the bull
being used is the Minotaur, a powerful half man
half bull that devoured the flesh of Athenian
men.
lt The painting on this piece of pottery shows the
mythological ending of the Minoans power. Here
the hero, Theseus, who was aided by Ariadne,
slays the half man half bull creature. Later in
time, Athens became the premier power.
lt A disk with the Minoan Cretan's writing. There
were three different types of writing that have
been discovered a hieroglyphic script, Linear A,
and Linear B. The writing became necessary for
trade and to keep track of built up wealth.
10
GREECE
1. What were three important features of
Minoan culture on Crete?
Crete
Minoan mosaic
The beautiful island of Santorina (Thera) today
is actually what remains of the volcanic crater
that erupted and caused the cataclysmic
destruction.
  • A peaceful people, Sea-faring Traders (Mariners)
  • Excelled in Art Mosaics and Frescoes
  • Would have influence on Greece later
  • Worshipped female goddesses women as
    priestesses
  • Volcanic eruption / earthquakes ended their
  • civilization around 1200 B.C.

11
Bas relief depicting Phoenician sea-traders
12
  • How did the Phoenicians
  • spread their culture?
  • TRADE

13
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14
Byblos Bible Bibliography. lt the great
library
15
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16
  • How did the Phoenicians
  • spread their culture?
  • TRADE
  • 3. Why were trade networks
  • so important?
  • CULTURAL DIFFUSION

17
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18
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19
AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 230 Tutorials T F 820 850
TODAY IN HISTORY September 6, 1941 Jews over the
age of 6 were ordered to begin wearing the yellow
Star of David in Germany and its occupied areas.
JUDAISM
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Summarize the history and beliefs of the ancient
    Hebrews.
  • Describe Israel under Saul, David, and Solomon.
  • Describe Israels destruction and the Hebrews
    exile (captivity) in Babylon.
  • AGENDA Please begin your warm-up immediately!
  • WARM-UP
  • ASSIGNMENT for NEXT TIME
  • Read Chapter 4, Section 1 in textbook !
  • REMINDER TEXTBOOKS are REQUIRED in class EVERY
    DAY!

20
  • CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
    72-76)
  • Reading Guide
  •  
  • The area of Palestine called _________was the
    ancient home of
  • the ____________, later called the Jews.
  •  
  • Find Canaan on the map on page 73.
  • What nation is found at this location
    today?

Canaan
Hebrews
21
  • CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
    72-76)
  • Reading Guide
  •  
  • The area of Palestine called _________was the
    ancient home of
  • the ____________, later called the Jews.
  •  
  • Find Canaan on the map on page 73.
  • What nation is found at this location
    today?

Canaan
Hebrews
Israel
  • The history, legends, and moral laws of
  • the Jews have been a major influence on
    Western culture, and began a tradition also
    shared by Christianity and Islam.

22
  • CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
    72-76)
  • Reading Guide
  •  
  • The area of Palestine called _________was the
    ancient home of
  • the ____________, later called the Jews.
  •  
  • Find Canaan on the map on page 73.
  • What nation is found at this location
    today?

Canaan
Hebrews
Israel
  • The history, legends, and moral laws of
  • the Jews have been a major influence on
    Western culture, and began a tradition also
    shared by Christianity and Islam.
  • Give two reasons why the location of
  • Palestine was so important

By land, it connected the continents of Africa
and Asia. Its seaports opened onto the most
important waterways, the Mediterranean Sea Red
Sea.
23
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24
  • CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
    72-76)
  • Reading Guide
  •  
  • The area of Palestine called _________was the
    ancient home of
  • the ____________, later called the Jews.
  •  
  • Find Canaan on the map on page 73.
  • What nation is found at this location
    today?

Canaan
Hebrews
Israel
  • The history, legends, and moral laws of
  • the Jews have been a major influence on
    Western culture, and began a tradition also
    shared by Christianity and Islam.
  • Give two reasons why the location of
  • Palestine was so important

By land, it connected the continents of Africa
and Asia. Its seaports opened onto the most
important waterways, the Mediterranean Sea Red
Sea.
25
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
Bible
  • 5. According to their sacred literature, the
    _______, Canaan (Palestine) was the land promised
    to them by God.
  •  
  • Jews call the first five books of the Bible the
    _______.
  • (Today ___________also respect these sacred
    writings
  • as part of the Old Testament of their
    Bible.)
  •  
  • 7. As in other sacred literatures, the books of
    the Torah describe both
  •        Some events that really happened, and
  •        Stories told to ______________________(eti
    ological stories)

Torah
Christians
TORAH Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers,
Deuteronomy
teach important lessons
26
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
8. _________was chosen by God to be the father
of the Hebrew people and promised to give
him land (Canaan).   9. Where did Abraham live?
  10. When did Abraham move his people to
Canaan? 11. When did Abrahams descendents
move again, this time to Egypt?
Abraham
Ur, in Mesopotamia.
Around 2000 B.C.
Around 1650 B.C.
27
AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 230 Tutorials T F 820 850
JUDAISM
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Summarize the history and beliefs of the ancient
    Hebrews.
  • Describe Israel under Saul, David, and Solomon.
  • Describe Israels destruction and the Hebrews
    exile (captivity) in Babylon.
  • AGENDA Please begin your warm-up immediately!
  • WARM-UP
  • ASSIGNMENT for NEXT TIME
  • Read Chapter 4, Section 2 -3 in textbook! QUIZ
    TOMORROW!
  • REMINDER TEXTBOOKS are REQUIRED in class EVERY
    DAY!

28
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
12. How many gods did the Hebrews (and still
Jews today) have? Does this make them
polytheistic or monotheistic?   13. What
did the Hebrews (Jews) name their God?   14. In
what ways did the Hebrews belief in their God
differ from other peoples of the time?
One
Monotheistic (worship of 1 god)
Yahweh
  • a.)     only 1 God, others were polytheistic.
  • b.)     Not associated with any 1 place, could go
    wherever they went.
  • c.)     Believed their god, the one and only, was
    over all peoples,
  • not just them.
  • d.)     Yahweh was not physical,
  • could not make any physical images of
    God

29
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
  • 15. The Hebrews believed that Abraham and God
    had entered a
  • ________________, which is a mutual
    promise or contract.
  •  
  • Why did the Hebrews migrate to Egypt in the first
    place?
  •  
  • 17. Once in Egypt, what happened to them?

  •  
  • 18. When did the Hebrew
    exodus take place?

covenant
Because of a drought / famine in their land
They were forced into slavery.
The Hebrews fled Egypt around
1300-1200 B.C.
30
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
  • When did the Hebrew exodus take place?
  •  
  • 19. Today Jews celebrate the festival of
    ________ to remember the Exodus from Egypt.
  •  
  • 20. Who led the Hebrews out of slavery
  • in Egypt?
  •  
  • 21. After leaving Egypt, the Hebrews
  • wandered for years
  • in the Desert.

The Hebrews fled Egypt around 1300-1200 B.C.
Passover
MOSES
forty
Sinai
31
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
21. After leaving Egypt, the Hebrews
wandered for forty years in the Sinai
Desert.   22. While there, Moses climbed to the
top of Mt. Sinai and brought the Ten
Commandments down from the mountain and
delivered them to the people.   23. In
this covenant, God promised to protect the
Hebrews if they obeyed his laws.   24. Look at
the Ten Commandments on p. 74. 1 5 are
concerned with 6 10 deal with
the peoples relationship with God.
the peoples relationship with one another.
32
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
  • After wandering in the desert, where did the
    Hebrews return to settle down?
  •  
  • 26. The Hebrews were organized into
    when they arrived in Canaan. Were these
    self-governing? Or controlled by one ruler?
  •  
  • 27 In times of emergency they were united and
    led by ,
  • one of the most prominent of whom was a woman
    named  
  • The 10 Commandments were part of a more detailed
    code of law resembling s Code.
    However, how did the Hebrew law differ?
  •  
  • The Hebrew prophets emphasized both right
    conduct and worshipping only one God. This
    type of religion is more specifically known as
    what?
  •  
  • 30. Eventually only the largest tribe, the tribe
    of Judah, would dominate. That is why the
    Hebrews came to be called and their
    religion is known as

Canaan
twelve tribes
Self-governing
judges
Deborah.
Hammurabi
Hammurabis strict laws were softened by
expressions of Gods mercy and forgiveness.
Ethical Monotheism
Jews
Judaism
33
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
31. From 1020 922 B.C. the Hebrew tribes
united under 3 kings and
the new kingdom was called Israel   32. Which of
the three kings established Jerusalem as the
capital?   33. Who was the most powerful of the
Hebrew kings? What did he build?
(Saul, David, and Solomon)
David
Solomon
A great temple
This is an artist's approximation of what King
Solomon's Temple looked like when it was
originally constructed. The building of the
Temple kicked off massive construction efforts
during Solomon's reign that resulted in the
erection of many royal and public buildings. The
Temple, however, remained the center of Jerusalem
until its initial destruction in the sixth
century B.C. by the Babylonians. Rebuilt and
then destroyed a second time by the Romans in 79
A.D.
34
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
31. From 1020 922 B.C. the Hebrew tribes
united under 3 kings and
the new kingdom was called Israel   32. Which of
the three kings established Jerusalem as the
capital?   33. Who was the most powerful of the
Hebrew kings? What did he build?
(Saul, David, and Solomon)
David
Solomon
A great temple
This is an artist's approximation of what King
Solomon's Temple looked like when it was
originally constructed. The building of the
Temple kicked off massive construction efforts
during Solomon's reign that resulted in the
erection of many royal and public buildings. The
Temple, however, remained the center of Jerusalem
until its initial destruction in the sixth
century B.C. by the Romans.
35
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
34. After Solomons death the kingdom divided in
two. was in the north and
was in the south.   35. In 738 B.C.,
both kingdoms began paying a
- a peace money paid by weaker powers to
a stronger power, to the mighty Assyrian
empire. (Locate Assyria on the map, p.
73)   36. But by B.C. the whole northern
kingdom of Israel had fallen to the
Assyrians.   37. The southern kingdom of Judah
fell years later to the
Babylonians.
Israel
Judah
tribute
722
150
38. After the Babylonians conquered the Jews,
what happened to the survivors?
Taken back to Babylon in exile.
36
CH 3 Section 4 The Origins of Judaism (pp.
72-76) Reading Guide
36. But by B.C. the whole northern
kingdom of Israel had fallen to the
Assyrians.   37. The southern kingdom of Judah
fell years later to the
Babylonians.
722
150
38. After the Babylonians conquered the Jews,
what happened to the survivors?
Taken back to Babylon in exile.
  • How many years before the Jews in exile were
    allowed to return to their homeland?
  • 40. Will the Jews be able to take control of
    Palestine for good?

50 years
Other empires will rise and fall in the future
taking control of ancient Palestine as well as
the future destiny of the Jewish people.
37
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38
Early History of the Israelites
5
2000 B.C.Abraham migrates from Ur in Mesopotamia
to Canaan. He founds the
Israelite nation. Israel people of God.
Famine forces Israelites to migrate to Egypt,
where they are enslaved.
Moses leads Israelites out of Egypt the
Exodus receive the 10 Commandments
Israelites enter Canaan, the promised land.
1000 B.C.David unites Israelites into kingdom of
Israel.
Solomon builds capital at Jerusalem, but his rule
inspires revolts.
922 B.C.Kingdom weakens after splitting into
Israel and Judah.
722 B.C.Assyrians conquer Israel.
586 B.C.Babylonians capture Judah Babylonian
Captivity.
Persians conquer Babylon and free the Jews from
captivity.
39
Teachings on Law and Morality
5
  • The laws of the Torah address all aspects of
    life, from cleanliness and food preparation to
    criminal matters.
  • Jews believe that God gave them a set of laws
    called the Ten Commandments.
  • Jewish prophets, or spiritual leaders, preached a
    code of ethics, or moral standards of behavior.
    For this reason it is a religion known as Ethical
    Monotheism.
  • Examples
  • The rich and powerful must protect the poor and
    weak.
  • All people are equal under God.
  • Unlike many ancient people, the Jews believed
    their leaders were fully human and bound by Gods
    law.

Videostreaming Religions of the World
Judaism Sacred Words of Judaism
40
SYMBOLS The Magen David
(or as it is more commonly known, the
Star of David) is
the symbol most commonly associated
with Judaism
today, but it is actually a relatively new
Jewish
symbol. It is supposed to represent the shape of
King
David's shield (or perhaps the emblem on it), but
there
is really no support for that claim in any
rabbinic literature. In fact, the symbol is so
rare in early Jewish literature and artwork that
art dealers suspect forgery if they find the
symbol in early works. Some note that
the top triangle strives upward, toward God,
while the lower triangle strives downward, toward
the real world. Some note that the intertwining
makes the triangles inseparable, like the Jewish
people. Some note that there are actually 12
sides (3 exterior and 3 interior on each
triangle), representing the 12 tribes of Israel.
While these theories are theologically
interesting, they have little basis in historical
fact. The symbol of intertwined equilateral
triangles is actually a common one in the Middle
East and North Africa, and is thought to bring
good luck. It appears occasionally in early
Jewish artwork, but never as an exclusively
Jewish symbol. The nearest thing to an
"official" Jewish symbol at the time was the
menorah. The Magen David gained popularity
again as a symbol of Judaism when it was adopted
as the emblem of the Zionist movement in 1897,
but the symbol continued to be controversial for
many years afterward. When the modern state of
Israel was founded in 1949, there was much debate
over
whether this symbol should be used on the
flag.
41
SHORT ESSAY Write on back. Name two ways that
early Judaism differed from other religions of
the time (other than its monotheistic
tenet). Then explain the meaning of ethical
monotheism. BONUS In what year did the
United Nations re-establish a nation called
Israel?
42
AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 230 Tutorials T F 820 850
JUDAISM
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Summarize the history and beliefs of the ancient
    Hebrews.
  • Describe Israel under Saul, David, and Solomon.
  • Describe Israels destruction and the Hebrews
    exile (captivity) in Babylon.
  • AGENDA Please begin your warm-up immediately!
  • WARM-UP
  • ASSIGNMENT for NEXT TIME
  • Read Chapter 4, Section 1 in textbook !
    Complete pp. 8 9 in packet.
  • REMINDER TEXTBOOKS are REQUIRED in class EVERY
    DAY!

43

AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 230 Tutorials T F 820 850
Today we examine Egypts New
Kingdom Period. The tomb of
the New Kingdom Pharoah named
Tutankhamun was discovered in
1923 by archaeologist Howard
Carter. It was an amazing find!
A tomb full of treasures like Tuts golden mask
seen here. Learn more about this
discovery at http//www.nationalgeograp
hic.com/egypt/
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Identify key events in the history of Egypts
    New Kingdom.
  • Explain why the Egyptian Empire declined.
  • Summarize the Kushite conquest of Egypt.
  • Describe the achievements of the Kushite kingdom
    of Meroe.
  • TODAYs AGENDA Please begin your warm-up
    immediately!
  • WARM-UP
  • TOMORROWS ASSIGNMENT
  • ALL Read Chapter 4, Sections 2 and 3 in
    textbook ! QUIZ tomorrow!
  • REMINDER CHAPTER 3 4 Test is Tuesday!!!
  • TEXTBOOKS are REQUIRED in class
    EVERY DAY!

44
TEXTBOOK pp. 83 - 87 Recalling prior
knowledge Egypts Middle Kingdom period ends
with the invasion of
the Hyksos.
1640-1570 BCE
The Hyksos occupation rule
45
  • EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD 2920-2575 BCE
  • Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by Menes.
  • Foundation of the capital Memphis.
  • Early Step Pyramid is built at Saqqara.
  • OLD KINGDOM - 2660-2180 BCE
  • The Great Pyramids of Khufu (Cheops), Khafre
    (Chephren), Menkaure (Mycerinus) are built at
    Giza.
  • Pyramids of Sahure, Neferirkare, Raneferef,
    Neuserre are built at Abusir.
  • MIDDLE KINGDOM 2180-1550 BCE
  • Fragmentation of centralized power.
  • Kings in Thebes establish control over all
    Egypt.
  • Chaos leads central administration in Lower
    Egypt to disappear following infiltration by
    Hyksos,
  • an Asiatic people in the Nile Delta.
  • Upper Egypt dominated by kings in Thebes. (CH
    2 Coverage)
  • -----------------------------------------------
    ---------------------------------------
    -----------------------------------------
  • NEW KINGDOM 1550-1070 BCE (CH 4 Coverage)
  • Theban king Ahmose expels the Hyksos and
    reunites Egypt.
  • Reigns of such kings as Amenhotep and Thutmose
    (Thutmosis). Memphis now main residential city.


PP Design of T. Loessin Akins H.S.
46
AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 167 Tutorials T F 820 850
Cyrus the Great was
the first Emperor of Persia,
who issued a decree on his
policies, later hailed
as his Charter on the Rights of
Nations. Inscribed
on a clay cylinder, it is known as the
first real
Declaration of Human Rights, and is now kept at
the British
Museum. A replica is also at the
United Nations in New York.
It symbolizes true
Multiculturalism, a word coined to express
the
coexistence and peaceful cohabitation of peoples
from
different background and culture in one land.
Cyrus the Great was one of the first rulers to
insist on Tolerance of other peoples beliefs
and culture.
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Analyze Assyrian military strength.
  • Evaluate Assyrian achievements.
  • Trace the Assyrian Empires decline.
  • Explain the rise and fall of the Persian Empire.
  • Describe the unique features of the Persian
    government and its official religion -
    Zoroastrianism.
  • TODAYs AGENDA Please begin your warm-up
    immediately!
  • WARM-UP Read about Assyrian Military Power
    textbook p. 89
  • LECTURE The Assyrians and the Persians Two
    Different Ways to Rule!
  • Video The Persians Rule with Tolerance
  • TOMORROWS ASSIGNMENT
  • ALL Read Chapter 4, Sections 4 in textbook !
  • REMINDER TEXTBOOKS are REQUIRED in class EVERY
    DAY!

47
Cyrus
the Great was the first Emperor of Persia,
who issued a decree on
his policies, later hailed as his
Charter on the Rights of Nations.
Inscribed on a
clay cylinder, it is known as the first
real Declaration of Human
Rights, and is now kept at
the British Museum. A replica is also at
the United Nations
in New York. It
symbolizes true Multiculturalism, a word coined
to express the
coexistence and peaceful living of people
from different background
and culture in one land.
Cyrus the Great was one of the first
rulers to insist on
Tolerance of other peoples beliefs and
culture.
Cyrus
the Great was the first Emperor of Persia,
who issued a decree on
his policies, later hailed as his
Charter on the Rights of Nations.
Inscribed on a
clay cylinder, it is known as the first
real Declaration of Human
Rights, and is now kept at
the British Museum. A replica is also at
the United Nations
in New York. It
symbolizes true Multiculturalism, a word coined
to express the
coexistence and peaceful living of people
from different background
and culture in one land.
Cyrus the Great was one of the first
rulers to insist on
Tolerance of other peoples beliefs and
culture.
Cyrus the Great 580-529 B.C.
I am Cyrus. King of the world. When I entered
Babylon... I did not allow anyone to terrorize
the land... I kept in view the needs of Babylon
and all its sanctuaries to promote their
well-being... I put an end to their misfortune.
From The First Charter of the Rights of Nations
Cyrus the GreatFounder of The First Persian
Empire Inscribed on a clay cylinder in
cuneiformdiscovered in 1879 now in The British
Museum, London.
48
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49
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50
AKINS HIGH SCHOOL Pre-A.P. World History Mr.
Loessin Room 230 Tutorials T F 820 850
Shi Huangdi
First Emperor of China,
brought about the new Qin Dynasty
following the
collapse of the old Zhou
dynasty. He was a cruel tyrant who
restored order in
China with a harsh laws,
taxes, and intolerance toward scholars.
His Qin dynasty
lasted about 15 years.
  • TODAYs OBJECTIVES
  • Compare the Chinese ethical systems
  • Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism
  • that arose in the late Zhou period
  • and how they addressed the time of troubles.
  • Describe the impact of Shi Huangdis Qin Dynasty
    on Chinese history.
  • TODAYs AGENDA Please begin your warm-up
    immediately!
  • WARM-UP Read History Makers Confucius and
    Laozi textbook p. 98
  • TOMORROWS ASSIGNMENT
  • ALL STUDY FOR TEST. Chapter 3 4 Test is
    tomorrow! Tutorials begin at 820!
  • REMINDER TEXTBOOKS are REQUIRED in class EVERY
    DAY!

51
DYNAST I ES
RECALL We Covered in Chapter 2
PP Design of T. Loessin Akins H.S.
52
RECALL We Covered in Chapter 2
The first 300 years of Zhou rule were relatively
peaceful and stable. But that changed around 771
B.C.E. as nomadic tribes invaded from the north
and as the noble families began to fight for
power against one another. The crossbow is
introduced in China during this time of great
conflict and chaos known as the Period of Warring
States. Chinese values collapsed during this
period of arrogance, chaos, and defiance. Will
China be saved? By who? By what? ..stay tuned.
PP Design of T. Loessin Akins H.S.
53
CONFUCIANISM
  • Confucius Chinas most influential scholar /
    philosopher
  • Born 551 B.C.
  • Wanted to restore order to Chinese society
  • after years of conflict in warring states
    period
  • His answer To help China, people must follow
    the
  • Five basic Relationships based on respect
  • Ruler / Subjects Father / Son
    Husband / Wife
  • Brother / Brother Friend /
    Friend
  • Emphasis on Family relationships
  • filial piety respecting the family / elders
    / parents

CONFUCIUS 551 479 B.C. Dont do to others
what you wouldnt want done
to yourself.
-Confucius
  • Worked to improve government efficiency
    Created the basis of a bureaucracy (a system
    of departments and agencies that run the
    government) Education
    important for these
    civil servants (government workers)
  • Over time, the philosophy of Confucius spread
    to other parts of Asia and is
    still practiced today
  • Analects (the teachings of Confucius)
  • (Fill in your p. 1 Chart in packet)
  • PIC Confucious seated teaches political
    statesmen.

54
TAOISM
  • Laozi (or, Lao-tzu) was also a great Chinese
    thinker.
  • Taoism was not meant to be a religion. It is a
    "Way" of life.
  • It is a River. The Tao is the natural order of
    things.
  • It is a force that flows through every living
    thing,
  • as well as through the entire universe.
  • When the Tao is in balance it is possible to find
    perfect happiness.

Yin-Yang the Universe in Balance
Taoism is a religio-philosophical tradition
that has, along with Confucianism, shaped Chinese
life for more than 2,000 years. The Taoist
heritage, with its emphasis on individual freedom
and spontaneity, laissez-faire (hands off)
government and social primitivism, mystical
experience, and techniques of self-transformation,
represents in many ways the antithesis to
Confucian concern with individual moral duties,
community standards, and governmental
responsibilities. http//www.crystalinks.com/taoi
sm.html
  • Just let go, let the universe happen and all
    fall back into flow!
  • was Laozis answer to Chinas problems and
    personal happiness.
  • Called Taoism, or Daoism.
  • The Tao was written in a time of feudal warfare
    and constant
  • conflict. Lao Tzu was reflecting on a way which
    would stop
  • the warfare, a path for humanity to follow
    which would end
  • the conflict.
  • And so he came up with a few pages of short
    verses, which
  • became the Tao Te Ching, this is the original
    book of Tao.
  • (Fill in your p. 1 Chart in
    packet)

LAOZI (Lao-tzu) ca. 600 B.C. Stop thinking, and
end your problems.                               
 Lao Tzu
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LEGALISM
  • Legalism is the belief that order can only be
    restored through strict laws and force.
  • Han Feizi, as a student, was taught in the
    Confucian tradition.
  • Because of a problem with stuttering, he did
    not go the way most wandering
  • philosophers of this age did making the
    rounds of kings' courts and making
  • speeches. Instead, he wrote. His book, the Han
    Feizi, brought him some
  • prominence during his life and ended up being
    the main text of the school of
  • Legalism.
  • He traced the cause of the chaos of the time
    back to a growing population.
  • According to him, this caused a scarcity of
    resources which led to war and strife.
  • Shangzi saw a strong government according to
    law as the solution to the problem.
  • Han Feizi died as a result of political
    intrigue in 233 BC,
  • but Legalism would go on to become the
    philosophy which finally managed to unify China.
  • What were the three thinkers or new ideas that
    changed China?

Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism
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At 13 years old, he became ruler of the new Qin
Dynasty He ended the troubles period of
warring states. Of the three teachings of his
day Confucianism Daoism Legalism he chose
Legalism. Using FORCE and STRICT LAWS he
restored order to China. He is Chinas First
Emperor Shi Huangdi. He would double the size
of China.
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  • Doubled the size of China.
  • Established an autocracy a type of government
    where the ruler has
  • complete control and unlimited power !
  • Ended the feudalism of the Zhou period and
    reigned in the tamed
  • nobles but forcing them to move to his capital.
  • Desired complete Uniformity sameness in
    thought and deed.
  • Standardized writing, laws, money, weights and
    measurements.
  • Forced laborers to build roads connecting one
    end of China to the other.

Shi-Huangdi Chinas First Emperor (259-210 BC)
  • Legalism Total CONTROL! Banned books,
    controlled ideas,
  • began to persecute the educated Scholars. He
    bans Confucianism!

The Building of the Great Wall FACTS about the
Wall (see textbook p. 100-101) http//www.crysta
links.com/chinawall.html
Chinese peasants were forced to work on the wall
sometimes until their deaths!
Shi-Huangdis soldiers persecuting scholars.
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Shi Huangdi, the First Emperor of China,
restored order after years of conflict between
warring feudal states. To do so he adopted a
policy of strict and rigid Legalism. His
short-lived (15 year) Dynasty was called the Qin
(also called Chin).
The Qin Dynasty 221-206 B.C.E.B
What happened to Shi Huangdi? What happened to
his short-lived Qin Dynasty?
Click on the pic above to see more pics of the
Great Wall.
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60
Shi Huangdi was a tyrant and ruled with an iron
hand, handing down harsh laws, and levying large
tax rates that oppressed the commoners of ancient
China. He tried to eliminate the teachings of
Confucius, and the education system that
accompanied Confucianism. In his final years,
Shi Huangdi became quite withdrawn and
odd-behaving. He surrounded himself with
magicians and alchemists, providing them only
one task to find or create an immortality
formula. Shi Huangdi became increasingly more
maniacal near his death, and wanted an potion
that would allow him to rule as a divine emperor
forever. He died-- broken, insane, and
alone--after a trip to Japan in search of this
magic potion in 210 BCE. Recently discovered in
1974 by Chinese peasants who were drilling a
well, the tomb of Shi Huangdi proved to be one
of the greatest archaeological finds.
Archaeologists were uncertain when the
excavations began of the great magnitude of this
site. The centerpiece of Shi Huangdi's mausoleum
is the terra-cotta army of approximately 8,000
life-sized men and horses. Individually
sculpted of thick terra-cotta clay, each soldier
and horse is unique, each with its own style of
dress (the mineral paints used to cover the
figures in bright, gay colors have since
dissolved), weaponry, and facial expressions.
Built mainly underground, the construction itself
took 700,000 prisoners of war and slaves over 36
years to construct and covers approximately four
square miles. The as-yet-unearthed palace

(built for
Shi-Huangdis use in the afterlife and thus never
lived in)

is reputedly of legendary grandeur.
Shi-Huangdis actual

pyramidal tomb has also not been
excavated yet.

When the Chinese made the first
announcements about the statues

in 1974, many
archaeologists, intellectuals and especially
tourists

wanted to visit the site. The Chinese communist
government today

has been surprisingly open about
visitation (although they oversee

all the digging) and
even lead tours to watch the actual excavation

as it
takes place.
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Shi Huangdi, the First Emperor of China,
restored order after years of conflict between
warring feudal states. To do so he adopted a
policy of strict and rigid Legalism. His
short-lived (15 year) Dynasty was called the Qin
(also called Chin).
The Qin Dynasty 221-206 B.C.E.B
What happened to Shi Huangdi?
What happened to his short-lived Qin Dynasty?
Click on the pic above to see more pics of the
Great Wall.
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We will examine the great Han Dynasty during our
Library Project next week!
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