Unit 5: 1750-1900 The Long 19th Century - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit 5: 1750-1900 The Long 19th Century

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... -distance trade Inequalities of classes due to Industrialization Inequalities of regions increase due to in imperialism Independence movements, ... Africa: Berlin ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 5: 1750-1900 The Long 19th Century


1
Unit 5 1750-1900The Long 19th Century
2
Major Characteristics
  • European dominance of long-distance trade
  • Inequalities of classes due to Industrialization
  • Inequalities of regions increase due to in
    imperialism
  • Independence movements, revolutions

3
Industrialization
  • Started in England b/c agricultural revolution,
    colonies, new technology, available resources
    like coal and iron, economic and political
    stability
  • Improvements in transportation- steam engine,
    railroads
  • Caused problems w/ urbanization, pollution,
    working conditions, creation of middle class,
    lessening of influence of nobles, larger gap
    between wealthy/poor

4
Imperialism
  • Western empire building by forceful economic and
    political domination
  • Reasons nationalism, new weapons, need raw
    goods, need market for goods, Social Darwinism,
    white mans burden, missionary, ethnic divisions
    in colonies

5
Imperialism
  • Exploration made possible by drugs preventing
    spread of disease, steam engine
  • Scramble for Africa Berlin Conference
  • European countries ability to claim and control
    African countries only countries not conquered
    Ethiopia and Liberia
  • Lines drawn by Europeans make difficult for some
    to have enough resources and create problems of
    ethnic strife

6
Imperialism
  • Middle East mostly economic imperialism
  • India
  • British East India Company control
  • Sepoy Rebellion- Indian troops revolt b/c of meat
    cartridges, force British military to come in
  • Becomes British colony
  • Produce cotton, other products provides good
    market b/c so many people
  • Indian National Congress mostly Hindus goal to
    promote political unity and appoint more Indians
    to positions in British govt
  • All-India Muslim League nationalist group for
    Muslims

7
  • China
  • Opium Wars- British try to find something to
    trade with them so bring in opium Chinese not
    industrialized, behind in military technology
  • Treaty of Nanjing 1842
  • Extraterritorial rights exempt from Chinese laws
    at 5 ports
  • Br. Control Hong Kong
  • Open Door Policy (U.S. suggestion)
  • Chinas doors be open to merchants from all
    nations
  • European sphere of influence
  • Japan
  • Commodore Perry requests trade w/ Japan
  • Japan industrializes, imperializes China Korea
    becomes colony
  • Meiji Restoration enlightened rule reforms
    fashioned after West

8
American Imperialism
  • Monroe Doctrine U.S. declared Americas (N/S)
    not open to imperialism backed by British
  • Panama Canal 1914- U.S. built, controlled so
    have easy access to both coasts
  • Spanish-American War- America mad at Spanish
    involvement in Cuba we win gain Spanish
    colonies
  • Economic imperialism in China, Pacific military
    bases

9
Political Concepts of 19th Century
  • Political Ideology
  • Conservatism believe in monarchy, preserving
    traditions
  • Liberalism Enlightenment principles,
    constitutions, individual rights
  • Radicalism socialism, etc need radical change
  • Communism
  • Nationalism
  • Loyalty to the nation not a ruler
  • Self determination

10
Social Aspects of 19th Century
  • Cult of domesticity womens responsibility at
    home
  • Separate spheres
  • mens sphere the outside world
  • womens sphere the home
  • Rise of the middle class

11
Revolutions
  • America 1776- Enlightenment, democracy, educated
    elite, Declaration of Independence (1776)
    Articles of Confederation (1781) Constitution
    (1789)
  • French, 1789- Three Estates Declaration of the
    Rights of Man and Citizen bloody/guillotine,
    radical, reject church, class hierarchies led to
    Napoleon
  • Haiti, 1800s- French busy, influenced by Am and
    France, slave revolt, 1st place where ALL men
    completely equal

12
Revolutions
  • Mexico, 1910- church contributed, Creole elite
    uprising, civil war, create republic, eventually
    peasants able to overcome elite
  • China, 1911- upset by foreign influence, series
    of minor uprisings, nationalist movement,
    republic created Last Chinese dynasty (Qing)
    ends
  • Russia, 1917- civil war, communist revolution led
    by Lenin, try to quickly industrialize, spurred
    by WWI, agriculture collectivization
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