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A Programme for Universalization of Elementary Education

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Title: A Programme for Universalization of Elementary Education


1
A Programme for Universalization of Elementary
Education
2
Mission Statement
  • Empowering of children to be active participants
    in a knowledge society.
  • A result-oriented approach with accountability
    towards performance and output at all levels.
  • A people-centred mode of Implementation of
    educational interventions with involvement of all
    stakeholders, especially teachers, parents,
    community and Panchayati Raj institutions and
    voluntary organisations.
  • An equity-based approach that focuses on the
    needs of educationally backward areas and
    disadvantaged social groups including children
    with special needs.
  • A holistic effort to ensure convergence of
    investments and initiatives for improving the
    efficiency of the elementary education system.
  • Institutional reforms and capacity building to
    ensure a sustained effort for UEE.

3
  • SSA GOALS
  • All children in school, Education Guarantee
    Centre, Alternate School, Back-to-School camp
    by 2005
  • Bridging gender and social gaps in
  • Primary 2007
  • Elementary 2010
  • Universal retention by 2010
  • Focus on satisfactory quality with emphasis on
    education for life

4
SSA NATIONAL MISSION
5
Goal 1 All children in School What does SSA
Provide
  • Providing basic facilities in each school
  • Primary schools within 1 k.m. radius and a n
    upper primary school in the ratio of 2 1 PSUPS
  • Education Guarantee Scheme and Alternative
    Innovative Education centres as alternative
    schools.
  • Additional classrooms a room for every teacher
    with minimum of 2 teachers at Primary and 3
    teachers at Upper primary level
  • Toilets/drinking water/child friendly elements.
  • Additional teachers to get pupil teacher ratio of
    401.

6
Goal I All Children in School / EGS / AIE by
2005 Gross Enrolment Ratios
  • GER at primary stage is 103.7
  • GER at upper primary stage is 64.
  • Lowest GER are in Bihar, Punjab, Haryana, Goa and
    AN Islands
  • Huge enrolment Increase in Chattisgarh,
    Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh.

GER at Primary Level
7
Out of School Children
Goal I contd/-
  • The number of out of school children is 76 lakh
    (2007).
  • 3.8 OoSC hardest to reach category of
    children.
  • 60 OoSC are in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar
    Pradesh.
  • No. of districtsgt50,000 OOSC 36.
  • Plan to cover 11 lakh through EGS and 48 lakh
    through AIE this year.

In lakhs
8
Goal I All Children in School / EGS / AIE by
2005 Access at Primary Stage
Infrastructure
Item Targets up to 2006-07 (in lakh)
New Schools opened 2.40
Teachers appointed 10.03
Drinking Water 1.7
Toilets 2.35
Construction School building Additional Classrooms 1.83 6.92
Access less (no school within 1 km.) habitations as per 7th AIES 1,60,528
Primary schools provided till 2007-08 under SSA and DPEP 2,04,200
Number of EGS centres functional by the end of 2007-08 is 57,000 Number of EGS centres functional by the end of 2007-08 is 57,000
Access at Upper Primary Stage
Access less (no school within 3 km.) habitations as per 7th AIES 1,69,492
Upper Primary Schools provided till 2007-08 under SSA 124300
PS to UPS at the National level is 2.61 PS to UPS at the National level is 2.61
States Advised to map requirements of UPS as per distance and population norms States Advised to map requirements of UPS as per distance and population norms
9
  • Thrust in 11th Plan
  • Identify and mainstream hard to reach children
  • Focus on bridge courses / programmes.
  • Address residual access
  • Fill infrastructure gaps
  • priorities upper primary schools
  • 6.37 lakh additional classrooms for SCR 140

10
  • Goal 2 Bridging Gender and Social Category Gaps
  • Programme for participation of girls
  • Free Text Books
  • National Programme on Education of Girls at
    Elementary level started in 3291 educationally
    backward blocks.
  • Innovative activities like pre-school
    centres/bridge courses/vocational
    education/bicycles etc.
  • Gender sensitization of education personnel and
    teachers.
  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (residential
    schools) in 2810 educationally backward blocks .
  • Innovative activities in several States Life
    skills education, remedial teaching, vocational
    training for older girls, health and hygiene
    camps and uniforms / incentives.

11
Goal II Bridging Gender Social Category
Gap at primary by 2007 elementary by 2010
Upper Primary Primary
  • Girls enrolment up from 47.18 (2003-04) to
    47.79 (2005-06).
  • Gender gap reduced at Pry (DISE)
  • 48 distt. Gender Gap gt 10 pts.
  • High gender gap
  • ?Bihar(11.3)?Rajasthan (7.07)
  • ?Gujarat(6.1)?Jharkhand (5.0)
  • Girls enrolment up from 45.02 (2003-04) to
    45.80 (2005-06).
  • Gender gap reduced at upper primary
  • 81 distt. Gender gap gt 20 pts.
  • High gender gap in
  • ?Rajasthan(23.6)?Bihar (22.3)
  • ?Jharkhand(11.8)?MP(11.7)
  • ?Uttar Pradesh (9.4)

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
5.1 5.1 4.6
2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
9.4 8.9 8.0
12
Goal II contd/-
Promoting Education of SC and ST Children
  • Free Text Books.
  • 242 KGBV in SC and 457 in ST Blocks with 25 of
    SC 29 ST girls covered in all KGBVs.
  • Rs. 15 lakh per district for SC/ST innovation.
  • EGS AIE centres being opened in tribal areas
    with relaxed norms (10-15 children).
  • Recruitment of local tribal teachers.
  • Development of specific modules for training of
    teachers in tribal areas (AP, Gujarat, Orissa).
  • Use of primers in tribal languages to help in
    better transition to State language.
  • Targeted Provisioning in 61 SC 106 ST
    concentration districts

13
Goal II contd/-

Share of SC and ST Students
Primary Primary Primary Upper Primary Upper Primary Upper Primary
2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
SC 21.3 20.75 20.40 19.33 20.10 19.09
ST 10.20 10.71 11.55 8.08 8.84 8.76
  • Source DISE data.
  • Highest SC share in Punjab (47), Haryana (31),
    UP (28).
  • Highest ST share in North Eastern States,
    Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand.
  • Gender Parity an issue at upper primary level
    among SC.
  • Gender parity an issue at primary upper primary
    level among ST.

14
What Does SSA Provide for Children With Special
need
  • Support to CWSN, specific provision of Rs 1200
    per child
  • Coverage through enrolment in schools(19.97
    lakh), EGS/AIE centres(1.12 lakh) and home based
    education (77140).
  • Provided assistive devices to 7.12 lakh CWSN
  • Teachers training to 50000 teachers
  • 6678 resource teachers appointed in 21 States.
  • Barrier free access ramps in the 5.02 lakh
    school
  • 620 NGOs involved in planning for IE,
    identification on CWSN, provision of aids and
    appliances, training on teachers etc.
  • Focus now on in-class attention and appropriate
    materials/ teaching methods for enrolling CWSN

15
CWSN Inclusive Education
  • SSA has zero rejection policy

16
  • Thrust in 11th Plan
  • Lower Gender Gap in literacy by 10 pts.
  • Revamp NPEGEL for specific block projects _at_ Rs.
    25 lakh per block per year.
  • Enlarge eligibility criteria of EBBs for NPEGEL
    KGBV
  • Bring SC, ST at par.
  • Small school norms for ST areas.
  • Hostels for boys _at_ KGBV norms. (ST Minorities
  • Focus on minority dominated areas.
  • Priority targeting for completing infrastructure
    gaps in districts / blocks with socially
    disadvantaged categories.
  • Enhance CWSN norms and Focus on Girl Child with
    Disability

17
Goal III Universal Retention by 2010
  • Dropout rates (pry.) have declined by 4.5 percent
    points.
  • Reduction in girls drop out by 5 percent
    points.
  • Transition rates Pry. to U. Pry. improve from
    74.15 (2003-04) to 83.36 (2005-06).

DISE
Dropout Rates
18
Goal III Universal Retention by 2010
Drop out at Pry Level 9.96 lt 10 AP,
HP, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, JK Karnataka,
Kerala, MP, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Nagaland,
Orissa, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamilnadu,
Tripura 10 15 Assam, , Haryana, UP, WB
Uttarakhand, gt 15 Jharkhand, Bihar Meghalaya
, Rajasthan Arunachal Pradesh
Upto 5
5 to 10
10 to 15
16 to 20
gt 20
19
Thrust in XIth Plan Universal Retention
  • Dropout to reduce from 52.2 (2003-04) to 20
    (2011-12) at elementary level.
  • Incentivise Upper Primary Level
  • Library infrastructure
  • More staff at BRC for upper primary requirements.
  • Special teacher training for upper primary
    schools.
  • Free text books and uniforms to all
  • Furniture for every child
  • Special focus on science and maths learning.
  • Enhanced ICT input.

20
Goal IV Improving Quality of Education
  • What SSA Provides for Quality improvement
  • Provide additional teachers for PTR 1 40 with
    minimum of two teachers
  • Grants Teachers
  • Development of improved textbooks
  • Free textbooks for girls, SC, STs
  • Remedial teaching (for students needing greater
    attention )
  • Annual 20 day training of teachers
  • Decentralized academic support to
    schools/teachers through block cluster level
    resource centers
  • Improved pupil assessment systems
  • School monitoring indicators

21
Goal IV Improving Quality of Education
States with high PTR
  • PTR at primary 411 and at upper primary is
    291
  • State have recruited 7.98 lakhs teachers against
    the target of 10.12 lakhs teachers.

PTR more than 411 at elementary level
22
Goal IV contd../-
Progress against Quality Inputs
Target (2006-07) Achievement
Teacher Training 34.05 lakh teachers 87
TLE Grant 1.08 lakh schools 62
School Grant 10.1 lakh schools 95
TLM Grant 39.34 lakh teachers 90
Free Textbooks 6.68 crore students 96
Remedial training 43.60 lakh students 78
Functional BRCs 6746 centres 99
Functional CRCs 70388 centres 94
23
Assessment based learning improvement efforts
  • Quality Tracking in Kerala
  • KSQAO Karnataka
  • ABL Tamil Nadu
  • CLAPS Andhra Pradesh
  • LATS Orissa
  • GAP Gujarat
  • Buniyad Jharkhand
  • Read C. Chhattisgarh
  • Read M. Madhya Pradesh
  • LAP, LGP Rajasthan
  • School Grading, Nayee Disha UP
  • PLEP Punjab
  • SSUU West Bengal
  • Bidya Jyoti, LAP Assam
  • School Monitoring - Uttarakhand
  • Learning Improvement Initiatives
  • Recent initiatives

24
  • Thrust in 11th Plan Working Group On Quality
  • Develop minimum standards of educational
    attainment
  • Regular testing to monitor effectiveness of
    education.
  • ICT for enhancing learning levels.
  • Define improved quality in operational terms.
  • Distinguish assessment for performance of
    individual students, grading school effectiveness
    teachers learner achievement trends, national
    Surveys for quick comparable results / analysis
    on direction of learning outcomes.
  • Acquisition of basic skills of literacy
    numeracy in early primary grades.
  • Creation of capacity within the school for
    dealing with diversity in students.
  • Enhance SSAs framework to support more quality
    related activities.

Contd.
25
  • What Does SSA Provide for
  • Community Involvement
  • Community involvement - must in SSA
  • Village Education Committees and School
    Management Committees given key role in SSA
    implementation.
  • 50 funds go to VEC/ SMC
  • VECs/Womens groups monitor primary schools
  • Roles in implementation/monitoring assigned to
    Panchayati Raj Institutions.
  • More than 6000 NGOs involved in support to, and
    implementation of SSA interventions.

26
Thrust in 11th Plan Community Participation
  • Road map for decentralisation of school
    governance with defined milestones.
  • Community control over recruitment placement of
    teachers.
  • Block based / school based cadres.\
  • Substitute teachers.
  • Development of annual school plans with community
    involvements, with clear focus on quality
    parameters.
  • 1 of districts outlay for community mobilisation
    activities.
  • Promoting participation of NGOs and private
    sectors in providing facilities for deprived
    urban children.

27
Educational Development Index (EDI)
28
District EDI Distribution
State/UT Per cent districts in different Quartiles Per cent districts in different Quartiles Per cent districts in different Quartiles Per cent districts in different Quartiles
State/UT Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4
Himachal Pradesh 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Sikkim 100.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Tamil Nadu 96.60 3.40 0.00 0.00
Delhi 88.90 11.10 0.00 0.00
Mizoram 75.00 12.50 12.50 0.00
Karnataka 66.70 25.90 7.40 0.00
Andhra Pradesh 56.50 30.40 8.70 4.30
Uttarakhand 53.80 38.50 7.70 0.00
Punjab 52.90 47.10 0.00 0.00
Maharashtra 45.70 51.40 2.90 0.00
J K 35.70 21.40 42.90 0.00
Gujarat 32.00 60.00 8.00 0.00
Nagaland 12.50 12.50 25.00 50.00
Manipur 11.10 33.30 44.40 11.10
29
Monitoring/ Feedback
  • EMIS for 2006-07 under compilation (received from
    25 States / UTs).
  • School Report Cards 2006-07 on website.
  • 56 MI Reports received for 28 States / UTs (on
    website)
  • IPAI Reports received for 21 States.
  • CAG Performance Audit responded to evidence on
    13th Feb07. PAC Report received.
  • 9 Independent Assessment Studies initiated.

30
THANK YOU
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