READING NONFICTION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – READING NONFICTION PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 588997-NmQ1Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

READING NONFICTION

Description:

READING NONFICTION Types and Purposes WHAT IS NONFICTION? The subject of nonfiction is real The author writes about actual persons, places and events. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:403
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: PatriciaS48
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: READING NONFICTION


1
READING NONFICTION
  • Types and Purposes

2
WHAT IS NONFICTION?
  • The subject of nonfiction is real
  • The author writes about actual persons, places
    and events.
  • The writer may just report facts
  • The writer may also include personal opinions
  • Often there is a mixture of both
  • Readers must read critically

3
CRITICAL READING
  • Look at writers background
  • Look at writers purpose
  • Look at writers attitude
  • Look at writers audience

4
JOURNALISM
  • Newspapers
  • Magazines
  • Online sources

5
TYPES OF JOURNALISM
  • Interviews
  • Columns
  • Reviews
  • Articles
  • Editorials
  • Editorial Cartoons

6
ESSAYS
7
TYPES OF ESSAYS
  • Formal Essay
  • A prose discussion on a serious topic in a
    serious manner, usually rigidly structured and
    organized.
  • Informal Essay
  • A prose discussion on any topic in a light,
    humorous, amusing manner often loosely
    organized, rambling and casual in approach.

8
CHARACTERISTICS OF ESSAYS
  • Essays in general
  • Prose treatment
  • Brief
  • Incomplete in its discussion of topic
  • A literary whole

9
CHARACTERISTICS (CONT.)
  • The Formal Essay
  • Purpose to inform, explain, convince
  • Tone serious, rhetorical, balanced
  • The Informal Essay
  • Narrative structure
  • Tone conversational, sometimes witty and
    humorous

10
HUMOR AND THE ESSAY
  • Wit
  • Incongruity
  • The unexpected
  • Exaggeration
  • Humor
  • Ability to show, with sympathy, the things in
    life and human behavior that are funny.

11
SATIRE
  • A literary work in which vices, follies,
    stupidities, abuses, etc., are held up to
    ridicule and contempt.
  • A pointing out of the difference between how
    things are and how they ought to be.

12
OTHER TYPES OF ESSAYS
  • Comparison and Contrast Essays
  • Persuasive Essays
  • Cause and Effect Essays

13
PERSONAL CHRONICLES
14
DIARIES AND JOURNALS
  • Diaries a private form of writing with no
    further intended audience
  • Journals varying styles and topics. Give a
    glimpse of the writers value of his or her world

15
LETTERS
  • Private Letters
  • Public Letter
  • Letters can
  • Reveal character
  • Express opinions
  • Ask for information
  • Give information
  • Audience and Purpose influence tone.

16
PERSONAL REFLECTIONS
  • Personal Reflections must be memorable and
    significant and
  • Give character insight
  • Lead to an unexpected conclusion
  • Show how a lesson was learned
  • Awaken feeling of pity, compassion, joy and
    nostalgia

17
AUTOBIOGRAPHY
  • Written by the subject for publication
  • Author has some purpose for writing
  • To teach
  • To arouse awareness
  • To warn
  • Simply to entertain

18
MEMOIRS
  • A TYPE OF AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL WRITING, DEALING WITH
    THE RECOLLECTIONS OF PROMINENT PEOPLE OR PEOPLE
    WHO HAVE BEEN A PART OF OR HAVE WITNESSED
    SIGNIFICANT EVENTS.
  • CONSIDERED BOTH AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL

19
BIOGRAPHY
  • The accurate presentation of a life story from
    birth to death of an individual.
  • Historical biographies include strands of an
    individuals life interwoven with historical
    persons, places and events.

20
OTHER TYPES OF NONFICTION
  • Speeches
  • Historical Writing
  • Science Writing
  • Technical writing
  • Writing online
  • Miscellaneous writing

21
ELEMENTS OF NONFICTION
  • Characters, Plot, and Setting. Like fiction,
    nonfiction has characters, plot, and setting.
    However, these elements are real, not made up.
    The main character in an autobiography or
    biography is called the subject. The subject's
    words, thoughts, and actions are presented.

22
MORE ELEMENTS
  • Purpose. Different types of nonfiction have
    different purposes. Biographies and
    autobiographies, for example, have the purpose of
    informing the reader. They use explanatory,
    descriptive, and narrative paragraphs. Other
    types of nonfiction, such as newspaper
    editorials, are intended to win readers over to a
    certain opinion. They use persuasive paragraphs.
    Sometimes a piece of writing combines purposes.

23
AND MORE ELEMENTS
Tone. The writer's attitude toward his or her
subject matter is called tone. A writer's tone
may be sympathetic, It may be bitter, It may be
comic, hopeful, solemn, or anything the writer
likes.
24
HOW TO READ NONFICTION
  • Try to separate Facts from Opinions.
  • The writer has chosen facts that present a
    certain picture of the subject.
  • Think about what might be missing as well as what
    is there.

25
MORE READING TIPS
  • Think about the writer's purpose.
  • Is the writer trying to win you over to his or
    her opinion?
  • Learn to appreciate how well a writer says
    something, even when you don't agree.
  • Be a critical reader.

26
FINAL READING TIPS
  • Be aware of the writer's tone.
  • Frequently a writer reveals much about himself or
    herself by the tone he or she uses.
  • This is especially important in autobiographical
    writing
About PowerShow.com