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Do Now

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Title: The Canterbury Tales Author: Gwynne Last modified by: Gwynne McCormick Created Date: 8/27/2009 12:41:40 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Do Now


1
Do Now
  • 1 Storytelling
  • Why do we tell stories? In what situations? What
    makes a good story?
  • 2 Medieval Times
  • What do you know about the medieval period? What
    was life like? What role did the church play in
    peoples lives? What problems did people face?
  • 3 Love and Marriage
  • What do you think most women want? Most men? Is
    it something different? Was it the same hundreds
    of years ago?

2
The Canterbury Tales
  • Geoffrey Chaucer

3
Geoffrey Chaucer
  • Known as the father of English literature
  • Born between 1340 and 1345
  • Father was a wealthy wine merchant
  • Chaucer received a well-rounded education.
  • Chaucers father secured him a position at court
    in the household of Elizabeth, Countess of
    Ulster, who was the wife of King Edward IIIs
    second son.
  • Important opportunity for a medieval youth
  • Would have secured him a successful future

4
Geoffrey Chaucer
  • Favored by the monarchy for his diplomatic work
  • Sent to Italy
  • Most likely where he became acquainted with the
    works of Petrarch and Dante, which influenced his
    writing
  • Published 4 works between 1370 and 1386
  • The Book of the Duchess
  • The Parliament of Fowls
  • The House of Tame
  • Troilus and Criseyde
  • First poet buried in the Poets Corner of
    Westminster Abbey
  • Supervised construction of this monument

5
Geoffrey Chaucer
  • The Canterbury Tales, Chaucers masterpiece, was
    never completed
  • Began in 1387
  • Ended with Chaucers death on October 25, 1400

6
Background
  • Kings and nobles had all power politically.
  • The Catholic church had all power spiritually.
  • Most were poor farmers struggling to survive.
  • Corruption abounded in government and the church.
  • Labor shortage due to The Plague
  • The Canterbury Tales was well-received by the
    public.
  • The work departed from the norm.
  • The belief existed that all good literary work
    was modeled off of something already in
    existence.
  • Important works were usually written in Latin or
    French Chaucer wrote in English

7
Background
  • 29 pilgrims plus Chaucer, who is the Narrator,
    and the Host
  • Leaving from The Tabard Inn outside London
  • Traveling to the shrine of St. Thomas à Becket

8
Homework
  • Read The General Prologue and The Knights Tale,
    Part 1 and answer corresponding questions.

9
Do Now
  • What is love? What makes for a good relationship?

10
Courtly Love
  • The Art of Courtly Love
  • Andreas Capellanus
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine
  • Certain rules
  • Love comes into a person through the eyes
  • Not a meeting of the minds
  • Exclusively based on adultery
  • Love is always increasing and decreasing
  • Jealousy is a good thing
  • Go-betweens are used

11
Chivalry and Honor
  • Women are on a pedestal
  • Constantly tested
  • Loosely connected with the Church
  • Fighting for the Crusades
  • Loyalty to your lord
  • Carrying yourself
  • Must look good
  • Brave and selfless
  • Fight in someones name
  • Strong sense of ethics
  • Generous
  • Not usually what happened persona

12
Medieval Romances
  • Idealized images of how people in the higher
    classes behave, especially in love and war
  • Love is inspired by perfect beauty and virtue.
  • All characters deal with one another in
    completely chivalrous ways.
  • The settling of a quarrel through a test of
    combat
  • Everyone is perfect
  • Fictionalized version of good people
  • Creates communities
  • Nationalism

13
The General Prologue
  • Describe the variety of occupations, the degree
    of wealth, the level of education, and the
    beginnings of political power represented among
    the pilgrims.
  • Contrast a corrupt clergymen from the Prologue
    with the Parson.
  • Select three characters from the Prologue whom
    Chaucer seems to be satirizing.

14
The Knight's Tale Part 1
  • What do you think of how the two men fall in love
    with Emily? Why do authors use love at first
    sight in stories?
  • Why is the Knight the first person to tell his
    tale?

15
Classwork
  • Complete worksheet.

16
Homework
  • Read The Knights Tale, Parts 2, 3, and 4 and
    answer corresponding questions.

17
Do Now
  • Have you ever had to fight for something you
    loved or felt passionate about? How did it turn
    out? Did you feel the ends results were fair?
    Explain why or why not.

18
Fortune's Wheel
  • Rota Fortunae
  • The goddess Fortuna spins the wheel at random
  • Found in Dantes Inferno and The Canterbury Tales
  • Used to educate illiterate masses
  • Found in medieval art and in windows of
    cathedrals

Regno I reign
Regnavi I have reigned
Regnabo I shall reign
Sum sine regno I am without a kingdom
19
The Knight's Tale Parts 2, 3, and 4
  • Explain the features in this tale which
    characterize it as a romance.
  • How did the Knight seem to define love?
  • How does the Knights story fit with what you
    know about him from the Prologue and with what he
    values?
  • What role do the gods play in this tale?

20
Classwork
  • With a partner, look for instances of where
    Fortunes wheel is found in The Knights Tale
    thus far. Discuss its purpose in the story.

21
Homework
  • Read The Millers Prologue and Tale and answer
    corresponding questions.

22
Do Now
  • Is revenge ever sweet? Does it ever have any
    purpose? Or does it only create more trouble?

23
The Miller's Prologue and Tale
  • Fabliau
  • A short tale, usually vulgar, with a quick funny
    ending.
  • The Merchants Tale is also an example of this.

24
The Millers Prologue and Tale
  • Contrast The Knights Tale with The Millers
    Tale.
  • Fully describe the character Absalom.

25
Classwork
  • Contemplate Chaucers reason for including such a
    crude tale and the response medieval audiences
    may have had to the story.

26
Homework
  • Read The Nuns Priests Prologue and Tale and
    answer corresponding questions.

27
Do Now
  • Why have authors used animals to teach lessons in
    literature? What can they accomplish that human
    beings perhaps cannot?

28
The Nuns Priest Prologue and Tale
  • Allegory an extended metaphor in which a
    person, abstract idea, or event stands for itself
    and for something else
  • It usually involves moral or spiritual concepts
    which are more significant than the actual story.
  • Examples
  • Miltons Paradise Lost
  • George Orwells Animal Farm
  • Parody a humorous or satirical imitation of a
    person, event, or serious work of literature
    designed to ridicule in nonsensical fashion or to
    criticize by clever duplication

29
The Nuns Priest Prologue and Tale
  • With the treatment and role of women being an
    important theme throughout The Canterbury Tales,
    explain why its appropriate that Chaucer would
    tell this tale.
  • Explain how the Nuns Priests Tale fits the
    requirements for a beast fable.

30
  • Woman is mans joy (Page 159)
  • Reference to Adam and Eve (Page 161)
  • False flatterers (Page 162)
  • Fortune (Page 164)

31
Classwork
  • This tale could be looked at as a parody or an
    allegory. With your group, take a stance and back
    up your position with examples from the book.

32
Homework
  • Read The Wife of Baths Prologue and Tale and
    answer corresponding questions.

33
Do Now
  • Make a list of words that you feel adequately
    describe the Wife of Bath.

34
The Wife of Baths Prologue and Tale
  • What religious attitudes about women are attacked
    by the Wife of Bath?
  • What is ironic about her anger against these
    attitudes?

35
The Wife of Baths Prologue and Tale
  • Argues that it is not possible to remain a
    virgin, and also support marriage (Page 167)
  • Argues the use of sexual organs (Page 168)
  • Doesnt condemn virginity, but says its not for
    her (Page 169)

36
The Wife of Baths Prologue and Tale
  • A contradiction
  • She uses the same arguments that men use to
    degrade women.
  • Says women are good liars (Page 170)
  • Nags her husband (Page 174)
  • Suffers through his lust and pretend enjoyment
    for profit (Page 174)
  • Is she a stereotype or is she an empowered woman?
  • Says that all women truly want is control over
    their husbands (Page 187)

37
Classwork
  • Examine the debate over the Wife being a
    stereotype of women or an empowered female
    character. With your group, look for specific
    examples of how the Wife fits your side of the
    argument. You will then write your findings on
    the board and share with the class.

38
Homework
  • Read The Friars Prologue and Tale and answer
    corresponding questions.

39
Do Now
  • How often do you encounter people who are not
    what they seem? Have you ever had someone like
    this in your life? What were the repercussions
    and consequences of this persons influence? Did
    the person ever experience hardship because of
    his or her actions?

40
The Friar's Prologue and Tale
  • Medieval exemplum a dramatic part of a sermon
    that illustrates the central idea a tale of
    immoral behavior with a moral ending
  • Common theme of a corrupt political official
    getting what he deserves

41
The Friar's Prologue and Tale
  • In what ways can this tale be considered an
    example of a fabliau?
  • Why is it ironic that the Friar accuses the
    Summoner of avarice?

42
  • Nothing good can be said about a summoner.
    (Page 193)
  • Uses spies (Page 194)
  • Could be bought and bribed (Page 195)
  • Despised title (Page 196)
  • Agrees to terms with the devil (Page 199)
  • Summoner is taken to hell (Page 201)

43
Classwork
  • Write your own version of The Friars Tale,
    attacking a modern day celebrity or political
    figure for their actions.

44
Homework
  • Read The Summoners Prologue and Tale and answer
    corresponding questions.

45
Do Now
  • In your day to day life, you most likely
    encounter hypocrisy in some form or another. How
    do you deal with such things? Do you find
    hypocrisy especially rampant in a particular area
    (a profession, a group of people, etc.)?

46
Lollardy
  • Also known as Wycliffism
  • Medieval heresy
  • Attacked the idea that religious power came
    through hierarchy
  • Piety was what mattered
  • A holy layperson had as much power as a priest
  • True community was about the community of the
    faithful
  • Originated in the 1370s or early 1380s in Oxford
    with the followers of John Wycliffe
  • Lollards were persecuted after The Peasants
    Revolt in 1381

47
Lollardy
  • Was considered a threat to the government and the
    church
  • Protests against the wealth, the power, and the
    pride of the clergy
  • Discredited transubstantiation
  • The belief that the Eucharist actually changes
    into the body and blood of Christ
  • Favored consubstantiation
  • The belief that the body and blood of Christ
    exists alongside the Eucharist (bread and wine).
    The bread and wine does not become the body and
    blood.

48
The Summoner's Prologue and Tale
  • Based on the definitions youve received so far
    (fabliau, exemplum, allegory, parody, etc.), what
    genre do you think this story fits into? Why?
  • What has happened to the friendly feud between
    the Summoner and the Friar?

49
Classwork
  • Work with a partner to list other instances of
    political or social movements that grew out of
    distrust for the social climate. Think of
    history, throughout the world and in America. How
    did these upheavals end? Was change granted? Or
    was the movement shut down by the people in power?

50
Homework
  • Read The Merchants Prologue, Tale, and Epilogue
    and answer corresponding questions.

51
Do Now
  • The tales weve read deal a lot with
    relationships, namely love and marriage. In your
    experience, what are some of the issues/events
    that can doom a relationship? Are there certain
    things that can doom a relationship from the
    start?

52
The Merchants Prologue, Tale, and Epilogue
  • This story is another example of a fabliau.
  • A short tale, usually vulgar, with a quick funny
    ending.
  • Love triangles
  • The Knights Tale
  • Emily is compared to a lily and a rose.
  • Page 22
  • The Millers Tale
  • Alison is compared to honey and apples.
  • Page 67
  • The Merchants Tale
  • May is compared to the month of May.
  • Page 255

53
The Merchants Prologue, Tale, and Epilogue
  • Why would the Wife of Bath approve of Mays
    behavior?
  • Do you feel sorry for January in the end? Was he
    better off not knowing the truth?
  • What does this tale tell you about the standards
    of beauty in Chaucers time?

54
Classwork
  • Compare and contrast the love triangles found in
    each story in your group. You will write your
    findings on the board and share with the class.

55
Homework
  • Read The Franklins Prologue and Tale and answer
    corresponding questions.

56
Do Now
  • What does it mean to have honor? How important
    is a persons word in our day and age? Is it
    still important?

57
The Franklins Prologue and Tale
  • How does Dorigen fit into the medieval concept of
    womanhood?
  • Why would the Franklin, a member of the middle
    class, tell the story of the nobility?

58
Classwork
  • Contrast the description of marriage in The
    Franklins Tale with the description of marriage
    in The Wife of Baths Tale.

59
Homework
  • Read The Pardoners Introduction, Prologue, and
    Tale and answer corresponding questions.

60
Do Now
  • In our current society, greed can be hard to
    define. What do you think some of the
    fundamental differences are between being greedy
    and merely being ambitious? Is there any
    difference at all, or is the want to be
    successful just a natural human inclination?

61
The Pardoners Introduction, Prologue, and Tale
  • Explain in detail the moral lesson conveyed in
    The Pardoners Tale.
  • Give a full character description of the pilgrim
    Pardoner.

62
Classwork
  • This tale warns against such vices as avarice,
    gluttony, sloth, and most notably greed. Write a
    modern day exemplum that places money as the root
    of all evil. Include characters, dialogue, and
    make the moral lesson clear.
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