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Animal Farm

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Overview of Slideshow Background -- Text and Author Historical Figures Historical Setting Background Text and Author George Orwell is the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Farm


1
(No Transcript)
2
Overview of Slideshow
  • Background --
  • Text and Author
  • Historical
  • Figures
  • Historical
  • Setting

3
Background Text and Author
  • George Orwell is the pen name of Eric Arthur
    Blair.
  • Born in India in 1903 to
  • English missionaries
  • Educated at Eton
  • College in England

4
Orwells Influence
  • Orwellian
  • Of, relating to, or evocative of the works of
    George Orwell, especially the satirical novel
    1984, which depicts a futuristic totalitarian
    state.

5
More About Orwell
  • Most famous novels are
  • Animal Farm and 1984
  • Wrote extensively on
  • Totalitarianism
  • Government with total
  • control over individuals,
  • allowing for no dissension.

6
Anti-Utopian Writing
  • Orwell is considered
  • Anti-utopian
  • A utopia is defined as
  • an ideally perfect place,
  • especially in its social,
  • political, and moral aspects.

7
What are some examples of attempts at
creating a utopia?
8
What is Anti-Utopian?
  • Writing which reveals
  • the dark side of utopian thinking.
  • An ideal or perfect place is not only a sign of
    unrealistic thinking, but it is possibly
    destructive because of human nature.

9
Historical Context
  • The book was published in May of 1945.
  • What was happening in the world that year?

10
WW II Ends
  • Germany surrenders May 1945
  • Atomic bomb August 1945
  • Japan surrenders Sept. 1945

11
Irony of the celebration
  • The end of World War II unofficially began the
    Cold War which lasted almost 50 years

12
What are
  • Communism
  • Socialism
  • Capitalism

13
Capitalism
  • Economic system in which most means of production
    and distribution are privately owned and
    operated.

14
The United States is an exampleof the
capitalist system
15
Socialism
  • Various
  • theories or systems
  • where the ownership,
  • operation, and distribution
  • of goods and services is
  • controlled by the community
  • rather than individuals.

16
Sweden is an example of a socialist system
17
Communism
  • Same basic system as
  • socialism, but with
  • the idea that only
  • revolution will create
  • a communist state.
  • Expansionism and military
  • might is integral.

18
North Korea is an example of a communist state
19
Important figures
  • Karl Marx
  • Leon Trotsky
  • Vladimir Lenin
  • Josef Stalin

20
Karl Marx
  • Wrote The Communist Manifesto
  • Partnered with
  • Frederick Engels
  • Said to be the
  • father of
  • Communism/Marxism

21
Marx quotes
  • Religion is the opiate of the masses
  • History is economics in action

22
Marxism/Communism
  • Theorizes that after a hostile takeover, the
    vacuum of power would be filled by a few leaders,
    then eventually their power would wither away and
    be given to the people.

23
Leon Trotsky
  • Russian Communist revolutionary
  • Birth name is Lev Bronstein
  • Expelled from Soviet
  • Union because of conflict
  • with Stalin.
  • Killed in Mexico in 1940

24
Vladimir Lenin
  • Russian revolutionary/leader and founder of
    Bolshevism (Soviet Communism)
  • Assumed leadership
  • of Soviet Union until his death in 1924.

25
Joseph Stalin (Dzugashvili)
  • Took dictatorial control of Soviet Union after
    the
  • death of Lenin in 1924
  • until his death in 1953.
  • Known as the most
  • ruthless leader of the
  • 20th Century.

26
More About Stalin
  • Ukrainian forced famine killed 7 million in
    Winter of 32-33
  • Murdered his own advisors and generals in the
    Great Purge to instill a grip of fear.
  • Anyone opposed to his policies were either sent
    to Siberia or executed

27
Joseph Stalin quotes
  • One death is a tragedy. One million deaths is a
    statistic.

28
Joseph Stalin quotes
  • It is enough that the people know there was
    an election. The people who cast the votes decide
    nothing. The people who count the votes decide
    everything.

29
Stalin Poster translated
  • The leader and teacher of humanity in the
    fight for peace, democracy, and socialism.

30
  • Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts
    absolutely!
  • -Lord Acton

31
The End
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