The African Slave Trade - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The African Slave Trade PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 57e6ea-MThjZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The African Slave Trade

Description:

Title: The African Slave Trade Author: Pearson Education Last modified by: CCSD Created Date: 7/23/1999 8:33:51 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:648
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: Pear109
Learn more at: http://my.ccsd.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The African Slave Trade


1
(No Transcript)
2
Slavery Empire1441-1770
  • AP U.S. History

3
Triangular Trade across the Atlantic
4
The Middle Passage
  • Slaves 6 to 1 over Europeans.
  • 1500-1820 10-11 million slaves are taken from
    Africa to N. America and Caribbean.
  • 75 1701-1810.
  • ½ delivered to French, British and Spanish sugar
    plantations in Caribbean.
  • 1 in 20 delivered to colonies (600,000)
  • Men 2 to 1 (15-30 years old)

5
Slave Colonies of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth
Centuries
6
Slavers Their Ships
  • Portuguese in 15th Century.
  • Dutch 16th 17th Century.
  • Tight packers Ships made for 450, but able to
    get 600 slaves.
  • 1 in 6 die.
  • 55 slave revolts (on board) 1699-1845.
  • Rather commit suicide.

7
The African Slave Trade
8
Moral Implications
  • 15th Century Pope excommunicates people for
    enslaving Slavs (Christians).
  • Portuguese will go after Moors Algerians,
    Libyans, Moroccans.
  • African tribes Use captured enemies to trade
    with Europe.

9
Slaves in the Caribbean
  • Sugar and Slavery, For the sake of sweetness.
  • Create sugar plantations in Caribbean.
  • Proletariat hunger killer coffee, tea, sugar,
    tobacco.
  • West Africans have very sophisticated farming
    techniques.

10
Africans as a Percentage of Total Population of
the British Colonies, 16501770
11
Slavery in Colonial America
  • Long term investment.
  • Exports
  • 95 of exports (1714-1773) come from slave labor.
  • North RI is largest concentration in North.
  • PA Quakers are first abolitionists.
  • Main exports (1775) Tobacco, rice, wheat.
  • Tobacco and Rice are tied for 1st.
  • South DE, VA, NC, MD (tobacco).
  • Lower South SC, GA (rice indigo).

12
Value of Colonial Exports by Region, Annual
Average, 17681772
13
War Empire
  • Queen Annes War (1702) English v. Spanish
    French in FL.
  • War of Jenkins Ear (1739-1743). War of Caribbean
    conquest.
  • 1713 Peace of Utrecht British have exclusive
    right to supply slaves to all N.A. colonies.
  • English trade monopolies
  • Hudson Bay Company-North America
  • East India Company-India
  • Royal African Company-Africa

14
Slavery the South
  • 1770 Wealthiest is VA.
  • 80 inherited wealth.
  • Fewer than 10 self made.
  • Average own 100 slaves thousands of acres.
  • House of Burgesses are the first families of VA.
    First popularly elected body (legislature) in
    colonies. Washington, Jefferson, Henry.
  • GA Governor and Lt. Governor own 50,000 acres,
    800 slaves, 12 plantations.

15
Estimated Number of Africans Imported to British
North America, 17011775
16
Life of a Slave
  • Terms country born Born into slavery v.
    saltwater Africans.
  • High mortality Poor diet, overwork.
  • Decreases with country born.
  • Kidnapped, whipped, confined to cages, castrated,
    split up from family.
  • Create own languages thousands of African
    tribes represented mix with English language.

17
Slave Laws in VA
  • 1662 Child inherits slave status.
  • Baptism cannot change status.
  • 1669 Death of a slave during punishment is not a
    felony.
  • 1705 VA Slave Code. Ends right to petition in
    court.
  • "All servants imported and brought into the
    Country...who were not Christians in their native
    Country...shall be accounted and be slaves. All
    Negro, mulatto and Indian slaves within this
    dominion...shall be held to be real estate. If
    any slave resist his master...correcting such
    slave, and shall happen to be killed in such
    correction...the master shall be free of all
    punishment...as if such accident never happened."
  • 1774 Slaves petition British to remove slavery.
    They were kidnapped, dragged from home, tortured
    etc.
About PowerShow.com