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African Slave Trade

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African Slave Trade GPS: SS7H1: The student will analyze continuity and change in Africa leading to the 21st century. Element A: Explain how the European partitioning ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: African Slave Trade


1
African Slave Trade
  • GPS SS7H1 The student will analyze continuity
    and change in Africa leading to the 21st century.
  • Element A Explain how the European partitioning
    across Africa contributed to conflict, civil war,
    and artificial political boundaries.

2
Essential Question
  • What was the impact of the slave trade on Africa
    and Europe?

3
Slave Trade
  • Twenty million Africans were transported to the
    Americas during more than 300 years of the
    transatlantic trade.

4
Slave Trade
  • Played an important role in European economic
    development and its transition to capitalism.

5
Human Capital
  • Investing in humans.
  • Ex Education, Training, Service, etc.

6
Slave Trade
  • On the continent of Africa, the western and
    central areas were dramatically impacted by a
    drain of human capital.

7
Your Turn.Advantages and Disadvantages of the
Slave Trade (Individually).
African Advantages European Advantages

African Disadvantages European Disadvantages

8
African Slave Trade 15th - 19th Centuries
Triangular Trade
9
3 Member Group Work
  • Directions Read three narratives
  • 1 - From a Christian African King
  • 2 - By a French Slave Trader
  • 3 - An African who was enslaved and sent to
    America when he was only 11 years old.

10

African Advantages European Advantages
slavery provided profit for a few collaborators, which did nothing for Africas overall development. In times of famine, some Africans avoided starvation by selling themselves into slavery. Slavery was a profitable trade. Slavery was a bountiful source of cheap labor to help run plantations. Slavery helped build a capital base which fueled the Industrial Revolution.


11
African Disadvantages
  • Slavery tore apart communities and families.

12
African Disadvantages
  • Slavery depopulated the labor base.

13
African Disadvantages
  • Slavery hindered African economic development.

14
African Disadvantages
  • Enslaved Africans were transported in brutal
    conditions, shackled together with chains, and
    forced to lie in rat infested filth. Many died
    covered in vomit and human waste.

15
African Disadvantages
  • Enslaved Africans were treated as commodities.

16
African Disadvantages
  • Africans received only trinkets and guns as part
    of the triangular trade.

Mini fact Trinkets are simply junk.
17
African Disadvantages
  • Some Africans began to desire merchandise and
    would even sell other Africans into slavery in
    order to get what they wanted.

18
African Disadvantages
  • The enslaved Africans were beaten, branded with
    irons, and given very little food or clothes.

19
European Disadvantages
  • Slavery was morally repugnant (offensive,
    disgusting).

20
European Disadvantages
  • Slavery compromised efforts of Christian
    missionaries.

21
Your Turn
  • 1. What were some of the reasons Europeans
    sought to enslave Africans?

22
  • 2. What were some of the reasons why Africans
    sold fellow Africans into slavery?

23
  • 3. How were enslaved Africans treated by the
    traders and their masters?

24
  • 4. How long did the slave trade last?

25
  • 5. Why did the European countries gradually
    abolish the slave trade and, eventually, slavery
    altogether?

26
  • 6. What were the overall effects of slavery on
    the development of Africa? Europe?

27
Conclusion
  • Essential QUESTION What was the impact of the
    slave trade on Africa and Europe?
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