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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

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DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM CHAPTER 21 Anatomy Review Upper Respiratory Tract (URT) Lower Respiratory Tract (LRT) Anatomy Review Ears URT Bacterial Diseases ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM


1
DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
  • CHAPTER 21

2
Anatomy Review
  • Upper Respiratory Tract (URT)
  • Lower Respiratory Tract (LRT)

3
Anatomy Review
  • Ears

4
URT Bacterial Diseases
  • Streptococcal Pharyngitis - strep throat

Streptococcus pyogenes
5
URT Bacterial Diseases
  • Laryngitis/Epiglottitis
  • Haemophilus influenzae
  • Steptococcus pneumoniae
  • Sinusitis
  • above Moraxella catarhallis and Staphyloccus
    aureus

Rapid strep test
6
URT Bacterial Diseases (cont.)
  • Bronchitis
  • Diphtheria

pseudomembrane
7
Bacterial Ear Infections
Pseudomonads
8
URT Viral Diseases
  • Common Cold rhinovirus, a type of picornavirus
  • Parainfluenza (Croup) -Second major cause in
    juvenile respiratory LRT disease

9
LRT Bacterial Diseases
  • Whooping Cough

Bordatella pertussis
10
Bacterial Pneumonia
  • Classic
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Mycoplasma

Walking pneumonia
11
Legionnaires Disease
  • Legionella pneumophila

12
Tuberculosis
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis

13
LRT Viral Diseases Influenza
  • Influenza

14
Influenzavirus Structrue
15
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome
  • Coronavirus positive-strand, enveloped RNA
    viruses that are important pathogens of mammals
    and birds

16
LRT Viral Diseases
  • RSV- Human respiratory syncytial virus
  • common in infants, particularly
    preemies
  • Paramyxoviridae (RNA) by 2-3 almost all
    have had it.
  • Hantavirus -Bunyaviridae (-ssRNA)
  • inhaled rodent feces. Hemorragic
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