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Data in Development

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World Bank Enterprise Surveys Company-level survey data from 123 low and middle income countries Topics include ... Low and middle income * Developing countries ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Data in Development


1
Data in Development
  • Selected sources

2
Sources of Data
  • National Governments
  • Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs)
  • United Nations, World Bank, OECD, etc.
  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
  • Food Policy Research Institute, Demographic and
    Health Surveys, many others large and small
  • Others such as academic institutions, individual
    researchers, private sector
  • Any combination of the above

3
Meta Databases of Datasets
  • BREAD/Mcarthur/CCPR Survey Database (BREAD)
  • Can search by location, survey module. Covers
    most of the major surveys and has detailed
    listing of topics to browse by.
  • International Household Survey Networks central
    survey catalog
  • Search by country or survey series.
  • Complex Emergency Database (CE-DAT)
  • Many small and specialized surveys carried out in
    small specific populations e.g. refugee camps.
    Displays a few indicators. Cites data but does
    not provide info on how to access.

4
Compilations
  • International Labour Association list of Labour
    Force Surveys
  • Links to data from national statistical agencies
  • Microdata not necessarily available or in English
  • Child labour surveys
  • African Census Analysis Project (ACAP)
  • Censuses from 23 countries in Africa
  • IPUMS
  • Now has censuses for 55 countries

5
Major Population Welfare Surveys
  • Multinational, comparable surveys

6
Demographic and Health Surveys
  • Over 240 surveys in over 85 countries
  • Focus on fertility, family planning, maternal and
    child health, gender issues, and nutrition.
  • Also asks about household and respondent
    characteristics education and school attendance,
    employment, income/wealth
  • Special surveys include Malaria, AIDS Indicators
    Surveys, Service Provision Assessments, and the
    scaled-down Key Indicators Surveys
  • Low and middle income countries in Africa, Asia,
    Latin America, Middle East and Europe
  • Link Demographic and Health Surveys

7
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8
World Banks Living Standards Measurement Study
Surveys
  • Around 90 surveys in 40 countries from 1985 to
    present
  • Key topics of household questionnaire
    consumption, income, savings, employment, health,
    education, fertility, nutrition, housing and
    migration
  • Some panel datasets available
  • Two additional questionnaires generally used
  • community questionnaire asks key community
    leaders and groups about community infrastructure
  • price questionnaire asks market vendors about
    price
  • Less often, school or health facilities are also
    surveyed
  • Latest wave includes more detailed modules on a
    variety of topics
  • A separate wave focusing on agriculture also
    being done
  • Link Living Standards Measurement Study Surveys

9
UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
  • Designed to assess progress on World Fit for
    Children Plan of Action and Millennium
    Development Goals
  • Third wave, 05-06, carried out in 50 countries,
    in Central/Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa, but not
    all datasets available
  • Surveys include three modules household, women,
    children under 5
  • Household household roster, ethnicity of HH,
    education, some basic living standards, no
    income, employment etc. except child labour
  • Women literacy, fertility and child mortality,
    medical care, family planning/reproductive
    health, AIDS
  • Child feeding, health, medical care, enrichment
  • Link Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys

10
Comparing the large survey series
Focus Demographics Labour and Income Coverage
LSMS Consumption and income Good Good 40 mostly middle-income
DHS Health, particularly reproductive Good Some 90 low and middle income
MIC Child health and welfare, reproductive health Limited, mostly household head Limited 65 low and middle
11
Focus on Development
  • Evaluating approaches

12
International Food Policy Research Institute
(IFPRI) Surveys
  • Africa, Asia and Latin America
  • Two main types of survey available Household-
    and Community-level Surveys and Social Accounting
    Matrices 
  • Social Accounting Matrices
  • Economic framework study with a focus on
    agriculture
  • Household and community surveys
  • Several surveys of household characteristics,
    consumption and health as well as agricultural
    information and land use
  • Program evaluation surveys such as the Food for
    Education study
  • A few panel datasets
  • Link IFPRI Surveys

13
Social Accounting Matrix structure
14
MITs Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab
(J-PAL)
  • A network of professors around the world who use
    Randomized Evaluations (REs) to answer questions
    on poverty alleviation.
  • Database of REs with a handful of datasets
    available on topics such as microfinance, female
    policy makers, textbook provision
  • Link J-PAL studies

15
Economic and Finance Data
  • Doing business.

16
World Bank Enterprise Surveys
  • Company-level survey data from 123 low and middle
    income countries
  • Topics include regulation, corruption, business
    constraints, workforce quality, financing and
    infrastructure
  • Country and region level macrodata available,
    full surveys after registering
  • Link World Bank Enterprise Surveys

17
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18
Region-Specific
  • Economic Research Forum Data
  • Middle East and North Africa Egypt, Lebanon,
    Morocco and Turkey
  • Micro and Small Enterprises detailed survey on
    entrepreneurs, Also houses the Egypt Labor Market
    Panel Survey (ELMPS) 2006
  • Oxford Universitys Centre for the Study of
    African Economies
  • Surveys primarily of manufacturing firms, with
    cross-national firm-level datasets available
  • A couple of household panel surveys, and some
    more specialized datasets from working papers

19
Opinions, Attitudes, and Values
  • Ideas matter.

20
World Values Surveys
  • Survey of the basic values and beliefs of the
    publics of more than 80 societies
  • 5 waves, conducted between 1981 and 2008, with a
    sixth starting
  • Includes low, middle and high income countries,
    though Europe is still over-represented
  • Link World Values Surveys

21
Global Barometer and the Barometers
  • Includes Afrobarometer, Arab Barometer, Asian
    Barometer, and Latinobarometro. Eurasia Barometer
    not yet available.
  • Repeated at approx. 3 year intervals
  • Core module of questions asked across regions
    plus additional region-specific questions.
  • Designed to be a comparative survey of attitudes
    and values toward politics, power, reform,
    democracy and citizens' political actions.
  • Whereas the WVS addresses deep-seated,
    semi-permanent cultural values, the GB is
    concerned with tracking emerging political and
    economic attitudes, which are often subject to
    rapid change.

22
Worldpublicopinion.org
  • Managed by the Program on International Policy
    Attitudes at the University of Maryland.
  • Compile and analyze opinion polls from multiple
    sources and also perform their own.
  • Their own studies are performed by a network of
    research centres in 25 countries
  • Many of their datasets available to download.
  • Link worldpublicopinion.org

23
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24
Pew Global Attitudes Project
  • Series of opinion surveys in 57 countries
  • Original objective to look at attitudes to
    globalization, trade, and democracy
  • Focus has broadened include global reactions to
    issues in the news
  • A focus on attitudes toward the U.S. and American
    foreign policy
  • Link Pew Global Attitudes Project

25
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26
Macrodata
  • Key sources and some special topics

27
Basic Sources
  • U.N. Data data.un.org
  • World Banks World Development Indicators and
    Global Development Finance (and others)
  • Basically, if youre looking for macro data
    relating to development, one of these is probably
    a good starting point.

28
Health
  • World Health Organization
  • A primary source for diseases, mortality, risk
    factors
  • Health Systems 20/20 Database (USAID)
  • Focus on systems and governance factors
  • DOLPHN Data Online for Population, Health and
    Nutrition (USAID)
  • Draws on W.H.O., DHS, various other survey as
    well as government sources

29
Some Specialized Sources
  • International Development Statistics (OECD)
  • Provides several ways of looking at both official
    and private development aid
  • Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute
    (FAPRI) databases
  • Commodities, Elasticities, Agricultural Policy
  • RIGA Rural Income-Generating Activities (United
    Nations FAO)

30
  • Out of breath, talk to you later.
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