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Email

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Title: Sentence Writing (2) Subject: English Writing Author: Malcolm Tsai Last modified by: Created Date: 1/1/1601 12:00:00 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Email


1
Unit 3
  • Email

2
Unit 2 Email
  • Main sentence Problems
  • Email
  • Writing Practice

3
Main Sentence Problems
4
Major points
  • 1. Main sentence problems(1)
  • 2. How to correct
  • 3. Practice.

5
Main Sentence Problems
  • Sentence fragments (???)
  • 2. Run-on sentence (????)
  • 3. Misplaced modifiers(?????)
  • 4. Dangling modifiers(?????)
  • 5. Confusing Shifts(????)
  • 6. Choppy Sentences(???)
  • 7.Stringy Sentences(???)
  • 8. Ambiguous Pronoun Reference(??????)
  • 9. Incomplete Construction(?????)
  • 10. Wordiness(??)

6
Sentence Fragments (???)
  • A sentence fragment means a word group that
    lacks a subject or/and a verb, or others, and
    cannot express a complete thought. (or A
    sentence fragment is part of a sentence ( such as
    a phrase or a dependent or subordinate clause)
    which begins with a capitalized letter and ends
    as a sentence does.)

7
  • ????,?????????????????????????????????sentence
    fragments?

8
Four types of sentence fragments
  • 1. Fragments Without Verbs
  • 2. Fragments Without Subjects
  • 3. Fragments Without Subjects and Verbs
  • 4. Fragments of Dependent Clauses

9
How to correct sentence fragment ?
  • -- When we meet the sentence fragments, we
    usually attach them to their main/principle part
    in grammatical way or supply a subject and a
    predicate.

10
  • e.g.
  • (1) After I arrived in Chicago by bus. I checked
    into a room.
  • (Correct) After I arrived in Chicago by bus, I
    checked into a room.

11
  • e.g.
  • (2) He talked for fifty minutes without taking
    his eyes off his notes. Apparently not noticing
    that half the class was asleep.
  • (Correct) He talked for fifty minutes without
    taking his eyes off his notes. Apparently he did
    not notice that half the class was asleep.

12
  • (3) Roger and Lester piling on at the goal
    line(???).
  • (Correct) Roger and Lester were piling on at the
    goal line.

13
  • (4) A woman to be respected and even feared.
  • (Correct) She is a woman to be respected and even
    feared.
  • (Correct) She is respected and even feared.

14
Rewrite the fragments to make complete sentences
  1. Dana, who thought she had been given permission
    to use her book on the test.
  2. Brenda puts a lot of pressure on her husband.
    Wants him to work all the time.
  3. Encouraged by his luck. He returned to the game
    tables.
  4. Because it had sat out for two weeks. The car
    refused to start.
  5. Elizabeth has a definite goal in mind. To possess
    true independence of spirit.

15
Run-on sentence (????)
  • It incorrectly runs together two independent
    clauses without any conjunction or punctuation.
    This kind of error is also called a run-together
    sentence or comma splice. e.g.
  • She decided to stop smoking she didnt want to
    die of lung cancer. (How to Correct it?)

16
  • (1) Use a period and a capital letter to mark the
    break between the thought.
  • She decided to stop smoking. She didnt want
    to die of lung cancer.
  • (2) Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction to
    connect the two complete thought.
  • She decided to stop smoking, for she didnt
    want to die of lung cancer.

17
  • (3) Use a semicolon to connect the two complete
    thought.
  • She decided to stop smoking she didnt want
    to die of lung cancer.
  • (4) Change one of the independent thought into an
    dependent clause.
  • She decided to stop smoking because she didnt
    want to die of lung cancer.

18
How to correct this sentence?
  • Getting married is easy, staying married is a
    different matter.

19
  • 1) A period
  • Getting married is easy. Staying married is a
    different matter.
  • 2) A semicolon
  • Getting married is easy staying married is a
    different matter.
  • 3) A coordinating conjunction
  • Getting married is easy, but staying married
    is a different matter.

20
  • 4) A subordinating conjunction
  • Getting married is easy although staying
    married is a different matter.
  • 5) A semicolon plus a conjunctive adverb
  • Getting married is easy however, staying
    married is a different matter

21
Correct the following run-on sentences, using the
method indicated.
  • San Francisco is a very cosmopolitan(????) city,
    there are people from many cultures, and ethnic
    groups living there.
  • (Add a period)______________________
  • (Add a semicolon)___________________
  • (Add a subordinating conjunction)_______
  • (Add a coordinating conjunction)________
  • (Add a semicolon plus conjunctive adverb)
  • ___________________________________

22
The correct sentences
  • a. San Francisco is a very cosmopolitan city.
    There are
  • people from many cultures and ethnic groups
    living there.
  • b. San Francisco is a very cosmopolitan city
    there are
  • people from many cultures and ethnic groups
    living there.
  • c. San Francisco is a very cosmopolitan city,
    for there are
  • people from many cultures and ethnic groups
    living there.
  • d. San Francisco is a very cosmopolitan city,
    and there are
  • people from many cultures and ethnic groups
    living there.
  • e. San Francisco is a very cosmopolitan city
    there are
  • people from many cultures and ethnic groups
    living there as well.

23
Email
  • Introduction
  • Comparison between email and letter
  • Key elements in email writing
  • Format and Samples
  • Points in email writing

24
  • Electronic mail, commonly called email or e-mail,
    is a method of exchanging digital messages from
    an author to one or more recipients. Modern email
    operates across the Internet or other computer
    networks. Some early email systems required that
    the author and the recipient both be online at
    the same time, in common with instant messaging.
    Today's email systems are based on a
    store-and-forward model. Email servers accept,
    forward, deliver and store messages. Neither the
    users nor their computers are required to be
    online simultaneously they need connect only
    briefly, typically to an email server, for as
    long as it takes to send or receive messages.

25
Comparison between email and letterPros and cons
of
  • Email
  • Letter

26
Key Elements of Email
  • An email message consists of three components,
    the message envelope, the message header, and the
    message body. The message header contains control
    information, including, minimally, an
    originator's email address and one or more
    recipient addresses. Usually descriptive
    information is also added, such as a subject
    header field and a message submission date/time
    stamp.

27
Elements Format of Email
________ Envelope ________
_______ Header _______
Body _______
Note The format is cited from email system of
SDU.
28
To Cc Bcc Subject Attachment
29
  • Cc Carbon copy(??) Many email clients will mark
    email in your inbox differently depending on
    whether you are in the To or Cc list.
  • Bcc Blind Carbon Copy(??) addresses added to
    the SMTP delivery list but not (usually) listed
    in the message data, remaining invisible to other
    recipients.
  • SMTP Simple Message Transfer Protocol
    ????????(?????????)

30
Sample of Email
31
Sample of Email
32
Sample An email from my student
33
Points in Writing Email
  • 1. You email address should represent your
    identity in a way.
  • 2.According to its subject and recipient it may
    concern, Email can be written in a formal or an
    informal way .
  • 3. Subject should not be blank and irrelevant to
    the body.
  • 4. Some abbreviations are often used in email,
    such as BTW by the way CU see you
  • FAQs frequently asked questions
  • HTH hope this helps TIA thanks in advance

34
Writing Practice
  • Write me an email talking about your problems and
    concerns in English learning, or give me
  • some ideas on this class.
  • My email weigy_at_sdu.edu.cn.
  • Your Email should not be over 150 words.

35
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36
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37
  • Thats all.
  • Thank you!
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