Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 5655e0-MWJmM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation

Description:

Child safe tourism Outreach to child beach vendors- education on risks ... Destination country for sex tourism Underlying factors Poverty Low education ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:421
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 36
Provided by: Kat6201
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation


1
Trafficking of women and children for sexual
exploitation
  • Presented by Bethany Horstman, Erin Kao, Katie
    Kilcline,
  • Wei Chern Ng, Fang Zhao
  • Development Practice in International Settings

2
(No Transcript)
3
Overview
  • Background and Trends
  • Definition
  • Prevention
  • Intervention
  • Case Studies
  • Recommendations

4
Human Trafficking Industry
  • The United Nations estimates nearly 2.5 million
    people from 127 different countries are being
    trafficked around the world.
  • Human trafficking is the fastest-growing criminal
    industry in the world, between 5 billion and 9
    billion.
  • Global annual market of about 42.5 billion.

5
Human Trafficking Defined
  • The TVPA defines severe forms of trafficking
    as
  • Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is
    induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which
    the person induced to perform such an act has not
    attained 18 years of age or
  • the recruitment, harboring, transportation,
    provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or
    service, through the use of force, fraud, or
    coercion for the purpose of subjection to
    involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or
    slavery.

6
The Purposes of human trafficking
  • Prostitution
  • Forced labor
  • Involuntary servitude
  • Adoption sale of babies

7
(No Transcript)
8
(No Transcript)
9
What is Trafficking?
10
The 3 P in anti-trafficking
  • Protection The Trafficking Victims Protection
    Act, 2000(TVPA)
  • Trafficking in Persons report, 2009.
  • Punishment Punishing trafficking offenders.
  • Protection Legally prescribed penalties
    protecting victims adequately.
  • Prevention Imposed penalties spotlights on
    addressing demand.

11
PREVENTION INTERVENTION Organizational Levels
International / Regional Organisations
  • International organisations

12
  • Non-governmental organisations/ Foundations /
    Corporate organisations

13
  • Local governments
  • Local organisations
  • Ho Chi Minh City Child Welfare Federation

14
  • Faith-based organisations
  • Coalitions

15
Prevention and the Role of NGOs
  • Methods are directed at a particular site
  • Origin, transit, borders, destination
  • 4 Categories of Intervention
  • Individuals, communities, private businesses, and
    local and national government officials
  • 3 Types of Intervention
  • Awareness/Education, Community networking, and
    Empowerment

16
Target Populations
  • Target on the Supply Side
  • children and women, between 5 and 25, rural,
    poor, with little education
  • also urban, educated women targeted through the
    entertainment and marriage-broker industries
  • Target on the Demand Side
  • individual male clients, male tourists,
    businessmen

17
Raising Awareness
  • Prevention on the Supply side
  • -radio soap opera
  • -Television PSAs
  • -Toll-free hotline with info on travel abroad,
    migration, legal jobs, and the dangers of
    trafficking
  • -school outreach programs
  • -feature-length films
  • -Public rallies in markets

18
Raising Awareness
  • Prevention on the Demand side
  • -Infomercial with the message that real men
    dont buy women
  • -A film aimed at clients and recruiters that
    graphically depicts the devastation done to a
    woman
  • -A campaign for traffickers, tourists, and the
    public that warns that the public will not
    tolerate child exploitation

19
Community Networking
  • Strategies
  • Elicit community level monitoring
  • Start new NGOs
  • Build capacity organizations
  • Examples
  • vigilante groups of mothers in high-risk areas to
    protect daughters
  • networking among street vendors in bus stations
    to watch travelers and empower them to protect
    women
  • training, networking, conferences for
    professionals and NGOs

20
Empowerment
  • Target at-risk women girls with limited access
    to jobs, those about to graduate, those that are
    victims of violence, and orphans or rural girls
  • Strategies
  • vocational training, educational training, and
    income-generating projects
  • legal education, community centers, prevention
    homes, micro-credit, raise self-esteem
  • creating job opportunities
  • intercepted, rescued and repatriated girls to
    identify traffickers and trafficked women at
    borders
  • loans etc. to support families to prevent them
    from selling children

21
Effectiveness and Sustainability
  • NGOs work well on a grassroots level, with local
    people in a local context
  • Few NGOs are able to run sustainable, long-term
    programs, lack of funding
  • Difficult to analyze outcomes of prevention
  • Conflicting ideologies on prostitution

22
Intervention Strategies
  • Support after returning
  • Counseling (individual family)
  • Non-formal education
  • Transitional shelter
  • Seed money for return home (business)
  • Skills training crafts, child care, animal
    husbandry
  • Medical care
  • Residential care for those who cannot go home
  • Long-term residential care
  • Job placement (self-organization)
  • Arranged marriages

23
Intervention Strategies (cont.)
  • Care support of those with HIV
  • Medical treatment
  • AIDS hospice
  • Community/ family advocacy
  • Brothel-based rescue
  • Legal assistance for trafficked women and girls
  • Advocacy, public education, networking
  • Enforcement and prosecution

24
Participatory Research on Effectiveness of
intervention
  • Methods that dont work
  • Welfare approach (vs. empowered)
  • No distinction between trafficking, sex work and
    migration
  • Assuming that reintegrating with family is the
    best option
  • Methods that do work
  • Community development
  • Safe migration strategies
  • Womens empowerment building self-esteem,
    fostering independent living, counseling, variety
    of future options (including non-traditional)

25
Participatory Empowerment in Nepal Shakti Samuha
  • Shakti Samuha An Empowered Group
  • Founded 1996 by women rescued from an Indian
    brothel
  • Highest value is empowerment
  • Voice to women who are in danger of being
    rejected by home communities
  • Help other returning trafficking survivors
  • Provide shelter, legal aid, vocational training,
    counseling
  • Prevention
  • Adolescent Girls Groups poorest communities to
    spread message about trafficking. Forum for
    girls to speak out against gender discrimination
  • Outreach to rural districts where trafficking is
    prevalent
  • Street performances women make a united stand
    against the traffickers
  • Focus on prevention since know that only a small
    percentage of girls are rescued from trafficking

26
PRA in Cambodia
  • International Labor Organization's The Mekong
    Sub-regional Project to Combat Trafficking in
    Children and Women (ILO-TICW)
  • Training key community members as community
    organizers to raise awareness
  • Skills training for improved livelihood
  • Non formal education, basic literacy skills,
    animal raising, vegetable growing, tailoring,
    small business management
  • Village development committees learnt how to use
    PRA techniques as a method to carry out training
    and assess needs of villagers at risk.
  •  Child safe tourism  
  • Outreach to child beach vendors- education on
    risks and dangers
  • Outcome children reported changing personal
    behavior for their own protection, such as
    alerting a friend when they go to a remote part
    of the beach, and refusing to accompany strangers
    to their hotels, moving around in groups.
  •  

27
Participation in Schools South Africa
28
Recommendations-Micro
  • Participatory monitoring and evaluation of local
    programs
  • Available micro-credit loans, educational
    scholarships, infrastructure support
  • Build networks and coalitions to pool resources
  • More efforts on curbing demand of trafficked
    women and girls
  • Need a stronger emphasis on local, grassroots,
    and participatory approaches, than on national
    campaigns

29
Recommendations - Macro
  • Focus advocacy on promoting safe migration.
  • Develop appropriate monitoring evaluation for
    NGOs.
  • Govt commitment to ending sexual exploitation.
  • Laws to protect womens rights
  • Coordinate global, national, and regional
    initiatives.
  • Understand social, economic, and cultural factors
    affecting the supply and demand of human beings.

30
Recommendations-Theoretical
  • Clarity of terms trafficking, vulnerability,
    prostitution, migration
  • Analyze the interplay of gender with human
    rights, female empowerment, and development
  • Paradigm shift from rehabilitation to support
    sustainable income (empowerment)

31
Activities
32
What to do when you suspect sex trafficking here
  • Look out for the following
  • Evidence of being controlled
  • Evidence of inability to move or leave hob
  • Bruises or other signs of physical abuse
  • Fear or depression
  • Not speaking on own behalf and/or non English
    speaking
  • No passport or other forms of identification or
    documentation
  •    

33
What to do when you suspect sex trafficking here
  • Key Questions to Ask
  • What type of work do you do? Are you being paid?
  • Can you leave your job if you want to?
  • Can you come and go as you please?
  • Have you or your family been threatened?
  • What are your working and living conditions like?
  • Has your identification or documentation been
    taken from you?
  •    

34
What to do when you suspect sex trafficking here
  • National Hotline 1-888-3737-888
  • Spanish Hotline 1-888-80-AYUDA (1-888-80-29832)
  •  Korean Hotline 1-888-976-5274
  • Call 911 if there is immediate danger
  •    

35
What to do when you suspect sex trafficking here
  • St Louis Restore and Rescue Coalition
  • Headed by International Institute
  • Contact 314-772 9090, 314-369-2305 (after
    office hrs)
  • Other resources
  • Interpreters LAMP Agency 866-948-7133
  • Shelters St Marthas Hall 314-533-1313
  • Lydias House
    314-771-4411
  • Legal Services Legal Services of Eastern
    Missouri 314-534-4200
  •    
About PowerShow.com