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Regents Review - Ancient Greece

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Title: Regents Review - Ancient Greece Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: schmid.laurie Created Date: 9/28/2011 1:27:23 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regents Review - Ancient Greece


1
Greece 1100 B.C.E. - 300 B.C.E.
Unit II
Originally created by Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace
Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
2
The Geography
3
Greek Geography
  • Greece was divided into small self-governing
    communities (city-states or polis).
  • The main reason for this was the geography of the
    region islands and valleys cut off by the sea
    or mountains.
  • Warrior aristocracies developed with main centers
    in Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Delphi, and Thebes.
  • Each city-state controlled smaller areas and over
    time inter-city rivalry would give way to war
    between city-states.

4
Bronze Age
5
Minoan Civilization
6
Crete Minoan Civilization(Palace at Knossos)
7
Knossos Minoan Civilization
8
Mycenaean Civilization
9
The Mask of Agamemnon
10
Archaic Greece 800 B.C.E. - 480 B.C.E.
11
Greek Dark Age to Archaic
  • The so-called Dark Age (1150 B.C.E.- 700
    B.C.E.) was a time when Greece was largely
    isolated from the rest of the world.
  • Greek isolation ended when Phoenician ships began
    to enter the Aegean and gave the Greeks a writing
    system (phonetical) and aided in the development
    of civilization from the Eastern Mediterranean
    and SW Asia..
  • While much of Greece remained primarily an oral
    culture, development of theatrical drama,
    philosophical dialogues, and oratory came from
    the interaction of speaking and writing.

12
Homer The Heroic Age
  • Greek religion encompassed a wide range of cults
    and beliefs known as sky-gods.
  • Some of the gods represented the forces of
    nature, Zeus and Poseidon, and others beauty,
    war,etc.
  • The two great epic poems, the Iliad and the
    Odyssey, by Homer put these deities in
    anthropomorphic form.
  • Greeks would seek out oracles for advice or
    predictions of the future. The most prestigious
    was the oracle of Apollo at Delphi in central
    Greece.
  • Many of the other gods were fertility gods.

13
Olympia Temple to Hera
14
"Hellenic" (Classical) Greece 700 BCE - 324 BCE
15
The Arts Sciences (Pre-Socratic)
  • DRAMA (tragedians)
  • Aeschylus (525-456 B.C.E.)
  • Sophocles (496-406 B.C.E.)
  • Euripides (480-406 B.C.E.)
  • THE SCIENCES
  • Pythagoras (580-490 B.C.E.?) - father of
    mathematics
  • Democritus (460-370 B.C.E.)- all matter made up
    of small atoms.
  • Hippocrates (460-370 B.C.E.) Father of Medicine

16
Early Athenian Lawgivers
  • Draco (7th C B.C.E.)- draconian
  • Solon (6th C B.C.E.) - lawgiver divided Athens
    into four classes based on farm yields avert
    civil war
  • Cleisthenes (5th C B.C.E.) - created the first
    democracy
  • Pericles- Athenian democracy Assembly, Council
    of 500, Peoples Court Parthenon

17
Persian Wars 499 BCE480 BCE
18
Persian Wars Battles
  • Marathon (490 BCE)
  • 26 miles from Athens
  • Thermopylae (480 BCE)
  • 300 Spartans at the mountain pass
  • Salamis (480 BCE)
  • Athenian navy victorious

19
Golden Age of Pericles460 BCE 429 BCE
20
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Socrates (470-399 B.C.E.)
  • Know thyself!
  • question everything Socratic Method
  • only the pursuit of goodnessbrings happiness.
  • Plato (428-347 B.C.E.)
  • The Academy
  • The world of the FORMS
  • The Republic ? philosopher-king

21
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.)
  • The Lyceum
  • Collect and categorize a vast array of knowledge
    politics, philosophy, ethics, logic, poetry,
    rhetoric, physics, astronomy, meteorology,
    zoology, and psychology
  • Modern disciplines and the Scientific method.

22
Acropolis
23
The Acropolis Today
24
The Parthenon
25
Agora- Gathering Place
26
The Classical Greek Ideal
27
The Ancient OlympicsAthletes Trainers
28
Peloponnesian Wars- 431 B.C.E.
29
The Peloponnesian War
  • The emergence of Athens as an imperial power
    after the Persian Wars led to open hostilities
    with former allies.
  • Mainly between the Spartans, financed by the
    Persians and the Athenians, lasted three decades
    with the victory of the Spartans.
  • Persia regained much of its control and because
    of uprisings in Egypt, Cyprus, and Phoenicia, it
    did not return to attack Greece.
  • In northern Greece, Macedonians, Philip II and
    his son, Alexander, would reshape the eastern
    Mediterranean and western Asia in this vacuum.

30
Macedonia Under Philip II
31
"Hellenistic" Greece 324 BCE - 100 BCE
32
Alexander the Great356-323 B.C.E.
33
Alexander the Great
  • He saw himself as an Achaemenid ruler in the
    tradition of the Persians.
  • Alexander, a Macedonian, defeated Athens but was
    welcomed by the military to power.
  • Alexander and his armies would travel over 22,000
    miles and extend Greek influence from Egypt to
    the Indus River.
  • Benevolent despotism but dont test him.

34
Alexander the Great in Persia
35
Building Greek Cities in the East
36
Library at Alexandria (333 B.C.E.)
37
Alexander the Greats Empire
38
PergamumA New HellenisticCity
CosmopolitanCulture
39
Trade in the Hellenistic World
40
Hellenic vs. Hellenistic Art
41
The Breakup of Alexanders Empire
42
The Known World 300 B.C.E.
43
The Incursion of Rome into the Hellenistic World
44
Conclusions
  • Greek language and culture became the dominant
    culture among the ruling intellectual and
    commercial elites from the Mediterranean, India,
    Russia, and Central Asia.
  • Local customs coming from the Persians, endured
    and transformed the simplicity of earlier
    Hellenic culture into the more complex,
    elaborate, and cosmopolitan Hellenistic culture
    until the death of the last Macedonian queen,
    Cleopatra in 30 B.C.E.
  • Buddhist art is also transformed.
  • Hellenistic ecumene- unified urban culture,
    encompassing the vast lands and diverse peoples.
  • Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Corinth, Delphi and later
    cities built by Alexander and his generals.
  • Asia, Africa, and Europe begin to merge
    culturally.
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