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Weight Management:

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Title: NutriLink, v. 3 Author: Cynthia Sanner Last modified by: Kevin Smith Created Date: 7/21/2001 11:53:36 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Weight Management:


1
  • Weight Management
  • Overweight and Underweight
  • Chapter 9

2
Distribution of Body Weights in American Adults
3
(No Transcript)
4
How Does Canada Do??
47.9 of Canadian Adults were overweight in 1998
5
Provinces
6
Fattest Cities in Canada ??
7
What about kids ??
1981 1996
Girls Overweight Obese 13 2 27 9
Boys Overweight Obese 11 2 33 10
8
Fat Cell Development
During periods of growth in late childhood/early
puberty, on fat cells increase
When fat cells have reached their maximum size,
the cell number increases
During periods of excess intake, fats cell size
increases
Even with fat loss, the cells may shrink but not
the number
9
LPL Levels and Set Point Theory
LPL (Lipoprotein Lipase) -- located on adipose
cell membranes and promote fat storage --
higher the activity level of LPL, the more
efficient storage of fat is -- after weight
lose, LPL increases, increasing fat deposition
10
The Weight-Cycling Effect of Repeated Dieting
Each period of dieting results in a resetting of
your homeostatic set point. Therefore, each
loss is followed by a gain even larger than the
loss
11
The ob Protein Leptin
12
Leptins Action in the Body Negative Energy
Balance
13
Leptins Action in the Body Positive Energy
Balance
14
The Psychology Weight Cycling
Where does this Im not happy with my
appearance come from?
15
Comparison of Average Women, Barbie and Store
Mannequins
Average Women Barbie Store Mannequins
Height Weight Dress size Bust Waist Hips BMI 5 4 145 lbs. 11 -14 36 - 37 29 - 31 40 - 42 24.97 6 0 101 lbs 4 39 19 33 13.7 6 0 Not available 6 34 23 34
16
BMI of Miss America Winners
17
Jamie Lee Curtis Interview on Dateline
following her Cover Story in More Magazine
18
Aggressive Methods of Weight Control
Drugs Sibutramine - suppresses appetite by
inhibiting uptake of serotonin Orlistat -
inhibits pancreatic lipase activity lowering the
efficiency of fat digestion and absorption Over
the counter Benzocaine, Acutrim, Dex-A-Diet,
Phenyldrine, Phenoxine,
19
Aggressive Methods of Weight Control
Herbal St. Johns Wort Ma Huang -
Ephedrine (Natures Own Fat Burner!!) CLA
(Conjugated Linoleic Acid)
20
Aggressive Methods of Weight Control
Surgery Suction lipectomy - Liposuction Stoma
ch restriction - Gastric Bypass Surgery
21
Surgical Methods of Weight Control Gastric Bypass
22
More Reasonable Methods for Weight Loss
Weight Loss Eating Plans - emphasize
Adequacy - smaller portions (e.g. grazing) -
emphasize Complex Carbs - select Fats wisely -
emphasize Nutitional Density - drink lots of
water - increase Physical Activity
23
More Reasonable Methods for Weight Gain
Weight Gain Eating Plans - Energy Dense
Foods - Regular Meals - Add Extra Snacks -
Juice Milk - Physical Activity builds Muscle
24
Athlete Eating Disorders -
Female Athlete Triad
25
Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Binge Eating
Disorders
The Vicious Cycle
26
Anorexia Nervosa - refusal to maintain healthy
body weight ( Usually lt 85 of healthy body
weight ) - intense fear of gaining body
weight - see themselves in unrealistic way -
restrictive and binge-and-purge types
27
Bulimia Nervosa - relatively normal body
weight - see themselves in unrealistic way -
purge and non-purging types
28
Binge Eating Disorder - normal and obese body
weight - see themselves in unrealistic way -
rarely purge - behavioral disorder
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