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Creationism News -- October 2012 ?????


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Title: Creationism News -- October 2012 ?????

Creationism News -- October 2012 ????? 2012?10?
  • Dedicated to David Coppedge who sacrificed his
    career as the Head Systems Administrator for the
    Cassini Spacecraft in JPL to honor the Creator
    of the Universe. He also spent literally
    thousands of hours to make his excellent
  • The contents of this presentation were taken from
    David Coppedges website http// Pray
    for the Lords guidance and help in his excellent
  • Pastor Chui
  • http//

Children Act Like Scientists???????
  • Toddlers express the basic aspects of scientific
    thinking finding cause and effect by the
    experimental method.
  • Put a 2 to 4-year old in a sandbox with a shovel
    and a pail, and left to experiment, the child
    will figure out what works to get sand in the
    pail or move it to a bigger pail.  Give the child
    a music machine that turns on or off with two
    independent switches, and the child will find how
    to turn it on and off at will.  These are the
    findings of Alison Gopnick, who performed
    experiments with children at play and became
    convinced that, contrary to beliefs that children
    act irrationally and chaotically, the basics of
    scientific reasoning are present in the brains of
    young children.  She wrote in Science,

Children Act Like Scientists???????
  • New theoretical ideas and empirical research show
    that very young childrens learning and thinking
    are strikingly similar to much learning and
    thinking in science. Preschoolers test hypotheses
    against data and make causal inferences
    they learn from statistics and informal
    experimentation, and from watching and listening
    to others. The mathematical framework
    of probabilistic models and Bayesian
    inference can describe this learning in precise
  • Source Alison Gopnick, Scientific Thinking in
    Young Children Theoretical Advances, Empirical
    Research, and Policy Implications, Science, 28
    September 2012 Vol. 337 no. 6102 pp.
    16231627, DOI 10.1126/science.1223416.

Children Act Like Scientists???????
  • The paper was summarized on Medical Xpress, What
    looks like play may really be a science
    experiment, and on Live Science, The Preschool
    Laboratory Young Children Think Like
  • Live Science posted another article, Why
    politicians need to think like scientists. 
    Various inferences can be drawn by comparing the
    two articles.

Children Act Like Scientists???????
  • Its not surprising that children have the basic
    instincts to reason about the world in a rational
    manner and think like scientists, because they
    are created in the image of a rational God. 
    Whats surprising is that some scientists act
    like children.  Take away their Darwin dollie and
    they throw a tantrum.

Nature 3.8 Billion Years of RD ???? 3 ?
  • Scientists continue mining the biomimicry
    bonanza, but some still give all the credit to
    time and evolution.
  • Here are three new biomimetics articles about
  • Sunflowers as solar energy models  A clever
    short video on Live Science finds nature, once
    again, providing the optimum solution to a
    problem.  The problem is arranging mirrors in a
    giant solar collection facility so as to minimize
    shadows.  The solution mimic the sunflower.  The
    spiral arrangement of florets in the center of a
    sunflower, following the Fibonacci series, turns
    out to pack the most light collection in the
    smallest space while minimizing shadows on other
    mirrors.  The video did not mention another
    property that solar farms would have difficulty
    imitating sunflowers exist on stalks that can
    turn and follow the sun.

Nature 3.8 Billion Years of RD ???? 3 ?
  • Diatoms can feed, speed the world  We are
    surrounded by bounteous resources we can hardly
    imagine microscopic organisms in water that live
    in glass houses, called diatoms. PhysOrg writes,
    Ancient diatoms could make biofuels, electronics
    and health foodat the same time.  Researchers
    at Oregon State are creating a photosynthetic
    biorefinery, the article says, getting the
    little nanofactories to make customized products
    by special order.  Give them water, some minerals
    and sunshine, and they could make a steady stream
    of affordable, eco-friendly products biofuels,
    biomedical products, and even semiconductors. 
    The key to all of this is the diatom itself,
    a natural nanotechnology factory that has been
    found in the fossil record for more than 100
    million years.

Nature 3.8 Billion Years of RD ???? 3 ?
  • Drugs on demand from plants  Plants make a host
    of aromatic compounds they use for signaling,
    defense and symbiosis.  Now, mimicking a crucial
    but obscure biochemical phenomenon, scientists
    at Scripps have followed natures lead to
    figure out how to make terpenes, compounds hard
    to synthesize in the lab but made routinely by
    plants.  This could lead to faster and cheaper
    manufacture of drugs like the anti-cancer agent
    Taxol.  Science Daily quoted the senior
    investigator who said, Its exciting for us
    because were now making molecules that have
    never been made in the laboratory before, and
    weve done this by first observing what nature

Nature 3.8 Billion Years of RD ???? 3 ?
  • Biomimicry on a Roll
  • One article really excited about biomimetics can
    be found on PhysOrg from Mother Nature Network,
    titled Biomimicry Science inspired by nature
    could feed the hungry, reduce impact of
    technology.  This implies that many of our
    problems in civilization are not for lack of
    resources, but lack of know-how.  That know-how
    is all around us in plants and animals.  Whales,
    butterflies and fungi are just three of the
    examples in the article that can lead to more
    efficient machinery, more productive food crops,
    better medical devices and much, much more.

Nature 3.8 Billion Years of RD ???? 3 ?
  • Biomimicry looks for how nature performs a
    function, Marie Zanowick, a certified biomimicry
    professional for the Environmental Protection
    Agency, told Boulder Weekly. It mimics natural
    strategy and the best design principles on this
  • Design principles as humans devise them usually
    require many brain cycles of research and
    development (RD).  Thats true in nature, too,
    the article said.  In order to adapt, be
    resource-efficient, integrate development with
    growth, be eco-friendly and responsive to the
    environment, living things have learned RD. 
    Its based on 3.8 billion years of research and
    development, and the only organisms that survive
    are the ones that follow lifes principles.

Nature 3.8 Billion Years of RD ???? 3 ?
  • Need we keep repeating that neo-Darwinism is
    completely, totally, and irrevocably incapable of
    RD?  Evolution is blind.  It has no foresight. 
    It has no purpose.  It cannot, therefore, come up
    with design principles.  Giving it billions of
    years doesnt help it makes things worse.
  • Once we purge the last remaining fallacies out of
    biomimetics, it is poised to usher in a golden
    age of science grounded on what should be its
    foundation intelligent design.

Animal Models for Technology ?????????
  • Animals and microbes continue to inspire
    technologies that could provide better health and
  • Cell switches and diagnosis  Want to get faster
    results from that blood test?  Science Daily has
    a headline to perk your interest Bioengineers
    Design Rapid Diagnostic Tests Inspired by
    Nature.  It only gets better from there
  • By mimicking natures own sensing mechanisms,
    bioengineers at UC Santa Barbara and University
    of Rome Tor Vergata have designed inexpensive
    medical diagnostic tests that take only a few
    minutes to perform. Their findings may aid
    efforts to build point-of-care devices for quick
    medical diagnosis of sexually transmitted
    diseases (STDs), allergies, autoimmune diseases,
    and a number of other diseases. The new
    technology could dramatically impact world
    health, according to the research team.

Animal Models for Technology ?????????
  • All living things use nanoswitches to respond
    to the environment, the article continued.  The
    key breakthrough underlying this new
    technology came from observing nature.  Cell
    surfaces, for instance, are covered with
    receptors that switch on and off depending on
    molecules detected.  The technology is not only
    effective, its beautiful The beauty of these
    switches is that they are able to work directly
    in very complex environments such as whole
    blood.  In a few years, we may be able to get
    results of diagnostic tests in mere minutes
    instead of days.

Animal Models for Technology ?????????
  • Enzymatic assembly lines  All systems go at the
    nanofactory, reads another headline on Science
    Daily.  Researchers at LMU have created little
    green men in the form of fluorescent proteins
    that can help them guide delicate parts into
    position with nanometer precision.  Green light
    on protein assembly! the subtitle exclaims. 
    Assembling parts at this scale is like working in
    a hurricane, with all the thermal motions and
    molecular interference.  As the researchers
    attempt to imitate what cells do routinely, they
    are also gaining insight into how cellular
    machines work.  If we can efficiently build
    mimics of these enzymatic assembly lines by
    bringing individual proteins together, we
    could perhaps make a significant contribution to
    the exploitation of sustainable energy sources.

Animal Models for Technology ?????????
  • Go to the ant, lesson 17  Ants make good
    teachers, an article on PhysOrg implies.  They
    avoid information overload by sharing
    information in efficient ways.  Complicated
    decisions, like comparing nest sites, are
    resolved by the entire colony rather than by lone
    geniuses.  Living in a group is costly in many
    ways, so ants must get some benefit from doing
    it, said Stephen Pratt at Arizona State
    University.  By sharing the burden of
    decision-making, colonies avoid the mistakes that
    a solitary animal makes when taking on too much
    information.  Whats great about these ants is
    that we can see exactly how they do this, by
    making sure that no ant has to process more
    information than it is able to.  If youre
    reeling from too much multi-tasking, tell your
    boss you want to go to ant class.  Pratt added
    that this is one problem ants can solve, but
    that there are other problems ants face that we
    might be able to learn from.

Animal Models for Technology ?????????
  • Robo-tuna  Tuna is not just for eating in
    sandwiches, but for improving security.  Live
    Science said, Speedy tuna capable of swimming
    tirelessly in the Earths oceans
    have inspired the U.S. Department of Homeland
    Security to fund a lookalike robot for underwater
    patrols.  The shape of the tunas body, combined
    with its strong muscles and short turning radius,
    make it an ideal model for maneuverability and
    efficiency.  Astrobiology Magazine said of humble
    tuna fish, theyre one of the fastest and most
    maneuverable creatures on the planet, having
    extraordinary abilities at both high and low
    speeds due to their streamlined bodies and a
    finely tuned muscular/sensory/control system.  A
    developer of the battery-powered surveillance
    device called BIO Swimmer said, Were using
    nature as a basis for design and
    engineering a system that works exceedingly well.

Animal Models for Technology ?????????
  • Whats a biomimetics article doing on the
    evolution-saturated NASA Astrobiology site?  They
    had to get their Darwin hooks into the story
    somehow.  These technologies could also
    have applications in exploring some of Earths
    most extreme environments, helping
    astrobiologists understand the limits of life on
    Earth, the article ended.  In the future,
    biomimetic robotic technology could also have
    many uses in exploration beyond our own planet. 
    Pathetic.  Exploration requires intelligent
    design.  Evolution is of no use to your story
    drop the quaint Victorian myth, chuck Chuck, and
    get with the I.D. program that is driving the
    Biomimetics Revolution.

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Fossils are doing just fine, but the scientists
    who interpret them are having a rough week (or
  • Vege-Fang
  • It looks like a dinosaur in a scary Halloween
    costume, but its just a nice little guy that ate
    vegetables, Science Daily announced New Fanged
    Dwarf Dinosaur from Africa Ate Plants.  Live
    Science even identified the costume Dracula
    Dinosaur Had Bristles and Fangs.  Sure enough,
    the artist gave it the scariest demeanor
    possible.  Trick or treat toss it a radish. 
    Even with scary fangs, Pegomastax africanus,
    found in South Africa 50 years ago but
    languished in a museum drawer till recently,
    was apparently a vegetarian.  This goes to show
    one cant always tell carnivory by the teeth.

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • It was small, too, weighing less than a house
    cat.  National Geographic said, New Fanged Dwarf
    Dinosaur FoundWould Be Nice Pet. 
    Paleontologists think it might have used its
    porcupine-like bristles and fangs for defense or
    display, but mostly the teeth and jaws worked
    like self-sharpening scissors for shearing plant
    parts.  Live Science promised the little critter
    may shed light on evolution, but didnt say
    exactly how neither did Science Now. 
    Evolutionary paleontologist Paul Sereno U of
    Chicago ventured some light in National
    Geographics article  Whats more, the study
    revealed that P. africanus sophisticated jaw
    structure was ahead of its time, Sereno
    noted. Such structures evolved again millions of
    years later in mammals.  Sereno did not point
    out where his light was shining.

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Vege-Behemoth
  • Speaking of vegetarians (and speaking of animals
    ahead of their time), evolutionists now say that
    duckbill dinosaurs were better equipped for
    eating plants than horses are (sidebar grazing
    mammals supposedly evolved much later).  Charles
    Choi reported on Live Science that Vegetarian
    Dinosaurs Were Champion Chompers.  He began,
    Giant plant-eating dinosaurs may have been
    champion chewers up there with the likes of
    mammals such as horses, bison or
    elephants, researchers say.  Some hadrosaurs had
    1400 teeth with flat, grinding surfaces perfect
    for grinding tough plants and they could
    replace them when they wore out.  Their teeth
    were composed of six types of tissue that
    migrated, exposing different surfaces as the
    teeth migrated across the chewing surfaces in the
    mouths of the dinosaurs over time.  With teeth
    like that, The finding could help explain why
    these behemoths dominated the plains of Europe,
    Asia and North America during the last part of
    the age of dinosaurs, Choi speculated.

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Hadrosaurs were as sophisticated, if not more
    sophisticated, than any known mammal, one
    paleontologist said.  This makes it sound like
    evolution has been going downhill.  They thought
    dinosaur teeth would resemble those of other
    reptiles, like alligators, but found something
    quite different.  The complexity of hadrosaurid
    teeth would have proved excellent tools for
    handling tough, gritty plants, but can we trust
    their opinions?  Evolutionists can look a gift
    horse in the mouth, but We still dont have a
    good understanding even of how horse teeth work,
    one of them confessed.  PhysOrg posted a
    cross-section of the remarkably complex
    architecture of one tooth of a hadrosaur

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Six tissues is four more than reptiles have, and
    two more than horses.  Some of the tissues
    apparently functioned to prevent cavities and
    abscesses.  Not even vegan humans can boast that
    evolutionary innovation.
  • One more thing.  These teeth avoided decay for a
    long, long time, in their view.  We were stunned
    to find that the mechanical properties of the
    teeth were preserved after 70 million years of
    fossilization, Gregory Erickson on Mark Norells
    team said, if you put these teeth back into a
    living dinosaur they would function perfectly.

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Lemur-Fish
  • Whoops a fossil thought to be that of a lemur (a
    primate) for over a century has now been
    reclassified as a fish.  No kidding.  Thats No
    Primate Its a Fish! Science Daily exclaimed. Ph
    ysOrg echoed, Fossilthought for over a century
    to be the only trace of a prehistoric primateis
    actually that of a fish.  Paleontologists often
    pride themselves on how much they can tell about
    a creature from just a fragment.  They had even
    given this one a name Arrhinolemur
    scalabrinii  which translates literally
    to Scalabrinis lemur without a nose.  Pedro
    Scalabrini would be really embarrassed right now
    (he was a fossil hunter for whom it was named in

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • George Gaylord Simpson had doubted the
    classification half a century later and suggested
    it was fishy.  In 1986, Alvaro Mones agreed, even
    specifying the fish family.  But it wasnt until
    two years ago that Argentinian scientists looked
    into it with more detail and settled on the fish
    identification.  Evolutionary paleontologists
    took credit anyway, saying, It also helps us
    analyze evolutionary transitions  we can look at
    in the past and compare them to similar fish
    today to see what features have changed over
    time and try to understand why.  It would seem
    that proper identification is a prerequisite for
    understanding.  114 years of misidentification is
    a rather long time.

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Mammoth Boy
  • An 11-year-old Russian boy made the find of a
    lifetime a nearly complete mammoth carcass in
    the tundra of northern Russia one of the
    best-preserved mammoths ever found. 
    Paleontologists claim it is 30,000 years old. 
    The article indicates that DNA is not expected to
    survive such ages for resurrecting a mammoth,
    even though cloning experiments are underway
    elsewhere.  A big obstacle, of course, is
    degraded, ice-damaged DNA, New Scientists
    report said, even though it would seem an ice
    freezer would offer the best possible

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Evolutionary Weight Gain
  • For neo-Darwinism to be true, mammoths had to
    have tiny ancestors, maybe like mice (note this
    is not an Aesops Fable at least, not
    intentionally).  PhysOrg stepped to explain to
    the world about Small winners in the mammalian
    race to evolve.  Speaking for evolutionists at
    Monash University, PhysOrg explains how they
    examined the fossil record through evolutionary
    glasses (We chose the generation as our basic
    measure of evolutionary time, as it is the
    shortest interval over which evolutionary change
    can occur) , and deduced that it takes 24
    million generations for a mouse to become an
    elephant, but only two million to shed all that
    weight and become tiny again. 

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Tom Wellers cartoon of a pond hippopotamus on a
    lily pad comes to mind.  Where are the
    mouse-sized elephants, if they can lose weight
    much faster than gain it?  Bigger is not always
    better, the reader is informed, except when it
    is, or else elephants would not have appeared
    from tiny creatures by evolution.  Alistair Evans
    almost expected incredulity Believe it or not,
    the ancestors of elephants were once as small as
    mice, he said.  The option to disbelieve it is
    therefore held open.  

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • Molluscs Complex to Simple
  • A new fossil has been dubbed the ancestor of
    molluscs.  One problem it is more complex than
    its descendants.  The armoured aplacophoran
    name Kulindroplax, described in Nature,1 is
    touted as the a kind of missing link with a
    worm-like body, bearing a series of shells like
    those of a chiton or coat-of-mail shell by
    co-author Derek Briggs of Yale, according to the
    write-up on Science Daily.   The reader is
    assured this discovery reinforces previous
    findings from molecular sequencing studies
    and helps clarify the evolutionary relationships
    of mollusks, only to be told later that mollusc
    evolution has been controversial for a long time
    particularly the worm-like group called
    aplacophorans (without armor)

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • The evolutionary relationships of worm-like
    mollusks, known as Aplacophora, has been
    a subject of controversy. Previously thought to
    be a product of the explosion of diversity during
    the early Cambrian period, they are now shown to
    have evolved probably 4050 million years ago by
    losing shells like those on Kulindroplax.
  • What this means is that the more complex animals
    came out of the Cambrian explosion, and the
    simpler ones evolved much more recently.  Kulindop
    lax is said to be 425 million years old, younger
    than the Cambrian explosion but much older than
    4050 million years ago.  Thats why the
    articles headline asked, Which Came First,
    Shells or No Shells? Ancient Mollusk Tells a
    Contrary Story contrary, that is, to what
    evolutionists expected.

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • How this fossil helps evolutionary theory is not
    clear, particularly when The interrelationships
    of the Mollusca  one of the most diverse and
    species-rich animal phyla  have been
    contentious, according to the Editors summary
    of the paper in Nature.1 Indeed, the authors
    concurred that relationships among major
    molluscan taxa have long been a subject of
    controversy.  Putting the more complex animal at
    the beginning, and the simpler animal as the more
    recent one, does not seem a good way to reduce
  • 1. Sutton, Briggs et al., A Silurian armoured
    aplacophoran and implications for molluscan
    phylogeny, Nature 490, 04 October 2012, pp.
    9497, doi10.1038/nature11328.)

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies
  • The implication for molluscan phylogeny, and all
    phylogeny, is that Darwinism is tosh
    (10/25/2011).  Its followers should say Bosh! and
    quash it.  We keep putting the evidence out
    there, right out of evolutionists own
    discoveries, hoping it will lead to a new
    Darwinian revolution from inside out, i.e., a
    revolt against sloppy speculation in the name of
    science in support of a predetermined
    naturalistic worldview.

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • The Great Salt Lake and other large extinct
    inland seas in the desert remain a challenge to
    explain by conventional geology.
  • A press release from Stanford University suggests
    that Tropical rain may have formed Utahs Great
    Salt Lake, says Stanford Researcher, but
    problems appear further down.  First, we learn
    that this is an old problem
  • Between 20,000 and 14,000 years ago,
    the deserts in the American Southwest
    were covered with enormous lakes. How all that
    water got there has long puzzled Earth
    scientists, but new work by a group of scientists
    that includes a Stanford climate
    researcher could provide an answer.

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • These lakes covered about a quarter of both
    Nevada and Utah.  Till recently, the leading
    explanation called for a shift in the jet stream
    that dumped more precipitation in the southwest
    in the past.  Problem that theory should show
    increased wetness from the coast inland that is
    not found.  That explanation has been ruled
    out, the press release indicated.

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • The researcher to the rescue is appropriately
    named he is Noah Diffenbaugh, an assistant
    professor of environmental Earth system science
    at Stanfords School of Earth Sciences.  His
    theory calls for tropical rains from storms
    coming inland from the Pacific and Gulf.  These
    storms conspired to dump vast quantities of water
    in Utah and Nevada that formed giant lakes that
    dried up after the stormy period. Noah and
    colleagues published their idea in Science (Lyle
    et al., Out of the Tropics The Pacific, Great
    Basin Lakes, and Late Pleistocene Water Cycle in
    the Western United States, Science 28 September
    2012 Vol. 337 no. 6102 pp. 16291633, DOI

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • We think that the extra precipitation may have
    come in the summer, enhancing the now weak summer
    monsoon in the desert southwest. But we need more
    information about what season the storms
    arrived to strengthen this speculation, said
    Mitchell Lyle, a professor of oceanography at
    Texas AM University and lead author of the
  • They plan to drill dry lakebed sediments for
    clues. Nevertheless, as it stands, their
    hypothesis leaves many unknowns, betrayed by the
    number of times they used words like maybe and

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • With the data now in existence, it is impossible
    to determine whether summer precipitation was
    more enhanced than winter precipitation between
    17 and 14 ka. However, if winter storms were the
    major precipitation source, it is difficult to
    understand why coastal California remained
    dry. The evidence suggests that precipitation in
    the glacial western United States originated from
    the tropical eastern Pacific, perhaps via
    stronger spring/summer precipitation fed by
    tropical air masses rather than higher numbers of
    westerly winter storms.

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • The hypothesis, or speculation as Lyle called it,
    leaves unanswered why the storms brought in so
    much precipitation then and not now, and why they
    impacted the Great Basin so heavily but not the
    coast of California.  Is there any other place on
    earth where inland seas have been observed to
    grow year after year from tropical storms in a
    restricted region?  If so, they didnt refer to
    any modern analogues.  They just invoked the
    trendy phrase climate change.

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • The Flood explains these lakes in a
    straightforward and plausible manner.  After the
    global flood, any landlocked basin retained its
    water.  In addition, increased precipitation
    during the (one) Ice Age kept them filled.  As
    climate conditions subsided and stabilized over
    the next few centuries, some of the lakes
    breached their dams and drained out.  Many
    remnants of these escape channels can be seen
    today, such as the Channeled Scablands of eastern

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • The Grand Canyon is likely a relic of a colossal
    dam breach, as both Walt Brown and Steve
    Austin have proposed.  Smaller dam breach events
    are recognized by secular geologists, like the
    cascade of lakes from Owens Valley down to Lake
    Manly, now the parched playa in Death Valley. 
    Austin also found evidence for a catastrophic dam
    breach that explains the Santa Cruz river canyon
    in Argentina, a river that had misled Charles
    Darwin to believe in Lyells slow and gradual
    millions of years (see video on YouTube).  

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • Creation geologists ascribe these lakes to
    effects of a one-time event, the global Flood. 
    From small-scale analogues we can extrapolate to
    the kinds of forces necessary to create the lakes
    and canyons.  The required forces are far beyond
    anything observed today, undermining Charles
    Lyells concept of the present is the key to the
    past (uniformitarianism), a Victorian myth
    largely discarded today anyway (5/22/2003,11/04/20
    03, 4/30/2009).  By contrast, the calculated
    forces fit well with the global flood model.

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • The problem Noah Diffenbaugh and Mitchell Lyle
    face when attempting to provide a secular,
    materialist hypothesis for the dried-up inland
    seas is coming up with a law of nature that can
    account for them.  If tropical rains or jet
    streams cause giant lakes, why are they not
    building up vast inland seas today?  Why arent
    hurricanes creating new Lake Bonnevilles in
    Louisiana that we can watch grow year by year? 
    Why then, and not now? What was different?  Dont
    just say climate change.

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • Secular scientists generally discourage ad hoc
    mechanisms in theories.  While the Flood is a
    singular event, it is not ad hoc.  It has written
    testimony for support the detailed record in
    Genesis 69.  Textual evidence suggests the
    record could have been originally written by
    Noah, an eyewitness, then handed down through his
    son Shem and his descendents, eventually compiled
    by Moses (the Babylonian and other accounts, with
    their absurdities, being corruptions of the real

Explaining Inland Seas Without a Flood
  • Contrasted with all the failures of Darwin and
    Lyell, the Genesis explanation should be taken
    seriously on its merits, whether or not the
    secularists mock, as they were predicted to do
    nearly two millennia ago (2 Peter 319)
    another independent corroboration.  Which Noah is
    more trustworthy one who wasnt there, who
    leans on Charlie Charlie, or one who was an
    eyewitness and told us what happened, with
    effects we can still see today with our own eyes?

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Ethicists are becoming alarmed at the explosive
    increase in scientific fraud cases and those
    are just the ones that were caught.
  • Fraud on the Rise
  • Its a truism that scientific research requires
    honesty (as with any intellectual endeavor).  For
    some reason, fraud cases have increased
    dramatically.  Is it due to better detection and
    reporting, or to a disturbing trend that no
    longer values honesty in academia?  Some recent
    articles weigh in on the problem.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • In Nature News Oct 1, an article headlined,
    Misconduct is the main cause of life-sciences
    retractions.  Thats misconduct in contrast to
    slipshod error, as Zoe Corbyn expressed
  • Conventional wisdom says that most retractions of
    papers in scientific journals are triggered
    by unintentional errors. Not so, according to one
    of the largest-ever studies of retractions. A
    survey published in Proceedings of the National
    Academy of Sciences has found that two-thirds of
    retracted life-sciences papers were stricken from
    the scientific record because of misconduct such
    as fraud or suspected fraud and that journals
    sometimes soft-pedal the reason.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Results of the survey were published
    in PNAS (Fang, Steen and Casadevall, Misconduct
    accounts for the majority of retracted scientific
    publications, PNAS October 1, 2012, doi
    10.1073/pnas.1212247109).  Of the 2,047 retracted
    papers surveyed, 43 were fraud cases and 24
    were due to either duplicate publication or
    plagiarism.  And this was from leading journals,
    including Nature, Science, and PNAS itself.  Only
    a fifth, Science Insider said, were due to
    mistakes.  Science Magazine (Random Sample, Oct
    5) noted that while plagiarism predominated in
    China, fraud predominated in the United
    States.  New Scientist said these numbers were
    higher than thought.  The Scientist speculated
    about the reasons

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • The disproportionate number of fraud-related
    retractions from high-IF journals likely reflects
    the pressures on scientists to publish impressive
    data in prestigious journals. Theres
    greater reward, said Resnik, and
    more temptation to bend the rules.
  • But lots of people work under stress without
    bending the rules, and temptations hit everyone. 
    Scientists are supposed to be models of
    integrity, arent they?  Whatever the reason,
    research misconduct is not a victimless crime. 
    One of the ethicists conducting the survey wanted
    to dispel any notion that scientific misconduct
    may be a crime that only affects the
    perpetrators.  Scientists often publish on
    issues society really cares about.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Science Insider tried to whitewash the problem
    with statistics
  • Although retractions are on the rise, they remain
    relatively rare in science. Well under 0.1 of
    papers in PubMed have been retracted, the study
    found the database contains more than 25 million
    papers going back to the 1940s.
  • The problem with that analysis is that nobody
    knows how many papers should have been retracted
    but were never exposed for fraud, error, or
    misconduct.  Thats not just an idle concern. 
    Whats troubling is that the more skillful the
    fraud, the less likely that it will be
    discovered, so there likely are more fraudulent
    papers out there that havent yet been detected
    and retracted, said Dr. Arturo Casadevall, lead
    author of the paper (quoted in Science Daily). 
    And then theres the question, why are
    retractions on the rise?  Why now?

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Science Daily listed Casadevalls suggestions for
    improvement such as, more emphasis on quality
    over quantity, less rating for impact, more
    cooperation and collaboration, and better funding
    processes.  These would undoubtedly help, but one
    can imagine whole groups conspiring to commit
    fraud if honesty is not valued.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Shocking Self-Promotion
  • The Scientist uncovered another trend in fraud
    self-congratulation.  Some scientists are logging
    in under another name and writing great reviews
    of their own work.
  • At least four scientists have been cheating the
    peer review system in a whole new way when
    submitting a paper to a scientific journal, they
    suggest reviewers with email addresses that track
    back to themselves then they write a glowing
    review. I find it very shocking, Laura
    Schmidt, an Elsevier publisher, told The
    Chronicle. Its very serious, very manipulative,
    and very deliberate. .
  • This has taken a lot of people by surprise,
    Irene Hames, a member of the Committee on
    Publication Ethics that advises journals on how
    to handle misconduct, said in an e-mail to The
    Chronicle. It should be a wake-up call to any
    journals that dont have rigorous reviewer
    selection and screening in place.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Psychologist, Shrink Thyself
  • As reported earlier, some high-profile cases of
    fraud have come from the psychologist community. 
    Now, according to Nature News, Nobel laureate
    Daniel Kahneman is calling on them to clean up
    their act.  He wants them to restore the
    credibility of their field by creating a
    replication ring to check each others results. 
    He told them in an email, your field is now the
    poster child for doubts about the integrity of
    psychological research.  I believe that you
    should collectively do something about this mess.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Diederich Stapel, one of the poster children for
    psychology fraud, is now under investigation by
    Dutch prosecutors, according to Science Now.  25
    of his papers have been retracted and others are
    being considered for retraction.  He had received
    2.2 million euros in research funding.  Other
    high-profile cases include Dirk Smeesters
    (7/05/2012), Lawrence Sanna, and Marc Hauser
  • Kahneman proposed a daisy chain of replication
    to avoid unverified results.  Norbert Schwarz, a
    social psychologist from U of Michigan, agrees
    something must be done.  I hope that this
    becomes part of a broader movement in psychology
    to be more self-critical, and to see if there are
    gaps in the way we do everyday science.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Sleeping at the Syringe
  • Another shocking fraud case was by an
    anesthesiologist, Yoshitaka Fujii in Tokyo. 
    David Cyranoski wrote in Nature News, Retraction
    record rocks community Anaesthesiology tries
    to move on after fraud investigations.  This is
    not one persons problem, Cyranoski showed
  • One of the biggest purges of the scientific
    literature in history is finally getting under
    way. After more than a decade of suspicion about
    the work of anaesthesiologist Yoshitaka Fujii,
    formerly of Toho University in Tokyo,
    investigations by journals and universities have
    concluded that he fabricated data on an epic
    scale. At least half of the roughly 200 papers he
    authored on responses to drugs after surgery are
    in line for retraction in the coming months.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Like many cases of fraud, this one has raised
    questions about how the misconduct went
    undetected for so long. But the scope and
    duration of Fujiis deception have shaken
    multiple journals and the entire field of
    anaesthesiology, which has seen other
    high-profile frauds in the past few years.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Unquestionably, this could be serious. 
    Fraudulent claims about drugs could conceivably
    reach right into the hospital where your loved
    one is trusting the doctors advice on
    medication.  Suspicions arose about Fujii when he
    published more papers than seemed possible in the
    amount of time, and they looked too perfect. 
    By spreading his publications out in multiple
    journals, he avoided some of the suspicion. 
    Another trick, since he worked for five
    institutions, was to claim that ethics approval
    for studies had been granted at a previous post.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • While Fujiis is an exceptional case, colleagues
    are worried about their field.  One who suspected
    the fraud doesnt want to write off Fujii as
    merely a bad apple.  Its a system failure, he
    said.  Indeed, if peer review and replication are
    not working, the vaunted self-correcting
    quality of scientific research is compromised.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Assessment
  • Perhaps no other field of scholarly activity
    generates as much writing as science
    publications that are supposed to be peer
    reviewed, inspected, and replicated.  Thousands
    of titles are printed and posted every week by
    labs all over the world.  For the self-checking
    processes of science to work, fellow scientists
    would have to spend vast amounts of their time
    replicating other scientists results.  How could
    they?  Even if they could, they might be
    motivated by rivalry or the desire for approval
    from superiors.  Some research is clearly too
    difficult to replicate how many countries can
    build a Large Hadron Collider to look for the
    Higgs boson? Much work is not reproducible
    without great effort or luck, like snapping a
    photo of an ivory woodpecker.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Peer review and replication remain idealistic in
    principle but too often unattainable in
    practice.  Consequently, vast numbers of
    scientific papers slide through the process
    without adequate review, attaining the illusion
    of validity in the publics eye.  When fraud is
    caught, its often long after the damage has been
    done.  The Scientist gave the example of the
    measles epidemic that resulted when parents
    feared, based on a fraudulent study, that
    inoculations caused autism.
  • While it may be encouraging to see rising concern
    over scientific fraud and misconduct, whos
    watching the watchers?  Somebody, somewhere, has
    to abide by some pretty old-fashioned values
    courage and integrity.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Integrity evolve that, Darwin.  Rule if it
    evolves, its not integrity.
  • In the article on Marc Hauser (9/05/2012), we
    made the point that evolutionary materialists
    really have nothing to complain about.  Cheating
    is part of evolutionary game theory.  Cheaters
    are necessary to produce the evolution of
    morality Hauser himself taught that in his own
    book, and his colleagues all agree.  How can they
    fault him for living consistent with his own
    views?  He was performing a necessary role.  For
    those who take this view of morality, all the
    cheaters mentioned in this article should get

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Critics might respond that misconduct is rife in
    churches, too.  Its true.  From time to time,
    high-profile pastors get exposed for sexual
    misconduct.  Some preachers plagiarize others
    work by downloading sermons and preaching them as
    if their own.  Yes, there are sinners in the

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • The difference is that the Biblical
    worldview accounts for sin evolution does not. 
    Bible believers know that God is holy, but humans
    are fallen. While the Bible teaches that we are
    each responsible for our sin, and have no excuse,
    we all sin.  The history of sinners, even among
    great men like King David, is long even the most
    righteous among us knows temptation and
    stumbling.  But the Bible is also a story of
    redemption.  Christ came into the world to save
    sinners (Romans 5611). 

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • Accepting his gift of righteousness, purchased by
    his death on the cross, provides imputed (legal)
    righteousness before God, but practical
    righteousness only over time.  The Christian life
    is a long process of sanctification that will not
    be completed in this lifetime.  Christ founded
    the church (Matthew 161319) as a community of
    disciples who would encourage and admonish each
    other toward righteousness (Colossians 3), with
    godly leaders teaching and applying His inspired
    Word (I Peter 5), which is profitable for
    doctrine, reproof, correction, and instruction in
    righteousness (I Timothy 316).

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • The point is that the Biblical worldview accounts
    for sin and has means for dealing with it.  The
    more a church maintains high standards, is aware
    of sources of temptation, has policies for
    transparency and accountability, the less likely
    major cases of misconduct will appear. 
    Nevertheless, because of our fallenness and
    ever-present temptation, some will stumble and
    fall into sin.  When it happens, there are
    Biblical policies for dealing with it
    (e.g., Matthew 18), and redemptive policies for
    rehabilitating the sinner (II Corinthians 237).

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • The secular scientific community, by contrast,
    pretends shock and dismay over the misconduct of
    their members, but cannot account for why the
    misconduct is wrong.  There is no should in
    evolutionary theory.  They cant say stuff should
    happen, and other stuff should not happen they
    can only say stuff happens.

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • The only way secularists can set up ethics
    boards, policies and procedures, and investigate
    and punish misconduct is to borrow from
    Judeo-Christian moral principles.  They have to
    steal from the smorgasbord of Christian values. 
    This means they have to commit misconduct
    (plagiarism and theft) to fight misconduct! 
    Reaching into their own beliefs, they have no
    grounds for calling anything of the above
    incidents wrong.  Its all evolutionary games it
    just happens, like hyenas sneaking in bites at
    the lions catch.  Conceivably, a new power could
    evolve that would make right wrong and wrong
    right.  Ethics boards in an evolutionary future
    might punish the honest folks and reward the
    cheats.  (Wait thats already happenede.g., in
    communist countries built on Darwinian ethics.)

Peer Reviewed Research The Fraud Explosion
  • We shouldnt let the Casadevalls, Schmidts and
    Kahnemans of the secular science community
    pretend righteous indignation when, to the
    scientific consensus, righteousness evolved by an
    amoral, aimless process of natural selection
    (9/12/2012).  Only those whose worldview can
    ground righteousness in timeless, unchanging
    attributes of a righteous Creator have the
    justification for righteous indignation.  This
    means that only Bible believers are qualified to
    rise up and demand honesty and integrity from
    scientists.  Let them do their duty with all
    diligence, considering themselves, lest they also
    be tempted (Galatians 615).

Survival of the Nicest?????
  • Baboons monitored for personality did best if
    they fell in the Nice category.
  • Science Now put up a headline that would have
    surprised Darwin For Some Primates, Survival of
    the Nicest.  Three evolutionists watched 45
    baboons for 7 years and classified their
    behaviors based on their grunts, and their
    hormones from droppings.

Survival of the Nicest?????
  • We identified three relatively stable personality
    dimensions, each characterized by a distinct
    suite of behaviors that were not redundant with
    dominance rank or the availability of kin.
    Females scoring high on the Nice
    dimension were friendly to all females and often
    grunted to lower-ranking females to signal benign
    intent. Aloof females were aggressive, less
    friendly, and grunted primarily to higher-ranking
    females. Loner females were often alone,
    relatively unfriendly, and also grunted most
    often to higher-ranking females. Aloof and Loner
    females were rarely approached by others.

Survival of the Nicest?????
  • Personality dimensions were correlated in
    different ways with three measures previously
    shown to be associated with fitness stress
    levels and two behavioral indices reflecting the
    closeness of dyadic bonds formed by individuals.
    Females who scored high on Nice had high
    composite sociality indices (CSI) and stable
    partner preferences, whereas females who scored
    high on Aloof had lower CSI scores but
    significantly more stable partner preferences.
    Loner females had significantly lower CSI scores,
    less stable partner preferences, and
    significantly higher glucocorticoid levels. 
    (Seyfarth, Silk, and Cheney, Variation in
    personality and fitness in wild female
    baboons, PNAS, 73/pnas.1210780109 PNAS October
    1, 2012.)

Survival of the Nicest?????
  • This finding seems to contradict over a century
    and a half of Darwinian thinking.  By being a
    nice baboon, you increase the likelihood of
    having strong social bonds, which in turn
    translates to a better chance of passing on your
    genes, Live Science wrote in It pays to be a
    nice baboon.  Actually, the experiment found
    both Nice and Aloof females doing about the same
    in terms of reproductive fitness.  The only
    losers were the loners.  Whatever the findings
    say about evolution appears ambivalent It
    remains to be determined which of the Nice or
    Aloof personality dimensions is more adaptive, or
    whether variation is maintained by contrasting
    effects on fitness.

Survival of the Nicest?????
  • Survival of the nicest.  Good grief.  All those
    genocides for nothing.
  • This is silly.  Did the researchers watch the
    baboons 24 x 7 for seven years?  Maybe the
    baboons did all their selfish Darwinian antics
    when the researchers were asleep and on
    vacation.  Why didnt they watch the males?  Are
    they sexist?  We cant let these so-called
    scientists get away with rewriting history by
    using bogus categories. 

Survival of the Nicest?????
  • Even Science Now, supposedly a functionary of
    that bastion of Darwinism, the AAAS, said,
    Females who scored high on the nice
    meter were friendly to all females.  How do you
    calibrate a nice meter?  How do you measure
    friendliness?  What is that, in Darwin terms?
  • No, we cant let evolutionists get away with
    this.  Too much is at stake.  Darwins reputation
    must be preserved intact.  The triumph of German
    militarism and Russian conquest must maintain its
    scientific justification on true Darwinism. 
    Eugenics must not be undermined
    by those ID people.  No more Mr. Nice Baboon. 
    Give me survival of the fittest, and give me

Convergence Convenience????
  • Is convergent evolution a convenient escape
    clause for evidence that contradicts evolution?
  • Evolutionary theory has a classification scheme
    that cannot lose.  Darwins original tree diagram
    described divergent evolution, a process
    beginning with speciation followed by the
    accumulation of variations that make the two
    branches more and more dissimilar over time. 
    Animals with similar structures on the same
    branch are said to have homologous traits,
    because they derive from the same common

Convergence Convenience????
  • But the living world is filled with traits that
    resemble each other on different branches.  What
    caused that?  Ah, the evolutionist replies those
    traits are due to convergent evolution.  The
    similarities are analogous traits, because they
    do not derive from the same common ancestor. 
    With this classification scheme, evolution
    explains everything if similar animals are
    related, they evolved if they are unrelated,
    they evolved.  Is this a description of reality,
    or rather a convenient strategy for rendering
    evolution immune from falsification?  Here are
    some recent examples of convergent evolution
    from the literature.

Convergence Convenience????
  • Jelly-Bird  PhysOrg wrote, Ion selectivity in
    neuronal signaling channels evolved twice in
    animals.   Sea anemones and birds have complex
    channels in their cell membranes called
    voltage-gated sodium channels, responsible for
    passing signals along nerves.  Yet their
    respective branches on the tree of life
    supposedly separated 600 million years ago.  The
    channels in the marine invertebrates differ from
    those found in higher animals, yet show the same
    selectivity for sodium. 

Convergence Convenience????
  • Thus, This study shows that different parts of
    the channel changed in a convergent manner during
    the evolution of cnidarians and higher animals in
    order to perform the same task, namely to select
    for sodium ions, the article alleged. This
    demonstrates that important components for the
    functional nervous systems evolved twice in basal
    and higher animals, which suggests that more
    complex nervous systems that rely on such
    ion-selective channels could have also evolved
    twice independently.

Convergence Convenience????
  • Jelly-Man  Nature News claims that muscles, too,
    evolved twice.  In Evolutionary biology
    Muscles Dual Origins (12 July 2012), Andreas
    Hejnol said, Jellyfish move using a set of
    muscles that look remarkably similar to striated
    muscles in vertebrates.  However, new data show
    that the two muscle types contain different
    molecules, implying that they evolved
    independently.  Adding to the puzzle is the fact
    that comb jellies, on a different branch, also
    have striated muscles, while most other
    invertebrates do not.  Whether this comb jellys
    striated muscle is related to that of jellyfish
    or vertebrates, or represents another convergent
    evolution event, remains to be determined.  The
    claims become even more astonishing

Convergence Convenience????
  • These results suggest that, despite their
    remarkable physical resemblance, the striated
    muscles of jellyfish and humans are constructed
    using a vastly different set of genes. Steinmetz
    and colleagues have revealed an extraordinary
    instance of convergent evolution the evolution
    of highly similar traits in distantly related

Convergence Convenience????
  • Remarkable, exquisite, striking  Another paper
    in Nature begins, In a remarkable example of
    convergent evolution, insect species spanning 300
    million years of divergence have evolved
    identical single-amino-acid substitutions that
    confer resistance to plant cardenolide toxins. 
    This is not as dramatic a convergence as the
    previous two, because the trait involves one
    amino acid substitution, and the species are all
    insects.  The authors, though, thought this
    really something they said it represents an
    exquisite case of convergent molecular evolution,
    in which distantly related insect species have
    evolved a common adaptive response in a single

Convergence Convenience????
  • What makes it a striking case of convergent
    molecular evolution is that the common trait
    occurred 4 times in unrelated insects that feed
    on the same kind of host plant.  The authors
    dressed up this textbook example of convergent
    evolution at the molecular level with adjectives
    like autoecological convergence and functional
    convergence.  (Whiteman and Mooney,
    Evolutionary biology Insects converge on
    resistance, Nature 489, 20 Sept 2012, pp.
    376377, doi10.1038/489376a.)

Convergence Convenience????
  • The nose knows  The concept of convergent
    evolution shows up in two papers in PLoS Biology
    about olfaction (the sense of smell).  Fruit fly
    maggots and humans could hardly be further apart
    in the evolutionary tree, but three Cambridge
    evolutionists found an unpredicted degree of
    similarity between their odor-detection
    equipment.  They said, Our results reveal an
    unexpected degree of similarity between the
    development of the olfactory systems
    invertebrates and the Drosophila larva. 
    (Prieto-Godino LL, Diegelmann S, Bate M (2012)
    Embryonic Origin of Olfactory Circuitry in
    Drosophila Contact and Activity-Mediated
    Interactions Pattern Connectivity in the Antennal
    Lobe. PLoS Biol 10(10) e1001400.

Convergence Convenience????
  • In the same journal, Janelle Weaver commented on
    the surprise without using the convergent
    evolution phrase specifically The findings
    reveal surprising simila
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